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g>amt &ntrreto'g Cfmrcf) 


David Russell jack 

Corresponding Member Genealogical and Biographical Society of New York. 

Corresponding Member Literary and Historical Society of Quebec. 

Corresponding Secretary N. B. Historical Society. 

Historian and Secretary N. B. Loyalists' Society. 

Writer Centennial Prize Essay. 1883. 

Editor Acodiensis, 1901-1908. 


ST. JOHN. N. B.: 

Barnes & Co., Limited, Printers. 




At the Annual Congregational Meeting of Saint 
Andrew's Church, Saint John, N. B., held on January 
15, 1908, it was resolved, upon the suggestion of the 
pastor, Rev. David Lang, that a history of the Church 
from the time of its inception be prepared, and if 
possible that it be published in time for distribution at 
the approaching One Hundred and Twenty-fifth 
Celebration of the Founding of the Church, in the 
month of May, 1909. This proposition was at once 
acquiesced in by a unanimous vote of the congregation. 
Owing, however, to the extent of the work, the amount 
of research for suitable data involved, in consequence 
of the frequent losses by fire which at various periods 
had destroyed many of the Church records, the 
completion of the book in such a short time proved 
an impracticable task. The plan of a Church history 
has, however, been vigorously followed up, and the 
results are presented in this volume. 

The late James A. Tufts, for many years an elder 
of St. Andrew's Church, lately deceased, and frequent- 
ly referred to in the following pages, had, aided by 
the valuable reminisences of his venerable father, 
Hugh Kearns Tufts, whom the writer well remembers, 


prepared a short historical sketch of the Church of 
about thirty pages of manuscript in extent, devoted 
largely to descriptions of the interior and exterior of 
the old Kirk, the celebration of the Holy Communion 
in the early days, and many other matters of interest, 
some of which it would be difficult to duplicate from 
the present available sources of information. Much 
of the material gathered by Mr. Tufts has been 
included in the following pages. 

The preparation of this work has proved a task of 
much greater magnitude than the writer supposed 
when taking up the work. Feeling, however, that 
care, exactitude in dates, and such a literary balance 
as was possible with the scanty materials available 
regarding some periods, were more important even if 
the work was not quickly completed, than a work 
poorly edited and carelessly prepared, it has been the 
writers endeavor to make this book as complete as 
the various circumstances referred to would permit. 

To preserve all the data obtainable regarding St- 
Andrew's Church and its origin from the first settle- 
ment of the country, when upon the landing of the 
Loyalists on Sunday, May 18, 1783, a union service 
was held upon the beach at the Upper Cove, down to 
the date of publication has been the writer's chief 
ambition. The union service alluded to was one of 
thanksgiving to the Most High who had brought those 
present out of a land where rebellion and persecution 
prevailed, to a new home and a new land, where they 
aided in laying broad and deep the foundations of 
what is now one of the greatest empires, that the 
world has seen. 


Valuable assistance has been received from so 
many different sources, and so many books, brochures 
and newspaper articles have been drawn upon for 
materials, that it is difficult to make suitable acknow- 
ledgment without invidious distinctions. In many 
cases extensive excerpts have been acknowledged by 
the use of foot notes, in others the source of informa- 
tion will be found within the pages themselves. 

From time to time, from the pulpit and by means 
of letters to the daily press, urgent requests have been 
made that any persons who might be in possession of 
illustrations, or of biographical data concerning those 
who had been particularly active in the work of the 
Church, should furnish such information to the writer, 
for insertion in the book. Too great a feeling of 
modesty has doubtless kept many persons from 
responding to such a call. In other instances valuable 
news clippings, letters, portraits and other treasured 
relics of departed worth have been placed in the 
writer's hands to deal with as he would. In every 
case it has been his chief aim to do honor where he 
felt that honor was due, to nothing extenuate nor 
aught set down in malice, to respect the feelings of 
those who survived, and where differences of opinion 
existed to either state both sides of the case or to 
remain silent. 

In the preparation of this work, the preface has 
naturally been the last word spoken, and as an 
important event of the Church history has transpired 
since the printing of the last form of the book proper, 
it would seem only right that it should be mentioned 
here. In the old Kirk were three memorial tablets, 


all of which have been destroyed by fire. The St. 
Andrew's Society of St. John asked and received 
permission to restore the tablet to the late Hon, 
William Pagan, of whom a short biographical sketch 
will be found on pps. 352 and 353 of this book. The 
following members of St. Andrew's Society were 
accordingly appointed a committee to carry out 
this plan: Peter Robertson Inches, M.D., convenor; 
Robert B. Paterson, then president of the Society, 
J. Roy Campbell, John Rogerson, and David Russell 
Jack. After much discussion as to the most suitable 
material for the tablet, the length of the inscription 
and so forth, the majority of the committee decided 
that the tablet should be of marble, that it should be 
placed upon the eastern wall of the church to the 
north of the pulpit, and just beneath the gallery, and 
that the inscription should be as follows: 



Born at Glasgow, died at Fredericton. N. B., 
March 12, 1819. 

a supporter of the crown and eminent loyalist, 

he removed from falmouth to parr town, 
at close of american revolution. 

First President St. Andrew's Society, St. John, 1798, 
and for ten subsequent years. 

Erected by the Society 

in place of former memorial destroyed in fire 1877. 





In memory of 



MARCH 12, 1819. 







v. DE8TR0YEO IN FIRE 18 7 7. 

tj|\ A.D.HCNXIII /^ 


One of the first Elders of St. Andrew's Church, and member Building 
Committee, A. D. 1814. 


The tablet was unveiled by the President of the 
St. Andrew's Society, James Jack, on Sunday evening, 
March 9, in the presence of a large congregation. 
The members of the Society attended in a body, 
occupying seats near the pulpit. Special music suit- 
able to the occasion was rendered by the choir. The 
sermon by the Chaplain of the Society, Rev. Gordon 
Dickie, M. A., contained many references to the late 
Hon. William Pagan who had been such an earnest 
promoter of all good works in the early days of 
Presbyterianism in this community, which sermon 
it is needless to say, was received with marked atten- 
tion. It is a matter of regret to the writer that the 
very recent date of this event prevented the insertion 
of a full account of all that transpired upon that 
occasion, with a carefully prepared synopsis of the 
sermon delivered, in its proper chronological place in 
this History of St. Andrew's Church. 

While Mr. Pagan was eminent in the annals of 
the St. Andrew's Society, he was equally eminent in 
his connection with St. Andrew's Church of which 
he was one of the first elders, his name immediately fol- 
lowing that of the minister, Rev. George Burns, D. D., 
when the church was constituted a corporation. 

This book is now offered to the public in the modest 
hope that, despite its many defects in style and matter, 
it may interest, not only those who are Presbyterians 
by doctrine and form of Church government, but may 
also appeal to the student and future historian. 


Notes, Errata, Etc. 

Page 133. For William C. Watson, read Alex. A. 

Page 154. For Rev. James Bennet, D.D., read 
John Bennet, Ph.D. 

Page 182. For Rev. John Bennet, read Rev. James 
Bennet, D.D. 

Page 193. For Richard Lawrence, read Alexander. 

Pages 85-86. The authority for the statement that 
the name of the sexton who fell from 
the belfry and was killed was Rae, was 
an article published in the Daily Tele- 
graph, April 28, 1876. Since the com- 
pletion of this volume the writer has 
discovered in a copy of Footprints, by 
J. W. Lawrence, the following note 
in the authors handwriting, evidently 
taken from a contemporary newspaper 

"1823, July 6th, Robert Shaw, Sexton, 
Kirk, fell in Belfry and killed, morning 

Page 353. Hon. William Pagan, line 32, for 1829 read 


History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Early Presbyterianism in New Brunswick. 

For the proper understanding of the conditions 
under which Presbyterianism had its first inception 
in this part of the continent of America, and as a 
prelude to the history of St. Andrew's Church in the 
present city of St. John, a few words by way of 
reminder to the reader, concerning certain well- 
known historical facts, may not be out of place. 

Prior to the year 1784, the present province of 
New Brunswick constituted but an unimportant 
part of the then province of Nova Scotia. Before 
the close of the American Revolution the entire 
population of this large area consisted of about eight 
hundred white persons, with a large number of 
native Indians. 

Before 1765 the only Presbyterian ministers who 
had labored in Nova Scotia were the Rev. Samuel 
Kinloch and the Rev. James Lyon, the former of 
whom had previously preached in Pennsylvania, 
the latter in New Jersey. These men had made 
the Scotch- Irish settlers of Colchester their chief 

In 1765 the spiritual needs of Nova Scotia aroused 
the attention of some young men studying for the 
ministry in Scotland, and three belonging to the 

2 History of St. Andrew's Church 

General Associate or Anti- Burgher Synod volun- 
teered to go to that distant province.* Before the 
time of leaving, however, two of them changed their 
plans, but the third, the Rev. James Murdoch,! of 
Gillie Gordon, County Donegal, Ireland, persevered 
in his intention, and on the second of September 
was ordained by the Presbytery of Newton Limavady 
for the "Province of Nova Scotia, or any other part 
of the American continent where God in his Provi- 
dence might call him." With this wide commission, 
in the autumn of 176G Mr. Murdoch* landed at 
Halifax, where for a short time he preached to the 
Congregationalists. Later he removed to Grand 
Pr6, and travelling much, did a great deal to plant 
the seed of Presbyterianism broadcast in the land 
of his adoption. 

In the year 1783, there terminated the great 
American Revolution, and on the eighteenth day of 
May the first contingent of the Loyalists landed 
at the mouth of the river St. John, a wilderness 
truly, the inhabitants of which were chiefly Indians. 

"Shrubs, stunted trees, marshes and rocks greet 
the vision. Here and there on a narrow patch of 
clearing there is the log cabin of the lonely settler. 
It is a May morning. A vessel comes up the harbor 
and takes her moorings near Navy Island. Other 
vessels follow in her wake. The fog comes up the 
Bay, and covers land and sea with its wide and 
watery embrace. It is now the eighteenth day of 
May, 1783. The fog lifts. The bright sun looks 

* Read The History of Kings County. Nova Scotia, by Rev. A. W. H. Eaton. 
M. A.. D. C L.. Chapter XVII. 

t Grandfather of Beamish Murdoch whose documentary history of Nova 
Scotia is one of the moat valuable literary productions of the Dominion of 

t A valuable sketch of Mr. Murdoch Is to be found in Collections of the Nova 
Scotia Hist. Soc.. Vol. 2. 

Early Presbyterianism 3 

down upon the land and upon the sea. There are 
twenty vessels in the harbor. There is unusual 
activity on board them all. From every vessel, 
in small boats, men of every age, of strong arm, of 
stout heart and earnest purpose, are coming to the 
shore. There is the old continental dress. There is 
the well-worn flint-lock musket which the long war 
had taught them how to handle. There is the music 
of the fife and of the drum. They have come from 
many a battlefield. They have come from many a 
post of duty. They have come from many a weary 
bivouac. They have left their cultivated fields. 
They have left their commercial enterprises. They 
have left their homes of comfort, their churches, and 
the tombs of their ancestors. Their houses and their 
lands have been confiscated. They are exiles. What 
brought those homeless wanderers hither? It was 
because they loved the brotherhood, and they feared 
God, and they honored the King." * 

Here they laid out a town, named by them Parr- 
town, after the Governor of Nova Scotia. This 
band of first emigrants were those who refused to 
take part against Great Britain, in the War of Ameri- 
can Independence. 

Owing a constitutional allegiance to the Sovereign 
of Great Britain and Ireland they felt that they 
could not remain under the Revolutionary flag of 
the new republic, and hence came to this wild and 
unexplored land, many of them from homes of afflu- 
ence and luxury, to endure the hardships of a pioneer 
life. Among this patriotic band of men and women 
were a number of Presbyterians, who, shortly after 
their arrival, made application for a Royal grant of 

* From a lecture entitled "The Loyalist Idea." by Rev. D. D. Currie. then 
pastor of Centenary Methodist Church, delivered in the Mechanics Institute 
course, on the tenth of January, 1882. 

4 History of St. Andrew's Church 

land on which to erect a church where they might 
worship God, as had been their wont in the land 
from which they were voluntary exiles. 

The following is a matter of record : 

St. John, October 28th, 1783. 
Proceedings of the 2nd Company of St. John's Militia, 
Captain Norton in the Chair. 

"Resolved, That as a considerable number of 
inhabitants of this place are educated in the Principles 
of the National Church of Scotland application be 
made for ourselves and others for Public Grounds 
to be laid out for Burying Grounds and erecting a 
church for those of that Persuasion with every other 
encouragement to the National Church of that Loyal 

The grant of the lots received by them, Nos. 
1 to 10 inclusive, was on the north side of what is 
now called Queen Street, between Sydney and 
Carmarthen Streets. The Government acceded to 
the petition, and the grant, dated 29th June, 1784, 
in the reign of George III, was issued by the Province 
of Nova Scotia. Previous to the reception of this 
grant and on the 18th of May, 1784, the first anni- 
versary of the Landing of the Loyalists, the Presby- 
terians of the place convened a meeting and formally 
organized themselves into a congregation, and thus 
was formed the Kirk, to the communion of which 
we are proud to belong. Let us ever honor the 
men who, loving the Westminster standard and the 
Confession of Faith as did their forefathers in the 
old land, resolved to perpetuate these glorious and 
fundamental articles of faith. 

The Scotch, particularly the Scotch Presbyterians, 
are a people into whose composition, as a rule, the 
religious feeling enters strongly. It is an element 

Early Presbyterianism 5 

of Scottish character that religion should ever hallow 
the household, and the "Ha' Bible" and Catechism 
be found at every fireside. Among the more devot- 
tional, the children are taught the spirit and the 
letter of sacred writings, and among nearly all classes 
they are taught at least the letter. It is a national 
characteristic, as military instruction is among the 
Germans, and though many fail to profit by these 
teachings in after years, it is rare to find even an irre- 
ligious Scotchman who has not more or less acquaint- 
ance with the Psalms and the Shorter Catechism. 

The Loyalists of 1783 had among them many 
Presbyterians who owned Scotland as their home 
beyond the seas, and in the division of the city a 
number of them drew lots at Lower Cove. So soon 
as they had erected temporary homes in this the 
land of their adoption, their thoughts returned to 
the subject of public worship according to their 
faith. During the year following their arrival they 
petitioned Governor Parr for a grant of land upon 
which to erect a place of worship, and on the 29th 
day of June, 1784, the grant was issued under the 
Great Seal of Nova Scotia. * The grantees were 
John Boggs and others for the Church of Scotland. 
The associates of John Boggs were Andrew Cornwall, 
James Reid, John Menzies, Charles McPherson, 
William Henderson, John Gemmill and Robert 
Chillis, f their heirs and assigns in trust "for the 
erection, building and accommodation of a meeting- 
house or public place of worship for the use of such 
of the inhabitants of the said Town as now or shall 
hereafter by the Protestant profession of worship 
be approved of by the General Assembly of the 

* See Appendix D. for a copy of this grant. 

tit was from the old Bible of Robert Chillis, a Loyalist and a Presbyterian, 
that the Psalms were read at the memorable watch-night service held in the 
Centenary Church, on the 17th-18th May. 1883. 

6 History of St. Andsbw's Chuxcb 

Church of Scotland; and, further, for the erection 
and building and accommodation of a dwelling-house, 
outhouse, easements and conveniences for habitation, 
use and occupation of a minister to officiate and 
perform divine service in the meeting-house aforesaid ; 
* * * and, further, for the building and erection 
of a public school-house and public poor-house, with 
proper accommodation for the use of the inhabitants 
of the said Township of Parr, forever, and upon this 
further trust and confidence to secure and defend 
said piece and tract of land, and all such buildings, 
edifices, improvements, commodities and appur- 
tenances to and for the several and respective public 
uses, intents and purposes aforesaid forever, but to 
or for no other or private use, intent and purpose 

The grant further provides that in case of the lands 
coming into possession of any other persons, they 
shall take the prescribed Oath of Allegiance within 
twelve months, and in case of their neglect to do so, 
the lands shall revert to the Crown. The grant is 
dated 29th June, 1784, is registered at Halifax on 
the same day, and in New Brunswick at Fredericton 
on 23rd December, 1784. 

The lands above mentioned are on the north side 
of Queen Street, extending east and west, from 
Sydney to Carmarthen Streets, and north from 
Queen Street one hundred feet. They contain ten 
city lots and form a block of one hundred by four 
hundred feet. 

As far as it is known, the first Presbyterian minister 
to officiate at St. John was the Rev. James Fraser. 
He came from Scotland to America about the time 
of the close of the Revolutionary War, although he 
may, perhaps, have been a chaplain in one of the 
Scottish regiments disbanded at the peace of 1783. 
He was educated at the University of Edinburgh, 

Early Presbyterianism 7 

and seems to have come to Nova Scotia which, until 
1784, included the present province of New Bruns- 
wick, about the year 1785. His name is included 
among the five thousand Loyalists who received 
grants of land in New Brunswick, but Sabine, in 
his "Loyalists of the American Revolution," does 
not make any reference to him. It has been 
suggested as probable that he came from Scotland 
to the United States seeking some permanent 
appointment, and, not finding the field a very 
promising one, drifted on to the British provinces. 
Some of the leading Presbyterians of St. John 
feeling that, in the distressing financial conditions 
which prevailed after the war in consequence of the 
sacrifice of the Loyalists of all that they possessed 
as a result of their allegiance to the British Crown 
during that memorable struggle, it would be difficult 
to provide a sufficient stipend for their minister, 
determined to make an effort to have their own 
limited resources supplemented by securing a grant 
from a British Society for Christianizing the Indians 
towards Mr. Fraser's support. Accordingly on the 
first of October, 1786, they signed the following 
memorial one of their number being William 
Campbell, probably the same who was in after years 
so keenly interested in the promotion of the interests 
of St. Andrew's Church. 

"Memorial of John Colville and others in behalf of 
James Fraser, 19th Feb., 1787, dated 1st October, 


"We the subscribers in behalf of the Revd. Mr. 
James Fraser beg leave to represent to the Honorable 
Board of Commissioners for propagating the Gospel 
among the Indian natives in America, that he has 
been educated at the University of Edinburgh in 

8 History of St. Andrew's Church 

North Britain and has in his possession the College 
testimonials, we therefore, pray that he may receive 
a mission from the Honorable Board as an Instructor 
and teacher among the Indians in this Province. 

"The above application we have been induced to 
make for Mr. Fraser in his absence at his particular 
request, we have authority to say, that should he 
meet with encouragement from the Hon. Commis- 
sioners he would immediately remove with his family 
here and enter on his mission under the discretion 
of the Board. We have the honor to be, Gentlemen, 
"With the greatest respect 

" Yr. Most Obt. Hble Servants, 
John Colville, 
Wm. Campbell, 
John Smith. 

"To the Honorable Commissioners for propagating 
the Gospel among the Indian Natives in New 
England or parts adjacent in America." 

He seems to have left but little permanent record 
of his work behind him possibly it is just as well 
so, for in common with at least one or two other of the 
early ministers of the Gospel, not of the Presbyterian 
Communion, who made New Brunswick their home 
at the close of the Revolutionary War, an undue 
fondness for ardent spirits appears to have caused 
a lack of that respect from those to whom he adminis- 
tered spiritual consolation, which is so much to be 
desired towards men of his profession. He seems to 
have visited St. John with the idea of settling, as 
early at least as the year 1784.* The Presbyterians 
were anxious to avail themselves of his services, for 
in the St. John Gazette of October 24th, 1786, the 
following notice appears: 

* We find the name of James Fraser as grantee of lots 426-427 in Carleton 
in the grants to Thomas Leonard and others, Parrtown, dated 9th Aug., 1784, 
which is good evidence of his presence here at that early date. 

Early Presbyterianism 9 

"Those gentlemen who wish and intend to encour- 
age the Rev. Mr. Fraser to settle in this City, are 
requested to meet at the Coffee House tomorrow 
evening at 7 o'clock. It is expected every person 
thus inclined will not fail to attend, that it may be 
known with certainty what salary will be promised 
Mr. Fraser." 

The hope of those individuals supporting the 
petition of Messrs. Colville, Campbell and Smith 
evidently was that some arrangements might be 
entered into, whereby a school for the Indians might 
be established under conditions somewhat similar 
to those effected at Sussex, where Rev. Oliver Arnold, 
a Church of England clergyman, was stationed, and 
whose principal source of maintenance was from the 
tuition fees and profits on the board account of his 
Indian pupils. Similar schools were established 
at other points, the object aimed at by the sup- 
porters of the work evidently being the education 
of a group of native Indian preachers who would be 
the means of promoting the spread of the gospel 
among the native Indian tribes. 

At the time that the memorial was presented, 
Mr. Fraser seems to have been at Digby or Annapolis, 
Nova Scotia. 

That Rev. Fraser officiated some little time at 
St. John is evident from his letter of the 12th July, 
1787, to Mr. George Leonard, the Secretary of the 
Board of Commissioners in this province of the 
Society for Christianizing the native Indians, which 
reads thus: 

"(July 12, 1787) 

"Sir: I have been informed by several gentlemen 
that in consequence of a memorial presented to the 
Honorable Board for propagating the Gospel among 
the Indians in this province in my behalf, they have 

10 History of St. Andrew's Church 

been pleased to appoint me a missionary for 

"I therefore take the liberty of requesting from 
you, the Instructions necessary for fulfilling that 
Mission, and that you would be pleased to inform 
me, if my residence at that place be indispensable, 
as, since my arrival in this province I have been 
usefully employed as a Presbyterian Minister of the 
Gospel in this City, and have great reason to believe, 
my ability might be greatly extended, by opening a 
School for the Latin and Greek Languages with 
English Grammar, etc., in this place. 

"The Honorable Board will (I hope) encourage an 
undertaking so laudable and important, and be pleased 
to grant me an additional emolument for that pur- 
pose. Or, if my residence at Mariemischie be neces- 
sary, they will be pleased to consider that 50 Ster. 
is an object too small for a sole Dependence, and 
add what sum they may think proper, as a School- 
master at that place. I would also be glad to know, 
when my salary commenced, from whom, in what 
manner and at what Periods I may receive it. 

"Be pleased to lay this letter before the Honorable 
Board, at their next meeting, and your answer will 
much oblige, 

"Your most obedient, 

"and very h'ble Servant, 

"James Fraser, 

"St. John, July 12th, 1787." 

"N. B. I can produce the best certificates both 
of my moral and literary character. 
"George Leonard, Esq." 

At a meeting of the Commissioners of the Society 
for Christianizing the Indians, held at Fredericton, 
20th July, 1787, it may be noted that there was 
"Read a letter from Rev. Mr. Fraser to Mr. Leonard, 

Early Presbyterianism 11 

dated 12th July, 1787, on the subject of the offer 
ordered to be made him on the 2nd May last, and 
thereupon ordered that no greater sum can be allowed 
to him than 60 per annum, which must be upon 
the condition of his residence at Miramichi as a 
Missionary and Instructor among the Indians in that 
district. That a quarter's salary, commencing 25th 
June, last be paid him upon his acceptance of the 
appointment and setting out for that place, and his 
salary afterwards be paid quarterly." 

It would appear that there were not any very 
favorable results from the efforts to have Mr. Fraser 
settled permanently at St. John, and he decided to 
remove to Miramichi, where he might avail himself 
of the grant by the Board for Propagating the Gospel 
among the Indians. He accordingly wrote to Hon. 
Chief Justice Ludlow, a member of the board, in 
May, 1788, to the following effect: 

"Impressed with a sense of your goodness, I pre- 
sume to write you on the subject of my mission at 

"The honorable board having given me the appoint- 
ment last time, I was actually preparing to set off 
for that place when domestic circumstances, especially 
the long indisposition of Mrs. Fraser in and after the 
Small-pose prevented it. 

"I am sorry my letter to the Hon. Board was not, 
by them, considered as an acceptance of said mission 
by me as it was intended as such, and as a request 
was made, that the necessary Instructions should 
be granted me I therefore hope the honorable 
Board will be pleased to consider me as a missionary 
from the time of my appointment, that I may be 
enabled to leave this place with honor and defray 
the necessary expenses attending my removal to 
Mariemoschie my motive for taking up school in 

12 History of St. Andrew's Church 

this City were chiefly compassion for the Youths, 
who had been left destitute of a teacher, by the death 
of Rev. Mr. Bisset* and to see what encouragement 
would be given to Education here, but it by no means 
seems to answer my expectations. Whenever there- 
fore I receive the answer of the Board, I will proceed 
as soon as possible for that District. 

" I have the honor to remain, Sir, 
"Your mo. obedient and very humble servant, 

"James Fraser." 
St. John, May 3, 1788. 
"Honorable George D. Ludlow." 

As the Rev James Fraser was a grantee at Parr- 
town, with the other Loyalists who landed there on 
the memorable eighteenth of May, 1783, and it 
appears from the correspondence already quoted, 
that he remained at St. John, ministering to the 
Presbyterians of that community, until at least the 
month of May, 1788, the contention of Mr. J. W. 
Lawrence that there was no duly organized Presby- 
terian body in this city of St. John prior to the year 
1815, is not well founded. For a time the Presby- 
terians, as did their Methodist brethren, met at the 
home of one of their number, for Divine service and 
the dispensation of ordinances. 

The Indians at Miramichi appear to have been 
in a pitiable condition at this time, as it is shown by 
their sending at mid-winter a deputation to the 
Lieutenant-Governor, soliciting some assistance. The 
local board of the New England Company thought 
the opportunity a favorable one for the establishment 
of a mission station at Miramichi, and they accord- 
ingly, on the second of May, 1787, appointed Rev. 
Mr. Fraser their agent in that district, with a salary 
of 50 a year. 

Rev. George Bisset. who succeeded Rev. Samuel Coolce, D. D., in charge 
of Trinity Church is here referred to. 

Early Presbyterianism 13 

In the memoirs of James Macgregor, D. D.,* by 
Rev. George Patterson, published in 1859, from 
which extensive extracts will appear in the later pages 
of this work, we find the following reference to church 
matters at St. John: 

"The Presbyterians, not having a minister of their 
own, seem to have taken an interest in the erection 
of the new Trinity Church, which was found on its 
erection to be not a whit too large. The rector, 
Rev. Mr. Byles, wrote the S. P. G., December 31st, 
1791, that the church was opened on Christmas Day, 
'a bell of 800 weight was presented to the church by 
Mr. Thompson, one of the principal merchants of 
the City, and a professed member of the Kirk of 
Scotland.' There was at that time no other place 
of worship, except a Methodist meeting, which had 
no settled preacher but depended entirely upon 

By the same writer we are told that: 

"They (the people of Pictou) were also visited by 
Rev. James Fraser who had been a chaplain in the 
army during the American war and who had labored 
for some time at Onslow (N. S.). He was but an 
indifferent character and afterwards moved to 

In his report to the Society for the Propagation of 
the Gospel, dated at St. John, July 4th, 1787, Rev. 
George Bisset, rector of Trinity Church, says: 

"That he performs Divine Service regularly every 
Sunday to a crowded and attentive congregation, 
having omitted it only once during the past winter 
which was a very severe one. That his congregation 
would be larger but for the smallness of his church. 
That there are in St. John a great number of Scotch 
Dissenters who are moderate, and regularly attended 

* Memoir of James Macgregor, D. D., by Patterson, pj*. 87-88. 

14 History of St. Andrew's Church 

at Church during the past winter, but they have now 
got a teacher of their own persuasion* rather from 
necessity than inclination, as the church will not 
contain all that would attend; yet many of them 
have liberally contributed to the purchasing and 
repairing of the present church." 

The "teacher" (or minister) of the Scotch Presby- 
terians referred to by Mr. Bisset, was Rev. James 
Fraser, previously alluded to. 

Mr. Bisset's church was the small one on the site 
now occupied by the residence of Mr. Percy W. 
Thomson, a grandson of Dr. Donald, which property 
was for many years owned by Hon. John Robertson 
and later by successive generations of the McMillan 
family, situated on Germain Street. 

Mr. Bisset wis a broad minded man, much beloved 
by all classes of the community. His death, which 
occurred on the third day of March, 1788, was much 
lamented by the entire populace. His body was 
interred in the Germain Street burial ground in the 
immediate vicinity of the little old church, but in 
1791 it was removed to the Putnam tomb in the 
Old Burial Ground, King Street, East, where his 
ashes still rest. 

Joshua Marsden has left an interesting account 
of his mission in this part of the British possessions. 
He was of the Methodist persuasion, but his work 
has been much quoted from by various writers, as 
he gives a graphic description of the conditions of 
life as they then existed in this young community, 
and the difficulties of those who, irrespective of creed, 
were laboring for the promotion of the Master's 
cause in this field. The narrative is contained in a 
series of forty-seven letters addressed to- James 
Montgomery. There is a copy of the work in the 
possession of the New Brunswick Historical Society, 

The italics are mine. D. R. Jack. 

Early Presbyterianism 15 

and there may be a few others in existence, but it is 
one of, the rare books relating to early missionary 
life in the scattered settlements formed by Loyalists 
and other early immigrant settlers in these provinces. 

Mr. Marsden arrived in St. John in the year 1800, 
being then twenty-two years of age. He immediately 
commenced his labors in this field. Mr. George A. 
Henderson, in his work on early Saint John Method- 
ism tells us that from a passport issued in 1814 it 
would appear that he was about five feet eight 
inches high, of light complexion, with brown hair 
and blue eyes. 

Mr. Marsden's description of his winter costume 
is interesting, and in spite of the severity of the 
climate, he should have been able to defy the cold 
and dampness of the worst weather encountered 
during a St. John winter. He describes his dress 
as follows: "Woolen stockings, and socks under- 
neath; over my boots and underdress, a large pair 
of thick woolen socks shod at the feet with leather, 
and reaching to the upper part of the thigh ; a surtout 
coat, and over this a fearnaught; on the hands, 
worsted or lambswool gloves, and over them thick 
mittens; a fur cap, with a large silk handkerchief 
tied around the lower part of my face." 

"I had to preach against Sabbath-breaking," 
says Johua Marsden, "and the magistrates thought 
that I reflected upon their conduct because, during 
the herring, salmon and shad season, they allowed 
the people to fish upon the Lord's Day, and assigned 
as a reason that fish run more abundantly on that 
day than any other. But they were merchants 
and bought the fish, and sordid interest will never 
want a plea for breaking in upon the most sacred 
duties. Dancing and revelling prevailed in an 
unusual degree; I had to take notice of these, hence 
some of the gay ones, who occasionally came to the 

16 History of St. Andrew's Church 

chapel, thought themselves implicated and came no 
more. Conscience and duty compelled me to preach 
against drunkenness, and as this was the besetting 
sin of the place, 'Master, by so saying thou condemn- 
est us!' was felt by a number of delinquents. I had 
to animadvert upon smuggling, and this came home 
to the very doors of the Church of God; an official 
brother possessing some property and more influence, 
would hardly speak of me with charity or treat me 
with common civility. Ah! This preaching against 
sin, when you know your congregation are com- 
mitting it; here's the rub, especially should they be 
rich and obstinate." 

Missionary Work of Rev. James Macgregor, D.D. 

Before proceeding further with the history of St. 
Andrew's Church, it may be well, possibly, to give 
some little attention to the work of the Presbyterian 
Church generally, in this portion of the province. 

Rev. James Macgregor, D. D., while stationed at 
Pictou, N. S., made an extensive tour through the 
Province of New Brunswick in the interests of 
Presbyterianism, and has left a valuable account of 
his journey which is included in his Memoir, edited 
by his grandson, Rev. George Patterson, pastor of 
the Presbyterian congregation at Greenhill, Pictou, 
Nova Scotia. This work was published in 1859. 
Upon the title-page appears the following extract 
from the eleventh chapter of the Second Epistle of 
Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians, and which so 
graphically outlines the experiences of Dr. Mac- 
gregor, that its insertion here needs no apology: 

"In journeyings often, in perils of waters, in perils 
of robbers, in perils by mine own countrymen, in 
perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils 
in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among 
false brethren, in weariness and painfulness, in 
watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings 
often, in cold and nakedness. Besides those things 
that are without, that which cometh upon me daily, 
the care of all the churches. " 

Between 1788 and 1820, a period of over thirty 
years, scarcely a year passed without some missionary 
journey similar to that subscribed in the following 
pages being undertaken by him. In the furtherance 


18 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

of his Master's cause he took great delight. He 
found settlers scattered everywhere, like sheep upon 
the mountain side, with none to care for their souls, 
all of them feeling the need of spiritual ministration, 
and all of them with respect for religion, but without 
the means of obtaining the water of life for which 
their souls thirsted. Of him it might truly be said, 
"How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of 
him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth 
peace, that bringeth good tidings of good, that 
publisheth salvation." The spiritual needs of the 
settlers, his sympathy for their needs, stirred his 
spirit, kindling all the ardor of his fiery Scottish 
nature, and arousing in him a consuming zeal for 
their salvation. In this way his labors extended 
over the then settled parts of eastern Nova Scotia, 
of New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. 
Most of the Presbyterian congregations established 
throughout this wide extent of country in the earlier 
half of the nineteenth century originated with him 
or were cherished by him in their infancy. Com- 
mencing on Thursday, the thirteenth of July, 1786, 
he made the journey of one hundred miles from 
Pictou to Truro, and his account of spending a night 
on the way is interesting. 

"The house in which we lodged consisted of a 
kitchen and two or three bed-closets, with a garret 
for lumber, and a sleeping place for some of the 
children. We all sat in the kitchen, and here I had 
an opportunity of seeing how the country women 
prepared their bread. After kneeding the dough, 
the landlady formed it into a beautiful cake of an 
oval form, nearly an inch thick, swept a hot part 
of the hearth clean, and there laid it flat. She then 
spread over it a thin layer of fine cold ashes, mixed 
with burning coals. By the time the kettle boiled, 
the bread was baked. The landlady with a fire 

Rev. James Macgregor, D. D. 19 

shovel removed the ashes, and took it off the hearth ; 
and then, with a little agitation to shake off the ashes, 
she wiped it with a cloth, much cleaner than I could 
have expected when it was laid down. It made 
very good and agreeable bread. It seems that 
this was the way of baking bread in the days of 
Abraham (Gen. xviii, 6). It is a speedy way; 
and, though not clean, still not so foul as a stranger 
would imagine. Some cover the cake with paper 
when it is laid upon the hearth, which keeps it per- 
fectly clean, but this is not a common mode. Our 
host, I suppose, kept up family worship, for the 
Bible was at hand, and laid it on the table after 
supper, which I had seen done before." 

Early transportation is thus described : 

" Besides the crossing of rivers and creeks, a work 
of still more danger was the crossing the sea in his 
voyages to Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton 
and New Brunswick. There was no steamer then 
to carry the traveller with regularity and despatch. 
In his later years, sailing packets plied between 
Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, but in his 
early career it was only occasionally that he could 
obtain even a sailing vessel to transport him across; 
while very commonly he made these voyages of forty, 
sixty, or it might be a hundred miles in open boats, 
some of them being large half-decked boats built 
expressly for such voyages. Like his Master crossing 
the sea of Galilee, his only accommodation was the 
humble fishing boat, in which darkness and peril 
must alike be encountered." 

On one occasion coming either from Prince Edward 
Island or Miramichi in a schooner, he was overtaken 
by a violent storm, so that even the crew felt a little 
alarmed. They were at sea over Sabbath, and the 

20 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

storm having somewhat abated, he read to them the 
107th Psalm, and preached on the Saviour stilling 
the storm. 

In the year 1797 he paid his first visit to Miramichi. 
He had been applied to as early as the year 1791, 
but hitherto had not been able to visit them. We 
are not certain how he went, but it is probable that 
it was by water. In regard to his visits in this 
quarter all the information I have been enabled to 
gather is contained in the following extract of a 
letter from the Rev. John MacCurdy: 

"Many recollect him distinctly, but few can give 
dates. His being present at the induction of Mr. 
Thomson, 1817, is well remembered. One old lady, 
Mrs. MacR., remembers his visit in 1797. She and 
another person speak of a sermon from Isa. Iv. 1: 
'Ho, every one that thirsteth,' etc., as having made 
a deep impression. They remember his remark 
on the word 'Ho,' that it was the cry of one who 
passed through the streets of the city. Mr. Perley 
remembers his coming up from Bay du Vin, in a 
vessel with two ship-masters, that he called at his 
house, and that as they were at the door, the Doctor 
turned their attention to a field of ripe wheat before 
them, and said, referring to the drooping heads, 
'these were the heaviest and so they have most 
grace, are the most humble.' 1 suppose that during 
his last visit he did not itinerate any. But, on the 
first and second he preached and baptized at Black 
River, Bay du Vin, and on .both sides of the Mir- 
michi, up as far as the Point, so called, at the junction 
of the North and South-West branches. Those 
who recollect him remark his happy faculty in intro- 
ducing religious conversation." 

The result of this visit was an application for a 
minister. Upon this the Presbytery say in their 

Rev. James Macgregor, D. D. 21 

letter already referred to: "Though the people of 
Miramichi, in New Brunswick, be last in their applica- 
tion, yet they themselves consider their case as so 
deplorable above others, especially on account of the 
breaking dispensations they have met with, that 
they are entitled to be first answered, and indeed 
it is hard to deny their claim." One of the "breaking 
dispensations" here referred to, was the misconduct 
of an individual bearing the name of a minister 
who had been stationed for some time among them. 
The Rev. James Fraser, previously at St. John, 
is here referred to. 

In the year 1805, in answer to a petition from 
Sheffield, in New Brunswick, he performed one of 
his longest and most interesting missionary journeys, 
mainly, up the Saint John river. We have the last 
part of his own account of it preserved, although 
he ascribes it to the year 1803. He travelled on 
horseback, taking his own horse, which members 
of his family recollect as a very sagacious animal, 
one that would follow a track with great discernment 
or a road that it had once travelled. His course 
led him by Amherst where he lodged with Rev. Mr. 
Mitchell, then laboring there, from whom he received 
directions as to the route. Next day he started 
for the Bend of Petitcodiac, now Moncton, where 
he met with an accident which he used afterwards 
to relate as an example of the power of prayer. In 
the afternoon, having got off his horse for some 
purpose, when he was ready to mount he could not 
find the animal, of which he could see no sign. The 
road being through the woods and covered with moss 
or leaves, no trace had been left. He therefore 
proceeded, for a distance as he judged of a mile 
and a half, when he came to a wet place where the 
horse, if he had passed, must have left some track 
in the mud, There being none, he turned and walked 

22 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

back to the place where he had lost him, and was 
still unable to discover any trace of the animal. 
Now reduced to extremity, at a distance from a 
house, his horse in all likelihood lost in the woods 
and the darkness coming on. He used to relate his 
thoughts at the moment. He had left home rather 
against the wishes of the Session, and he began to 
think that Providence was frowning upon his under- 
taking. Then again he concluded that it was 
occasioned by his old enemy, that Satan was playing 
him this trick to hinder him. In his extremity, all 
other means failing, he resorted to prayer. Kneeling 
down, he besought his heavenly Father to relieve 
him from his difficulty. When he opened his eyes 
at the conclusion of his prayer the horse was in sight. 

Shortly after, he had a remarkable preservation 
of his life. It having grown very dark he had to 
allow the animal to take its own course. In a little 
while he saw a glimmering appearance on one side 
of him, which he could not understand, but he allowed 
his horse to keep on his way. In a short time he 
reached a house. He was afterwards greatly sur- 
prised to discover that the horse had walked along 
steadily on the top of a mill-dam where a false step 
on one side would have plunged him into the water, 
or on the other would have given him a most danger- 
ous, if not fatal fall. 

When he reached the Kennebecasis he met with 
an incident somewhat remarkable. To the perils 
of various kinds to which he had been subjected 
during his ministerial life, there were now to be 
added " perils of robbers. " There resided an Irishman 
here, but by Mr. Mitchell he had been dissuaded 
from staying there, but recommended to go some 
miles further on to the house of a Scotchman. It 
had got so late, however, that he felt it necessary 
to stay at the house of the former. He was put to 

Rev. James Macgregor, D. D. 23 

sleep in a kind of outbuilding, attached to the main 
one. He lay down, and fell asleep when something 
caused him to start up, to his surprise he found a 
man in the room with him. The latter by way of 
apology said that he was afraid that he (the doctor) 
would be afraid to be alone. "I am not alone, my 
Master is with me." The man went out, but the 
Doctor did not sleep much for the rest of the night. 
When it was day, he mounted his horse and rode 
off. As he came to the house of the Scotchman, 
he met the latter at his gate. After exchanging 
salutations, and making himself known, the latter 

enquired," Where were you last night?" "At ," 

replied the Doctor, naming the Irishman. "Well, 
the straps of your saddle-bags are cut, and it is a 
mercy that it was nor your throat." It was, no 
doubt, the intention of the man to have robbed his 
saddle-bags, and he had commenced cutting into 
them, when he was interrupted by the Doctor's 
starting from his sleep. The mark of his knife was 
seen upon the heels of the Doctor's boot, which was 
stowed in the saddle-bags. Probably he had been 
seized with some sudden fear, and did not return to 
complete his work. 

After leaving the Kennebecasis, he had to go a 
long distance through the woods, where the road 
was a mere path, and it at length got so dark that he 
could see nothing indicative of a road, but an opening 
in the woods between the tops of the trees. Coming 
upon a house he stopped to enquire the way. The 
man of the house was from home and his wife was not 
very willing to admit him. He used to relate with 
great zest the colloquy that ensued, something to 
the following effect: 

Woman. "Who are you?" 

Doctor. " I am James Macgregor, a minister from 

24 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Woman. "Are you a Methodist?" 

Doctor. "No." 

Woman. "Are you Church of England?" 

Doctor. "No." 

Woman. "Then you must be a New Light?" 

Doctor. "No. I am not a New Light, either." 

Woman. "Then what in all the world are you, 

for I do not know any more?" 
Doctor. "I am a Presbyterian." 
Women. "Well, I never saw a Presbyterian 

minister before, but my master used to tell me that 

they were the very best in the world. But what 

do you hold to?" 

Doctor. " I do not understand what you mean. " 
Woman. "Do you hold to conversion'?" 
Doctor. "Don't they all hold to conversion?" 
Woman. "No; the Methodists and the New 

Lights hold to it, but the Church of England hold 

against it." 

Having thus got all her enquiries satisfactorily 
answered, she treated him very kindly, giving him 
all necessary directions regarding his way, and 
inviting him to lodge with her on his return. 

The part of his narrative preserved, commences 
with his journey on the following day. 

(i * * * when I came in sight of a beautiful 
lake, like one of the Highland lakes which I had 
seen at home. Like them it was partly skirted with 
beautiful woods, and partly with pasture and corn- 
fields. This pretty lake was merely an expansion 
of the River St. John, but the river was quite out 
of view. I lodged all night with a farmer who lived 
in this charming retreat; he was a Presbyterian 
but had no minister, and few of his persuasion with 
him. This kind man invited me to stay a night 
with him on my return; and on parting, directed 

Rev. James Macgregor, D. D. 25 

me that, after three miles of a low thick wood, I 
would come in sight of the river, which would guide 
me all the rest of the way. " 

The following reference is evidently to the country 
upon the east side of the River St. John, below 
Sheffield, in Sunbury County, where the conditions 
today are just as they are described by Dr. Macgregor. 
There being but little traffic on this side of the river 
and the land being intervale and exceedingly fertile, 
it is cultivated to the edge of the narrow single 
track road. For some distance this road is unfenced, 
and where the road crosses a party line it is usual 
to have a gate to prevent the trespass of cattle upon 
the lands of private owners. 

Continuing, Dr. Macgregor says: "I soon got 
through this road, and then I saw a sweep of the noble 
River St. John, and large tracts of clear land. I 
soon came forward to a fence, which directly crossed 
the road, and then I saw a rich crop of hay within 
the fence. I was surprised, for I noticed no other 
road; but I concluded that my admiration of the 
majesty of the river had prevented me from noticing 
where the road had struck off. Accordingly I turned 
to the right, and along the side of the fence, and rode 
along a considerable way without seeing any appear- 
ance of a road. At last I met a man, of whom I 
enquired. He told me I had left the road behind 
me, and was leaving it farther and farther every step. 
I asked him if that was it that was stopped by a fence. 
He replied that it was. I asked him how they came 
to build a fence across the road. He said that it 
was to save them the trouble of a fence on each side 
of the road. "But how are travellers pleased to have 
the road stopped? 'The travellers by land are 
not many, for most of the travelling is by water.' 
There are boats often between St. John and Frederic- 

26 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

ton. When we reached the road he took down the 
fence- poles, and when I crossed them, put them up 
again and bade me farewell. I could easily trace 
the road through hay-ground till I passed it. I had 
now an excellent road along the side of the Saint 
John River, skirted with small bushes and tall trees, 
till the end of my journey. Every farmer had his 
house on the road furthest from the river, with a 
broad and fertile intervale behind. 

"Riding along, I came to a man carrying two pails 
of water from the river, of whom I asked, 'How far 
is it to Squire Burpe's?' (to whom I had been directed). 
He answered, 'a few miles,' and asked if I was a 
minister. I said I was. He asked if I was from 
Pictou. I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'You must be the 
minister that we sent for.' I said, 'They did send 
for me,' 'Well,' said he, 'We sent for you by the 

desire of Mr. S. and he has since run off with 

another man's wife.' 'Mr. S. ,' said I, 'has 

done a very evil thing, but his misconduct cannot 
prevent the grace of God from doing good to you 
and me,' 'I do not tell you of him in the way of 
reflection, but purely of information.' 

"After riding nearly another hour along this beauti- 
ful level I reached Squire Burpe's house, the end of 
my journey, for which it became me to be especially 
thankful. I was received and entertained kindly 
by the Squire and his whole family, all the time I 
continued there. I directed him to spread word 
that I had come. He told me he had done so. 

"He informed me that they were a colony from 
New England, and that, of course, they were Congre- 
gationalists in their religious profession. I told 
him I had long wished to see one of their congregations, 
and hoped that their congregation would be a fair 
sample of a New England church. He said, ' I am 
afraid that we are degenerated.' ' I have heard much 

Rev. James Magregor, D. D. 27 

of the piety and suffering of the New Englanders, 
and I will count myself paid for my troublesome 
journey, in seeing a fair sample of their religion.' 
'And I am as anxious to hear a Presbyterian, for I 
have read of the persecutions they have suffered. 
The doctrines of grace and salvation are the same 
everywhere and in all generations, though every 
one has his own way of handling them.' 

"I preached two Sabbaths to them in a respectable 
place of worship, and to Methodists and Baptists. 
They heard with apparent attention and satisfaction. 
Many of them stayed and conversed a good while 
after public worship was over. On returning to Mr. 
Burpe's I saw a women, who said she came from 
Perthshire many years ago, and had never heard a 
Presbyterian sermon since she came, till that day. 
She hoped I would be so good as preach her a sermon 
or two at her house on a week-day. I said I would 
certainly be very happy to do so. We agreed on the 
day, and she promised to send a man and a horse 
for me. At Squire Burpe's we employed the time 
in religious conversation, partly on the sermons, 
and partly on other topics." 

After a most interesting account of the freshet 
and of the beauties of the St. John river in the vicinity 
of Sheffield, the writer resumes: 

"Next day the man came for me to go where I 
had promised to preach. When we reached the 
house, the man and his wife came out to welcome 
me in. We soon enquired whence each other came. 
He told me he had come from Clocky Mill near Gask. 
I was astonished, remembering, that when I was a 
young lad at Kinkell, at the grammer school, I heard 
much talk of the miller of Clocky Mill going to 
America. I told them this, and we at once became 
great friends. We admired the Providence that 

28 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

orders all our lots. I began to think that God had 
other designs in sending me here than preaching to 
the Congregationalists. I preached to two or three 
families with uncommon life and earnestness, as my 
meeting with this family was unexpected and provi- 

"Next morning I took a view of his farm. It 
was large and in good order. The land seemed good 
all around the lake, and almost wholly unsettled. A 
beautiful river flowed for three or four miles from it, 
with scarcely any fall, into the St. John so that the 
tide from the St. John reached the upper end of the 
lake. After breakfast I went to Mr. Burpe's reflect- 
ing on the wonderful disposals of Divine Providence in 
ordering and changing the lots of men in this world. 
Next day I crossed the river, to see one or two families 
who had invited me and one who had promised to 
take a jaunt up the river with me. I was informed 
of a number of the New England settlers, who, being 
discontented with fine intervale, on account of the 
trouble and danger of its freshets, had moved twenty 
miles up the river and settled there on land high and 
dry, though not so rich. I was requested to visit 
them, and I was desirous to go. I saw this gentleman 
who was willing to set off with me next Monday. I 
found him a pious and agreeable companion. 

"On Monday we went, and reached the place that 
night. I preached on a week-day and on the Sabbath, 
and visited and conversed on other days, pressing 
them to live by faith on the Son of God, and obey 
by faith. They were destitute of public ordinances, 
and were plainly the poorer for it. The family in 
which I was, were remarkably regular. There were 
five boys and five girls of them, from marriageable 
age down to infancy; and I do not remember to have 
seen an angry look or to have heard a cross word 
among them during the time I was there. I admired 

Rev. James Macgregor, D.D. 29 

the regularity of the family. The cause was this: 
The father was ailing, of a slow consumption, so 
that he could not work, and he directed his whole 
endeavors to instructing his children in temporal 
and spiritual matters. And to all appearance God 
was with him. 

"Next Monday we came down the river to the 
Nashwaak opposite to Fredericton. We went up 
the river for the Highland settlement. On our way 
we saw a Baptist church, where my guide proposed to 
stop two days, and give them a sermon or two. I 
could not refuse. The congregation was small, but 
respectable. When I reached the Highlanders, I 
found that they were the remains of a Highland 
regiment which the British government had settled 
there at the conclusion of the Revolutionary war in 
America. I found that they had been miserably 
abused in their settlement. The officers got large 
lots of the best land; the men got all length and no 
breadth. The consequence was, that one-half the 
men had to leave their lands and shift for themselves 
somewhere else. The rest took possession of their 
lots, some of them for nothing, and thus made a 
shift to live. Their dispersion disabled them from 
maintaining a minister of the gospel, and left them 
as stray sheep in the wilderness. A few of them 
had turned Baptists and Methodists; but the best 
and the worst of them had continued Presbyterians, 
but could do little to maintain the gospel. I preached 
to them, and gave the best direction I could to live 
a life of faith upon Christ, the Saviour of sinners. 
Next day I stopped at Fredericton, but had no 
opportunity of preaching. The day after I returned 
to my old quarters, where I stayed and preached 
the Sabbath following." 

When visiting the Highlanders upon the Nashwaak, 
the people collected about seven pounds for him. 

30 History of St. Andrew's Church 

He received the money, but, we are informed, upon 
learning of a poor widow who had lost her only cow, 
he generously gave her the money to buy another. 

It may be mentioned also, that the Presbytery 
made various efforts to supply the people whom he 
visited on this occasion, but from the scarcity of 
preachers they could do but little for them. The 
result was, therefore, that they became attached to 
other denominations, who were aided from abroad 
by monetary grants. The Church of England was 
particularly fortunate in the early history of the 
province, in having a number of missionaries sup- 
ported by the Society for Propagating the Gospel, 
and whose salaries were paid for many years by this 
Society. All the settlers, particularly the Loyalists, 
were miserably poor, as Dr. Macgregor has stated, 
having lost all that they owned in the War of the 
Revolution. They were obliged to commence life 
anew in New Brunswick, and while the British 
government treated them generously in providing 
provisions and other necessaries for the three years 
following the close of the war, they could not continue 
their grants for this purpose indefinitely. Many 
of the settlers had not been brought up as farmers 
and consequently had little knowledge of practical 
farming. Others had been people who had inherited 
or had acquired small means and were in comfortable 
circumstances in their old homes, but, having lost 
all their possessions, their lot was indeed pitiable. 
The Presbyterian church in this field had no aug- 
mentation fund upon which to draw at this time 
for the assistance of the poorer parishes, and while 
in some instances the Provincial Legislature granted 
some assistance towards the construction of the 
church buildings, such contributions were mainly 
towards the churches in the larger centres of popu- 
lation, while the remote districts, such as described, 

Rev. James Macgregor, D. D. 31 

received no aid and were consequently unable to 
support a minister for many years after the first 
settlement of the country. It is a question whether 
what at first appeared to be a hardship was not 
really a source of blessing for the generation which 
followed, as thrown entirely upon their own resources, 
and having the Scotch and Scotch-Irish characteris- 
tics of determination and frugality, the Presbyterian 
church in New Brunswick now occupies a prominent 
position among the other religious denominations 
and holds an honored place in respect of its contribu- 
tions to the support of missions in other less favored 

In travelling from the St. John river through to 
the Miramichi, most of which distance they probably 
covered in canoes, they experienced what they 
considered a remarkable instance of the care of 
divine Providence. Having taken passage from 
Badeque in a new vessel bound for Miramichi to take 
in cargo, and which had not sufficient ballast, they 
had an uneventful passage, but had scarcely landed 
when the vessel overturned in the river, fortunately 
in deep water, and was raised only after a considerable 

The question of the solemnization of matrimony 
with the early ministers was one that caused much 
difficulty, but as Dr. Macgregor tells us, for the sake 
of avoiding greater evils, they found themselves 
under the necessity of performing the ceremony 
of marriage, which they usually did in the manner 
prescribed by law in Scotland, although it was not 
strictly legal in New Brunswick. The practice was 
generally permitted, but to use the words of Dr. 
Macgregor, "some of the Church of Scotland 
ministers, who had arrived in the Colonies, though in 
reality dissenters here themselves, began to assume 
airs of superiority; and, instead of combining to 

32 History of St. Andrew's Church 

obtain for their fellow Presbyterians the same privi- 
leges as others, endeavored to rivet upon them the 
disabilities under which they were living. One of 
them in New Brunswick accordingly wrote to Doctor 
Macgregor the following letter: 

11 , N. B., February 21st, 1825. 

Dear Sir: 

"At the request of Mr. John McArthur, farmer, 
parish of Sussex, King's County, in this Province, 
I now address you: I baptized three children for 
him lately, and found upon enquiring that he had 
been married by you about twenty years ago. It 
immediately occurred to me that according to the 
Marriage Act of this Province, he was not legally 
married, inasmuch as the act referred to limits the 
power of celebrating marriage to the Established 
Clergy of the Church of England, and Justices of 
the Quorum, but does not prevent such celebration 
by ministers of the Church of Scotland, regularly 
ordained according to the rites thereof. Any other 
person celebrating or assisting in the celebration 
of marriage is declared liable to prosecution, and 
must forfeit to his majesty a sum not exceeding one 
hundred pounds, nor less than fifty, and must be 
imprisoned for twelve months. Mr. M. and his 
friends have long been uneasy on the subject, and 
as I was anxious to know if there was any clause 
in the act that would relieve them, I consulted with 
a professional gentleman on my return to town, and 
found unfortunately that his opinion was that the 
marriage was illegal, that you are liable to the 
penalty, and that there was no remedy for Mr. M. 
but by having the ceremony again performed by an 
authorized person. Meantime he has requested me 
to ask you to send a certificate of his marriage. 
"I am, dear Sir, yours sincerely, 

Rev. James Macgregor, D. D. 33 

What further correspondence ensued we do not 
know, but notwithstanding this writer's zeal for the 
maintenance of the law, the Province of New Bruns- 
wick was spared the shame of fining and imprisoning 
for twelve months, a minister of Christ for lending 
the sanction of religion to the marriage contract. 

A strong effort was made by the adherents of the 
Church of England in this province, during the early 
days of its settlement, to have that Church recognized 
as "the Established Church" of the Province of 
New Brunswick, but in this they were not successful. 

Church Building at Saint John Commenced. 

Of the eight trustees mentioned in the grant 
towards St. Andrew's Church, all but one were dead 
before any steps were taken for the erection of any 
of the church edifices mentioned. The survivor 
was Charles McPherson, who for many years kept 
the famous "Coffee House" at the foot of King 
Street, having drawn the corner lot now owned by 
the Bank of Montreal. 

In the meantime it was found that the site obtained 
was not sufficiently central to meet the requirements 
of all the adherents, and prior to the year 1815, 
steps were taken to purchase another lot in the upper 
part of the city. Messrs. William Pagan, Hugh 
Johnston, Sr., John Thomson, James Grigor, John 
Currie, Alexander Edmonds and William Donaldson 
had been appointed a committee "for the erection 
of a meeting house for the use of such of the inhabi- 
tants as are of the General Assembly of the Church 
of Scotland," and to them in 1815, Charles McPherson, 
the survivor of the grantees, transferred his interest. 
In the same year James Grigor purchased from 
James L. Venner, the lot on Germain Street, on 
which the Kirk now stands. The lot is one hundred 
feet in width and two hundred feet in depth, and the 
price paid was two hundred and fifty pounds. That 
the selection was well made is amply testified to by 
the fact that at the close of a century after the choice 
was made, the situation remains one of the most 
desirable in the whole city of St. John. 

On the 20th of June, 1815, Grigor and wife, by 
deed conveyed the property to William Pagan and 

Church Building Commenced 35 

the others of the committee previously mentioned. 
The recital in this deed is that Grigor purchased 
the lot at the request of the "committee associated 
together for the purpose of building a Scotch Church 
in this City, to be by him re-conveyed to such a 
committee as might afterwards be authorized to 
contract for the building of the same church, the 
said James Grigor being repaid the purchase money." 
The deed further recites that the gentleman named 
had been appointed such committee and conveys the 
freehold to them in trust for the church. 

On the 4th of June, 1816, another grant of land 
was made to the committee by the Corporation of 
St. John, William Campbell being then Mayor, and 
Charles J. Peters, Clerk. This William Campbell 
had been Mayor of St. John from 1795, when he was 
appointed by the Provincial Government, until 1816, 
and was one of the founders of the Kirk. The land 
is described as lying in Dukes Ward and known on 
the plan as one of the public lots, letter B, bounded 
on the east by Carmarthen Street, on the west by 
Sydney Street and on the south by lots from 1086 
to 1077 inclusive. The latter lots front on St. 
James Street. It is given in special trust for the use 
and benefit of the Kirk of Scotland in this city, 
and the grant is unconditional. The block thus 
granted was four hundred feet square. At that 
time it was merely a field, and not regarded as of 
much value. With the extension of the city, however, 
the demand for building sites became greater, and in 
order to make the most of their property the com- 
mittee, when the building of houses upon the 
property was commenced, laid out a new street 
extending through from Sydney to Carmarthen 
Streets, which they named St. Andrews Street, in 
honor of the church by which it was owned. These 
lots probably reached the climax of their value, 

36 I i istory of St. Andrew's Chubcb 

when, after the great fire of 1877, the trustees of St. 
Andrews' Church were able to lease them at figures 
in excess of that commanded by any other property 
in the city similarly situated today. What the future 
may have in store for this portion of the city of St. 
John it is now difficult to state, but indications are 
not wanting that these lots may again command a 
good rental figure owing to prospective developments 
in Courtenay Bay and vicinity. However, that is 
purely a speculative matter that does not lie within 
the compass of a history of St. Andrew's Church. 

The Act, 56 George III, Cap. 28, passed on the 
16th of March, 1816, recites that: 

"Whereas, sundry inhabitants of the city of Saint 
John and its vicinity, being of the Protestant pro- 
fession of worship, approved by the General Assembly 
of the Church of Scotland, have by voluntary sub- 
scription aided by a grant of money out of the Prov- 
ince (1814), erected a large and handsome building 
for a place of worship which will be in connection 
with the said Church of Scotland. And whereas, 
the titles of the lots on which the said church has 
been erected, situated in Queen's Ward in the said 
city, and fronting on Germain Street, is now in the 
possession of the inhabitants of the said city, who 
hold the same in trust; Be it enacted that the Minister 
and Elders of the said Church, commonly called by 
the name of the Kirk, whenever such ministef shall 
be chosen and appointed, the said lots shall be vested 
in them, they being known by the name of the 
Minister and Elders of the Church of Scotland in 
the City of St. John." 

In 1818 the next legislation took place in connection 
with the "Scotch Kirk," its first name, and the name 
by which for very many years it continued to be 
known. This Act, 58 George III, Cap. 13, authorizes 


Church Building Commenced 37 

the ministers and elders to have full power to pur- 
chase, receive, take, hold and enjoy land and tenements, 
and to improve and use the same for the purpose 
of supporting and maintaining the building erected 
in St. John for a place of public worship, and of its 
ministers for the time being. But such rents, with 
the rents of pews, shall not exceed annually the sum 
of five hundred pounds. 

The statement that the Presbyterians ever occupied 
the little church building on Germain Street, first 
occupied by the congregation of Trinity Church, 
was vigorously denied by the late J. W. Lawrence, 
whose father was a precentor for many years in the 
old Kirk, in reply to a communication published 
in the St. John Telegraph of 26th May, 1883, entitled 
"Why were the Presbyterians left out?" the same 
having reference to the then recent celebration of the 
landing of the Loyalists at St. John, in which celebra- 
tion the Episcopalians and Methodists took a par- 
ticularly prominent part. The following is from a 
manuscript sketch of the history of St. Andrew's 
church prepared by the late Mr. James A. Tufts, 
deceased, September, 1909, for many years a 
respected elder of the church, who informed the 
writer that he had the information from his father, 
the late Hugh K. Tufts, deceased 31 December, 1900, 
aged ninety years. The following are Mr. Tufts' own 
words : 

"Until they had secured sufficient money to 
purchase a suitable site for a church, these devoted 
soldiers of the 1 Cross used to worship as opportunity 
offered in a rude building on Germain Street, between 
Duke and Queen Streets, and there on many a 
Sabbath, prayers and praises ascended to Zion's 
King. This building was the same that had pre- 
viously been used as a court house, and as a place of 
worship by the congregation of Trinity church 

38 History of St. Andrew's Church 

before the erection by them of their building on the 
site of the present Trinity Church." 

* This building had been purchased in 1784, with 
the lot, for one hundred and forty pounds, and 
fitted for service, and a small gallery added for 
ninety pounds additional. It sufficed for years, 
first for the Church of England, then for the 
Methodists and more latterly for the Baptists and 
Presbyterians. It was a pre-eminently historic 
edifice, having been the place where Dr. Seabury, 
the first Bishop of the United States, preached in 
1784, on his return to his diocese from Scotland 
where he was consecrated. His visit to St. John was 
for the purpose of seeing his daughter, the wife of 
Colin Campbell, the first Clerk of the Crown in New 
Brunswick. Here it was that the last rector of New 
York under the Crown, and the first Bishop of the 
Church of England in the colonies, officiated on his 
visit in 1788 to lay the corner stone of "Old Trinity." 
In that church the Rev. George Bissett, the first 
rector of St. John, preached his first and last sermon, 
and on the afternoon of the former Sabbath two 
Quakers held service in it. After the death of Mr. 
Bisset in 1788, Dr. Mather Byles, one of a long 
series of eminent New England divines, held his 
first service as second rector of St. John, continuously 
officiating there until Christmas Day, 1791, when 
Trinity was opened for the first time for divine 

In this church, upon the same day, the Methodists 
for the first time worshipped with Rev. Abraham 
Bishop, who on his arrival at Halifax from England 
a few months before, was offered orders by Bishop 
Inglis. To Christmas Day, 1808, they continued 

* Abbreviated and corrected from letter of J. W. Lawrence to St. John 
Telegraph, just alluded to. 

Church Building Commenced 39 

there, when the old Germain Street Methodist church 
was for the first time opened for service. It was 
in this little church, on the night of May 16th, 1792, 
the first watch-night service, of which any record 
was known, was held. 

In the words of Dr. Burns, the first church built 
in St. John was one foreign to the habits, modes of 
thinking and early associations, religious association 
and feelings of the mass of the British settlers. He 
further describes the freezing out process which lasted 
for the next thirty years. As to the service and the 
dispensation of ordinance, there appears to be reason 
to believe that besides those rendered by the Rev. 
James Fraser, that Rev. Charles Milton, afterwards 
a pastor in the church at Newburyport, Massachu- 
setts, ministered to the Presbyterians of St. John.* 
It is probable that others also during those early 
days ministered to these people, and this becomes 
the more probable inasmuch as that in the first two 
years of Presbyterianism the pastor of the Scotch 
Kirk officiated at more than one hundred marriages 
and as many baptisms, showing that there must 
have been a goodly number of people, adherents of 
the Presbyterian church in this community. We 
must deeply regret that no more accurate history 
of this most interesting period of the church's history 
is extant. The lot of land alluded to in the opening 
chapter of this work, was deemed unsuitable as a 
site for a Kirk, and in this year a committee was 
appointed to procure a more conveniently situated 
lot of land and proceed to the erection of a building. 
Mr. Grigor selected the lot of land on which St. 

* He was in St. John from 1790 to 1796. He finally joined the Congrega- 
tionalists. He came to St. John originally as a missionary from Lady 
Huntington's Connection, the Irvingites. He published a pamphlet, a copy 
of which was quite recently in existence. He was a strenuous advocate of 
reform, tried to obtain admission to the gaol to investigate conditions there, 
but was refused. He describes a hanging upon Gallows Hill, St. John. 

40 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Andrew's church now stands, and which was con- 
veyed to him, as fully set forth in the pr 3 ceding 
chapter of this work. 

Early in the year 1814 the work of construction 
upon the Kirk was commenced, as evidenced by the 
following advertisement which appeared in the 
Courier, then and for very many years after the 
leading paper of this city. 


"Those gentlemen who have subscribed towards 
the erection of a Presbyterian Church in this city, 
are requested to meet at the Coffee House next 
Saturday evening at 7 o'clock, in order to appoint 
a committee. 

"St. John, N. B., 5th January, 1814." 

The notice was followed by another which read: 


"Proposals for the building of a foundation walls 
of the Presbyterian Church will be received by 
the subscriber till the 5th proximo, when the lowest 
tender will be accepted. The walls to be 2% feet 
wide at the bottom, 2 feet at top, 80 feet long by 
60 feet wide, and 4^4 feet high; the foundation for 
10 pillars to be laid. 

"The person contracting to dig out the ground. 
The whole to be completed by the 20th June next. 

"St. John, 28th January, 1814. 

"L. Donaldson." 

At the session of the Legislature, 1814, of which 
William Pagan, and Hugh Johnston, Sr., were two 
of the members for the county of St. John, a grant 
of two hundred and fifty pounds in aid of the pro- 


Church Building Commenced 41 

posed place of worship was made, and on the 30th 
of June, 1815, a deed of the two Germain Street lots 
which had been purchased some time before for 
two hundred and fifty pounds, was signed, conveying 
"to William Pagan, Hugh Johnston, Sen., John 
Thomson, James Grigor, John Currie, Alexander 
Edmunds and William Donaldson, in trust for the 
benefit of the said church." 

The notices in the Courier just quoted were followed 
at a later date by still another, which read as follows: 

"Sealed proposals for the frame of a Scotch Church, 
80 feet long, 50 feet wide, 30 feet posts and 15 feet 
rise of roof, will be received by the subscriber till 
the first of February at twelve o'clock, when the 
lowest tender will be accepted, provided good security 
be given for the due performance of the agreement. 
The sills to be of Norway Pine and the sleepers of 
white pine and the rest of the lumber spruce. Copies 
"of the plan will be seen by calling on L. Donaldson." 

After much arduous labor the church building 
was completed in the year 1815, mainly by the scanty 
subscriptions of the congregation, augmented, it is 
true, by contributions from friends at home and 
abroad. As many comparisons, unfavorable to 
Presbyterian generosity, have appeared in the secular 
press and elsewhere at various times during the past 
century, in which the relative positions of Trinity, 
Episcopal, and St. Andrew's, Presbyterian, churches 
have been compared, somewhat to the disparagement 
of the latter, two very important features should 
be remembered in judging the relative merits and 
progress of the two organizations. 

Firstly, Trinity Church was the recipient of very 
large financial aid from the Society for the Propaga- 
tion of the Gospel in Foreign parts, having its head- 
quarters in England, and which society also paid 

42 History of St. Andrew's Church 

the stipend of the clergyman who for many years 
ministered to the congregation of Trinity Church. 

Secondly, that the grants of land to Trinity Church, 
still owned by that corporation, and embracing 
lots on both the north and south sides of King Street, 
were among the choicest in the whole city, and have 
ever continued so, notwithstanding the various 
vicissitudes through which the city has passed, 
contributing enormously to the revenue for the 
support of the church, while the grants to St. Andrew's 
Church were of little value, and even today must be 
considered as but of trifling importance, as com- 
pared to the land so generously bestowed upon 
Trinity Church. 

In a little work upon the First Fifty Years of the 
Church of England in New Brunswick, by the late 
G. Herbert Lee, page 58, we are informed that "In a 
letter to the Society at home (the S. P. G.) dated 
July 4th, 1787,* he says that his congregation was 
numerous, regular and attentive, and that it would 
be much greater if the church was large enough to 
contain the people. He further says that he hoped 
before long to receive from Governor Carleton the 
sum of five hundred pounds allotted to St. John 
Parish out of the Imperial Government grant of two 
thousand pounds sterling for the erection of churches 
in New Brunswick." 

There appears to have been some little feeling 
upon the part of the parishioners of Trinity Church 
against men of Scottish birth and accent. From 
numerous incidents which have been related to the 
writer by the late Dr. W. P. Dole and other even 
older men, it appears that by allowing this feeling 
to show itself too freely at times, the time of the 
actual birth of St. Andrew's congregation into an 

From Rev. George Bisset, then stationed at St. John. 

Church Building Commenced 43 

active and vigorous religious body was undoubtedly 
hastened. Many of the men who were foremost in 
the work of building up St. Andrew's Church, 
including William Pagan and Hugh Johnston, Sr., 
had been large contributors towards the construction 
and maintenance of Trinity Church. The latter 
had not come to New Brunswick with the Loyalists 
after having been deprived in the long struggle for 
American independence, of all that he possessed, 
but had come direct from Scotland to the new country, 
in which his Scottish foresight detected an oppor- 
tunity for advancement. He reached St. John in a 
ship owned by himself, he being also the owner of the 
cargo with which she was laden, and with which he 
entered into business here, where he continued for 
many years to be one of St. John's leading merchants. 
The prejudice against Scotchmen on the part of the 
controlling party in charge of the affairs of Trinity 
Church is very plainly indicated in the following 
letter. For some time before the death of Mr. 
Pigeon, who was the third rector of Trinity Church, 
the Church has been closed, owing to the rector's 
failing health. Being desirous of securing an assist- 
ant, the Vestry wrote to the Hon. William Black, 
one of their body then in England, to endeavor to 
obtain one. The following is an extract from their 
letter dated 15th April, 1818, and which is published 
rather more in full in the work by G. Herbert Lee 
just referred to, and will be found at page 69. It is 
as follows: 

"On one point only will we take the liberty to 
impress on you a condition that cannot be departed 
from. The gentleman to be engaged must not 
labor under any defect that will class him as an 
inferior speaker. Eloquence, however desirable, we 
do not look for, but think the Parishioners will require 
a delivery distinct, emphatical and sufficiently loud; 

44 History of St. Andrew's Church 

therefore, however valuable his other qualifications, 
we beg you to decline an engagement with any gentle- 
man whose utterance and manner in the pulpit may 
be decidedly ungraceful. An entire freedom from 
the Scottish accent cannot be expected should your 
engagement be made in North Britain. Circum- 
stanced as we are, you will know how to apologize 
for our dwelling thus on a qualification which ought 
not among good churchmen, to be held as a matter 
of the first importance." 

Wm. Scovil. 

Harry Peters. 

Z. Wheeler. 

E. Barlow. 

The following description of the interior of St. 
Andrew's Kirk is from the pen of the late Mr. James 
A. Tufts, and will recall the building vividly to the 
minds of many of the present congregation who like 
the writer have had the honor of worshipping within 
its time honored walls: 

"St. Andrew's Church, better known as the Kirk, 
was destroyed by the conflagration of 1877. It was 
a wooden structure about fifty feet wide and one 
hundred feet long, having been lengthened from its 
original size, and stood back from the street very 
much after the style of the present edifice. Along 
the front of the lot, upon the street line was a neat 
iron railing, with three gates, opposite to the corres- 
ponding principal entrances to the church. The 
foundation of the Kirk was set on the ground so that 
ingress and egress were easy no granite steps to 
climb a menace to the old and feeble. There was 
a passage on each side of the building of about twenty- 
five feet in width. The passage on the south led 
to the Sabbath school, a commodious building one 
story in height, connected with the rear of the Kirk. 


Church Building Commenced 45 

The front of the Kirk had three doors which entered 
upon a vestibule of about ten feet in width, and 
from which baize doors opened into the church 
proper. On the centre of the roof of the building 
at the front, sat a tall and graceful spire, in which 
was a bell used to call the congregation to worship, 
and as the only regular fire alarm was located at the 
Market Slip, this bell was utilized in the event of 
serious conflagrations. A custom was also in vogue 
in these early days of ringing the bell for a couple of 
minutes after the service had ended. 

"The interior of the Kirk was pewed in the style 
prevailing at the time. Entering the north aisle 
and following up to the pulpit were all boxed pews 
with doors attached, while in each corner was a high 
built pew, a capital place in which to have a nap 
if the preacher were prosy. These big corner pews 
were usually owned and occupied by the wealthier 
members and adherents. One of these pews, if we 
remember rightly, was occupied by the Governor 
when in the city on Sunday and disposed to attend 
divine service. The south side of the church was 
similarly arranged, to the north, having single pews, 
box style with doors on each side of the aisle. On 
some of the doors were locks, from which it may be 
inferred that strangers were not always welcome. 
Entering the middle aisle, single pews might be 
observed on either side. We should here state that 
stairs leading to the galleries were to be found in the 
vestibule, to the right and left as one entered. There 
were galleries on each side, and across the front of 
the building, which were occupied by the poorer 
classes and by the military. For the military, 
Imperial troops occupying the barracks at the south 
end of the city at that time, a certain space was set 
off, and they each Sunday morning, headed by the 
regimental band, marched from the barracks up 

46 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Germain street, and arriving in front of the Kirk, 
the Presbyterian contingent fell out and entered the 
building, the remainder of the regiment proceeding 
on their way to Trinity church. 

"The pulpit of the Kirk was of mahogany, having a 
canopy over it, and to reach his station the minister 
had to climb a dozen or more steps. 

"Beneath the minister's pulpit was a second one 
occupied by the precentor whose office was to start 
the tune, having first thumped his tuning fork on the 
side of his desk. The congregation joined heartily 
in the song of praise, and the song was sung with vim, 
if not always in time and tune." 

The first precentor of the Kirk was Alexander 
Lawrence. He and his wife came out from Aberdeen 
with Dr. Burns. He was the father of the late J. W. 
Lawrence, an indefatigable worker along historical 
lines, and to whose efforts the people of New Bruns- 
wick are indebted for the preservation of much 
history of importance. Alexander Lawrence was 
twice married. His first wife, Mary Wilson, died 
on the 29th of March, 1832, aged 42 years. On the 
6th of June, 1833, he married Mary, daughter of 
William Barr. He died on the 28th of October, 
1843, at the age of fifty-six years. A later precentor, 
so we are informed by Mr. Tufts, was a Mr. Graham. 

Some years later changes had occurred in the 
session, and the precentorship was abolished, orders 
being issued for the formation of a voluntary choir. 
This was organized by the late James Robertson, 
and afterwards led by the late R. D. McArthur, 
whose zeal and ability could hardly be surpassed. 
For a long time, in fact until the destruction of the 
Kirk in 1877, it had the reputation of having the 
leading choir of the city. Some of those who were 
among its members at that time are still living. 

Church Building Commenced 47 

The Psalms and Paraphrases in metre were exclu- 
sively used. The tunes as prescribed were principally 
Balerma, Peterboro, Dundee, Irish, Kilmarnock, 
Arlington, Coleshill, Duke Street and Old Hundredth, 
all probably in Robertson's collection, or in the 
collection of the Boston Academy. 

In the early days of the Kirk, candles were used 
exclusively, though not required except on Com- 
munion Sunday, when the service, instead of being 
held in the afternoon at three o'clock, was held in the 
evening at six o'clock. In the centre of the Kirk 
was a tin chandelier, spiral in form, with three rims, 
there being on each rim about ten holders, in which 
candles were placed. Around the walls, both up 
and down stairs were sconces, each containing a 
candle. The pulpit was lighted in the same way, 
there being three candles in holders on each side 
of the minister. While the congregation were singing 
a Psalm preparatory to the commencement of the 
sermon, the sexton would go around with snuffers 
and tray and remove the burned wick. A stick 
with a hook attached was used to pull down the 
chandelier in order to reach the candles in it. The 
collection or rather, to use a modern phrase, the 
offertory was not made as now by passing a plate, 
but each contributor dropped his or her penny or 
three-penny bit as circumstances permitted, into a 
metal plate, baize covered, which was attached by 
iron rods to the first pew in each aisle. It was 
customary in those days for the people to stand 
during prayer, turning their backs to the minister. 
The writer remembers when it was usual for many 
of the principal men in the congregation of Trinity 
church to follow the same custom all through the 
prayers, even including the Litany. 

It may be interesting to the present generation, 
and revive many memories of their fathers and 

48 History of St. Andrew's Chur< ii 

grandfathers, to recall briefly the communion season 
of the days long past, when the Saviour's injunction, 
"do this in remembrance of me" was observed with 
deep spiritual solemnity. The preparatory service 
commenced on the Thursday preceding the Sacra- 
ment Sunday. There was preaching by the pastor 
at eleven o'clock. During the day communicants 
closed their stores, offices and workshops. The 
afternoon was passed at home in strictest quiet. 
Those of the family who couM read busily perused 
their Bibles, or some old sermon of Rutherford's, 
Baxter's Saints Rest, the Pilgrim's Progress or other 
religious work. On Sunday the communicants 
entered the Kirk with measured tread, having in 
view the dying love of Christ which they came to 
celebrate. Each of the double pews had in it a table, 
while in front of the pulpit was spread a long table 
containing the emblems of His broken body and of 
the blood which He shed to save sinners. When 
the minister requested the communicants to "come 
forward," these tables were readily surrounded, 
and if there were others who could not be accom- 
modated they had to wait until the first tables were 
emptied. A brief pause ensued during which the 
Elders took up the tokens, which consisted of small 
pieces of lead stamped and lettered with a text of 
Scripture and with the name of the church. These 
tokens are now rarely seen, and are much sought 
after by coin collectors and others. Generally 
there were two and sometimes three sets of tables 
to be "fenced," the pastor taking the first and other 
Presbyterian ministers who were invited taking 
the second, and so on. The service lasted generally 
until four o'clock. On the following Monday at 
eleven o'clock Thanksgiving service was held, and 
at one o'clock when the members dispersed and the 





Church Building Commenced 49 

Season was ended, each felt refreshed and strength- 
ened, spiritually, for the duties of life. 

The year 1815 saw the completion of building opera- 
tions at the Kirk, the carpenter laid down his saw 
and chisel, the painter his brush, and there was 
general rejoicing that the work which had been 
attempted had been completed at last, in spite of 
difficulties which at the commencement appeared 
to be almost insuperable. 

The Opening of the Kirk. 

Although the Kirk was ready for occupation in 
May, 1815, no stated minister had been called to 
the pulpit, but during the following winter the town 
of Truro sent a very excellent supply in the person 
of Rev. John Waddell, who preached the first sermon 
in the new edifice. His son was for many years 
superintendent of what is now known as the Pro- 
vincial Hospital for the cure of Nervous Diseases. 
Other supply at times was received from Nova 

Dr. John Waddell filled the pulpit of the Kirk 
during the interval between its completion and the 
arrival of Dr. Burns, and appears to have been a 
veritable pillar of strength to the struggling cause 
of Presbyterianism in the Maritime Provinces in the 
earlier period of their history. He accomplished 
great work, and when he died in 1842, many tears 
were shed, and the people said we shall never look 
upon his like again. The following are a few para- 
graphs from a contemporary obituary notice. Lack 
of space will not admit of a more extended quota- 
tion concerning this estimable minister of the gospel, 
who doubtless did much for the little congregation 
at St. John during his short ministration of two years 
at that place. 

"The decease of this faithful and laborious ministe 1 " 
of Christ deserves a fuller notice and the record of 
a few more particulars. Had this worthy man died 
in India or in Africa, his name would have been 
chronicled on the face of Europe. * * * 
He stood in the front rank, and would suffer nothing 

Opening of the Kirk 51 

by a comparison with the best preachers of the 
present time. He was an able divine, the sterling 
gold of the sanctuary, prudent and discreet, of great 
moral courage, considerable learning, and of extensive 

"He was a native of Clydesdale, Scotland, born of 
creditable parents in the parish of Shotts. He was 
educated at the College of Glasgow, and bore the 
honors of that University. He studied divinity at 
Selkirk, under Dr. Lawson. Some men may have 
stood higher in the field of intellect, and some may 
have drunk deeper of the fountains of science, but 
few men were in all respects better fitted for being 
successful and acceptable ministers than Mr. Waddell. 
* * * His ministry was prosperous and successful 
[he was stationed at Truro. Ed.] for many years, 
and he occasionally visited young settlements in the 
surrounding country. The old people speak with 
delight of the great gatherings they usually had on 
sacramental occasions. Truro was considered a 
kind of Gospel Jerusalem, to which the tribes 
repaired at stated times to pay their vows. It 
was regarded in early days as the metropolis of 
Presbyterianism ; a nursing mother to younger 
communities, and it claims a higher origin than 
even Pictou itself, the great rendezvous of John 
Knox's own children. * * * At the time of 
his interment a traveller passed through Truro 
and was astonished to find the shops all shut, 
and the village bereft of its inhabitants. He could 
only see one woman and a few children to tell him 
that the whole people had followed their beloved 
pastor to the grave. He had baptized them; he 
had united them in wedlock; he had blessed them; 
and they were anxious to catch a last look of the 
departed prophet. 'The memory of the just is 

52 History of St. Andrew's Church 

In the autumn of 1816 Hugh Johnston, Sr., went 
to Scotland with instructions to procure a minister, 
and the gentleman chosen was Rev. George Burns, 
at that time an assistant minister at Aberdeen. He 
was only twenty-six years of age at that time, and it 
was no mean honor that previous to his departure 
the University of St. Andrew conferred upon him the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity. The name of St. 
Andrew's was, it is believed, applied to the new place 
of worship in compliment to the University which 
was the Alma Mater of Dr. Burns. 

Dr. Burns received the call, we are told, while in 
his study, one morning early in 1817, and it was of 
so urgent a nature that he felt induced to regard it 
as a Macedonian cry, and bowing his head and heart, 
he there and then supplicated the Great King and 
Head of the Church to counsel and guide him to a 
wise decision. The result was that he accepted the 
call, and forthwith made preparation for his departure 
from his Scottish home. 

The arrival of Dr. Burns at St. John was thus 
heralded by the Courier, a paper published for many 
years by Henry Chubb, and which was to the New 
Brunswicker what the Scotsman is to-day for the 
old country: 

"On Sunday morning, the 25th of May, 1817, the 
packet arrived from Digby. The Rev. George Burns, 
D. D., the lately ordained clergyman of the St. 
Andrew's Presbyterian Church in this city, came a 
passenger from Scotland, via Halifax. The church 
was opened the same evening at 6 o'clock, when the 
doctor delivered an appropriate sermon to a crowded 
audience, from the text, "I was glad when they said 
unto me, let us go into the house of the Lord.' " 

The Synod of the Presbyterian Church of Nova 
Scotia was formed in 1817, and the first meeting was 
held at Truro on the third day of July in that year. 


Opening of the Kirk 53 

*"A few clergymen, partly from the Church (of 
Scotland) and partly from the different branches of 
the Secession, convinced that their combined exertions 
would more effectually promote the interests of 
religion, formed themselves into one Society, which, 
overlooking the party distinctions of Scotland, 
adopted the standards of its National Church, and 
this union, with a single exception,! included the 
whole Presbyterian clergy of the above mentioned 
provinces" (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and 
Prince Edward Island). Whether or not Dr. Burns 
was in attendance upon this memorable occasion, the 
writer has been unable to learn, but from the context 
it may be regarded as highly probable that he was. 

In 1818 there landed at St. John, from Scotland, 
Rev. John Sprott, whose Memoirs have just been 
quoted from, and who was destined to do much in 
advancing the cause of Presbyterianism in what are 
now the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Dr. Burns 
and he had been fellow students at Edinburgh, so he 
tarried for a few days at St. John, where he was 
welcomed by Dr. Burns, slept on the doctor's sofa, 
so he tells us, preached in the Kirk and then made 
his way to Nova Scotia, where he was ordained. X 

On the first of May in the same year, Rev. George 
Pidgeon, rector of Trinity Church, died, "to the 
universal regret of his parishioners, and Rev. Robert 
Willis, who was in 1827 appointed to the Arch- 
deaconry of Halifax, was appointed to the vacant 

Letter from Dr. McCulloch, dated 5th August, 1826, in Supplement to 
1st Report of the Glasgow Society for Promoting the Religious interests of 
the Scottish Settlers in B. N. A. 

t This exception was Rev. Dr. Gray, of St. Matthew's, Halifax, and the 
reason advanced by him was the constitution of that church, which was origin- 
ally Congregational. See Memorials of Rev. John Sprott, p. xiv. 

J Memorials of Rev. John Sprott, p. ix. 

54 History of St. Andrew's Church 

rectory of St. John.* Rev. John Sprott appears to 
have met and have been favorably impressed with 
Mr. Willis who was "a chaplain in the Navy and a 
man of high character then in the town," for on 
the 10th of May, 1842, nearly a quarter of a century 
later, he addressed the following kindly words to 
Ven. Archdeacon Willis, then of St. Paul's, Halifax: 

" I learn that you are about to start for your native 
land. I cannot allow you to depart without expressing 
my affection and esteem for your person and character. 
I saw you for the first time in the city of St. John in 
the year 1818. Since that time you, sir, and I have 
had our share of afflictions, and have experienced 
some of the sweets and bitters of human life, but we 
have much reason to be thankful that mercies have 
greatly prevailed. Many of the stars of our Nova 
Scotia Zion have set, and we very soon must put oft" 
our priestly robes; may we meet in a higher temple 
and unite in a purer worship. My dear sir, you 
have done much good in this country. It will now 
afford you some pleasure on the long sea, to reflect 
that during your sojourn you have contributed your 
share to plant the rose of Sharon in our green woods 
and snow-clad regions. I hope that a kind Providence 
will preserve you amidst the wild waves of the ocean, 
give you a happy sight of your father-land, and 
speedily restore you to your people. "1 

* Annals of the Colonial Church, by Ernest Hawkins. B. D.. London. 1847 
p. 39. 
t Memorials of Rev. John Sprott, p. 43. 

Early Presbyterianism in Charlotte County. 

A most interesting, if somewhat lengthy account 
of early Presbyterianism in Charlotte County 
appeared in the Colonial Presbyterian, a valuable 
paper published in St. John, commencing about the 
year 1856, edited by the late Dr. William Elder, long 
editor of the Telegraph, and a power in the Presby- 
terian church in this Province for many years. This 
article has been preserved for us in the form of an 
appendix to the Memoir of Rev. James Macgregor, 
D. D., previously alluded to. In it there are brought 
clearly before us some of the many difficulties which 
confronted the early settlers, and of the almost 
"insuperable obstacles which stood in the way of the 
establishment of the Presbyterian church at St. 
James." This article is of sufficient importance to 
be reproduced in its entirety and in the writer's own 
words, as copies of the original work are now rare. 
It is as follows: 

"On the 16th May, 1803, we bade adieu to all that 
was dear to us in Assynt and Ederachilis, two 
parishes in Sutherlandshire, Scotland. We sailed 
for Wilmington, North Carolina, with clear sky and 
fair wind, which soon made the land of birth look 
small to us. The godly Neil Morrison, whose praise 
was in the churches at home, being one of us, before 
sunset, called the passengers below to worship God. 
We sung a portion of the Psalm xlv: 

O daughter, hearken and regard, 

And do thine ear incline; 
Likewise forget thy father's house 
And people that are thine. 

56 History of St. Andrew's Church 

"Then read a chapter and prayed; this practice 
was continued invariably during a passage of twelve 
weeks. The different heads of families prayed in 
their turn. Every sabbath a sermon was read on 
deck. Beating against head winds on half allowance, 
we were at last getting tired spoke a ship and learned 
that the yellow fever was raging in New York and 
Southern States. We protested against going any 
farther South, and arrived in Boston 16th of August. 
The wharf was thronged by gentlemen and ladies 
from morning to night, eager to employ the young of 
both sexes. Men with families were kindly treated 
by gentlemen looking out dwellings for them. Five 
families went to Carolina, expecting their friends 
there would help them, but found them no more than 
able to help themselves. The rest heard of a large 
tract of land in Kennebeck, State of Maine. They 
embarked for Thomas ton, but on arrival found terms 
did not suit. Had to winter there, being late in the 
season. Being informed of vacant crown land on 
the Schoodic River, they embarked in Spring and 
soon found themselves once more on British ground. 
At that time no land was thought worth accepting 
save hard-wood land, and as they were determined 
if possible to settle together, a sufficient quantity of 
land could not be found nearer than the Chiputneti- 
cook Ridges. The land was examined by the 
assistance of a guide and pleased well, but on returning 
from it, it was ascertained that there were three 
claimants for it. Sadly disappointed and bordering 
on despair, they were told of a large tract of land back 
of Digby, N. S. Embarked for Digby making the 
third passage since landing in Boston. Again they 
were disappointed; the land was taken up in blocks 
by rich men and with their purses empty they could 
not locate themselves together in that place. Three 
families settled at Bread Cove. The rest were faint 

Charlotte County Pioneers 57 

yet pursuing. They paused at Annapolis Bay, not 
knowing what was in the wheel of Providence for 
them. Most of the men of wealth in St. Andrews 
were Scotch. When they heard of the immigrants' 
departure from N. B. they were very angry; hired 
a schooner and sent her after them at their own 
expense, and brought them back to St. Stephen. 
They built quite a little village of log houses on the 
bank of the river until they could do better. 

"A remonstrance accompanied by Petition, was sent 
to Fredericton. No decisive answer had been given 
to the Petition until the House of Assembly met. 
The late Ninian Lindsay, Esq., was one of the members 
from Charlotte at that time. Arriving in Fredericton 
his first push was towards Government House, and 
laying the case plainly before the Governor, he said 
the immigrants must have the land petitioned for. 
There were three claimants to the land. The late 
Joseph Porter was one of them, and his first act of 
kindness to the settlers was the surrender of his claim 
for their sakes. The others adhered to the claim. 
However, the late Donald MacDonald, Esq., being 
a real Highlander, a lawyer, and a Crown Land 
Surveyor, obtained an order of survey. Heading 
his Highland crew to the spot, he built a camp outside 
of Mark's grant. The two claimants appeared and 
forbade his proceeding any further. He told them 
to mind their own business, and he would mind his. 
He had his orders and he would execute them. The 
survey was made, and lots cast who should be served 
first. They then proceeded with the distribution. 
In laying out the Scotch Ridge a quantity of 200 
acres was allowed to husband and wife, and 50 acres 
for every child. The late Benjamin Pomroy, who 
had four sons married, and two sons-in-law, natives, 
obtained an order of survey on a ridge one mile West 
of it the present Pomroy Ridge. The immigrants 

History of St. Andrew's Church 

wrote to their friends who stayed behind (in the 
States and Nova Scotia) how they fared at last. 
This intelligence brought them along, and (hey got 
land on the Basswood Ridge, two miles East, and on 
the Little Ridge, three miles West, bounded by the 
St Croix. But then they were discontented as they 
could not be together. Three miles through thick 
woods was too great a distance to admit of their 
being neighbours, and so the men of the Scotch Ridge 
changed with them one hundred acres on the Scotch 
Ridge for one hundred acres on the Little Ridge. 
Now they were happy. They then spotted a line of 
road, shunning every swamp, cutting under-brush 
only; built a large camp to eat and sleep together 
until each could have a spot clear to build a house 
and plant potatoes. They worked together in crews 
doing equal justice to each individual. One week 
they worked at St. Stephen and Calais, earning 
supplies for the following one. Having obtained 
these they would start on Monday morning with 
their heavy packs carrying the full twelve miles. They 
continued this plan during the Fall of 1804, and Spring 
and Summer of 1805. It was at this time that the 
late Joseph Porter and Colin Campbell, Esqrs., 
endeared themselves to the immigrants by many acts 
of kindness. They both had stores, and whatever 
the settlers wanted they could have for labour, or 
otherwise whenever they got able. And seldom they 
would employ any other than immigrants. In the 
Fall of 1805 they moved into the wilderness, carrying 
their children on their backs, and their various 
necessaries, such as they had, in the same way as 
they had long done. They found an excellent crop 
of their own planting and digging. But they could 
not forget that the Israelites were guided in the 
wilderness by a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of 
fire by night, so when Sabbath came they all met in 

Charlotte County Pioneers 59 

one house. The master of the house commenced the 
worship of God by singing, reading a chapter and 
prayer. Then sung and read a sermon ; and concluded 
by singing and prayer by one of the hearers. Then 
they agreed to keep one day in a fortnight as a question 
day. These questions would be similar to the follow- 
ing. After singing, reading a chapter and prayer, 
the leader would ask if any one had a word working 
in his mind that he would like to hear the brethren 
upon. One would answer, The apostle says, ' I 
bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but 
not according to knowledge.' I would wish to hear 
some distinguishing marks between the man whose 
zeal is according to knowledge, and whose zeal is not, 
as God may reveal it to your own souls. The leader 
would call on them one after another, and some 
would have such utterance given them, that all could 
not speak in one day. There would be at least three 
days prayer. This was continued so long as we were 
as sheep without a shepherd. The godly Neil 
Morrison heard of the success of his fellow passengers, 
and soon rejoined them. Also five of the families 
that went to Carolina made their appearance. Mr. 
Morrison used to take every alternate day in leading 

"In the year 1810, I found myself on the Scotch 
Ridge, when a portion of the foregoing history of the 
wanderings of the settlers was given to me. From 
that time I can write from observation, and participa- 
tion in all the struggles, joys and sorrows of St. James. 
At the time of my arrival I learned that there were 
twenty persons who observed the worship of God in 
their families. 

"The grant of land was issued in 1812, and parish 
officers found it inconvenient to have St. Stephen so 
extensive. It was divided next winter, and the 
parish of St. James formed a part of it. About this 

60 History of St. Andrew's Church 

time the lamented McDonald died and his intimate 
friend Colin Campbell, Esq., succeeded him as Crown 
Land Surveyor; and laid out Oak-Hill for natives 
of St. Stephen. In 1813-14, the crops failed, and 
nothing could be got from Calais on account of the 
war. In a general election which occurred, it was 
said that Joseph Porter, Esq., did not miss a Scotch- 
man's vote in the country. When he was declared 
elected, a man called him the Scotch member. Mr. 
Porter thanked him and said, ' I am proud of that 
title.' The year 1815 bordered upon famine; many 
herbs and roots seldom used for food were sought 
after and obtained. Mr. Porter managed to get 200 
bushels of corn into his grist mill; would not sell a 
bushel of it to lumbermen. He said that oxen and 
horses could eat hay, but poor men's children could 

"By this time the road to St. Stephen was 
straightened and made shorter and more passable. 
Horses could now carry a load on their backs. Rev. 
D. MacCaul, whose ministry the immigrants attended 
at St. Stephen, was therefore able occasionally to 
visit St. James on week-days and preach. Rev. Dr. 
Macgregor, of Pictou, visited us, and administered 
the Lord's Supper. Some years after, Rev. Mr. 
Sprott visited us; next Rev. Mr. MacCallum came 
twice, and administered the sacrament each time. 
Having but two elders, Rev. Mr. Wilson, who came 
to this province from the North of Ireland, ordained 
five additional elders and administered the sacrament. 
In 1825 the Report of the Glasgow Colonial Society 
reached us, holding out inducements of supply to 
settlers in the Colonies. We thanked God and took 
courage. Held a meeting to consider what could 
be done about building a church. One thought it 
could be done; another, that it was visionary. One 
thought that He who sent the fish with a piece of 

Charlotte County Pioneers 61 

money in his mouth to Peter's hook would send us 
help; another that we might build a small church 
but not a large one; a third that we could build a 
large church easier than a small one; that friends 
would be more liberal in aiding us, and we could 
have a bolder face to beg for a respectable building 
than for a mean one. It might be said of St. James 
in those days: 

Behold how good a thing it is 

And how becoming well 
Together, such as brethren are 

In unity to dwell. Ps. cxxxiii. 

All longed to see the one object accomplished. It 
was finally agreed to erect a building 42 x 36, 17 feet 
post with end gallery, and a tower. A subscription 
list was opened the old men signing from 5 to 
10 in labour and materials. We had a goodly 
number of young men who had no wives to make 
them drag heavily, and they went into it like the 
42nd going to battle. A man was sent to St. Stephen 
with a paper and the third day came home with 75 
subscribed. Another man was sent to St. John, 
St. Andrews, and etc. People were astonished at 
our courage and success, for to many the object 
seemed visionary. Being late in the season we 
postponed building till next summer. 

"In January, 1826, our brightest star, Neil Morrison, 
was called to his everlasting rest. That was a day 
of mourning and weeping in St. James. Believing 
that death was near he said to another elder, 'You 
must take my place in the Sabbath Services.' I 
watched with him the night before his death; in the 
morning had family worship with him. At the close 
of it, he stretched out his hand, drew me near, and 

said, 'My dear , never continue praying as long 

as you get words to utter. Many a time I have been 

62 History of St. Andrew's Ciiuri h 

splitting on that rock. Long prayers are a weariness 
to the carnal mind.' I mention this for the instruc- 
tion of young converts. Age experienced Christians 
generally make short comprehensive prayers. 

"Summer came, and every man and ox was up and 
doing. A frame was raised, underpinned, boarded, 
and the roof shingled and painted; the tower boarded 
to the bell deck, and covered to keep the rain out 
until we could do better. Funds getting exhausted 
we were brought to a halt. We were reminded of the 
words of Dr. Watt: 

We may expect some danger nigh 
When we possess delight. 

"A Gaelic preacher, who laboured a few years in 
Pictou, appeared amongst us, saying that he had 
heard of us and felt anxious to give us a few weeks 
preaching. We received him with joy. Weeks 
passed months, attachment growing stronger in 
some, suspicion springing up in the mind of others. 
The general attachment was so great that a call was 
spoken of. Our elders wished to see credentials 
before signing a call. He stated that these were in 
Pictou, but he would go and get them. He left and 
was gone about six weeks. Here I find a difficult 
task, viz., to deal with the inconsistency of the dead 
and yet I cannot explain the case without doing so, 
more or less. We received a letter from a friend in 
St. John that he was in and about that city all the 

time under the influence of . He returned, 

but no credentials; they were lost. How hard to 
root out prejudice even in good people! A Gaelic 
minister in St. James it was impossible to part with. 
Here a division took place the congregation and 
two elders majority; four elders and their families, 
minority. Our schoolhouse erected on an acre of 
land purchased in 1811 was large. It was intended 

Charlotte County Pioneers 63 

for holding meetings. It was left with the majority 
for six months, on the condition that the minority 
should have it next six months. The latter knew 
that the former had godly men and women among 
them. They had the aged elder of Sutherlandshire 
with them, who seemed to have the Bible by heart, 
although he knew no letters, nor English. The 
sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, and 
prayer were deemed the best recourse, in order to 
overcome the trouble. No application to the Presby- 
tery was made, no violent language, nor public 
discussion. One party did say that the other neither 
knew their Bibles, nor the principles of the Church 
of Scotland; that if the minister preached the truth 
on the Lord's day, his failings during the week were 
nobody's business. Loving brethren and sisters 
going to worship the same God, through the same 
Saviour, began to avoid each other. A third elder 
was ordained and added to the other two to strengthen 
one more lamb-like could not be found. The 
dissenting elders, as they might be called, attended 
the ordination, said nothing, and after benediction 
walked off, followed by several men and women 
expressing sorrow that we should differ. By the 
expiration of six months the minister moved his 
quarters to the Basswood Ridge. The school-house 
was left, and occupied as proposed. The minority 
increased. This state of things continued nearly 
three years. At last the word of God came so 
forcibly to the aged elder that he could not resist. 
He confessed his error of his own accord. After this 
the majority got to be a small minority. Mark here 
what a great injury one gifted man can do to a 
congregation. At last the minister took his leave. 
We then wrote to the Rev. Dr. MacLean of St. 
Andrews to give us a day's preaching. He was a 
good Gaelic scholar, came well prepared for the 

64 History of St. Andrew's Church 

occasion and found us all in one house. Thus ended 
our first division, January, 1830. 

"Resolved to go forward with the building, a man 
was sent to Fredericton to solicit aid. He set off on 
horseback about January 20. On his arrival in 
Fredericton he met the late Colonel Wyre,* and 
James Brown, Esq. They took him into the Assembly 
sleigh: drove to Government house, and introduced 
him to Sir Archibald Campbell who gave him 10. 
He returned by way of St. John. There he found 
that his never failing friend, Colin Campbell, then 
Editor of the Courant, published in St. Andrews, 
had in a conspicuous column given notice of his tour, 
the dimensions of the church, the weakness of the 
congregation, and wished him all success in his praise- 
worthy undertaking. The feeling of attachment 
between Messrs. Porter, Campbell and the immigrants 
never was disturbed, it exists in their children, and I 
doubt not will go down to the third or fourth gener- 
ation. The delegate from St. James brought home 
54 in his pocket. Next summer the walls were 
finished inside and out, lathed, floors laid, pulpit 
built. The church was seated with benches, and 
when prepared was opened by Dr. MacLean. But 
our young men were not pleased with the look of the 
church which as yet had no steeple. Although most 
of them wrought double their first subscriptions, they 
subscribed again the sum of 25 without consulting 
the old men, and beautified the church with a hand- 
some spire. This made it a pleasant object to look at 
from a distance, and it enlivened the neighbourhood 
in which it was placed. Meanwhile we sent a bond 
to Scotland, well signed, with a view to get a minister, 
and anxiously awaited the result." 

The late Hon. Thomas Wyer, of Greenock Church, St. Andrew's. Char. 
Co.. N. B. 



Rev. George Burns. 

The first marriage celebrated by Dr. Burns after 
his arrival at St. John of which we have record, was 
the following: 

"Wednesday evening, June 4th, 1817, by the Rev. 
Dr. Burns, Mr. John Baird, to Isabella, second 
daughter of the late Mr. Robert Archer, all of St. 

Possibly the most elegant feature in the appoint- 
ments of the Old Kirk, was the communion service, 
which is of solid silver, and was the gift of Lieutenant- 
General the Right Honorable George, Earl of 
Dalhousie and Lady Dalhousie, presented in 1818, 
when the Earl was Governor of Nova Scotia. In the 
following year he was appointed Governor General 
of Canada. The silver plates were the gift of Miss 
Agnes Campbell, daughter of William Campbell, a 
leading member of the congregation in the early days. 
Mr. Campbell, as before stated, had the honor of being 
Mayor of St. John for more than twenty years, from 
1795 until 1816, and was postmaster of the city for 
twenty-one years. Miss Campbell died in 1840, at 
the age of seventy-eight years. This silver, valuable 
intrinsically as well as historically, was among the 
little saved on the 20th day of June, 1877, when the 
building was destroyed by fire. It is not now in use 
by the church, but has been placed in the vault of 
one of our city banks, for safe-keeping against loss 
or destruction. 

66 History of St. Andrew's Church 

The Courier of the 29th of November, 1818, 
contained the following notice: 

"Sunday School to be opened in the Scotch Church 
in this city at 9 a. m. to all children of all classes and 
denominations, to practise the reading of Holy 
Scripture without note or comment. 

"P.S. A separate hour will be appointed to people 
of color." 

This appears to have been the commencement 
of the Sabbath School, which has ever been a 
feature of the religious life of St. Andrew's Church. 
Previous to that time Dr. Burns had been in the 
habit of holding a class at his house in Queen 
Square on Sunday, and teaching the shorter catechism 
to all who chose to attend. The Sabbath School, 
which now numbers upon it$ roll some two hundred 
scholars, has at various times been superintended 
by W. W. Emslie, Malcolmson, Alex. Robertson, 
W. Hutchinson Jr., W. Girvan, W. C. Watson, 
William Welsh, Matthew Lindsay, John Bennett 
D. D., J. Gordon Forbes, W. C. Whittaker and John 

Some idea of the strict views held by Dr. Burns 
upon the solemnization of matrimony may be 
gathered from the following notice, which appeared 
in the Courier. 


"The Clergyman of the Church of Scotland in this 
Province, hereby publicly intimates that on no future 
occasion will he solemnize matrimony between 
parties belonging to different parishes, unless they 
bring with them evidence under the hand of some 
magistrate or minister that due notification of such 
intended marriage was given in the parishes where 
they respectively reside. 

"St. John, 13th March, 1819." 

v. Z 

s a 

5 c 


o E 


Rev. George Burns 67 

Dr. Burns had not been very long established as 
pastor of St. Andrew's Church, when, in consequence 
of some remarks by Rev. James Milne, who had been 
for some time stationed at Fredericton as assistant 
missionary in the Church of England there, he felt 
compelled to break a lance with that gentleman. 
It appears that Dr. Burns had prepared an address 
which was first delivered in St. Andrew's Church, 
and which afterwards appeared in pamphlet form 
for circulation only among the members of his own 
congregation. It was upon this address that Mr. 
Milne had "taken the liberty to animadvert." 
Accordingly Dr. Burns, in answer to the criticisms 
of Mr. Milne, prepared a "Letter," which was 
published in book form, a very limited edition of 
which was printed, in fact only one hundred and 
fifty copies, of which possibly the only one now in 
existence lies before the writer. It was printed 
by Henry Chubb, Prince William Street, St. John, 
N. B., and is dated 1818.* "I wished to remove 
every ground of misrepresentation," writes Dr. Burns, 
"because the part relating to the state of the Irish 
peasantry had been grossly misunderstood when 
delivered from the pulpit; and I deprecated contro- 
versy, because I thought it possible that some of the 
zealots in this place might ignorantly raise the hue 
and cry, ' The Church is in danger !' being fully 
aware of a jealous disposition which had previously 
appeared in forms too contemptible to merit even an 
allusion. But that a respectable Clergyman at Freder- 
icton should fall upon it with as much violence as 

* Letter | addressed to the | Rev. James Milne, A. M. | in consequence of his | 
remarks | on 1 Dr. Burn's view f of the | principles and forms | of the | Church 
of Scotland. | as by law established. | By the | Author of that work. | "After 
the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my | fathers." Acts 
rxiv. 14. | "The bane and antidote are both before you." | Audi alteram 
partem. | Saint John:| Printed by Henry Chubb. Prince William Street. | 

68 History of St. Andrew's Church 

the decency of modern manners would admit, was 
an event that I never once contemplated. Indeed 
I regarded it as a production quite beneath the notice 
of one classically educated, embracing topics which 
ought to be familiar with every A. M. of a Scottish 
University. * * * That it was intended exclus- 
ively for the use of my own congregation is evident 
not only from the very limited number of copies 
thrown off, but also from certain internal proofs. 
* * I was aware of one copy having gone beyond 
the limits of my own sphere of pastoral labors, and 
that one was sent by myself to His Excellency the 
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province, not for the 
purpose of being replied to at Head-Quarters, but 
because I viewed that Gentleman as the Constitu- 
tional Guardian of the Established Church in this 
Province, and was anxious to satisfy him that 
nothing was addressed to the people of my congre- 
gation that was hostile to the British Constitution 
in Church and State. In these circumstances I 
view your interference as a wanton outrage on all 
the decencies and proprieties . of civilized society. 
I am desirous to find an apology for you, and the 
best which I' can think of is, that your honest Scotch 
simplicity has been imposed on by certain individuals 
who are unable to write themselves, are afraid to 
appear in such invidious circumstances, and feel a 
malignant exultation in the firebrands, arrows and 
death which you have scattered around you." 

The characterizing of Dr. Burns by Rev. Milne 
as the "Dissenting Presbyterian Teacher of Saint 
John," and other remarks appear to have aroused 
the Scottish ire of the first named gentleman. He 

"The worst crime of which I and the Presby- 
terians of Saint John are indirectly accused is that 

Rev. George Burns 69 

of calling our Meeting House, Saint Andrew's Church. 
* * I suppose you will not allow us to name our 
own children by and bye. * * * You seem to 
have a dreadful antipathy to the word Dissenter and 
you cannot see on what principle the epithet can be 
applied to the Episcopalians of Scotland more than 
to us in New Brunswick. * * * 

"Such is the expose which has been extorted by 
your antipathy to the name of Dissenter, and your 
jealousy of the Kirk as by Law Established in 
Scotland. 'Because half-a-dozen grass-hoppers under 
a fern in the field, ring with their importunate 
chink, while thousands of great cattle chew the cud 
and are silent pray do not imagine that those that 
make the most noise are the only inhabitants of the 
field.' * * 

"You got into British Colonies, and have now fixed 
your abode in a Province which is as much Scotch 
as it is English, equally under the government of both. 
Do you imagine for a moment that the Act which 
established English Episcopacy in this Colony at the 
same time, ipso facto, declared all who were born in 
another division of the British Empire, and who, as 
good subjects, had conformed to its ecclesiastical 
constitution, to be Dissenters from the Church of 
England, for no other reason than this, that they had 
emigrated to a British Colony for the interests of that 
Colony, as well as their own? You obviously proceed 
on this gratuitous assumption when you speak of ' the 
separation which has taken place from the Church 
of England, as causeless and schismatical.' You 
will be surprised when I tell you, that no separation 
has taken place in so far as the members of the Church 
of Scotland are concerned. A religious establishment 
of one kind or another was found absolutely necessary 
when the population of the Colonies increased to a 
considerable extent it was natural and proper that 

70 History of St. Andrew's Church 

a branch of the establishment to which the State 
belongs should be maintained and accordingly the 
members of the Scotch Church (not the most insig- 
nificant part of the community) gave as much sup- 
port to that establishment as its warmest friends, 
with the fullest confidence that when they should 
have strength sufficient to maintain a representation 
of their own National Establishment, similar coun- 
tenance and support would be afforded them by the 
Legislature and the community at large. And what 
is now their actual state? Is the Presbyterian Dis- 
senting Meeting House of Saint John and its Teacher 
in the same circumstances with any Meeting House, 
or any Dissenting Teacher, in the Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Ireland? Or do the Presbyterians of 
this place 'worship the God of their fathers after the 
way which you call heresy' on any one of those 
principles on which dissent from the Church of 
England is usually founded? Can you mention a 
Dissenting Meeting House in England erected by 
donations from the Treasury funds? or having its 
vestry incorporated by Royal Charter? Can you 
specify a Dissenting Teacher in England who receives 
an annual salary from Government? or who is allowed 
to perform the ceremony of marriage equally with the 
Clergy of the Established Church? Are you not 
aware that an Act of the British Constitution pro- 
hibits Dissenting Meeting Houses from having either 
spires or bells? But the Presbyterian Meeting House 
of Saint John has got a spire by the first vessel from 
London it will receive a bell and as you are gifted 
with an excellent ear and great skill in the science 
of acoustics, you shall be charmed with the melody 
of its sound when you revisit Saint John. Thus, 
'the Presbyterians of Saint John,' as you well 
express it, 'have encouragement as well as liberty 
of conscience.' ****** 

Rev. George Burns 71 

If meanness of ancestry, and obscurity of birth, are 
to affect either of the Churches which arose from the 
ashes of the Roman hierarchy, what is to be thought 
of 'the dear interests' of episcopacy? It was no 
uncommon thing at one period to see a public 
instrument thus certified, 'I being a Notary Public 
do certify, that my Lord the Bishop not being able 
to read, this is his mark X !!!'**** * 

"You traduce the Kirk because it has no organ, no 
liturgy, and no festivals. You are careful to observe 
that not one of these defects necessarily attaches to 
Presbytery, and that the very want of liturgy and 
festivals was mentioned by me as a striking difference 
between the Church of Scotland and its reputed 
model the Church of Geneva. You talk of the 
introduction of an organ into the Scots Church at 
Calcutta as to be 'related with inexpressible scandal 
to all the true sons of the Kirk.' You, as a stranger 
to the principles of 'the Kirk,' and as poisoned 
against it by the prejudices of a provincial education, 
may contemplate such an event as scandalous. But 
I, as a true son of 'the Kirk,' have no scruples of 
conscience to prevent me from mingling my feeble 
voice with the anthems of praise which even an organ 
swells ; nor am I aware of any one principle belonging 
to that harsh and grating body, ' The Kirk,' which 
sounds discordant with the mellow tones of that 
heavenly instrument. At the same time, as instru- 
ments of music are more or less perfect (if perfection 
admits of degrees) the nearer they approach to the 
human voice, and as nothing can be more pleasing 
in itself, or more accordant with the design of social 
worship, than the full and harmonious concert of a 
whole living throng, so 'the sons of the Kirk' generally 
content themselves with the human voice, aided 
occasionally by instrumental music to the extent of 
a pitch pipe." 

72 History of St. Andrew's Church 

To give even the merest outline of the work of 
Dr. Burns would be too lengthy in a work such as 
the present, and its insertion at this time would not 
serve any useful purpose when a drawing together, 
upon the part of the Scotch Presbyterians at least, 
is desired, rather than the keeping alive of any points 
of difference which may have existed in former 
generations. Enough has been quoted from the 
letter of Dr. Burns, however, to convince any 
unprejudiced reader that he was an able and vigorous 
defender of the rights and principles of the church 
to which he belonged. 

In the opening and closing of the services both at 
Trinity Church and at the Kirk, the same hymns 
were used, as we learn from the following editorial 
notice which appeared in an early St. John newspaper. 

"These hymns are intended to open and conclude 
the services, both in English and Scottish churches 
in St. John. They will commend themselves to 
every pious mind by the dignity and simplicity of 
their language, as well as by their peculiar adaptation 
to the design and duties of the Sabbath. 

"If the ecclesiastical polity of the British National 
Churches forbid their union in matters of form, we 
rejoice to think they are willing to go hand in hand 
in points of greater importance." 

Evening Hymn. 

"Soon will the evening star, with silver ray, 
Shed its mild lustre on the sacred day; 
Resume we then, e'er sleep and silence reign, 
The rights that holiness and heaven ordain. 

Still let each awful truth our thoughts engage, 
That shines revealed in inspiration's page; 
Nor those blest hours in vain amusement waste 
Which all who lavish shall lament at last. 

Rev. George Burns 73 


Here humble let us hope our Maker's smiles 
Will crown with meet success our weekly toil ; 
And here on each returning Sabbath let us join 
In prayer, in penitence and praise divine. 

Father of Heaven, in whom our hopes confide, 
Whose power defend us and whose presence guide, 
In life our guardian, and in death our friend, 
Glory supreme be thine, till time shall end." 

The Rev. George Burns was the first to introduce 
the Psalmody of the Church of Scotland into New 

A meeting was held at St. John, August, 1819, of 
the Kirk Session, at which it was "unanimously 
resolved, to present a memorial to the Presbytery 
of Edinburgh, as a constituent part of the National 
Church, and as the Metropolitan Church, and as the 
Metropolitan Presbytery of Scotland, with the view 
of obtaining for St. Andrew's Church, in this city, 
that protection and guardianship which has been 
extended to similar establishments in India. The 
Presbytery of Edinburgh will then be the Court of 
Appeal from the Kirk Session, in all matters of an 
ecclesiastical nature and from it to the General 
Assembly of Scotland and Parliament of Great 
Britain the course is direct. Thus will the Presby- 
terian Church of St. John be the only regularly 
constituted Scotch Church in the British Provinces, 
and its connection with the Parent Establishment 
maintained and perpetuated." 

This notice is self-explanatory, and indicates the 
close and intimate connection maintained between 
the Kirk Session of St. John and the parent body in 
Scotland, until the organization of the Presbyterian 
Church of Canada. 

74 1 1 istory of St. Andrew's Church 

One of the earliest Masonic services held in St. John 
of which we have record, took place on the twenty- 
seventh of December, 1819. Dr. Burns was not a 
member of the Masonic fraternity, but he appears 
to have been the preacher selected for the occasion. 
We read that* "After the installation of officers, and 
agreeably to arrangements made on our last meeting, 
the body in conjunction with our sister Lodge, Union, 
No. 38, proceeded in regular form from the lodge 
rooms in Brother Lockhart's house to St. Andrew's 
Church, where a sermon adapted to the occasion was 
preached by Rev. Dr. Burns, from 2 Peter, 1st 
chapter, 5-7 verses: 'Giving all diligence; add to 
godliness brotherly kindness, and to brotherly kind- 
ness, charity.' They then returned to their respective 
lodge rooms, and afterwards to Cody's Coffee House, 
where they sat down to a sumptuous dinner, and 
spent the remainder of the day in the greatest hilarity 
and brotherly love. Subsequently they returned 
to their lodge room, where after voting that the sum 
of five pounds be added to the collection made in the 
church this day (41. 3s. 9d.), the lodge was closed 
in peace, social harmony and brotherly love." 

In 1819 Dr. Burns was elected the first President 
of the New Brunswick Auxiliary of the British and 
Foreign Bible Society, and continued as President 
for thirteen years, when he left New Brunswick. 
This society was organized at a meeting held at the 
old Coffee House which stood at the foot of King 
Street, on the site now occupied by the Bank of 

In 1820, a second volumef from the pen of Dr. 
George Burns appeared. The volume is 5 x 8 inches 

* Bunting's History of Freemasonry in New Brunswick, p. 67. 

t Lectures | and | Sermons. |delivered in the | Scots Church of Saint John, 
on several ordinary occasions. | Dedicated (by permission) to His Excellency 
The Right Honorable | The Earl of Dalhousie. | By | George Burns. D. D. 

Rev. George Burns 75 

in size, and of four hundred pages in extent. It 
contains five lectures and ten sermons. The typo- 
graphical work of the volume is admirable. In the 
preface the writer advances the following reasons 
for the publication of the volume: 

"Besides the general wish to be more extensively 
useful than any individual minister can be by the 
necessarily limited instructions of one day in seven, 
he was induced to give these discourses publicity, 
by circumstances entirely of a local nature, and 
altogether distinct from the qualities of the produc- 
tions themselves. Honored to be the first and sole 
clergyman in this Province of the North British 
Church, he felt himself placed in a situation of 
considerable responsibility, and no little difficulty. 
Men generally form their opinions of a body of society 
of Christians from the first and only specimen they 
have been called to witness, and until a religious 
creed has been heard, rationally, intelligibly, and 
practically explained, it is extremely liable to be 
misunderstood and misrepresented. Impressed with 
these considerations, the writer of the following pages 
was solicitous, not only to give from the pulpit a 
fair view of the principles maintained in the standards 
of that Church to which he belongs, but also to extend 
and perpetuate the knowledge of these principles 
in this more tangible and permanent form. * * * 

"Another circumstance had weight with the author 
in forming his resolution to commit these pages to 
the press. In consequence of the infant state of this 
Colony, and the very inadequate provision made for 
the moral and religious improvement of its inhabitants, 

Clergyman of the National Established Church of Scotland. | formerly of the 
University of Edinburgh, and now | Minister of Saint Andrew's, in the City of 
St. John. | Province of New Brunswick. | British North America. | Saint John 
New Brunswick. | Printed by William Reynolds and Co. at the Star office. | 
Corner of Prince William and Church Streets. I 1820. | 

76 History of St. Andrew's ( iiur< a 

the laudable practice of assembling together on 
Sundays for social worship, has been introduced 
among private Christians in different parts of the 
Province. On these occasions prayers are offered 
up, psalms or hymns are sung, and a sermon is 
generally read from an approved author. That this 
volume, produced in the Province, may be acceptable 
and useful to such humble worshippers, is the sincere 
desire, and earnest prayer of the author." 

The volume under review is scholarly as well as 
vigorous, the discourses are concise, the language 
employed is simple, and the work in every way 
creditable to its author. Lack of space will not 
permit the insertion of any lengthy excerpts here, 
but the volume might be read and indeed studied 
with advantage by the Christian reader of the present 

In dedicating the work to the Earl of Dalhousie, 
Dr. Burns states that: 

"The enlightened attachment to the Church of 
Scotland, which has ever distinguished your Noble 
House, and which so well fitted your illustrious 
Father for the discharge of those high and important 
duties to which he was called as Representative of 
our late Most Gracious Sovereign in the General 
Assembly of the Church, * * * as well as 
various reasons of a private but no less interesting 
character, have strengthened your claims to this 
humble tribute of respect. Be assured, my Lord, 
that I regard myself as peculiarly fortunate in having 
this opportunity of publicly acknowledging that 
. partiality of friendship with which you have been 
pleased to honor me since my first arrival in a land 
of strangers, the very flattering terms in which you 
were pleased to allow Your Lordship's name to be 
associated with these imperfect compositions, the 

Rev. George Burns 77 

esteem which I entertain for your public and private 
virtues, and the sincerity with which I have the honor 
to be, My Lord, Your Lordship's most obedient and 
Most grateful Servant, 

"George Burns." 

In 1821, Robert Alder was appointed to the Germain 
Street Methodist chapel in St. John, Joshua Marsden 
tells us, in his History of Methodism before referred 
to;* and, while, there no minister was more 
popular. We are informed that Dr. Burns, the 
Presbyterian clergyman at that time in the city, was 
a frequent attendant at the Sunday evening preaching. 
Dr. Burns appears to have been a man of broad mind 
and noble character, above petty jealousy and narrow 
sectarianism. The services in the Presbyterian 
church, having been held in the earlier part of the 
day, he had no hesitation in lending the light of his 
countenance at the meetings of his Methodist 

The service of praise in the church has always been 
the subject of much careful consideration on the part 
of those in charge. In 1823, when the singing was 
still led by a precentor, ten pounds annually was 
placed "at the disposal of St. Andrew's Missionary 
Societyf for the purpose of promoting an improvement 
in congregational singing." 

The following item refers possibly to the Gaelic 
preacher who was desirous of being permanently 
settled in Charlotte County, and who claimed to 
have lost his credentials, when urged to produce 
them. Further reference to his case will be found 
in a later portion of this work. 

"Gaelic Sermon. Immediately after the usual 
afternoon service in the Scotch Church to-morrow, 

* See page 14, this work. 

t Weekly Telegraph. 5th March. 1870. 

78 History of St. Andrew's Church 

a Gaelic Sermon will be delivered by the Rev. Mr. 
McCallum to those who are acquainted with the 
dialect. It is requested of the members of the Scotch 
Church to make this intimation known to their 
Gaelic friends."* 

In the year 1823, Rev. James Priestly, who had 
previously been stationed in St. John, again returned 
to the city, and in that year trouble commenced in 
the particular branch of the work to which he 
belonged. J. W. Lawrence has left an extended 
account of what has been known as "The Priestly 
affair," but as it has been fully set forth in Early Saint 
John Methodism, it is not necessary to make more 
than a brief reference to it in these pages. In fact 
any allusion would here be entirely out of place, were 
it not that a building erected under the auspices of 
Mr. Priestly afterwards passed into the hands of the 
Presbyterians, and in addition to being the birth- 
place of what is now St. Stephen's Church, was also 
used by the nucleus of what is now St. David's 

Too great a fondness for strong drink, was the 
first charge brought against Mr. Priestly. That 
unfortunate minister was advised to resign his 
pastorate, and go to England, there to explain his 
position before the London conference, by which 
body he had been appointed. This he declined to 
do, but resigned his pastorate. "It was at this time 
Mr. Priestly's wife died, leaving three young children 
which deepened the general sympathy for him. On 
the 31st July of the same year, a meeting of his 
friends was held at his residence at which Stephen 
Humbert, Daniel Ansley, Barzilla Ansley, John 
McClure, David Brown and Alexander Miller were 
appointed a committee to obtain subscriptions for 

*N. B. Courier. August 7th. 1823. 

Rev. George Burns 79 

the erection of a place of worship. So popular was 
the movement that on the fourteenth of August,* 
only two weeks after, two lots facing King Square 
were purchased, and seven days later the corner-stone 
of what was thereafter to be termed the Asylum 
Chapel was laid.f On the Sunday evening following 
a sermon was preached on the ground by Mr. Priestly, 
when a collection of 18 was taken. At a public 
meeting in the Masonic Hall, at the head of King 
Street, a gold medal was presented to Mr. Priestly 
by citizens irrespective of creed. So rapidly did 
the work go forward that on Sunday, December 12th, 
less than four months after laying the corner stone, 
the building was opened for worship and a collection 
taken of 38." 

In May, 1825, Stephen Humbert, a leading 
Methodist and head of the movement on behalf of 
Mr. Priestly, wrote: 

"The Asylum Chapel was erected the latter part 
of last summer. It is built of yellow brick and forms 
a handsome exterior, and intended for the reception 
of Rev. James Priestly, who officiated as pastor a 
few months only and was dismissed on a charge of 
conduct unfitting a minister. The chapel is an 
ornament to the city and will abide as a lasting 
testimony of the benevolence of the inhabitants of 
St. John. The trustees are corresponding with the 
president of the Conference of Primitive Methodists, 
in contradistinction to the Wesleyan Methodists, who 
have separated from the ordinances administered 
in the Church of England. An eminent minister is 
soon expected from the old country." 

Courier. 14th August. 1824. 
t Courier. 21ct August. 1824. 

80 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Mr. Priestly shortly afterwards left for Canada, 
where misfortunes seemed to follow him to the close 
of his life. 

The Rev. George Montgomery West, of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, arrived on a visit from 
Canada, preaching his first sermon in the Asylum 
Chapel, July 5th, 1825. Mr. West was of commanding 
presence and possessed pulpit attainments of a high 
order, drawing large audiences. On the twenty- 
fourth of July the pews on the ground floor were 
sold, realizing 500. The building faced the Square, 
and unlike churches generally, its frontage was 
greater than the depth, one advantage of which was, 
there being ground in the rear an enlargement could 
be made and would add to its general appearance. 
There were one end and two side galleries. 

Mr. West's stay was short, for a minister of his 
gifts could command a wider field. He preached 
his last sermon October fourteenth, only three 
months after his arrival. It was for the benefit of 
the sufferers from the Miramichi Fire. A collection 
was taken at this service amounting to 40. 

Rev. Richard Robinson, sent by the Irish Confer- 
ence of Primitive Methodists, arrived in St. John on 
October ninth, 1825. The interest in the new move- 
ment had largely passed. Numbers returned to the 
Germain Street Methodist Church and others went 
to the Stone (Episcopal) Church, opened in 1826. 
Mr. Robinson, not finding things as prosperous as he 
expected, returned to Ireland. He was succeeded by 
Rev. Ashley, followed by Mr. Parent, neither of 
whom was able to sustain the movement, and the 
end was the closing of the Asylum Chapel in connection 
with Methodism. 

*In 1824 the Rev. Alexander McLean, father of 
John S. McLean, formerly President of the Bank of 

* Hannay's History of New Brunswick, p. 400. 

Rev. George Burns 81 

Nova Scotia, was settled as minister at St. Andrews. 
In the following year, the Glasgow Colonial Society 
was formed. Its object was to promote the moral and 
religious interests of the Scottish settlers in British 
North America. Under the auspices of this Society, 
ministers connected with the Established Church 
of Scotland were sent out to Nova Scotia and New 
Brunswick as well as to Ontario. Prior to this time, 
all the Presbyterian Churches in Nova Scotia had 
been formed into a Synod of three Presbyteries, 
numbering nineteen ministers. The name of this 
body was the Presbyterian Church of Nova Scotia, 
and it was formed by ministers, nearly all of whom 
had been connected with the Secession churches. 
The Church of Scotland has been remarkable for its 
secessions, which mainly have arisen in consequence 
of its connection with the Government as an Estab- 
lished Church. The first secession occurred early 
in the eighteenth century, but in 1747, the Secession 
Synod in Scotland divided into two churches which 
took the name of Burghers and Anti-Burghers. The 
cause of this split was the difference of opinion 
respecting the oath required to be taken by Burghers 
or citizens of corporate towns. One party understood 
the oath as simply an abjuration of Romanism, and 
not a recognition of the Church of Scotland. The 
opposite party regarded the oath as an approval of 
the Church of Scotland. Then there was another 
body called the Reformed Presbyterians, or Covenan- 
ters, who abjured all connection with the Government 
even to the extent of refusing to vote at elections. 

The Synod of Nova Scotia objected to the Glasgow 
Colonial Society sending out ministers connected 
with the Established Church, and a memorial to this 
effect was presented to the Society by Rev. Dr. 
McCulloch*, who had been a minister of a Secession 

Thos. McCulloch. founder of Dalhouaie College, which wu eUblUhed 
first at Pictou. but afterwards removed to Halifax. Nova Scotia. 

82 History of St. Andrew's Church 

church in Scotland, and had come to Nova Scotia in 
1803. The members of the Colonial Society, however, 
adhered to their own views as to what was right 
and expedient, and devoted themselves with great 
energy to the collection of funds, and the sending 
out of missionaries, both to the Eastern and 
Western Provinces. Within ten years the Society 
sent to the British North American Colonies upwards 
of forty ordained clergymen of the Church of Scotland. 
This Society continued in existence for fifteen years. 
Colonial Missions were afterwards carried on under 
the superintendence of a committee directly appointed 
by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 

In October, 1825, Dr. Burns appears to have made 
his first return journey to the home land since 
assuming the pastorate of the Kirk. Soon after his 
departure "a general murmur of dissatisfaction 
appeared prevalent throughout the congregation," 
as we gather from the following communication, an 
unsigned copy of which is still extant and is in the 
possession of Dr. P. R. Inches of St. John, one of the 
present Board of Trustees of St. Andrews Church. 

"Endorsed Rev. George Burns, D. D., Care of B. 

"Saint John, N. B., 5th Dec, 1826. (1825? 
"Rev. and Dear Sir: 

"As an introduction to the leading points of this 
communication we beg leave to observe, that immedi- 
ately after your departure from this place in October 
last, a general murmur of dissatisfaction appeared 
prevalent throughout the congregation; blaming the 
session in express terms of disapprobation for giving 
their assent to your absence without obtaining the 
concurrence of the congregation in general; and 
further, that even with the session you did not set 
any particular period of time for your return to 
resume your charge, positively: 

Rev. George Burns 83 

" The fourth Sabbath after you left Saint John the 
Rev. Donald A. Fraser from Pictou arrived here and 
has officiated since in the Kirk to the general satis- 
faction of the whole congregation. The time that 
Mr. Fraser can continue with us is now up, and he 
returns this present week to Pictou. 

"After the first Sabbath that Mr. Fraser preached 
in the Kirk, the generality of the congregation 
expressed a desire that he should become their pastor 
in case that you do not return to resume your labours 
among them and that desire has been urged so 
strongly from every quarter that to prevent a schism 
in the congregation it was judged advisable by the 
session and congregation to consent that a meeting 
of the whole body of pewholders and heads of families 
should take place on the 28th ulto. in the Session 
House, at which time the sense of the whole was 
taken and resolutions passed directing that you 
should without delay be informed of what transpired 
and the Rev. D. A. Fraser become your successor 
in case you do not yourself return to resume your 
charge within such a period of time as has been 
thought proper, and to strengthen these resolutions 
an instrument in writing has been drawn up and 
signed by the whole of the congregation, with a very 
few exceptions, confirming these resolutions and 
appointing the persons who now have the honor of 
addressing you to make known to you their general 

"That upon receipt of this communication sent in 
triplicate you will be pleased to write to the session 
as a body or to the undersigned, as a committee 
acting for the session and congregation, saying that 
it is your full determination to return to Saint John 
and resume your charge ; or otherwise that you decline 
doing so, and that such answer be forwarded in 
triplicate by different conveyances, sent sufficiently 
early, so as to come to hand here in May next, 1826. 

84 History of St. Andrew's Church 

"Further that in case the answer is in the negative, 
or not fully explanatory and decided, that the call 
to Mr. Fraser be immediately carried into effect, 
and he become Pastor of the Kirk in this City from 
the first day of June, 1826. Further that in case 
you do not intend returning to resume that charge 
in person it is unnecessary to send a substitute as in 
that case the Church is already provided for. That 
in case it is your intention to return to Saint John 
and resume your ministerial office as Pastor of Saint 
Andrew's Church, your absence from your charge 
will not be dispensed with later than the end of 
October, 1826, and then that unless you are present 
in person to resume your charge, the nomination of 
Mr. Fraser shall go into immediate effect and he be 
declared pastor of that church. We would with all 
due respect beg leave to observe that the instrument 
containing the substance of the above resolutions, 
signed by the pewholders and members of the congre- 
gation and session (?) and by the session with their 
signatures affixed is now handed to Mr. Fraser for 
his government, and that he now returns to Pictou, 
to make known to his own congregation the nature 
of his call to the church here, and that he is to hold 
himself in readiness to return here in June if directed 
so to do by the congregation, in the event of your 
reply in the negative to this communication, or 
immediately after the first of October next, provided 
you are not here yourself by that time, and that the 
congregation and session together hold a copy of the 
same instrument, with Mr. Fraser's assent and 
signature to that effect. 

" From the full and explicit manner in which we 
have endeavoured to state the understanding and 
agreement now existing between the session and 
congregation and the manner in which they were 
bound to carry it into effect, we are fully convinced 

Rev. George Burns 85 

that you will at once see the necessity of immediate 
decision on the case in question and shall anxiously 
await your reply conformable, to the resolutions 
passed. We are at liberty to say that the majority 
of the congregation are of opinion, that the step 
taken by them will meet your warmest approbation 
as it relieves you at once from the charge of providing 
or sending out to them a minister in case you do not 
come yourself, and as of course in that event no 
emolument can be supposed to arise to you from the 
church, all support to those who have been here 
already or shall be here, until the church is permanent- 
ly filled, shall be borne by the funds arising to the 
church since your departure. In stating the condi- 
tional call given to Mr. Fraser we do with pleasure 
exculpate him from any part or act in the affair 
unbecoming a Christian or a Gentleman. He has 
repeatedly declared to the members of the session 
and congregation his resolution to decline attempting 
any call that would encroach upon your just claim 
or privilege as minister at present of Saint Andrew's 
Church, and it is only upon the one conviction that 
the congregation and session have a perfect and full 
right to act as they have done, as already explained, 
that he has accepted the condition described. Had 
not the congregation secured Mr. Fraser, on such 
condition, he was going to Halifax. With best wishes 
for your happiness we are, etc., etc." 

Dr. Burns appears to have been able to allay the 
"general murmurs of dissatisfaction," and to have 
resumed his charge at St. John in due course. 

In the building of Trinity Church, one man lost 
his life. A life was also lost within the Kirk, but 
not until some years after its completion. About 
the year 1825, Mr. Rae, the sexton, went into the 
loft of the tower and it is supposed fell asleep near 
the hatchway. From whatever cause, however, 

86 History of St. Andrew's Church 

the unfortunate man fell to the floor below, sustaining 
such injuries that he died a few moments after being 
picked up. It is stated that the accident took place 
during a service, but it was probably a week-night 
meeting, as it is remembered that his funeral took 
place on the following Sabbath.* 

Mr. Tufts has informed us, in his manuscript from 
which quotations have been made, that he had no 
recollection personally of Dr. Burns, but that his 
father had described him as a man of great abilities, 
a fair preacher and profound theologian as well as a 
diligent student of the Word of God. In physique 
he was about five feet ten inches in height, tending 
to corpulency, fairly good looking, and in 1830 about 
forty years of age. He was quite a disciplinarian, 
and while he exercised his office as pastor with 
kindness, yet he would have the people walk the 
straight and narrow way even if they did not want to. 
It is told of him, that entering the Sabbath School 
one morning, he noticed that the teachers and super- 
intendent were absent while the scholars were having 
a good time. There being no shepherd or shepherdess 
near the fold to allay their jubilant feelings or suppress 
their infantile pranks, he at once mustered them out, 
and led them himself to a Baptist school in the 

In 1826, Rev. John Sprott, who passed through 
St. John and preached in the Kirk during the first 
year of Dr. Burns' ministry, again visited St. John, 
which he reached after a passage of four days from 
Windsor, N. S M as he informs us, and was doubtless 
quite as warmly welcomed as on the previous occasion, 
by the hospitable Dr. Burns. His stay in St. John 
was short. No doubt he again preached in the Auld 
Kirk, but on the ninth of June he sailed for Wigton- 

See Daily Telegraph. 28th April. 1878. 


(From a photo taken late in life). 

Rev. George Burns 87 

shire on a short holiday "on board Thomson's Packet, 
Captain Whitehead, loaded with 274 tons of timber." 
He landed at Wigton, and "kissed affectionately the 
green earth" found everybody well, visited his father's 
grave, said farewell to his worthy old mother 
without any strong hope of seeing her again in life," 
and on August twenty-ninth "went on board the 
fine ship Margaret Pollock. Captain McArthur ,900 
tons, bound for New Brunswick. On the thirty-first 
of August he sailed from Gourock Bay, and on 
October thirteenth reached St. John; a fine passage 
(43 days, compare this with the six day passage of 
the present year, D. R. J.), a good ship, a good captain, 
a good crew, many proofs of the Divine care." 

Upon the return journey he appears to have spent 
several days at St. John, sailing "for Londonderry 
on board the Relief of Truro," on October the twenty- 
fourth, and reaching home on the twenty-sixth of 
the same month.* 

t Memorials of Rev. John Sprott, pps. 23-25. 


Retirement of Dr. Burns Pastorate of Rev. 
Robert Wilson. 

Dr. Burns continued to minister to the spiritual 
needs of St. Andrew's Church until the first of 
September, 1831, when having received a presentation 
from Saint Andrew's University to the charge of 
Tweedmuir, Peebleshire, he resigned and returned 
to Scotland. For one year after the removal of Dr. 
Burns the Presbyterian, were ministered unto by 
Rev. D. A. Fraser. 

Dr. Burns was beloved and respected by his congre- 
gation. His abilities were recognized from the 
beginning, not only by his own congregation, but by 
the members of other denominations. A year after 
his arrival the corporation of Trinity Church, in a 
letter to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 
referred incidentally to St. Andrew's Kirk, and 
remarked "It has an able and popular preacher." 
Dr. Burns died at Edinburgh, on the 5th day of 
February, 1876, at the age of eighty-six, and the 
Daily Review of that place, in a brief sketch of his 
life and labors, paid him this tribute: "Dr. Burns 
was a man of solid acquirements, of great good sense, 
and of earnest and unaffected piety. In his prime 
he was an acceptable preacher and faithful pastor, 
and to the last he retained his interest in life and its 

Previous to the completion of the Kirk many 
Presbyterians had worshiped at Trinity Church, but 
after the arrival of Dr. Burns all the Presbyterians 
gathered under his ministry and the Kirk soon became 
a centre of great influence, the cradle of Presbyterian- 


Rev. Robert Wilson 89 

ism in New Brunswick. Among the prominent men 
who composed its congregation were Hon. William 
Pagan and Hugh Johnston, Sen., to the former of 
whom a memorial tablet was placed on the dais of 
the pulpit.* 

At a meeting of the session and Committee of 
Management of St. Andrew's Church, held on the 
eighteenth day of August, 1831, the following were 
present: Thomas Nesbit, Robert Robertson, William 
Hutchinson, Angus McKenzie and John Gillis, 
Elders; Thomas Walker, William Walker, John 
Wishart, James Kirk, Daniel Leavitt, William Parks, 
James Robertson, Robert Keltie, John Robertson, 
Henry Hood, and James Burns, Committee of Manage- 
ment. Matters having reference to a settlement with 
Dr. Burns, who was about returning to Great 
Britain, were discussed. At a meeting of the Com- 
mittee held on the following day the amount due Dr. 
Burns, namely, one hundred and twenty five-pounds, 
was subscribed for, and his resignation, to take effect 
from the first of September, 1831, agreed to. At still 
another meeting, held on the twenty-sixth of the 
same month, it was decided that the salary of the new 
pastor should be the sum of two hundred pounds and 
the government allowance. At this date also Rever- 
ends Dr. McFarlane, Muir, Brown and McGill of 
Glasgow, Scotland, were appointed a committee to 
select a successor. 

It is with the joint meeting of the Elders and 
Committee of Management held in August, 1831, 
that the records of St. Andrew's Church, now extant, 
begin. The various fires which have done so much 
to obliterate, not only the early history of St. Andrew's 
Church, but of the city generally, had destroyed all 
previous records. Nor is St. Andrew's Church at all 

* Telegraph. St. John. N. B., 8th April. 1876. 

90 History of St. Andrew's Church 

singular in this respect, for few churches in the 
Province of New Brunswick possess any records of 
their organization and work during the first quarter 
of the ninteenth century. Even to-day much careless- 
ness exists with reference to the preservation of vital 
statistics and other important memorials. 

From 1831 to the autumn of 1835, the Asylum 
Chapel on King Square was in the occupation of the 
Episcopalians, who, under the ministry of Rev. B. G. 
Gray, rector of Trinity, held what were called Free 
Evening Services on each Sabbath. It was also 
used for Sunday School purposes and for the meetings 
of the Bible Society, as well as for the quarterly 
meetings of a Temperance Society, whose platform 
was that ale and wine were admissible while strong 
drinks had no quarter. 

In 1835 a number of members of St. Andrew's Kirk 
purchased the chapel, and it became known as St. 
Stephen's Church, the organization now known by 
that name being then formed. In 1847 the Legisla- 
ture passed an act authorizing the sale of the building. 
The proceeds after payment of debts was to be applied 
to the erection of a church in accord with the Estab- 
lished Church of Scotland. In 1848 Saint David's 
Church was organized in this building. 

Mr. J. W. Lawrence, in concluding a paper read be- 
fore the New Brunswick Historical Society entitled: 
"A Building with a History, says: "Such is the brief 
outline of an edifice which had a more chequered 
history than any in St. John, and the history of the 
watchmen on its battlements, fighting the world, the 
flesh and the devil. That the world, the flesh and 
the devil, were the victors, the conviction is irresist- 
ible when it is recalled that James Priestly, William 
Anderson and Thomas Wishart were ejected from 
the fortress by those who placed them there. The 
days of its triumphs were, when used for Church 


Rev. Robert Wilson 91 

of England service, and when it became the birth- 
place and cradle of Saint David's." Mr. Lawrence 
apparently did not consider the conception of St. 
Stephen's Church in connection with the Established 
Church of Scotland as among the days of its triumph, 
and might have added that its occupation for the 
sale of spirituous liquors within its walls, which 
probably antedated the writing of his paper, and 
which has ever since been continued without 
interruption, as among the triumphs of the world, 
the flesh and the devil. 

As the result of the communication from the 
committee of St. Andrew's Church to the Glasgow 
Commissioners, Rev. Robert Wilson was appointed 
to the pastorate on the fourth of February, 1832, 
for a term of five years. The Presbytery of St. John 
was organized on the thirty-first of January, 1833, 
and included the whole Province of New Brunswick. 
At a meeting held at the town of St. Andrews, in 
Charlotte County, of the Presbytery of St. John, 
held in 1835, it was unanimously resolved that it 
was expedient to erect itself into a provincial synod, 
and immediately divide itself into two Presbyteries, 
to be called respectively the Presbytery of St. John, 
and the Presbytery of Miramichi. By this time the 
number of ministers upon the roll had doubled. It 
was agreed that the Presbytery of Miramichi should 
consist of the Counties of Kent, Northumberland, 
Gloucester and Restigouche. The Presbytery of 
St. John to consist of all the other counties in the 
province. The Presbytery of St. John held its first 
meeting at Fredericton on the first Wednesday in 
February, 1836. Up to this time, there was only 
one Presbyterian church in the city of St. John, and 
that St. Andrews.* 

See series of articles by John Willett. in St. John Sun. 

92 History of St. Andrew's Church 

It was a serious obstacle to the progress of the 
Synod that it had no college for the training of a 
native ministry. King's College, at Fredericton, 
established in 1828 by Royal Charter, was so much 
under the control of the Episcopalians, and so sec- 
tarian in its character, that it was almost useless to 
the Presbyterian Church. Nor was it easy to sus- 
tain in the province a Presbyterian college by pri- 
vate subscription. Presbyterian students were there- 
fore compelled to repair to Scotland, or to distant 
places, in order to be trained in theology. On this 
account and also on account of the small number 
of missionaries who came to New Brunswick, the 
Synod had but a scanty supply of laborers for the 
growing congregations and stations, which might 
look to it for the ordinances of religion. During 
the ten years after the Synod was organized, the 
number of its ministers was increased only from 
ten to thirteen.* 

In 1832 discovery was made that the acts of 1816 
and 1818 were not in accordance with the Presby- 
terian usage, which separated the spiritual from the 
temporal affairs of the church, leaving the former 
with minister and elders, and the latter with a body 
of designative trustees. It accordingly was enacted 
"That according to the form and usage of the Church 
of Scotland the spiritual and temporal affairs of the 
St. Andrews' church, in the city of St. John, in the 
minister and elders is at variance with the form and 
usage of the said Church of Scotland." The pre- 
vious acts were therefore repealed, and the then 
committee of management, consisting of Thomas 
Walker, Robert Rankin, John Wishart, John Robert- 
son, James Kirk, Robert Keltie, James Burns, Henry 
Hood, William Parks, William Walker, James 

* Hannay's New Bruuwick. ppe. 402-403. 

Rev. Robert Wilson 93 

Robertson and Daniel Leavitt, with the elders 
John Paul, Robert Robertson, Thomas Nesbit, 
William Hutchinson, Angus McKenzie and John 
Gillis, be appointed as trustees of the church until 
the election of twelve other trustees as provided by 
the Act. Prior to this time Dr. Burns, as moderator 
of session, administered the affairs of the church, 
collected the ground rents, executed leases and held 
complete control of the affairs of the Kirk. This 
act is still in force, and it fixes the annual rents at 
not more than five hundred pounds, and prescribes 
the proceedings as to the election and choice of 
trustees, ministers and elders, the sales and leases of 
pews, lands, etc. 

Reference has previously been made in these pages 
to the use of communion tokens at the celebration 
of the Lord's Supper in St. Andrew's Church. Two 
examples of these coins or tokens are in the collection 
of Mr. John Kerr of St. John. The accompanying 
illustration, made from rubbings, gives the actual 
size and a very fair idea of the appearance of these 
most interesting souvenirs. The circular token was 
that in use during the pastorate of Mr. Wilson, and 
bears the date 1832. The oval one was in use in Dr. 
Donald's time. The communion token has long 
since been replaced by the communion card, and 
very few of these interesting souvenirs are 'now in 

Mr. Wilson was a man of zeal and piety, so Mr. 
Tufts tells us, and was an indefatigable worker as 
well as a frequent visitor in the homes of the members 
of his flock, and became almost an idol among his 
people. The church gained strength spiritually, 
and was greatly blessed in many ways, under his 
ministration. On the 21st of October, 1833, he was 

* Tdegraph, St. John. N. B.. 8th April. 1876. 

94 History of St. Andrew's Church 

married to Margaret Elizabeth, the eldest daughter 
of John M. Wilmot, Mayor. She was a sister of the 
late Robert Duncan Wilmot, for many years 
Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick. She proved 
quite a helpmeet to her husband, and was in every 
way a most estimable woman. 

At a meeting of the Session held on the thirty-first 
of May, 1832, a resolution was passed denying to 
female pew-holders the right to vote at the election 
of trustees of the church, and also another resolution 
inviting the pastor, Mr. Wilson, to attend the annual 
congregational meeting, and open the proceeding 
with prayer, and further directing that the sum of fifty 
shillings, equivalent to ten dollars, be paid J. Purves, 
for six months, services as precentor. 

The first annual congregational meeting held under 
the new charter took place on the sixth of June, 1832, 
at which the following Board of Trustees was elected : 

Dr. Thomas Walker, chairman, Robert Rankin, 
William Walker, John Robertson, James Robertson, 
John Wishart, James Kirk, Daniel Leavitt, William 
Parks, Henry Hood, James Burns, with Angus 
McKenzie, secretary. 

There appears to have been some uncertainty 
regarding the title to the lots of land in "Lower Cove" 
originally conveyed by the corporation of St. John 
to John Curry and others, for the church. What 
the nature of the claims was, whether for monies 
advanced or from what other cause the writer has 
been unable to learn, but on the twenty-fourth of 
October, 1832, a committee consisting of Robert 
Rankin, James Kirk and John Robertson was 
appointed to treat with John Curry, the only survivor 
of the original trustees, and was authorized to offer 
him the sum of two hundred pounds in settlement 
of his claim. It was also discovered that representa- 

Rev. Robert Wilson 95 

tives of some other trustees had claims which 
they were prepared to urge, and which it was 
proposed to satisfy. On the fifth of November the 
committee settled with John Curry for one hundred 
and fifty pounds, receiving a deed of all his right, title 
and interest in the lots conveyed originally to them. 

The matter of congregational singing was under 
active discussion at this time, for on the twenty-fifth 
of January, 1833, the sum of ten pounds was voted 
to the St. Andrew's Musical Society for the purpose 
of promoting an improvement in congregational 

The church membership must have been growing 
rapidly under the wise and energetic guidance of Mr. 
Wilson, for on the twenty-fourth of April, 1834, it 
was agreed to add twenty-seven feet to the length 
of the church building. 

On the thirtieth of May, 1834, a final settlement 
was arrived at, with reference to the land claim and 
it was reported that the following sums had been paid 
in full settlement of all demands: 

Heirs of Hugh Johnston 50 

Heirs of James Grigor 50 

John Wishart, for himself and Estate 

of A. Edmond 100 

W. J. Ritchie, for Estate late William 

Pagan 50 

John Curry 150 

Total 400 

A petition was forwarded to the legislature, signed 
by all parties concerned, praying for a confirmatory 
act of the legislature on the sixth of January, 1835, 
and opposition being offered in the Legislative Council, 
Mr. Daniel Leavitt was, on the twelfth of February 
appointed to proceed to Fredericton to advocate the 
passage of the bill. 

96 History of St. Andrew's Church 

In 1836 it was declared to be a part of the precentor's 
duty to hold a meeting in the Session House, weekly, 
with members of the congregation, for the practice 
and improvement of congregational singing.* James 
Lee was at that time the precentor, and it was ordered 
that he be paid twenty pounds as such, and ten 
pounds for holding the weekly practise. f 

At the same meeting it was resolved to dispose of 
the lamps which had been put in the Session House, 
and to return to the use of candles. 

The organization of an additional Presbyterian 
Church to be known as St. Stephen's Church seems 
to have met with the cordial approbation of the 
elders and trustees of St. Andrew's Church, for at a 
meeting held on the twenty-fifth of January, 1836, 
at which the pastor, Mr. Wilson, presided, a resolu- 
tion to that effect was carried. 

In 1837 the session of the old Kirk met with a sad 
loss, for in January of that year the Session records, 
with other property of the church, were destroyed 
by fire. It is therefore only from contemporaneous 
sources that we can obtain any reliable information 
concerning the actions of that important body prior 
to the date of that fire. The school-house and session- 
house in rear of the church were burned in that year. 
Angus McKenzie, Session Clerk at that time, had 
left the records in the Session house, where they were 

Mr. Wilson had been engaged as pastor for a term 
of five years, and as that period was about drawing 
to a close, terminating as a matter of fact in February, 
1837, the matter of his re-engagement was discussed. 
Accordingly, at a meeting held on the eighth of May 
following, he was nominated for the vacancy at the 

* Weekly Telegraph, 5th March, 1879. 

t See Minutes of Session and Com. of Management, 8th January, 1835. 

Rev. Robert Wilson 97 

same salary, two hundred pounds, the election to 
take place on the twenty-fifth of the same month, 
Rev. Andrews, of St. Stephen's Church, being invited 
to preside at the election, which resulted in the 
continuance of Mr. Wilson as pastor. 

The mortuary cloth, as well as the minutes of 
session, appear to have been lost in the fire of January, 
1837, for at a meeting held on the tenth of October, 
it was agreed that Mr. Nesbit procure one of cotton 
velvet to replace that which had been destroyed. 

After several years of a most successful pastorate 
the tongue of scandal began to wag, and the spirit of 
this devoted pastor of St. Andrew's Church became 
overburthened with its load of care and responsibility, 
and possibly by the feeling that he was deeply maligned 
and misrepresented. Mr. Tufts account of the unfor- 
tunate affair is as follows: 

"His heart overwhelmed with calumny, lost its 
power to do further good among his people, and he 
decided to resign and return to Scotland, his native 
land, which he did in 1842, after having been minister 
of the Kirk for nearly eleven years. The session 
promptly probed the charge to the utmost, with the 
result that it was found to be a case of blackmail, 
notwithstanding which, however, Mr. Wilson parted 
from his congregation and went to Edinburgh. 
Shortly after his arrival there he was called to a most 
important charge where he labored most acceptably 
until a few years ago, when the Master called him 

"We who remember his parting address to the 
congregation and the Sabbath school, and saw the 
tears which flowed down the cheeks of old and stalwart 
Scotchmen and little children who loved him as a 
father, and heard the sobs which broke the stillness 
upon that occasion, when his great heart, overflowing 
with love, became choked and his tongue refused to 

98 History of St. Andrew's Church 

articulate, could not but feel that the remembrance 
of those tears and sobs were the silent reminders of a 
good man maligned." 

The following is another account of this unfortunate 
affair as given by the late James Hannay in his recently 
published History of New Brunswick: 

"In the year 1835 a serious situation arose in 
connection with the arrival of a minister from Scotland 
who was sent out by the Colonial Church Society. 
It appears that this young man, whose name was the 
Rev. David Syme was paying attention to a young 
woman in Glasgow, who became very much attached 
to him. When she discovered that he was coming 
out to America she dressed herself in boy's clothes 
and took passage in the same vessel. This presented 
a very great difficulty to the young divine, for, 
naturally, his inclination would be to shield her from 
any remarks to her prejudice. When she arrived in 
St. John he introduced her to some persons who met 
him as Mr. Miller, and procured board for her at a 
boarding house. After a time she removed from 
that place and appeared in her proper character as 
a young woman. Mr. Syme still continued to keep 
her under his protection and finally married her. 
The Rev. Robert Wilson, minister of St. Andrew's 
Church, became aware of the circumstances of the 
case, and had Mr. Syme brought up before the Presby- 
tery and suspended. At this very time he had 
received a call from the Church at Sussex. The 
Presbytery showed a decided animus against the 
unfortunate minister, and Mr. Wilson went so far, 
for the purpose of procuring evidence against him, 
as to open a letter which his wife had addressed to 
him, and which had fallen into his hands. Mr. Syme, 
however, was not without friends, who stuck by him 
and a war of pamphlets ensued. Dr. William 

Rev. Robert Wilson 99 

Livingstone wrote an appeal to the Presbyterians 
of New Brunswick on the trial and suspension of Rev. 
David Syme, and Rev. Robert Wilson wrote a 
pamphlet to which Dr. Livingstone responded with 
a second pamphlet, in which he handled the Rev. 
Robert W T ilson very severely. The result of this 
controversy was very unfavorable to the minister of 
St. Andrew's Church, who in the year 1842 resigned 
his charge and went back to Scotland. Here he 
joined the Free Church, and was sent by that body 
to one of the most remote islands in the Hebrides, 
North Ronaldsy, where there was already an Estab- 
lished Church and a population of only 481."* 

St. Andrew's Church was practically the mother 
of all the other Presbyterian churches of St. John, 
and for this reason it may not be out of place to 
devote a little attention in passing to some of the 
causes which led up to the various new church organiz- 
ations which were from time to time created. 

In 1826, St. Andrew's Church was the only Presby- 
terian place of worship in the city. Included in 
this congregation, however, were a number of 
families from Ulster, Ireland, and who comprised 
probably one-third of the number worshipping at 
St. Andrew's. There were also a number of Cove- 
nanters, who, although worshipping at St. Andrew's, 
had never entered into actual membership in that 
church, but held aloof, pending the formation of a 
church organization in conformity with their own 
distinctive principles. These people who were later 
known as the Reformed Presbyterians, claim to 
trace their origin to the Reformation in Scotland 
during the reign of the Stuarts. 

Early in the year 182*7, the Rev. Alexander Clarke, 
D. D., arrived in New Brunswick, having a com- 
mission from the Reformed Presbyterian Church of 

* Hannay'i New Brunswick. pp. 409-410. 

LOO History of St; Andrew's Church 

the north of Ireland, and was warmly welcomed by 
the Covenanter branch of the church. Immediately 
a society was organized, followed in a few years by 
the building of a church, service in the meantime 
being conducted at the house of Robt. Ritchie, an 
ancestor of Mrs. Alexander Rankin, long connected 
with St. Andrew's Church. Mr. Ritchie's house was 
on the south side of Brittain Street, on the site later 
known as McAulay's tannery. Here, under the 
guidance of Dr. Clarke, meetings were regularly 
held, with preaching whenever Dr. Clarke or some 
other suitable missionary happened to be in the city. 

On the 16th of August, 1831, after a passage of 
forty days, the Rev. William Somerville, father of 
Thomas Somerville, arrived in the city, having been 
sent out from the Synod in Ireland. He preached to 
these people for a short time, but afterwards removed 
to Nova Scotia, finally selecting Lower Norton, N. S., 
as the centre of his ministerial work. 

The membership of the St. John community 
having increased to forty-five, in 1832, a lot was 
secured on the East side of Wentworth street, 
between Queen and St. James streets, near the site 
later occupied as an electric light station and the 
erection of a church commenced. This building 
was opened for service in 1833, mainly through the 
generosity of private individuals. By 1841 the 
number of communicants had increased to seventy- 
five, and feeling greatly encouraged by this increase 
in their numbers, together with the ownership of a 
church building, a call was forwarded to the Synod 
in Ireland, resulting in the arrival on the third of 
August in that year, of Rev. Alexander McLeod 
Stavely, who conducted a successful ministry in this 
city until the year 1878, a period of thirty-seven 

Early in 1836 steps were taken by a number of 
men of means in this city towards organizing still 


Rev. Robert Wilson 101 

another congregation. On the fifth of February 
it was announced that John Wishart, John Walker, 
Hugh Irving and John Robertson had purchased 
the building on the north-east angle of King Square 
and Charlotte streets, long known as St. Stephen's 
Hall, and had sent to Scotland for a minister. This 
call was responded to by Rev. William Andrew, 
who arrived in St. John in due course and preached 
at the opening of St. Stephen's Hall on the sixteenth 
of October, lS3f>, being inducted into the pastorate 
upon the seventeenth of May following. About a 
year afterwards certain grave difficulties arose in 
St. Stephen's Church, as it had now been called, the 
conclusion of the "unpleasantness" being settled by 
Presbytery by dissolving the pastoral tie between 
Mr. Andrew and his people. On the second of June, 
1838, the pulpit was declared vacant, and the sentence 
of the Synod and of the Presbytery was read from 
the pulpit by Rev. James Hannay, father of the late 
Dr. James Hannay, long connected with the press 
in this city, on the 24th of June. *Rev. P. G. Mc- 
Gregor was appointed and did supply at St. Stephen's 
Church for about twenty-eight weeks. After a 
period, the trustees of St. Stephen's Church refused 
to any person the right to preach, and a petition was 
presented to the Governor-in-Council on the sixth 
of July, 1840, inviting their aid in forcing the trustees 
to give up the keys of the church. After some time 
an amicable arrangement was arrived at, and on the 
nineteenth of November, 1840, the keys were given 
up to John Duncan, who was appointed custodian 
thereof on behalf of the Presbytery. On the follow- 
ing day the Presbytery went in a body to the church, 
with the keys, and the moderator entering the pulpit, 
took possession in the name of the Presbytery. 

*He was brought out from Scotland at a school-master under a guarantee 
by a number of prominent St. John citizens. Mr. Clarence Ward and three 
of his brothers attended his school. 

102 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Supply was given this people at irregular intervals, 
but a request having been made to the Presbytery 
and their consent obtained, the congregation extended 
a call to the Rev. William Thomas Wishart, who 
arrived in this country in the spring of 1842, and 
on the sixteenth of June all matters under discussion 
having been amicably arranged, and he having 
produced his call from the board of trustees, was 
unanimously admitted a constitutional member of 
the Presbytery and took his seat accordingly. On 
the same day the Rev. Robert Wilson, pastor of 
St. Andrew's Church resigned his charge, and the 
same was accepted by the congregation, the new 
pastor took his place in St. Stephen's Church rather 
a singular coincidence.* 

* Abbreviated from Mr. John Willett's article in St. John Sun. 


Rev. Andrew Halkit. 

On the fourteenth of February, 1843, a meeting 
of the elders and trustees was called to consider 
steps to be taken to procure a minister to fill the 
vacancy caused by the resignation of Mr. Wilson. 
Pending a definite appointment, James Patterson, 
LL. D., an elder in the Kirk and for many years 
principal of the Grammar School, supplied the pulpit. 

Robert Rankin, of Liverpool, England, and Hon. 
John Robertson, of St. John, and James Black, of 
Glasgow, were appointed a committee to select a 
suitable person, and reported favorably upon the 
application of Rev. Andrew Halkit, then employed 
as assistant to Rev. Mr. Glen, of the church and parish 
of Porto Bello, Scotland. The appointment was 
concluded, and a bond signed, dated the twenty-fifth 
of February, 1843. In due time Mr. Halkit arrived 
in St. John and on the sixth of September, appeared 
before the Presbytery, and, after having passed an 
examination satisfactory to that body, was ordained 
and inducted to the pastorate of St. Andrew's Church 
on the following day. During the proceedings 
just outlined, some member of the Kirk made rather 
injudicious remarks, rather derogatory to persons 
of Irish birth and parentage, intimating that no 
Irishman would ever be selected as pastor of that 
church. This gave umbrage to Mr. William Parks 
and some other influential men, who accordingly 
withdrew their support from the Kirk, and going 
out, purchased from the Baptist denomination the 
building now known as the St. John's Presbyterian 
Church, but named by them the First Free Presby- 


104 History of St. Andrew's Church 

terian Church of St. John. Here they formed a 
congregation, afterwards calling the Rev. Robert 
Irvine, from Belfast, Ireland, who ministered to them 
for some years. Later he assumed a pastorate at 
Montreal, then at Chicago, and finally at Augusta, 
Georgia, where he died. 

On the third of June, 1844, Rev. John Sprott, who 
has been alluded to more than once in these pages, 
sailed on the S. S. Hibernia for Liverpool, arriving 
early in the day upon the thirteenth of that month. 
The passage was much more expeditious than upon 
the occasion of his first return to the homeland. He 
appears to have retained his affection for Dr. Burns 
during all the long years of separation, and to have 
found him just as hospitably inclined as ever, for 
in his journal, under the date February the fifteenth 
we find the following: 

"Breakfasted with Dr. Chalmers. Found him 
quite agreeable and cheerful. Asked about the high 
tides in the Bay of Fundy. Could scarcely believe 
that the tide rose fifty feet. The house of Dr. Burns, 
as in New Brunswick, is still the temple of hospitality. 
Here I met with an old friend without a new face. 
He is walking, preaching, praying and relishing a 
quiet joke, as in New Brunswick in 1818. If anything 
could make me return to Edinburgh, it would be 
the kindness of this family." 

The Loyalist, a weekly publication issued at 
Fredericton, contained, in its issue of the thirteenth 
of June, 1844, the following announcement: 

"Married. Yesterday morning, in this town, by 
the Rev. John M. Brooke, the Rev. Andrew Halkit, 
minister of St. Andrew's Kirk, St. John, to Frances 
Ann, eldest daughter of the late William Taylor, 
Esq., and niece to James Taylor, Esq., M. P. P., 
(We tender our acknowledgement for the accustomed 
bridal favors.)" 


Rev Andrew Halkit. 105 

The "accustomed bridal favors" consisted, as was 
customary at that time, of a goodly slice of the 
wedding cake. 

During the pastorate of Mr. Halkit, apparently 
only one meeting of the Session was held. 


The Disruption Termination of Rev. Andrew 
Halkit's Ministry. 

The dissentions among the various Presbyterian 
bodies in St. John appear to have been frequent about 
the middle of the ninteenth century, for we now reach 
another event, which while it did not directly concern 
St. Andrew's Church, should receive possibly a brief 
notice in a volume such as the present, in order that 
all the events connected with our own church might 
be clearly understood. The pastor* of St. Stephen's 
Church, or St. Stephen's Hall as it was sometimes 
called, situated, it will be remembered, on the north- 
east angle of King Square and Charlotte Street, on 
the fifth of September, 1844, intimated publicly that 
he had experienced a change of views with reference 
to the Creed of the Presbyterian church. This was 
followed by a trial by the church courts, and his views 
and opinions having been found to be contrary to the 
tenets of the church, he was deposed in 1S45. He 
was generally recognized as a zealous, faithful and 
honest man, and a good preacher. His remains are 
interred in Fernhill cemetery. The church was 
declared vacant, but he had such a large following 
that it was found difficult to maintain the work, and 
the trustees decided to dispose of the property. After 
the payment of a mortgage debt of six hundred 
pounds and arrears of interest and other debts of the 
church, the trustees voted the balance to be used in 
connection with the Church of Scotland. Legislation 
was obtained to dispose of the church property, and 
in the same year, 1847, it was sold to Captain Joseph 
Stephenson, for the sum of eleven hundred and forty- 

* Rev. W. T. WUhart. 


The Disruption. 107 

seven pounds. The title to the property still remains 
in his heirs, and it is now worth several times what 
it sold for in 1843. This property has passed through 
many vicissitudes since its transfer to Captain Stephen- 
son, and the solidity of its construction has saved it 
from destruction by fire on more than one occasion, 
when the adjoining properties have been swept away. 
It is said that the rear walls, which are built of stone, 
are at least three feet in thickness. 

We now reach a very important epoch in the general 
history of Presbyterianism, namely, the Disruption 
in the Established Church of Scotland. In the month 
of May, 1843, this event took place. At this time 
four hundred and seventy-four ministers of the gospel 
walked out of the General Assembly Hall in Edinburgh 
under protest, leaving the comfortable state lands, 
manses and churches, and in fact their entire living, 
on the question as to whether the old system of 
patrons for the various parish churches should be 
continued. That is to say, as to whether the landed 
proprietor in whose estate the church happened to 
be situated, should have the appointment of the 
minister, or whether such appointment should be 
vested in the people themselves, they assuming the 
payment of the minister's salary and the cost of 

The disruptionists held that the congregations, 
as such, were the rulers, and that they alone should 
have the power to decide upon the choice of a minister, 
their pulpits and the allotment of stipends. Feeling 
ran high, family being divided against family, and 
house against house. It is not necessary in this 
work to enter fully into the details of this affair, or 
of the causes which finally culminated in the 
Disruption, and weakened the power of the Establish- 
ment, as they were respectively termed. The church 
had been in conflict for many years with the 

108 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Court of Sessions and the House of Commons, and 
when an appeal was made to the latter body, of which 
Sir Robert Peel was then leader, that final court of 
appeal remained silent, and the Court of Sessions 
continued its obnoxious rule. 

As patronage did not exist in New Brunswick, it 
might have been supposed that the Disruption would 
have had no effect upon the church in this Province, 
but the extreme zeal of the Free Church party would 
not admit of the Presbyterian Church in New Bruns- 
wick remaining undisturbed. Delegates were sent 
out by the Free Church of Scotland to the British 
North American provinces for the purpose of breaking 
up the churches here, and they did their work so well 
that, in 1844, three of the members of the Established 
Church deserted it, and formed themselves into a 
Presbytery under the title of the Free Church of 
Scotland. These deserters were Rev. John Turnbull 
of the Presbytery of Miramichi, and Rev. Andrew 
Stevens and Rev. Andrew Donald of the Presbytery 
of St. John, and they were afterwards joined by the 
Rev. J. G. Macgregor. The result of this movement 
was very disastrous to the interests of Presbyterianism 
in New Brunswick, for in 1849 there were only fourteen 
settled ministers of the Presbyterian Church in New 
Brunswick, eight belonging to the Established Church 
and six to the Free Church.* 

Two years prior to the Disruption, Dr. Chalmers, 
foreseeing the inevitable result, made a lengthy and 
successful tour through Scotland, explaining the 
situation to the people at large and soliciting subscrip- 
tions for an emergency fund. He collected by this 
means over a million and a half of dollars. When 
upon the eighteenth of May, 1843, already referred 
to, the deadlock ensued, and the four hundred and 
seventy clergymen, resigning their stipends and 

Hannay's New Brunswick, p. 406. 

The Disruption. 109 

charges, walked out from that august and venerable 
assembly with Dr. Chalmers at their head, they 
marched to a nearby hall and then and there consti- 
tuted themselves the Free Church of Scotland with 
Dr. Chalmers as moderator. The large fund 
collected was used to establish a university and for 
building a number of churches. The Disruption was 
the direct cause of a great spiritual awakening through- 
out Scotland, and both the Established and Free 
churches entered upon an era of vigorous growth. 
In the Presbyterian Church of Canada to-day we 
are enjoying the broad principles of the Free Church 
under the Blue Banner of the Covenant, and we 
devoutly hope that we may continue to do so until 
time shall be no longer. 

The New Dominion and True Humorist, a paper 
which enjoyed much popularity in St. John for some 
years, published by the late George W. Day, made 
quite a feature of old times articles, during the year 
1875, and subsequently. From its republication of 
many old items, from papers afterwards entirely 
obliterated by fire, we gather quite a number of items 
of interest to the reader of this work. In its issue 
of the seventh of June, 1845, the Courier contains 
the following item: 

"Arrived yesterday per ship Britannia from 
Liverpool, the Rev. John Irvine, a missionary from 
the Free Church of Scotland to this Province. He 
will preach in the Free Church to-morrow afternoon." 

Upon this item, the New Dominion makes the 
following comment: "Compared with all the 
Courier publishes about the Bishop of Fredericton, 
the notice of Mr. Irvine's arrival is scarcely worth 
noticing, and yet both of these men were avowed 
servants of Jesus Christ. The one, however, had 
been invested with high dignities by an aristocratic 
church, while the other was a poor missionary from 

110 History of St. Andrew's Church 

a poor church. The one had come to our country 
with honors and emoluments in his hand, the other 
with a piece of the plain Bread of Life, to break unto 
hungering souls." 

The Irish church was the first to send to New 
Brunswick a missionary, in the person of Rev. John 
Irvine, just referred to, a good preacher, and a man 
deeply endowed with the Holy Spirit. Immediately 
upon his arrival in New Brunswick he commenced 
his labors, visiting the country districts throughout 
the province, and bringing together long neglected 
families of Presbyterians, and organizing them into 

Carleton, St. John West, was the chief centne of 
action, and laboring there as his other duties would 
admit, he organized a fair sized congregation which 
eventually called him to the pastorate. He was the 
founder and the first minister of the present flourishing 
church on the West side. He was a good and zealous 
man, and did much good work for the advancement 
of Presbyterianism in this field. He resigned the 
charge in 1852, and entering the mission field in the 
Province of Quebec, labored in several districts, doing 
much excellent work for the Master. 

In 1844 the Rev. James Begg and the Rev. Thomas 
Guthrie were appointed to proceed here and to the 
Upper Provinces in the autumn, but were unable to 
perform the mission, their places being filled by the 
Rev. A. King of Glasgow, and the Rev. John Mac- 
Naughton of Paisley. The former, like Dr. Burns, 
after going home to report the faithful performance 
of his mission, re-crossed the Atlantic to settle in this 
country. He accepted a professorship in Halifax 
Presbyterian College, and was one of the most powerful, 
earnest and effective preachers that have visited this 
city. The following reminder of his presence here 
we find in the Courier of the 28th of August, 1844: 

The Disruption. Ill 

"The Rev. Mr. MacNaughton preached in St. 
John three times last Sunday. On Monday evening 
the Reverend gentleman delivered a lecture in the 
hall of the Mechanic's Institute before a crowded 
audience in which he explained with much ability 
the cause of the disruption in the Church of Scotland, 
and the establishment of what is called the Free 
Protesting Church of Scotland. On Tuesday evening 
Mr. MacNaughton preached in the Wesleyan Chapel 
in Fredericton to a highly respectable congregation, 
after which he gave a summary of the causes of the 
late secession of the Residuary and Free Protesting 
Churches. On Wednesday he returned to the city 
and delivered an able discourse in the Free Presby- 
terian Church." 

In 1845 the Free Church sent out two other 
deputies, namely, Revs. Patrick L. Miller and John 
McMillan, who visited New Brunswick, and by the 
power and eloquence of their preaching and lecturing 
did much to strengthen the cause of the Free Church 
in New Brunswick. 

Many other missionaries from the Free Church 
followed those already named, and a very interesting 
chapter might be devoted to an account of the labors 
of a number of these men, many of them of 
phenomenal ability, did space permit. It was a 
stirring time in the history of Presbyterianism in 
New Brunswick, and on many occasions the hall 
of the Mechanic's Institute was crowded to thedoors, 
by persons anxious to listen to the burning eloquence 
of men of more than a local reputation. 

The Established Church of Scotland, in order to 
retain her prestige, and not willing that the Free 
Church should have an uncontested monopoly of 
this field, also sent many able men to the colonies, 
such as the distinguished Dr. Norman MacLeod, 
of great literary as well as oratorical ability. At 

1 12 History of St. Andrew's Church 

St. John the opposing forces met, Dr. MacLeod 
occupying the pulpit of St. Andrew's Church, speaking 
and preaching to large and interested congregations. 

In the year 1847 we had a disruption of our own 
in St. Andrew's Church, which, while it was the 
direct cause of the establishment of what is now a 
flourishing congregation in our city, again deprived 
St. Andrew's of a large section of its paying sup- 
porters. Already weakened by divisions and migra- 
tions, the numerical loss to the church by this move- 
ment was considerable. As it is often darkest 
before the dawn, however, St. Andrew's had one of 
the brightest chapters in her history yet before her, 
and we hope that in the years to come there may be 
rolled up to the credit of this church, which has 
experienced such varying fortunes, a record of much 
good work for the spiritual welfare of the community 
of which it is a centre. The disruption alluded to 
was the organization by a number of Scotch families 
previously connected with St. Andrew's Church, of 
St. David's congregation. After purchasing a site 
on Sydney Street, they built a wooden church, to 
the pastorate of which when completed they called 
Rev. John Thomson. He entered upon his duties 
on the first Sunday in December, 1848. He was a 
brilliant preacher, and most excellent pastor, a man 
of considerable general ability, and highly esteemed 
by all his people. After a few years he removed to 
New York. St. David's has had many able men 
in its pulpit, and is now one of the most flourishing 
congregations in this field. 

Towards the close of 1845,* Dr. Robert Burns, 
a brother of the first minister of St. Andrew's Church, 
one of the delegates from the Free Church, having 
completed the special work assigned to him, arrived 
at Halifax from Toronto, on his way to Edinburgh 

* See the Courier of the 15th June, 1845. 

The Disruption. 113 

to make his report to the parent body there. At 
Halifax his many friends and admirers met to wish 
him safe passage on the eve of his departure. It 
has been spoken of as a brilliant gathering of clergy, 
editors, statesmen, lawyers, merchants and other 
leading men of the province. Among the other 
speakers was Hon. Joseph Howe, whose fame as an 
orator and statesman was very great. Mr. Howe, 
after expressing sorrow that a church like the vener- 
able Church of Scotland should have to bear divisions 
in her old age, closed his remarks in words to this 
effect: "I am neither a prophet nor the son of a 
prophet, but I feel that in thirty years from this 
time (1845) the two churches will be brought 
together again." Just thirty years elapsed (1875) 
when the Presbyterian Church of Canada was 
established, both the Free Church and the Established 
Churches uniting, and among the throng the grand 
auld Kirk was not in the background. At this 
gathering which took the form of a public breakfast, 
a motion was offered and unanimously adopted, 
the mover being Hon. Joseph Howe, setting forth 
the desirableness of a union of all the Presbyterian 
Churches of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, 
Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland in one 
General Assembly. f 

In a work such as the present, it is impossible to 
limit the subject matter strictly to the affairs of St. 
Andrew s Church, for in order to thoroughly under- 
stand the reasons for certain actions which took 
place, and the motives governing the men who com- 
posed the governing bodies of the church, spiritual 
and temporal, it is necessary to comment, in passing 
upon the various events, which indirectly affected 

tHe was accompanied by Rev. Dr. John MacLeod of Morvan. father of 
the present Dr. Norman MacLeod, leader of the Established Church of Scotland 

114 History of St. Andrew's Church 

the life of the community, reacting upon the affairs 
of our church, even though it might be somewhat 
remotely. In 1852 there arrived at St. John a young 
man, Rev. William Elder, as a missionary from the 
Irish Church, but he was destined to leave as broad 
a mark upon the history of the Province of New 
Brunswick, as possibly almost any other single 
individual, who, coming from Ireland early in life, 
has made this the country of his adoption. It was 
as an orator and political writer that he possibly 
made his broadest mark, but his editorial pen, even 
after he had officially severed his connection with 
the pulpit, was ever a power for righteousness and 
the uplifting of the community. He was fearless, 
a man in whose character there were few flaws, of 
untiring energy, zealous in good works and fearing 
the Lord, his days were long in the land of his adoption. 
He supplied the pulpit of St. John's Presbyterian 
Church for one year until the arrival of Rev. James 
Bennett, who had been called from Tessah, Ireland. 
He afterwards became pastor of the church at St. 
Stephen, Charlotte County, and later resigned to 
become proprietor and editor of a St. John newspaper. 
He finally acquired a controlling interest in the 
Telegraph, which had been originated by John 
Livingston, and gave to that paper a very foremost 
position in the Maritime Provinces, which position it 
still continues to enjoy, largely on account of the 
thorough and careful manner in which its foundations 
were laid, and the prestige acquired for it by Mr. 
Elder. He was indeed a remarkably clever man, 
and entering the political arena was elected to repre- 
sent the County of St. John in the House of Assembly, 
afterwards becoming a member of the government 
with the portfolio of Provincial Secretary. 

In 1847, the Rev. Andrew Halkit visited Scotland 
for the benefit of his health, which, however, did 


The Disruption. 115 

not improve. Accordingly he sent out his resigna- 
tion, which was accepted with very great regret, 
as he had endeared himself to the members of his 
congregation by his very attentive visitations and 
pulpit ability. He was a man of meek and gentle 
demeanor, whose ever present aim was the advance- 
ment of Christ's kingdom on earth. He was afflicted 
with lameness from which he suffered considerably 
at times, but this affliction he bore with truly 
Christian resignation. On the 20th of July, in 
that year a meeting of trustees was held, to consider 
the best means of securing the services of a permanent 
minister. The Rev. John Gilchrist acted as stated 
supply from the eighth of July until the seventh of 
February in the following year, 1848, and the Rev. 
William Stewart from the last named date until the 
fourth of June following, when Rev. William Donald 
assumed the permanent pastorate. 

A new feature in the work of St. Andrew's Church 
was the invitation by the trustees to the ladies of 
the congregation to assist them in raising the neces- 
sary funds to install the gas lighting in the church. 

Prior to that time the system of denominational 
burying grounds had been in vogue, and as the old 
Loyalist grave-yard on King Street, east, had become 
overcrowded, it became necessary to make some better 
provision for the needs of the community in this 
respect. It is therefore not a matter of surprise 
when we learn that in 1847 a movement was in- 
augurated having as its object the provision of a 
Public Rural Cemetery, for the use of all denomina- 
tions. At a meeting of the trustees of St. Andrew's 
Church held on the twenty-seventh of April in that 
year, a resolution strongly approving of the under- 
taking was passed, and Adam Jack was appointed 
to represent the trustees and act for St. Andrew's 
church. A committee had been appointed at a 

116 History of St. Andrew's Church 

meeting held on the first of February, 1838, to pur- 
chase a burial lot for the use of St. Andrew's Church, 
but no record apparently exists of any definite action 
upon the part of that committee. The Rural Ceme- 
tary, now known as Fernhill, was nevertheless a 
probable outcome of that action of 1838. 


Rev. William Donald. 

We now come to the period in the history of St. 
Andrew's Church, which was to be one of the bright- 
est eras in its existence. The pastorate had been 
assumed, as we have noted at the conclusion of the 
last chapter of this work, by Rev. William Donald. 

The leading men among the early Presbyterians 
in St. John were persons of note in the history of 
the city, and the congregational records of the church 
will show that the men who continued to actively 
promote the interests of the church were men of the 
same calibre. Scotchmen have ever been noted the 
world over for the prominent part played by them 
in religious and secular affairs, and a careful exam- 
ination of the archives of St. Andrew's Church will 
reveal the fact that the majority of its workers have 
been either Scotch by birth or descent, and further 
that the men who have been active in the work of 
the church have been equally prominent in the gen- 
eral history of our city. An examination of the list 
of trustees from year to year, which appears as an 
appendix to this work will be found to contain the 
names of men intimately associated with the com- 
mercial and social advancement of the community. 

Concerning Mr. Donald, the Telegraph of April, 
1876, makes the following comment, and while it is 
in the nature of an obituary and may be considered 
rather out of place in this portion of the work, its 
purpose is to give the reader a foretaste of the high 
esteem in which Dr. Donald, as he was more latterly 
known, was generally held. 

"It was said of him that he was one of those whose 
name will long be revered by all classes and all 


118 History of St. Andrew's Church 

creeds. Foremost in good works, zealous in the 
cause of his Master, an ardent lover of all that per- 
tained to the welfare of his fellows, Dr. William 
Donald was in the highest sense worthy of the 
esteem in which he was held. For twenty-two years 
he labored successfully among his people, teaching 
by his lofty precept and pure example the great 
truths of Christianity, until he was called from his 
labors to his final and peaceful rest. A worker in 
the cause of education, humanity and religion, as a 
man, a mason and a servant of God his actions 
gained him the esteem of the rich and the benedic- 
tion of the poor and fallen. In the home of his 
adoption he took a deep and kindly interest in all 
that advanced the welfare of the community, and 
his death left a gap which only the death of such a 
man could leave." 

As Dr. Donald was pastor of St. Andrew's Church 
for a very long period, and the most important part 
of his life work took place during the period of his 
ministry there, it may not be amiss to give a brief 
sketch of his parentage and early life. 

(Rev.) William Donald was born at Edingight 
Grange, Banffshire, on the sixth of June, 1807, and 
was the son of John Donald, a farmer, who was 
also ground officer to the Earl of Fife. The wife 
of John Donald had been Janet McHattie. Young 
Donald received more than an ordinary good educa- 
tion, for not only did he acquire all that was to be 
gained in the schools, but he was a student and grad- 
uate at Marischal College, Aberdeen, from which 
famous university he received the degree of M. A. 
He was in all eight years at Marischal, the Divinity 
course requiring the last four years. Before entering 
the ministry Mr. Donald taught the parish school 
at Huntly for six years. 

Rev. William Donald. 119 

The entrance of Mr. Donald into the ministry of 
the Established Church was one of the consequences 
of the Act of Secession, though it was six years after 
that event when he was ordained. He was one of many 
who had completed the required course of study and 
were ordained from time to time as their services 
were required at home or abroad. Mr. Donald, having 
been appointed to take charge of St. Andrew's Church, 
St. John, was ordained by the Colonial Committee 
of the Established Church, in April, 1849. 

In that month he made his preparations to leave 
for America, with his wife and family. His friends 
at Huntly, who embraced all classes, did not propose 
to let him go quietly as he might have wished, however, 
and they took an early opportunity of testifying their 
esteem for him in a substantial way. At a largely 
attended meeting held in the Duke of Richmond's 
Hall, Huntly, on Wednesday, April 11, 1849, Mr. 
Donald was presented with a beautiful silver tea 
service. On this occasion the chair was occupied by 
Alexander Stewart, Esquire, who addressed Mr. 
Donald on behalf of his many friends. At the con- 
clusion of his remarks and after the presentation, Mr. 
Stewart remarked that those present recognized in 
Mr. Donald not only in his public capacity as a 
teacher, in which all knew he had been very successful, 
but also in his private character as a gentleman, and 
above all as a kind friend to the poor, whose blessing 
he carried along with him. Mr. Stewart further 
expressed the earnest wish of the subscribers that Mr. 
Donald would meet with a harmonious reception 
from his highly respectable congregation, and that 
health, happiness and every worldly comfort might 
attend him, Mrs. Donald and the family. 

Mr. Donald's reply upon this eventful occasion 
was most feelingly appropriate. Although expressed 
in simple language it gives the keynote of the character 

120 History of St. Andrew's Church 

of him who was to be the pastor of St. Andrew's 
Church. It has been preserved to us, and it is a 
matter of regret that a lack of space will not permit 
more than a very brief notice of it within the limits 
of the present work. The concluding portion was 
as follows: 

"To all I beg to say that, highly as I esteem this 
valuable testimonial on its own account, yet still 
higher do I prize the feelings of regard and friendship 
which prompted the gift and yet more that it is 
not the gift of a sect or party, but the spontaneous 
expression of the good will of all classes and denomin- 
ations. Most sincerely do I thank you and pray that, 
although we may never again all meet on earth, we 
may all meet around the throne above, and be received 
there with the joyous sentence, 'Come ye blessed 
of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you 
before the foundations of the earth were laid.' " 

In those days most of the ocean passenger business 
was done by sailing vessels. A little more than ten 
years before it had been demonstrated that steam 
was practical, and in 1840 the Cunard line was 
established, but for a family going direct to St. John 
the voyage by sailing vessel continued to be the 
preferable method. Having taken leave of his friends 
at Huntly, Mr. Donald, with his family and a nurse 
for the children, started in search of a suitable ship. 
From Huntly they went by stage coach to Aberdeen, 
thence by steamer to the port of Edinburgh, from 
which place they went by railway to Glasgow. In 
the latter city they remained a week, but failing to 
find a ship bound for St. John they went to Liverpool. 
There they learned that the ship Themis, Captain 
Leigh ton, was chartered for St. John, and after a 
delay of another week they started on their journey 
to their new home across the seas. The Themis 

Rev. William Donald. 121 

called at Belfast, and reached St. John on the eigh- 
teenth of June, 1849, after a passage of twenty-nine 
days, the voyage being without incident of note. 

Mr. Donald received a hearty welcome on his 
arrival at St. John. "From the high character he 
has hitherto maintained and the very flattering 
testimonials he brings with him, we anticipate the 
happiest results," said the Observer newspaper in 
referring to his arrival. The anticipation was 
destined to be fully realized in the future years. 

On the following Sabbath, Mr. Donald made his 
first appearance in the pulpit of the old Kirk, and his 
initial sermon proved that he was the minister for 
whom the congregation had been looking. The first 
marriage at which he officiated was on the twenty- 
sixth of June, and the first baptism was on the fifth 
of July. Such were the beginnings of a ministry 
which was destined to extend over the next two 
and twenty years, which is now recognized as having 
been notable in many ways, and not the least feature 
of which was the continual growing to greater and 
greater strength of the ties which united the pastor 
and the people. 

Dr. Donald appears to have lost no time in taking 
up vigorously the work of the church. On the 
twentieth of August following his arrival, he, with a 
committee of the trustees, waited upon His Excellency 
the Governor, with reference to the lands of, and the 
government allowance to, the St. Andrew's Church. 

This church at that time included in its congregation 
men who were honored in public life and those whose 
names were towers of strength in the business of the 
community and the country. At the time of Mr. 
Donald's arrival, the chairman of the board of 
trustees of the church was John Pollock, of the 
influential timber and shipping firm known as Robert 
Rankin & Co. in St. John, and by other firm designa- 

122 History of St. Andrew's Church 

tions in the various ports where it carried on business 
in Great Britain, the colonies and the United States. 
Another of the trustees was the Honorable John 
Robertson, a member of the Legislative Council of 
New Brunswick who had been mayor of St. John 
by appointment of the government. He was an 
extensive shipping merchant and a man of ample 
means. He took a deep interest in Mr. Donald 
from the outset, and during the long pastorate he 
was of material aid to the minister, not only by his 
counsel and support, but by the free use of his wealth 
in aid of every good work. The other trustees were 
Adam Jack, president of St. Andrew's Society, of 
whom an extensive biographical sketch will be found;* 
John Wishart, a prominent and wealthy citizen; 
E. W. Greenwood; James Robertson; James 
Adam; Thomas Nisbet, president of the Mechanics' 
Whale Fishing Company; George Murray; John 
Duncan, of the extensive ship-building and ship- 
owning firm of Owens and Duncan; Alexander 
Jardine, of the well known firm of Jardine and 
Company, and who was for two years president of 
the St. Andrew's Society, and James Kirk, who was 
in the day of his prosperity the head of a very 
influential firm of mill-owners. 

The congregation, then and afterwards, included 
many others of high standing, among whom it may 
be sufficient to mention such names as those of Dr. 
John Waddell, superintendent of what is now the 
Provincial Hospital for the Treatment of Nervous 
Diseases, son of Rev. James Waddell who was the 
first supply of St. Andrew's Church after the comple- 
tion of the first building as before alluded to; William 
Girvan, later cashier of the Bank of New Brunswick; 
Thomas Sime, of Her Majesty's Customs, and subse- 
quently of Lloyd's; Robert Robertson; Robert 

History of St. Andrew's Society, p. 68. 


Rev. William Donald. 123 

Rankin; William and Robert Thomson, wealthy 
merchants of St. John; James McFarlane, one time 
President of St. Andrew's Society; Dr. William 
Livingstone, a leading physician and a relative of the 
great African explorer, and who had himself been on 
an Arctic expedition; Dr. Thomas Walker, a wealthy 
old time physician, and his sons; James Reed, of the 
firm of J. and R. Reed, owners of the famous Black 
Ball Line of clipper sailing ships; James Lawton; 
William Mackay; William Smith, afterwards Deputy 
Minister of Marine of Canada; Lauchlan Donaldson, 
who had been mayor of the city under government 
appointments, for seven years, and who by will left a 
munificent donation, the proceeds of which were to 
be used for charity, to the St. Andrew's Society; 
William O. Smith, who was later elected Mayor by the 
city council, and was afterwards continued in office four 
consecutive years by the annual vote of the citizens; 
the Honorable Hugh Johnston, a member of the 
Legislative Council, and a son of one of the first 
elders of the church ; Henry Jack, who for some years 
sang in the choir under the leadership of the late 
R. D. McArthur, before there was an organ to sustain 
the choir, and in subsequent years; George Young; 
Francis Ferguson, a wealthy lumber merchant and 
prominent citizen; Alexander Balloch, for many years 
Grand Master of the Freemasons of New Brunswick; 
Robert Nisbet; Julius L. Inches, later Secretary for 
Agriculture in New Brunswick, now deceased, and 
older brother of Dr. P. R. Inches, who has for nearly 
half a century been a member of the Board of Trustees ; 
Charles McLauchlan, of the well-known shipping 
firm of Charles McLauchlan & Co. ; Duncan Robertson ; 
John Gillis; Robert D. McArthur, who led the 
singing for very many years and was in many ways 
a pillar of strength to St. Andrew's Church for half a 
century; William Hutchinson and Alexander Robert- 

124 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Robert Jardine, one of the early presidents of 
the Gas Company, was one of the Kirk congregation. 
Mr. Jardine was also the president of the New Bruns- 
wick Magnetic Telegraph Company, which sent its 
first message from St. John to Halifax in November, 
1849. A still greater distinction which he enjoyed 
was in being chairman of the Board of Railway 
Commissioners of the European and North American 
Railway, the first to connect St. John with other parts 
of the province. In later years it became a portion 
of the Intercolonial Railway, uniting Quebec and the 
Maritime Provinces, and it is now a part of the 
Canadian Government Railway system. 

Some of these men were wealthy, and all were well 
to do. That they gave freely for the support of the 
church and pastor may be inferred from the fact that 
when a special collection was taken up to pay off the 
debt of the church, in 1854, the sum realized was 
$3,383. Nor were the congregation less liberal when 
their aid was asked for national movements, as was 
shown when the Kirk astonished the other churches 
of the province by the liberal donation it gave to what 
was known as the Patriotic Fund during the Crimean 

Upon the resignation of Rev. Andrew Halkit from 
the ministry of St. Andrew's Church, in 1848, corres- 
pondence was begun with the Colonial Committee of 
the General Assembly, with a view to obtaining a 
suitable minister. During the previous year, Rev. 
Norman MacLeod, who was even then a man of note, 
though not as famous as he became in later 
years, had visited St. John in company with 
two other prominent members of the General 
Assembly. The position held by St. Andrew's 
Church as representative of the Established Church 
in this part of the world was, it was thought, 
clearly pointed out to these visitors, and they were 


Rev. William Donald. 125 

understood to be much impressed. When, therefore, 
correspondence in regard to a pastor was begun with 
the Colonial Committee, it was believed that no time 
would be lost in sending the right kind of a man. 
The Committee, however, failed to give the attention 
which was expected, and some sharp letters were sent 
forward by the trustees during the summer of 1848. 
In July of that year, on the occasion of Mr. Charles 
Inches going to Scotland, he was furnished with 
documents likely to awaken the Colonial Committee 
to a sense of its neglect. One of these documents, a 
letter addressed to the Committee officially, expresses 
surprise that "an affair of such urgent importance 
to the interest of the Established Church as the 
placing of a man of eminence in a position such as 
St. John affords for strengthening and sustaining 
the Church should have been allowed to be so long 
apparently unattended to." There was further 
correspondence in the autumn of that year, and 
finally word was received that a suitable minister 
had been chosen in the person of Rev. William 
Donald of Huntly. 

During the vacancy in St. Andrew's Church, Rev. 
William Stewart was engaged as temporary pastor, 
leaving to go to Chatham, New Brunswick, in 
February, 1849. 

In those days the majority of the men of the congre- 
gation were Scotchmen born, and it may be readily 
understood that they would be satisfied with no pastor 
who was not qualified to do full justice to the Presby- 
terian belief and the traditions of his native Scotland. 
The happy choice of Dr. Burns had been made, a 
generation previously, by Hugh Johnston, Senior, 
when in Scotland, but in the instance of Mr. Donald 
the instructions were given to the Colonial Committee, 
the salary being fixed at 500 currency, equivalent 
to $2,000, and was large as salaries went in those days, 

126 History of St. Andrew's Chur* ii 

and a first-class minister was expected. The letter to 
the Colonial Committee had asked for "a man of 
eminence," and the result showed that the Committee 
was fully alive to its responsibilities. The wisdom 
of its choice of Mr. Donald was recognized from the 
time of his first appearance before the congregation. 

Mr. Donald was inducted as pastor on Tuesday, 
July 10th, 1849. On this occasion Rev. John Ross, 
of the town of St. Andrews, New Brunswick, presided 
and preached an impressive sermon. With him were 
Rev. John M. Brooke of Fredericton, and Rev. John 
Cassilis of St. Patrick, Charlotte Co., N. B., who had 
come out originally from Scotland to accept a position 
with King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia. On the 
following Thursday was held the first Kirk Session 
at which Mr. Donald sat as moderator. His remarks 
were plain and practical and he laid stress upon his 
intention to visit the members of the congregation 
as early thereafter as possible, and to cultivate the 
acquaintance of all who sat under his ministry. 
All who knew him will bear witness that he carried 
out this idea to the end of his days. As a pastor, he 
was ever watchful of his flock. 

At the time of Mr. Donald's arrival in St. John, 
the city had a population of about 21,000, and there 
were twenty churches. While the populaton has now 
probably reached a total of about 50,000, the number 
of churches has more than kept pace with the growth 
of population. Indeed it has been compared with 
Brooklyn, which is known as the City of Churches. 
An astute American visitor to the city, upon one 
occasion, has remarked, however, that the number of 
churches did not by any means indicate the religion 
of the people, but merely their difference of opinion. 

St. John had not in 1849 a good water supply, but 
a commencement had been made in 1838. It was not 
until 1852 that a fairly efficient system was installed. 


From " Footprint*"' by J. VV. Lawrence. 

Rev. William Donald 127 

John Duncan, president of the Water Company, 
was a member of St. Andrew's congregation, and so 
was James Robertson, the secretary and manager. 

Gas had been introduced into St. John in 1846, 
but no church was lighted with it until the latter part 
of 1847. In 1836, ten years before the advent of gas 
in this city, the trustees of the church had voted to do 
away with lamps in the church, and return to the use 
of candles. We also learn from the record that, in 
1835, the trustees had voted to put a railing in front 
of the church lot, in order, as they said, to keep 
cattle off the grounds. 

About the year 1847 the percentor was replaced by 
a choir which continued to lead the singing until 
1858, when an organ was introduced.* 

In 1849 all of the churches in St. John, with the 
exception of the St. John's (Episcopal) church at the 
end of Wellington Row, and the Congregational 
Church on Union Street, were built of wood. The 
first named was erected in 1824, and received the name 
of "The Stone Church," which pseudonym it bears 
to this day. When the city, then known as Parr- 
town, after John Parr, Governor of Nova Scotia, in 
which territory the present Province of New Bruns- 
wick was then included, was surveyed by Paul Bedell, 
only the area to the south of Union Street was 
included. Later the limits were extended to the 
north, and Germain Street carried through to the 
valley beyond. As there was no traffic over this 
section of the street, and very little settlement in the 
neighbourhood, Chief Justice Chipman, who owned 
the adjoining land upon which the Mechanic's 
Institute was afterwards erected, and who also owned 
a large block of land, about four hundred feet square 
to the north of and fronting on Union Street where 

* Weekly Telegraph, 5th March. 1879. 

12S History of St. Andrew's Church. 

his residence was situated, fenced in the end of 
Germain Street as part of his own domain. When 
it was proposed to erect the Stone Church he was 
approached as a possible contributor. He accordingly 
agreed to give a site, offering the lot originally reserved 
for the continuation of Germain Street. This offer 
was accepted by the corporation in good faith, and 
it was not until the church was well under construction 
that public attention was called to the fact that the 
building was being erected on public land. There 
was considerable agitation over the matter, and 
proceedings were commenced to enforce the city's 
claim to the land. This unfortunate affair was finally 
compromised^, after Judge Chipman had made two 
trips to England in an effort to support his claim to 
the land, by the opening of Peel Street, which is 
similarly surveyed through to the valley beyond, 
but which is not used as a thoroughfare beyond the 
northly line of Carleton Street, being subject to the 
same objection as the similar section of Germain Street. 

St. Andrew's Church was in line with Trinity 
Church and all other contemporary buildings of that 
day, in being constructed of wood. For the earlier 
brick buildings constructed in St. John, the bricks 
were brought across the Atlantic in sailing vessels, 
which made a brick building so expensive as to be 
almost beyond the reach of even the wealthier portion 
of the community. Stone for building purposes had 
been little used, except for military and other govern- 
ment work, on account of the costliness of construction . 

The seating capacity of St. Andrew's Church was 
originally about 650 seats, but it was finally enlarged, 
and at the time of its destruction by fire in 1877, it 
would accommodate about one thousand persons. 

Upon the arrival of Mr. Donald at St. John, he, 
with his family, lodged at the house of Mr. Thomas 
Nisbet, one of the congregation, which was on the 

Rev. William Donald. 129 

ground now occupied by the Bayard Building, on 
Prince William Street, immediately to the south of 
the present Bank of Nova Scotia Building. 

Soon after the arrival of Dr. Donald he was called 
upon to mourn the loss of his wife who died unexpect- 
edly on Sunday evening, the 3rd March, 1850, in her 
fifty-first year, which sad event took place during 
Mr. Donald's absence in Fredericton, whither he had 
gone to assist Rev. John M. Brooke in the discharge 
of ministerial duties. 

The St. John Courier makes the following kindly 
reference to the death of Mrs. Donald: "Although 
Mrs. Donald only came among us last summer, she 
had become a general favorite; and by her amenity 
of manners and kindness of disposition had not only 
gained the respect and esteem of the Presbyterian 
church of which her husband had the spiritual charge, 
but also of a large circle of friends belonging to other 
religious bodies. The funeral took place on Thurs- 
day last, when the stores were closed; and although 
the day was extremely stormy, it was numerously 
and most respectably attended." 

Before the death of Mrs. Donald, preparations had 
been made for a permanent home for the family, and 
this plan was carried into effect in the following 
May, a housekeeper assuming charge of the estab- 
lishment and of the children. 

The new home was on Germain street, and the 
house stood on historic ground. It was a portion of 
the lot No. 121, on the east side, south of Duke 
street, on which stood the first building erected in 
St. John for religious purposes, the same site being 
now occupied by the handsome residence of Mr. 
Percy W. Thomson, a grandson of Dr. Donald, into 
whose possession it came, by purchase, in 1906. 

In 1850 this portion of the city was, as it is to-day, 
a choice residential section. The immediate neigh- 

130 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

bours of Mr. Donald were Hon. John Robertson and 
Cyrus K. Fiske, M. D. f father of Mrs. P. R. Inches, 
and who was the leading dentist in the city in his 
day. Other neighbours were Hon. Hugh Johnston, 
Drs. William and Edwin Bayard, Hon. Robert 
Parker, judge of the supreme court and later chief 
justice of New Brunswick; William O. Smith, Colonel 
Henry Ormond, formerly of Her Majesty's 30th 
regiment of foot; Lieut.-Colonel the Hon. John 
Hamilton Gray, one of the foremost lawyers of the 
province, later a member of the parliament of Canada, 
and eventually a judge of the supreme court of 
British Columbia; Dr. William Livingstone; Rev. I. 
E. Bill, a leading Baptist clergyman; John Johnston, 
stipendiary magistrate, and his brother, Charles 
Johnston, who was afterwards high sheriff. The 
Johnston family had come from the vicinity of 
Huntly, John and Charles Johnston were half- 
brothers of Hon. Hugh Johnston and all were sons 
of Hugh Johnson, sr., who was one of the first elders 
of the Kirk, and who has already been mentioned 
as having been instrumental in securing Dr. Burns 
as its first minister. 

Mr. Donald's later years were spent at a residence 
in Pagan Place, a home of which many of the older 
members of the Kirk congregation retain pleasant 

Mr. Donald won the hearts of the congregation 
from the first, and it was soon evident that the 
Colonial Committee had faithfully discharged the 
trust reposed in them, of making selection of a 
pastor for St. Andrew's Church. Just forty years of 
age, the new minister was in the prime of his physical 
and intellectual vigor, and was a man whose face 
was an index of the kindly nature within him. He 
is described by those who knew him as being of 
average height, with a stout and well-proportioned 


Rev. William Donald 131 

figure, having fair complexion and blue eyes. His 
brown hair had turned to grey early in life, and 
thickly covered a shapely head. He was a man of 
fine character, with a kindly disposition, his open 
countenance and gentle expression giving clear indi- 
cation of the fine mental calibre of the individual. 

Mr. Donald, having been left with a young family 
on his hands and being still in the prime of life, 
naturally did what many other men have done under 
similar circumstances, he married a second wife. 
This lady was Miss Louisa Agnes Wilson, daughter 
of Hugh Wilson, Esquire, of Edinburgh, and then 
in the twenty-fourth year of her age. She was at 
that time residing at the house of Hon.John Robertson, 
and was a member of a Scotch family of good stand- 
ing. She is said to have been a woman of good 
education and with many accomplishments. The 
marriage took place on the twenty-ninth of June, 
1852, at the residence of Mr. Robertson, the officiating 
clergyman being Rev. John M. Brooke, of Fredericton. 
Mrs. Donald survived her husband for more than 
twenty years, dying in 1892 at the age of sixty-four. 
By this union there were nine children, one of whom 
died in infancy. 

Dr. Brooke and Mr. Donald were warm personal 
friends as well as fellow-laborers in the Master's 
vineyard. Duties in connection with the Presbytery 
of St. John frequently called Mr. Donald to Fred- 
ericton, and one of the early notable occasions was 
in October, 1851, when the first ordination of a 
Presbyterian minister in that city took place. The 
candidate was Rev. Francis Nichol, of Halifax. Mr. 
Donald presided at the public services and preached 
what the newspapers of that day styled "an excel- 
lent and appropriate discourse," from St. John, xii. 
46; "I am come a light into the world, that who- 
soever believeth on Me should not abide in darkness." 

132 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Mr. Donald made an earnest address to the young 
minister on the nature of the duties he had under- 
taken, and to the congregation of their responsibili- 
ties as members of the church and hearers of the 

The Ladies' Benevolent Society, which has had for 
its object the assistance of the poor in the congre- 
gation, was first founded in 1853, when Mrs. Grant 
was elected president. Mrs. Adam Jack, Mrs. Alex. 
Jardine, Mrs. William Donald, Mrs. James Lawton, 
Mrs. R. J. Cameron and Mrs. William Mitchell have 
at various times occupied that honorable position. 

William Girvan, who was for many years promin- 
ent in the affairs of St. Andrew's church, was 
appointed secretary of the trustees on the seventh 
of February, 1852, at a salary of thirty-five pounds. 

William Hutchinson, jr., who had in 1851 been 
elected session clerk, resigned that position and on 
the twenty-third of August. 1852, Mr. Girvan was 
appointed to that position also. 

During the many years of his ministry, Mr. Donald 
had frequent occasion to travel to distant parts of 
the province, in his attendance at church courts and 
on other work in connection with the Presbyteries 
of St. John and Miramichi. Now such journeys 
would be of but little moment, but for years after he 
became minister of the Kirk the facilities for travel- 
ling were of the most meagre sort, involving both 
discomfort and delay. It was not until about a 
year before his death that through railway communi- 
cation between Fredericton and St. John was opened 
up. To reach St. Andrews, another stage coach 
journey of sixty-five miles was necessary, unless one 
took steamer to Eastport, Maine, and travelled from 
thence to St. Andrews. The North Shore of the 
Province was even more inaccessible. From St. John 
to Newcastle involved a journey of nearly two hun- 

Rev. William Donald. 133 

dred miles by highway, and it was not until 1860 
that there was railway communication for even half 
of that distance. We of the present generation, who 
are accustomed to travel to Halifax, Quebec or more 
adjacent points, in comfortably heated and well 
lighted Pullman cars, but little realize the terrible 
hardships to be endured in undertaking long journeys 
through this province in the depth of winter, at even 
such a recent date as that alluded to. The early 
demise of Dr. Donald, which took place at the age 
of sixty-three, has been attributed largely to the 
hardships of travel which he was obliged to endure. 
Mr. Wiliam C. Watson was long an active worker 
in St. Andrew's Church. On the fourth of August, 

1858, he was appointed secretary of the trustees 
at a salary of twenty-five pounds per annum. He 
was Superintendent of the Sabbath School, and held 
other offices in the carrying on of the work of the 
church. Further mention of him will be found in 
the biographical appendix of this work. 

The time of service which had previously been 
held at three p. m., was on the twenty-first of April, 

1859, changed to six o'clock. 

In response to a petition addressed to the session 
a weekly prayer-meeting, to be held on Wednesday 
evening in each week, was decided upon at a meeting 
of that body held on the fourth of March, 1860. 

Mr. Donald was a strenuous worker for the main- 
tenance and extension of Presbyterianism, and an 
instance of this was shown in his effort to establish 
and maintain a Presbyterian church at Rothesay. 
Among the Presbyterians living there in the early 
sixties was Hon. John Robertson, and with his aid 
Mr. Donald started a church there which was in 
the nature of a chapel of ease to St. Andrew's church. 
Public worship was held there on Sunday afternoons, 

134 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Mr. Donald driving out there, a distance of nine 
miles, after morning service at the Kirk, and return- 
ing in time for evening service. Later, after the 
building of St. Stephen's church in St. John, Rev. 
G. J. Caie assisted in the work at Rothesay. The 
service was maintained during the lifetime of Mr. 
Donald, and indeed for some years after his death, 
but the labor was never crowned with the success 
that had been anticipated. 

Dr. Donald was not only a learned man and a 
lifelong student but he was deeply interested in the 
education of others. Having been a school-master 
by early training, he continued his interest in the 
cause of education after his removal to St. John 
and was one of the "Board of Governors and Trus- 
tees of the Madras School," which body included, 
officially, the Lieutenant-Governor, the Bishop of 
Fredericton, the members of Her Majesty's Council, 
the Judge of Admiralty, the Speaker of the House 
of Assembly, the Mayor and Recorder of St. John, 
the Rector and Wardens of Trinity Church, as well 
as the pastor of St. Andrew's Church. 

The Grammer School Board also included Mr. 
Donald upon its membership. This was in the days 
before the advent of Free Schools. The Board of 
the Grammer School, as by law established, included 
officially the Rector of Trinity Church, as its presi- 
dent, and the Mayor of the city as its vice-president, 
with the Recorder, ex officio, a member. Associated 
with Mr. Donald on this board may be mentioned 
Judge Parker, William Wright, Advocate General, 
Hon. John H. Gray, Canon Scovil, and Dr. Living- 
stone. This school was long regarded as among the 
most efficient in the province, and was the place of 
education of many of the men of St. John whose 
names were, and indeed still are, conspicuous in the 
annals of the country. Dr. Donald, as he was known. 

Rev. William Donald. 135 

after Queen's University of Kingston had conferred 
upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity, 
which it did in April, 1861, seldom, if ever, missed 
attendance at the semi-annual examinations held at 
the Grammar School, and upon addressing the pupils 
upon one of these occasions, in June, 1865, he stated 
that it was the thirtieth examination at which he 
had been present. It is even related that on his 
wedding day, in June, 1852, he did not omit his 
customary attendance at the semi-annual examination. 

Being of a most even-tempered disposition, Dr. 
Donald was not often drawn into the numerous 
newspaper controversies for which St. John was 
rather noted in the earlier times. Upon one occa- 
sion a minister of another church assailed him in 
a series of such letters, in the expectation of provok- 
ing from him a reply. In this he was disappointed, 
but after the discontinuance of the letters, he hap- 
pened to meet the author upon the street, and 
stopped to speak to him. To the surprise of his 
assailant, Dr. Donald, smiling pleasantly, merely 

remarked, "Now Mr. B , since you have freed 

your system of so much bile, I hope you are feeling 
very much better." 

Those who remember Dr. Donald in the pulpit 
will recall that it was the custom for the sexton to 
enter the church shortly before the hour appointed 
for service, bearing the large Bible with great solem- 
nity. Having placed this in position, on the pulpit, 
he would return to the foot of the stairway leading 
to the pulpit, where he took his position, like a 
soldier at attention. In a few moments Dr. Donald 
would emerge from the vestry, dressed in gown and 
bands, an,d with black kid gloves upon his hands, 
and mounting the pulpit stairs prepare for the ser- 
vice which was to follow. Immediately after him 
the sexton would again ascend the stairs and care- 

136 History of St. Andrew's Church 

fully closing the pulpit door, descend the stairs and 

Later this ceremonial was modified at the request 
of the trustees, the sexton merely placing the Bible 
upon the pulpit before opening the vestry door for 
Dr. Donald. 

In 1862 Rev. John Sprott, who has on more than 
one occasion been referred to in these pages, wrote 
to Dr. Burns as follows: 

"I learn from the press that you are publishing 
a volume of prayers. It is no easy task, yet you 
wrote a good volume years ago which did good ser- 
vice in the colonies. The world has undergone great 
changes since I first landed at St. John and slept 
on your sofa. I lately mounted guard on the 
Sabbath for Dr. Donald, and told the audience at the 
close that I had preached for you in the same pulpit 
forty-five years ago, and that if any remembered me 
I would be glad to speak with them, One poor 
widow remembered me and said that she was the 
last of her family*. 

The death of the Prince Consort caused general 
regret in St. John, and we learn from the records of 
the Kirk that on the twenty-seventh of January, 
1862, it was ordered that the church be put in mourn- 
ing in honor of his memory. 

The active interest taken by the congregation in 
charitable work in the mother country is evidenced 
from the fact that on the twenty-fourth of October, 
1862, it was ordered that a special collection be 
made in aid of the cotton operatives of England, 
on the twenty-sixth instant. The writer has not 
been able to learn the amount of that collection, 
but doubtless in accordance with the previous record 
of the church on similar occasions, it was a liberal 

* Memorials of Rev. Dr. John Sprott, p. 179. 

Rev. William Donald 137 

The allowance for choir purposes was increased 
to one hundred and fifty dollars on the seventh of 
November following, indicating that more attention 
was being paid to the musical feature of the religious 
worship, and a higher degree of musical cultivation 
upon the part of the congregation was demanding a 
corresponding improvement in the musical part of 
the church service. 

J. Gordon Forbes, then a young and active bar- 
rister of St. John, was appointed secretary and 
treasurer of the trustees at a salary of one hundred 
and forty dollars per annum, on the fourth of 
February, 1863. He has ever continued an active 
worker in the promotion of the interests of the 
church, having held every office in connection with 
the church and Sunday school, and is now a leading 
elder and clerk of the session. He did valuable 
work in connection with the Sunday school, but at 
the annual congregational meeting held in January, 
1910, felt obliged to resign this position, owing to 
enforced absences from the city in connection with 
his judicial duties. 

In April, 1864, Dr. Donald visited Scotland, his 
pulpit being supplied by Prof. Mowatt during his 
absence. Upon the eve of his departure a purse of 
four hundred dollars was handed to Dr. Donald as 
a contribution towards the expenses of the journey. 

In 1867, what was known as the organ controversy 
took place. Until that date no organ or similar 
instrument had been used in the church, but a change 
in the popular sentiment having gradually taken 
place, a large number of the congregation made a 
determined effort to introduce a pipe organ. On 
the twenty- third of May of that year, a petition in 
favor of instrumental music, signed by two hundred 
and sixteen members and adherents was presented 
to the Kirk Session. On the twentieth of June, 

138 History of St. Andrew's Church 

it appearing that one hundred and two com- 
municants favored the petition, while only thirteen 
were opposed to it, the Session resolved that 
the prayer of the petition be granted. It was clearly 
stated, however, that this music was simply to be 
used as an aid to the voice, and that it was to be 
wholly under the control of the Kirk Session. The 
practical result of this decision was to exclude the 
playing of voluntaries before, after or during the 
service and to prohibit even the playing over the tune 
by the organist, as is now customary, before the 
commencement of the singing. 

The organ was purchased at a cost of $1,600 and 
the resultant breach in the congregation was less 
serious than had been anticipated. Two families 
withdrew from the church, although some others 
who remained continued to make a silent protest by 
sitting during the singing while all the others stood. 
On the first Sabbath upon which the organ was used, 
Dr. Donald announced the Psalm cl, in metre. 
The first two verses of this he read in his usual manner, 
and without any trace of Scottish accent. Upon 
reading the third verse however, he used the "braid 
Scots" in his inimitable style, reading with much 
unction the following lines: 

"Praise him with trumpets' sound; his praise with 

psaltry advance 
With timbrel, harp, string'd instruments, and organs 

in the dance." 

Even the opponents of the organ were obliged to 
admit that a strong point had been scored against 

Mr. Card was the first organist, being succeeded 
by his daughter, Miss Card, who performed the duties 
until the latter part of 1878, when Herr Maximilian 
Sterne was appointed. At that tim'e a similar 

Rev. William Donald 139 

resolution to that passed in 1836 on the subject of 
congregational singing was made, although the idea 
was supposed to be new by the promotors of it. Mr. 
R. D. McArthur, leader of the choir, occupied that 
honorable position for the long space of more than 
thirty years, and discharged the duties with great 
fidelity and ability.* 

Dr. Donald, while a sound theologian and a good 
preacher, owed much of his popularity and the great 
esteem in which he was held by his congregation, to 
the fact that he was an ever ready friend and sym- 
pathizer wherever sickness, sorrow or death had 
entered any of the homes of his people. He shared 
the burdens of his people as well as their joys and 
pleasures, and where he gave counsel or sought to 
bring peace and comfort to the troubled mind, his 
evident sincerity and sympathetic manner left no 
doubt in the mind of his hearer that his words were 
the utterance from his heart. 

The summer of 1854 was long remembered in St. 
John as the year of the cholera, which caused more 
than twelve hundred deaths in the city and its 
vicinity. The late Dr. William Bayard, who recently 
died at the advanced age of ninety-three, has related 
to the writer many interesting tales of the ravages 
of that dreadful scourge. A near neighbour and 
warm friend of Dr. Donald, he was able to testify to 
the untiring zeal of the Scotch minister during that 
memorable occasion. For nearly two months, while 
the epidemic raged, Dr. Donald remained at his post, 
aiding the sick, comforting the dying, burying the 
dead. Business was suspended, the poorer classes 
were without work and without means to buy the 
necessaries of life, and the prospect of general 
destitution was so great that public meetings were 

* Weekly Telegraph. 5th March. 1879. 

140 History of St. Andrew's Church 

held and a committee was appointed to relieve the 
general distress and destitution. Dr. Donald was 
a leading member of this committee, and by his 
active work materially assisted in carrying on the 
plans for relief. 

One of the movements in which he also took a 
practical interest was the work of the Female Reform 
Society, in connection with a Home for Fallen 
Women, of which body he was the vice-president. 
In much of the good work in which he was engaged 
he had the practical aid as well as the sympathy of 
many prominent members of the Church of England, 
including Canon Scovil, Robert L. Hazen and others. 

By appointment from the Imperial authorities, Dr. 
Donald was a chaplain to the forces then stationed a 
St. John, a garrison town at that time. The Kirk 
was consequently the garrison chapel for the Presby- 
terians among the regiments stationed from time to 
time at St. John. On Sunday morning the men 
would be told off in three detachments, one of which 
would be marched to Trinity Church, the second to 
St. Malachi's Roman Catholic Chapel, while the 
third would go to St. Andrew's Church, where it 
occupied the north gallery. The writer, who lived 
for several years in the earlier part of his life at Queen 
Square, well remembers the church parade on Sunday 
mornings, and the sight of the Kilties in the gallery 
of the Auld Kirk. The last regiment of regulars 
stationed at St. John was the 78th Highlanders, under 
Major Warren, a detachment of which formed the 
escort at the funeral of Dr. Donald. 

Dr. Donald was the chaplain of the St. Andrew's 
Society for many years, and actively promoted the 
interests of that organization, the foundation stone 
of whose fabric is charity. He loved everything that 
pertained to Scotland and its people, and as the 
majority of the members of his congregation were 

Rev. William Donald 141 

actually of Scottish birth, this trait of his character 
contributed in no small degree to his firm hold upon 
the affections of his people. He was also an enthusi- 
astic curler, and was a member of the first curling 
club which was organized in St. John. Curling was 
first introduced into St. John by the officers of the 
72nd Regiment, which was stationed in this garrison 
from 1851 until 1854. The first curling stones were 
made for them by Peter Cormack, a city stone-cutter, 
and at times members of the St. Andrew's Society 
joined with the officers in the roarin' game. When 
the regiment left St. John, the stones were given to 
the St. Andrew's Society, and the first local curling 
club was formed. The rinks were at Lily Lake, and 
Dr. Donald was a keen player. 

In all movements of a Scottish national character 
Dr. Donald was an active participant. At the 
inception of the volunteer militia organization in 
St. John, about the time of the Fenian excitement 
in 1860, when a public meeting was held to consider 
the desirableness of forming a Scotch company, Dr. 
Donald was very active in urging suitable men to 
have their names placed on the roll. The company 
was duly organized, with Hon. John Robertson as 
captain; James MacFarlane as first lieutenant and 
Archibald Rowan, second lieutenant. In honor of 
the Prince of Wales, who visited St. John in 1860, 
and by his permission, the organization was named 
the Rothesay Rifles, one of his titles being Duke of 

In August, 1865, Dr. Donald became a member of 
the Masonic fraternity. Some mention of him in 
this connection will be found in W. F. Bunting's work, 
entitled, Freemasony in New Brunswick. At the 
annual election following his initiation, he was 
appointed chaplain of the lodge, which position he 
held until his death. He was also Grand Chaplain 

l 12 History of St. Andrew's Church 

of the Provincial Grand Lodge of New Brunswick, 
and of the same body when it became an independent 
Grand Lodge. 

On the 6th of September, 1866, Dr. Donald first 
publicly exercised his functions as grand chaplain, 
when a procession under the banners of the Provincial 
Grand Lodge was formed in the morning and the 
members of the fraternity marched to St. Andrew's 
Church, where Dr. Donald preached a notable and 
appropriate sermon. 

In 1855, the number of ministers of the Church of 
Scotland, was nine in the two Presbyteries, and of 
the Free Church, fifteen; divided into three Presby- 
teries, St. John, St. Stephen and Miramichi. In 
1861 the Church of Scotland had thirteen ministers 
and the Free Church twenty-four. About this time 
it was felt that the separation of the Presbyterian 
body into two churches, in whose theology there was 
no difference of opinion, was a mistake, and Union 
began to be thought of. A Union between the Free 
Church Synod and the Secession Church was consum- 
mated in Nova Scotia in 1860, the united body form- 
ing themselves into the Synod of the Lower Provinces. 
In the year 1866 the Synod of the Lower Provinces 
entered Union with the Synod of the Presbyterian 
Church of New Brunswick. This is the body which 
had seceded from the Church of Scotland in 1844. 
At this time it had eighteen ministers, about one- 
third from the Free Church of Scotland, about one- 
third from the Presbyterian Church of Ireland, and 
the others of ministers who had been trained in 
Divinity Hall, Halifax. The union was consummated 
in St. David's Church, St. John, New Brunswick, on 
the second of July, 1866. Then and there the two 
Synods met in their constituted capacity, their 
respective moderators occupying chairs placed side 
by side on a common platform in the presence of a 

Rev. William Donald 143 

large congregation. After the singing of the One 
Hundredth Psalm, the minute of the Synod of the 
Lower Provinces, agreeing to complete the Union, 
was read by the Rev. P. G. Macgregor, the clerk of 
that body. A similar resolution of the Synod of 
New Brunswick, was read by its clerk, the Rev. James 
Bennet. The rolls of the two Synods were then 
called, and the basis of Union, engrossed upon a 
parchment roll, was read. Dr. James Bayne, the 
moderator of the Synod of the Lower Provinces, and 
the Rev. James Gray, Moderator of the Synod of 
New Brunswick, then subscribed the basis, and 
declared the two Synods to be now merged into one, 
to be known by the designation of the Presbyterian 
Church of the Lower Provinces of British North 
America. The moderators then gave each other the 
right hand of fellowship, in which action they were 
followed by the ministers and elders present, while 
the congregation joined in singing the One Hundred 
and Thirty-Third Psalm, which describes how good 
and pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in 
unity. On the roll of the united Synod, which was 
divided into seven Presbtyeries, were the names of 
one hundred and thirteen ministers, of whom eighteen 
had been members of the Synod of New Brunswick, 
and ninety-five of the Synod of the Lower Provinces.* 

* Hannay's New Brunswick, pps. 408-9. 


Death of Dr. Donald Pastorate ofRev. Robert 
J. Cameron. 

During the year 1869 it became evident that Dr. 
Donald's health was failing, and later a suitable 
allowance was made in order to provide an assistant. 
On the 14th of April, 1870, Dr. Donald introduced 
Rev. Robert J. Cameron as his assistant, and the 
name of Mr. Cameron was added to the Session Roll. 

The quarterly celebration of the Lord's Supper 
was decided upon at a meeting of the session held 
on the twenty-seventh of November following. 

During the remainder of the year Dr. Donald's 
health failed even more rapidly. His nervous 
system became completely broken down and it was 
with difficulty that he was able to walk. Mr. 
Cameron performed the ministerial duties, and on the 
twenty-second of January, 1871, Dr. Donald tendered 
his resignation, which was accepted as a sad necessity, 
and Mr. Cameron was elected the minister of the 
Kirk. Soon after that event, that which his 
physicians had feared happened, and Dr. Donald 
died, shortly after a stroke of paralysis, at his home 
on Pagan Place, at ten minutes after eight, on 
Monday morning February 20th, 1871, at the age of 
sixty-three years and seven months. 

The funeral of Dr. Donald on the afternoon of 
Thursday, the 23rd of February, was a notable event 
in the history of the city. Prayer was offered at the 
house by Rev. Peter Keay of the Nashwaak, after 
which the procession to the Kirk was formed. As 
was remarked by Mr. Caie in his address, not only 
was it the first funeral of a minister of St. Andrew's 


showing Spire of Kirk. 

Rev. Robert J. Cameron 145 

Church in the fifty-five years of its history, but it was 
the first funeral of a Presbyterian clergyman in St. 
John and it was the first time that a body had been 
borne over the threshold of the Kirk. 

Within the building, the pulpit, chancel, organ 
and gallery fronts were heavily draped in mourning. 
The church was filled to its utmost capacity, while 
without stood crowds unable to obtain admission. 

The cortege having entered the church, the choir 
sang the words of Paraphrase liii., founded upon 
the first chapter of Thessalonians, verses 13 to 28. 

Take comfort, Christians, when your friends 

In Jesus fall asleep; 
Their better being never ends; 

Why then dejected weep? 
Why inconsolable, as those - 

To whom no hope is giv'n? 
Death is the messenger of peace, 

And calls the soul to heav'n. 

After the Paraphrase, there followed a prayer by 
Rev. R. J. Cameron, he in turn being followed by 
Rev. George J. Caie, who delivered a brief address 
from the text, "He being dead yet speaktth." 
(Heberws xi. 4.) 

In his remarks, Mr. Caie paid a well earned tribute 
to the life work and influence of the deceased minister. 
After the hymn, "Thou are gone to the grave, but 
we will not deplore thee!" the congregation filed out 
of the church, and the procession to the cemetary 
was formed. 

The pallbearers, chosen from among the elders of 
St. Andrew's Church, were Hon. John Robertson, 
Robert Robertson, (Indiantown), William Girvan, 
Alexander Jardine, John Wishart and Dr. John 
Waddell. A detachment of the 78th Highlanders 
acted as an escort. 

146 History of St. Andrew's Church 

The mourners consisted of Dr. Donald's sons, the 
elders of the Kirk, the members of the Kirk Session 
and clergymen of various denominations. All along 
the route of the procession the stores were closed, 
all classes joining in the tribute of respect to the 
memory of the beloved pastor of the Kirk. 

At a subsequent meeting of the session a committee 
consisting of Rev. R. J. Cameron, Dr. John Waddell 
and Matthew Lindsay was appointed to prepare and 
place on record a suitable memorial expressive of 
the feelings of the congregation towards their late 

Dr. Donald was an earnest servant of the Master, 
full of zeal for the advancement of the Kingdom 
which he proclaimed. His sermons were prepared 
with great care and evidenced much thought and 
research. He seldom preached outside of his own 
pulpit, evidently considering his work to be within 
St. Andrew's Church and among the people over whom 
God had placed him and whose spiritual interests he 
considered as paramount. 

In 1874, Dr. Burns, the first minister of the Kirk, 
died at Edinburgh, at the age of eighty-six. 

On July 1st, 1868, a union was consummated 
between the two Synods in connection with the 
Church of Scotland in New Brunswick in the Mari- 
time Provinces, the Synod of New Brunswick and 
the Synod of Nova Scotia. The united bodies 
assumed the name of the Synod of the Presbyterian 
Church of the Maritime Provinces in connection with 
the Church of Scotland. The Synod was divided 
into five Presbyteries, on the rolls of which there were 
the names of twenty-nine ^ministers and four 
missionaries; there were sixteen ministers in Nova 
Scotia, two ministers and three missionaries in Prince 
Edward Island, and eleven ministers and one 
missionary in New Brunswick. The next union in 


Rev. Robert J. Cameron 147 

order was one of all the Presbyterian Churches in 
Canada. This was brought about on the 15th June, 
1875, with appropriate ceremonies. On the roll of 
the Assembly thus created by this Union, there were 
altogether the names of 623 ministers. At the present 
time there are upwards of sixty ministers in New 
Brunswick of the Presbyterian Church, forming a part 
of the Synod of the Maritime Provinces.* 

A few years before the death of Dr. Donald he had 
the assistance of Rev. Robert Cameron, a Nova 
Scotian, a young man of much promise, a diligent 
student and a sincere Christian. After Dr. Donald's 
death he continued to exercise the office of pastor 
until June 12th, 1876, when he resigned his charge 
and went to Scotland, where he was called to a church 
near Edinburgh and did noble work for his Master, 
which, however only lasted two years, when he 
entered into rest, a young man full of the Holy Ghost. 

On the Saturday evening prior to the departure 
of Mr. Cameron and wife, the congregation met in 
the Kirk for the purpose of bidding him farewell and 
Godspeed. Luke Stewart, Esq., was called to the 
chair, when William Girvan, elder, read a very 
touching address on behalf of the session, trustees 
and congregation, at the close of which he handed 
Mr. Cameron a purse of sovereigns, and a mahogany 
case containing a gold chronometer balance watch, 
to which was attached an Albert chain and pendant. 
On the inside of the watch was a suitable inscription. 
On the locket attached to the pendant of the Albert 
chain were likenesses in oil of Mr. Cameron and his 
estimable wife. On the previous Friday evening Mr. 
Cameron's Bible class to the number of thirty, met at 
Mr. Girvan's house, where he was staying temporarily 
and presented him, through Hugh H. McLean, with 
a beautiful address, accompanied by a pair of very 

* Hannay's New Brunswick, p. 408. 

148 History of St. Andrew's Church 

handsome gold cuff buttons, marked upon them 
the reverend gentleman's monogram. Of the elders 
present on that Saturday evening six in number 
only one, Mr. John H. McRobbie, is living, and of 
the trustees eight in number only two survive, 
viz., Dr. P. R. Inches and Mr. James Knox. 


Rev. William Mitchell The Fire of 1877. 

The year after the resignation of Mr. Cameron, 
the congregation extended a call to Rev. William 
Mitchell, of Montreal. Mr. Mitchell accepted, and 
was inducted early in 1877, having been introduced 
to the session on the thirtieth of January. He 
labored in the congregation until March, 1882 five 
years. He was of commanding figure and a good 
preacher and platform man. It was during his 
ministry that the disastrous fire occurred which laid 
in ashes the Auld Kirk. In the building of the 
present beautiful structure Mr. Mitchell was active 
and always at hand to counsel and advise on points 
of architecture, of which he had many good ideas. 
Much of the credit for the beauty as well as the 
comfort and convenience of the present building is due 
to him, and his careful supervision of the many details. 
As an illustration, the roominess of the pews may be 
pointed out, each pew being two inches wider from 
back to front, than as originally planned by the 
architects. This slight alteration made a very 
great difference in the roominess of the pews. The 
last that the writer heard of Mr. Mitchell was that 
he was laboring to good advantage for the cause of 
the gospel in a southern city in the United States. 

Mr. Mitchell attained an astonishing degree of 
popularity among the general public of the City 
of St. John, and at the ordinary services, particularly 
in the evening, it was the usual thing to see even 
the galleries crowded almost to their capacity. 

Two memorial tablets had adorned the walls of 
the interior of the Kirk for many years, in honor of 

150 History of St. Andrew's Church 

the memory of two of the founders. One to William 
Pagan, a prominent old-time merchant and member 
of the legislature, and the other to the memory of 
William Campbell, who had been mayor of St. John 
at the time the Kirk was built. A third, com- 
memorating the life and labors of Dr. Donald, was 
placed on the walls on the 6th March, 1873. When 
the Kirk was burned, in 1877, these tablets were 
destroyed, as were the oil portraits of Dr. Burns and 
Dr. Donald, which had hung in the vestry. With 
the exception of the clock which hung on the front 
of the gallery in the main body of the church, and 
which was saved by the efforts of Mr. Alex. A. Watson, 
a member of the congregation, almost everything 
belonging to the Kirk was destroyed. Even the 
church bell was melted, the metal disappearing amid 
the mass of ashes and debris, only the iron tongue 
remaining as an evidence of its fate. 

From the building of the Kirk until 1837 it was the 
only Presbyterian place of worship in Saint John, 
and since that date six others have been established 
There were in 1876. 

St. John's Rev. James Bennett. 

St. David's Rev. Dr. Waters. 

Covenanters' . . Rev. A. McL. Stavely. 

Calvin Rev. Dr. Maclise. 

St. Stephen Rev. Dr. Macrae. 

Carleton Rev. J. C. Burgess. 

In 1876 a Ladies' Sewing Circle was instituted, 
with a view of making useful and fancy articles and 
having sales, the proceeds derived from such sales 
to be applied towards the erection of a new church. 
Mrs. Alex. Jardine was first president. She was 
succeeded by Mrs. Lawton, and Mrs. Thomas A. 
Rankine later held the office. 


Mi-. K. D. M( AkniiK (left), Miss Jean Knox (right). 

Rev. William Mitchell 151 

Miss Jean Knox was for years recognized as the 
representative of the Bible Society in this church, 
and annually, at great personal inconvenience, made 
large collections in aid of the funds of that society. 
She was a sister to Mr. James Knox.* 

Weekly Telegraph, 5th March, 1878, 

The Re-building of St. Andrew's Church. 

St. Andrew's was the first church in the City of 
St. John after the great fire of the twentieth of June, 
1877, to turn the sod for a new building. The Daily 
Telegraph comments concerning that event in the 
following words: 

"The plans of this church prepared by Messrs. 
Langley, Langley & Burke, Toronto, have been 
received by the building committee, and if the other 
parties engaged in connection with the building 
only complete their respective parts in as finished 
and masterly a style as the architects have done 
theirs, every one will have reason to be satisfied. 
***** Although the plans were only 
received yesterday operations on the site of the church 
have been going on for about three weeks. The level 
of the lot which was rather low before, has been 
raised four feet, sewers have been made and water 
piping laid, and excavations made for foundation 
walls under the school house." * 

In consequence of the lateness of the season it was 
thought best to build the school-house first, in time 
for occupation during the winter, leaving the church 
proper, for which the cut stone could not be prepared 
in time, for the following year. 

The work of re-building was commenced in a most 
energetic manner, the first meeting of the building 
committee being held at the office of Hugh H. McLean 
on Thursday evening, August second, 1877, when 
the committee was organized, and the minutes of the 

Issue of 13th September. 1877. 



Re-building of the Church 153 

congregational meeting of the Thursday previous, 
July 28th, was read. The following constituted the 
building committee. 

Alexander Jardine, Chairman. 
D. J. Schurman, Treasurer. 
James Straton, Secretary. 

Rev.Wm. Mitchell, ex officio. 

Luke Stewart. . Matthew Lindsay. 

James Macfarlane. Robert Marshall. 

James Knox. Dr. P. Robertson Inches. 

Edward I. Brass. Robert D. McArthur. 

William Rainnie. Thomas A. Rankin. 

John H. McRobbie. William Logan. 

H. B. Jackson. James Hannay. 

W. C. Whittaker. Dr. John Bennett. 

Fortunately this committee proceeded in a most 
methodical and business-like manner to the fulfillment 
of the task before them, and the minute book, in the 
hand-writing of James Straton, the secretary to the 
committee, is still in the possession of St. Andrew's 
Church. About thirty-three meetings of the com- 
mittee were held, and the following is the attendance 
as shown by the records. It will be remembered 
that the Chairman, Alexander Jardine, died during 
the progress of the work, and that the vacancy caused 
by his demise was filled by the addition to the 
committee of his son, Alex. C. Jardine. In giving 
the attendance at committee meetings, the joint 
attendance of father and son has been stated. The 
attendance was as follows: 

James Straton 32 Luke Stewart 16 

Matthew Lindsay 30 James Knox 16 

Dr. P. R. Inches 28 H. B. Jackson 16 

Rev. W. Mitchell 26 William Logan 13 

James Hannay 25 R. D. McArthur 12 

154 History of St. Andrew's Church 

William Rainnie .24 Robert Marshall 10 

Jas. Macfarlane 23 Jardines, father and son 10 

J. H. McRobbie 21 D. J. Schurman 7 

E. I. Brass 19 W. C. Whittaker 5 

T. A. Rankine 18 Rev. Jas. Bennett, D.D 4 

As it was necessary to obtain legislative sanction, 
before proceeding along certain lines of the work, a 
Bill to be presented to the New Brunswick Legislature 
was prepared, and was submitted to B. Lester Peters, 
for a professional opinion. 

At this first meeting of the committee, the chairman 
reported that he had purchased 100,000 of the old 
bricks from the Victoria Hotel adjoining, at $6.60 
per thousand, for use in the construction of the new 
church. A note was read from Robert Marshall, 
suggesting that the site of the old kirk be sold by 
tender. The records do not state what alternative 
proposition the committee or Mr. Marshall had in 
view, but the committee was unanimous in its 
resolve to rebuild upon the old site. A third of a 
century has passed since that decision was arrived 
at, and its wisdom has never been questioned. It 
would be difficult to select a site to-day, that would 
be more uniformly convenient for the majority of 
the congregation than that of the old Kirk. At this 
meeting it was also determined to call for plans for 
a building to cost approximately $40,000, and with 
a seating capacity for twelve hundred people.* Sub- 
committees were appointed, amd the work distributed 
as much as practicable. 

At the meeting held on the 9th of August it was 
decided to accept the plans of Langley, Langley & 
Burke, architects of Toronto, and that as the 
estimated difference in the cost of the building 
between a front of stone and one of brick was $2,000, 
that a stone front building be decided upon. 

On the 13th of August the committee appointed 


Re-building of the Church 155 

to confer with Mr. Langley, reported that he had 
agreed to furnish plans and specifications and to act 
as referee in case of disputes, for a commission of 
2% upon the cost of the building, which he assured 
the committee would not exceed the sum of $40,000. 
The Daily Telegraph of the 11th of August, 1877, 
states that "As the congregation is very desirous 
of having their first service in a church free of debt, 
the architects are restricted to $40,000 as the cost." 
An examination of the last annual financial statement 
of the church will show a mortgage indebtedness of 
$30,000 still outstanding on the 1st of January, 1911, 
so it will be observed that this hope was not to be 

The very general financial depression in St. John 
which succeeded the few months of buoyancy after 
the fire of 1877, was the cause of this sad state of 
affairs. The members of the congregation, most of 
whom had been in a most flourishing condition 
financially, prior to June, 1877, suddenly found 
themselves obliged to face new problems and new 
business conditions. The direct loss to the city 
generally by the fire has been variously estimated, 
but it may safely be placed at $25,000,000. To 
this must be added at least a like amount for conse- 
quential loss, due to changed business conditions, 
the necessity for providing new buildings in which 
to carry on business as well as the provision of new 
homes for their families, the loss of time and conse- 
quent loss of trade through not being able to fill 
orders which thus drifted into new channels, and 
very many features which cannot now be entered 
upon. The wreck of one or more large business 
houses would carry down other smaller firms more 
or less dependent upon the larger houses for financial 
support and credit, and the system of accommodation 
paper, which from this date became much more 
general in St. John than had been previously the 

156 History of St. Andrew's Church 

custom, involved much financial loss to firms, even 
when bankruptcy did not immediately ensue. Some 
firms struggled along for years under a heavy financial 
burden, only to be obliged in the end to yield 
to the inevitable. The very great proportion of the 
buildings erected in 1877, and the years immediately 
following, were built largely upon borrowed capital, 
and most of them, dwellings as well as business 
houses, were subject to heavy mortgages. In some 
cases, where the owners of these buildings were 
unable to meet their interest payments, the properties 
passed from the original owners, under foreclosure 
proceedings. A long period of business distress, 
the severity of which can scarcely now be realized, 
resulted. In this general business gloom, the congre- 
gation of St. Andrew's Church, drawn largely from 
the ranks of the leading business men of the com- 
munity, suffered severely, and the buoyant hopes 
that the church might be opened in 1878, free from 
debt, was destined not to be realized. The work 
upon the church proceeded vigorously, however, 
and the building was in due time completed, although 
the burden of a mortgage just alluded to, has ever 
since remained. 

On the 20th of August, Mr. William Murdoch 
was employed to take the levels and grades of the 
lot, the sewer to be commenced on the following day. 
At this date it was also reported that the Petition 
to the Legislature had been approved. On the 30th 
of August, James Straton, the secretary, reported 
that he had visited Fredericton in the interests of 
the Bill. At this meeting the use of artificial stone 
for the front of the building was suggested by James 
Hannay, and decided against. On the 3rd of 
September it was reported that the Bill had passed 
both houses of the Legislature, practically as drafted. 
A loan from the estate of Hon. John Robertson or 
some English capitalist was discussed. 

Re-building of the Church 157 

On September 12th, the sketch plans for the new 
building were summitted and approved, and the 
secretary reported that application had been made 
in various directions for a loan, upon the following 
security, the valuations of which are as stated by 
that committee. 

Lots, St. Andrews Street. . 5,600 

Lots, church site 2,500 

Church, when completed . 9,000 

Total 17,100 

On the 17th of September the committee were 
informed that tenders had been called for the church 
and school-house, the plans and specifications to be 
seen at the residence of E. I. Brass, and to close on 
the 28th of September at noon. This was ultimately 
extended to a later date, and on the 1st October, at 
a meeting held at the residence of Mr. Brass, the 
following tenders were submitted. 

Rainnie & Rudge $44,000 

J. E. & O. L. Giddings 63,900 

Smith & Carlisle 49,931 

James McDonald & Co 47,000 

The tender of Rainnie & Rudge was accepted at 
$44,350. It was decided to ask the trustees to 
borrow the sum of $30,000 on mortgage. Subscrip- 
tion lists to be opened, all -amounts to be made in 
four payments, semi-annually, on the 1st of May 
and the 1st of November, 1878, and the 1st of May 
and the 1st of November, 1879. 

Rainnie and Rudge were unable to fulfil the 
contract, and the work upon the school-house was 
undertaken by Stirling and Perry and Tibb under 
the supervision of Messrs. Brass and Rainnie. On 

158 History of St. Andrew's Church 

the 18th of January, 1878, it was reported that the 
school-house was ready for the plasterers. Also 
that the trustees had borrowed $30,000 from the 
trustees of the late Hon. John Robertson, at ten 
years upon all the property of the corporation. 

The committee submitted the following financial 

Amount paid to date $11,856 86 

Amount unpaid to date 923 93 

$12,780 79* 
Estimated balance required to 

complete the school-house . . 2,438 00 

$15,218 79 

The committee were authorized to call for tenders 
for the main church building, the secretary reporting 
that the architects had drawn for $500 which had 
been accepted, but that there were complaints that 
the working plans had not been received, and that 
he had declined to accept any further drafts at 

At the meeting held on the 15th of February, 1878, 
the death of the chairman of the committee, 
Alexander Jardine, Esquire, was reported, and Robert 
Marshall, James Hannay and James Straton were 
appointed a committee to prepare a suitable resolu- 
tion. The name of A. C. Jardine was added to the 
committee. On the 16th of February, the Rev. 
Mr. Mitchell reported subscriptions, 

Cash $15,130 

Bell, clock, Fount and Bible 1 ,000 




Re-building of the Church 159 

An offer from Sterling & Emery to complete the 
church, except sewerage, for the sum of $38,000, 
was accepted, the work to be completed by the first 
of October, 1878. It was reported that a lot on 
Horsfield Street had been bought by the late Alex. 
Jardine for the church, and Robert Marshall thought 
that this lot should be taken off the hands of the 
estate. A. C. Jardine, proposed for membership on 
this committee in place of his father, had been spoken 
to and had declined to serve. 

Matthew Lindsay was appointed chairman both 
of the building and sub-committee. It was proposed 
that Rev. Mr. Mitchell should go to Great Britain 
to solicit subscriptions towards the completion of 
the church. A committee was appointed to take 
action along these lines. For the proposal, Messrs. 
Marshall, Hannay, Macfarlane, Schurman, McArthur 
and Brass, against Messrs. Lindsay, Inches, McRobbie 
and Rankine. Mr. Mitchell and Mr. Jackson did 
not vote. 

The next meeting of the committee, which took 
place on the 25th of April, was held in the lecture- 
room of the church, when it was reported that leave 
of absence to Mr. Mitchell had been concurred in by 
the Session, that the subscription list had reached 
$19,000, and might reach $23,000. The collection 
of subscriptions was discussed, and in consequence 
of some differences of opinion, the chairman, Matthew 
Lindsay, resigned. The meeting refused to accept 
his resignation, James Macfarlane offered an explana- 
tion which seemed to be satisfactory to everybody, 
and the chairman agreed to remain. It was decided 
that the pastor should have a lease of the lot on 
Horsfield Street, the committee paying one year's 
rent. The organ committee, R. D. McArthur, 
J. H. McRobbie and M. Lindsay, reported having 
purchased an organ from Hook & Hastings of Boston, 

160 History of St. Andrew's Church 

for $3,000 on easy terms. A vote of thanks was 
passed to Rev. Mr. Mitchell and William Rainnie 
for soliciting subscriptions, as well as to Hugh H. 
McLean for the use of his office in which to hold 
the meetings of the committee. 

A period of nearly three months elapsed before the 
committee were again called together, upon which 
occasion a letter was read from the pastor, then in 
England, stating that if his canvas was to be suc- 
cessful, he would require more time, and upon resolu- 
tion it was determined to leave the date of his return 
entirely to his own discretion. 

The date which appears in the stone-work upon 
the front of the church, and which seems to have 
aroused the ire of J. W. Lawrence, was brought to 
the attention of the meeting held on the 6th of 
September, when the foreman of the stone-cutters 
appeared and submitted a design, having the in- 
scription "1783 St. Andrew's Church 1878," 
which it was proposed to cut in the stone-work, 
whereupon it was "agreed that the proper date of 
Grant be ascertained, and name of Church and 
different dates be put on front of church." 

On the 16th of September, the work of construction 
had so far advanced that the committee discussed 
the matter of the heating of the church and the 
stained glass windows. Rev. Mr. Mitchell reported 
having collected "on the other side," "including 
policy on Lewis Rivers' life," * 730, less his expenses 
132, net about 600, and also produced a handsome 
silver trowel, "gift of Samuel Dickson, Cornhill, 
London, to Trustees of the Church." On motion, 
the thanks of the committee were accordingly tendered 
to Rev. Mr. Mitchell. At this meeting also, the 
Rev. Mr. Mitchell, M. Lindsay, E. I. Brass, William 
Rainnie, were appointed a committee wfth reference 
to a memorial stone. This is the stone which is now 

This Policy was for 1,000, and was afterwards paid to St. Andrew's Church. 


Re-building of the Church 161 

beneath the reading desk in the church, and which 
was laid with appropriate ceremony, upon the com- 
pletion of the work. 

One week later, on October 11th, another meeting 
of the committee was held, at which some important 
changes in the new building were decided upon. The 
width of the pews was changed from two feet four 
inches and two feet seven inches, to three feet two 
inches. This change was made upon the advice 
of the pastor, and the result has been to make St. 
Andrew's Church probably the most comfortable 
and roomy in the city of St. John. Instead of a 
single floor it was also decided to lay a double floor, 
having a layer of felt between the two floorings. 
This change was probably made upon the advice 
of Mr. Brass, who was one of the most conscientious, 
painstaking and honest builders that ever lived, 
in St. John. The good state of preservation in 
which the building remains today, in spite of the 
severe climatic conditions encountered, is a monu- 
ment to the careful supervision of Mr. Brass. At 
this meeting also, an agreement was arrived at with 
the firm of Spence, of Montreal, for the stained glass 
windows, for the sum of $1,420, with an additional 
$100 for placing the glass in position, and including 
two ventilators, one in either of the two side windows 
above the gallery. The gas-lighting, the coloring 
for the inner walls, the cushions and racks for the 
pews were also dealt with upon this occasion. 

By the 15th of January, 1879, still further progress 
towards the completion of the building had been 
made, but the vane surmounting the spire had been 
bent by the force of a heavy gale, and it was decided 
to have this repaired and strengthened at once. 
Rev. Mr. Mitchell, who appears to have been par- 
ticularly energetic and successful in the matter of 
securing subscriptions towards the building fund, 

162 History of St. Andrew's Church 

was appointed a committee, with power to add, in 
furtherance of this branch of the work. 

On the 21st of January the finance committee 
reported, and were granted more time. The num- 
bering of the pews was dealt with. It was reported 
that the organ had arrived, and the money to pay 
the duty thereon was to be handed to Mr. McArthur. 
The question of the disposition of the pews was 
discussed, but not finally dealt with. 

We now come to the period when the matter of 
an historical sketch of the church to be placed under 
the memorial stone, was discussed, and a committee 
was appointed to prepare such a sketch, namely: 
Rev. Mr. Mitchell, James Macfarlane, Luke Stewart, 
James Hannay, and James Straton. The promise 
of the gift of a communion table and chair by R. D. 
McArthur was announced at this meeting, and a 
committee appointed to arrange for a memorial 
stone, and also for an appropriate programme upon 
the occasion when this should be placed. The organ 
committee, with Mr. Brass, were requested to arrange 
seats for the choir. It was decided that the pews 
should be rented from year to year, the choice of 
same to be disposed of by auction at 7.30 p. m. 
on the 18th of March. 

The work upon the new church was by this date 
nearly completed, for on the 1st of April, 1879, 
all committees were asked to report all liabilities 
incurred and outstanding, the bill for the heating 
plant was ordered to be paid, two notes to 
E. & G. G. Hook & Hastings, one at twelve months 
and one at eighteen months, both dated 12th of 
February for $916.67 each, the balance due upon the 
organ, were handed to R. D. McArthur, chairman 
of the organ committee with a request that he forward 
same. These notes were made payable at the 
National Rockland Bank, Boston, and were signed 


Re-building of the Church 163 

by the chairman of the Board of Trustees of St. 
Andrew's Church, and were endorsed by the following 
members of the committee: 

M. Lindsay, E. I. Brass, 

T. A. Rankine, P. R. Inches, 

R. D. McArthur, William Logan. 

On the 2nd of June, 1879, in less than two years 
from the date at which the Auld Kirk had been 
destroyed by fire, the new building had been erected, 
practically as it now stands, with stained glass 
windows, tower and spire, pipe organ, and complete 
in all departments. The difficulties encountered 
were almost insuperable, and this committee, nearly 
all of whom have now passed away, are deserving 
of some suitable memorial at the hands of the con- 
gregation of St. Andrew's Church. In other churches 
built in this city at the same time and under similar 
difficulties, part of the work is not even yet com- 
pleted in accordance with the original design.* In 
still other instances work has been found defective, 
necessitating the reconstruction or renewal of the 
spire or some other portion of the building. In St. 
Andrew's Church, however, the building remains 
as completed, a monument to integrity, industry, 
energy and executive and financial ability. 

On the 5th of April, 1878, the portion of the 
building containing the school and lecture rooms 
had been completed and a formal opening took place 
in the evening. Fully seven hundred persons were 
present and a bountiful repast for all comers was 
spread in the lecture room. The tall and bearded 
figure of the genial pastor might be observed welcom- 
ing all who entered the doors. At eight o'clock all 

* In two cases at least the tower and spire are as yet incomplete, in some 
buildings a cheap grade of colored glass was utilized as a temporary expedient 
to save money, sometimes the use of artificial stone was resorted to. 

164 HrsTORY of St. Andrew's Church 

present adjourned to the Sunday School room above 
and the chair was taken by Mr. William Girvan, 
one of the older members of the congregation, who 
was for many years cashier of the Bank of New 
Brunswick. Upon the platform were seated with 
the pastor, Rev. Doctors Bennett, Waters and 
Maclise, and Rev. Messrs. Chappell, Burgess, 
Macrae and Carey, with James Hannay and W. C. 

The proceedings commenced with the reading 
of the Psalm cxxxii. Following a prayer by the 
pastor, came the opening address by the chairman, 
followed by other addresses by Messrs. Burgess, 
Bennett and Chappell, all of whom extended their 
congratulations to the congregation of St. Andrew's 
Church for the energy displayed in pushing forward 
the work upon the new edifice. 

James Hannay followed, making reference to a 
movement which had been quietly taking form in 
the early part of 1877 for the erection of a new church 
in place of the old building which had so woven 
itself into the lives of the members of the congrega- 
tion that even those who inclined to feelings of 
veneration could have looked upon its demolition 
without regret. 

"No congregation in St. John was more heavily 
stricken by the great fire than that of St. Andrew's 
Church. Eighty of our families lost their homes, 
five of the congregation lost their lives in the flames, 
all lost property and the means of all were to a 
greater or less degree affected by the disaster. Yet 
this congregation never for a moment hesitated 
as to its duty. While the ashes of our homes were 
yet warm our people were called together to devise 
ways and means for maintaining the services of the 
church. Two congregational meetings were held 
to make arrangements for the erection of a new 

Re-building of the Church 165 

church edifice, and at the last of these a committee 
of nine members of the congregation was appointed 
to act in conjunction with the trustees as a building 
committee. To this committee was given the most 
ample powers, in fact there was only one stipulation 
which the congregation insisted on with regard to 
the new church, and that was that the school room 
should not be in the basement. Some time, but not 
too much, was expended in the obtaining of suitable 
plans from competent architects, but finally the plan 
was decided upon which is now being carried out, 
of which as much is completed as you now see. 

"The building committee felt that in erecting this 
church, they had a duty to fulfill both to the con- 
gregation and to the city at large. Therefore they 
adopted a plan of a church which will answer the 
requirements of the future, as well as of the present. 
I trust that it is not improper for me to say that in 
the work of perfecting the plans of this church and 
arranging for its erection, the building committee 
has acted with a single eye to the welfare of the 
congregation. I may add that it has been a most 
harmonious body, and that while not without those 
differences of opinion among its members which 
are the results of individual tastes, no important 
step has been taken to which every member of the 
committee did not consent. The only cause for 
sorrow that we have had as a committee since our 
work commenced has been the loss of our chairman, 
the late Mr. Alexander Jardine, whose sudden death 
has been a great grief to us all. The interest which 
he took in the work was so great that it would be well 
could he but have lived to see the completion of the 
new church. But it was otherwise ordered, even 
the privilege of seeing this portion of it finished was 
denied him." 

Dr. Waters, pastor of St. David's Church, followed, 

166 History of St. Andrew's Church 

and after extending his congratulations to the mem- 
bers of the congregation, he mentioned the fact that 
St. Andrew's and St. David's were the only two 
Presbyterian churches that had been destroyed, 
and expressed satisfaction that they had been able 
to replace them with such solid and substantial 
structures as were now planned for. Dr. Waters 
reminded his hearers that the new St. John would be 
fairer and have a better style of architecture than the 
old. "The true church, however, is not a stately 
church, nor a lofty church with a high tower, but one 
composed of living men and women, real and true 
followers of the Lord Jesus Christ, not merely nominal 
Christians, but determined to spread abroad the 
Gospel. A working church, an earnest church, 
does not remain satisfied with the mere building 
of an edifice. It must be doing the Master's work 
not by the minister alone, nor by the elders alone, 
nor by the trustees alone, but they must be united. 
There must be, too, a thorough unity of purpose, 
bound altogether by love. The church must be a 
liberal, a giving church." 

Dr. Waters was followed by Mr. Matthew 
Lindsay, the superintendent of the Sabbath School, 
who said: 

"I presume that I have been called upon because 
of my connection with the Sabbath School, and 
because as superintendent elect, I may represent 
that interest. Teachers and children will be glad 
to meet here again. I recall the Sabbath School of 
St. Andrew's Church for twenty years, but my more 
immediate connection with it began some fifteen 
years since, when Mr. Girvan was the superintendent. 
The superintendent gets a closer view of the inner 
life of the people than any other person connected 
with the church, save its pastor. I have been 

Re-building of the Church 167 

intimately connected with church work for twenty 
years, and remember many scenes within it. I have 
to regret that the Sabbath School lost everything by 
the fire. Their organ was taken into the street by 
a friend who was afterwards burned in his own house,* 
but books, catechisms and furnishings were all lost 
to the amount of $600, and I ask you to aid us in the 
matter. I should be pleased if you entirely replaced 
our loss." 

Dr. Donald Macrae, pastor of St. Stephen's 
Church said: 

"I offer you my congratulations upon your entrance 
to this beautiful room, and I offer as proof of my 
sincerity the effort which I have made to get here 
tonight. My own church was not a sufferer by the 
prodigious fire, but we all claim to be connected with 
St. Andrew's. I think the history of old St. 
Andrew's Church is venerable, but unlike the many 
ancestors described by John Bright as having com- 
prised the whole of their life work in coming over 
with William the Conqueror, it has a present as well 
as a past. St. Andrew's is not ashamed of the 
sisters and daughters that have sprung from her, 
as swarms from the parent hive. They have 
strengthened her by leaving, and are still proud of 
the old mother. I am proud of the motto, too, of 
the church of my fathers, never more appropriately 
used than on the present occasion, nee tamen consum- 
ebatum, not yet consumed. The old Roman found 
his city brick and left it marble; your church was 
wood, you leave it stone. This gate of the temple 
is fine, the temple itself will be worthily beautiful 
when constructed. May your pastor never lose 
the prayers of his congregation and be abundantly 
prosperous in his ministrations." 

* Mr. Joseph Bell, who was burned to death In his own house, corner of 
Duke and Canterbury Streets, His body was totally consumed, no portion 
of his remains ever having been recovered. 

168 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Dr. Maclise, of Calvin Presbyterian Church, 
followed, and said: 

"The circumstances of this meeting are peculiarly 
happy; not long since you were overwhelmed with 
sadness at the loss of your church, but it was better 
that that good old memorial of old times should 
have gone up like Elijah, than to have been pulled 
down in pieces and burned in stoves all over the 
city. If this is only the addendum of the building, 
what will it be when completed? St. Andrew's 
Church did not burn, it was only the building. The 
congregation are still united. I congratulate you 
on your prospect of being free from debt, which is 
not an easy thing to pay off sometimes. Little 
more than a year ago I addressed this congregation 
and gave them the best advice I could. It was on 
the induction of the pastor. I exhorted them to 
support him in every way and I am glad to see that 
they have done so, in a most wonderful manner. 
I congratulate St. Andrew's Church on their enter- 
prise and hope that they will go on and do great 
work in our common good." 

Rev. G. M. Carey was the last of the visiting 
clergymen to address the gathering on this occasion: 

" I am in sympathy with the Scotch divine of whom 
I have heard, who used to say that he always wished 
to be brought in at the end, as he was great at the 
benediction. I am glad I am at the end, as the 
burden of the work is always at the beginning, but 
in consequence of preparatory communion service 
I could not get in earlier. I should like very much 
to take the motto from you. I agree in the sentiment 
that will not burn, our families, our homes, our faith 
in that which is across the pond, that which cannot 
burn. I remember the first time that I preached in 
St. Andrew's Church, in the time of the late Rev. 

Re-building of the Church 169 

Dr. Donald, one very much respected gentleman of 
the congregation asked who I was, and on being 
informed of my nationality and denomination, raised 
his hands in holy horror, but now things are changed ; 
we are living in a state of unity and fellowship which 
did not then exist. I was always sorry before the 
fire to see the Victoria Hotel looking down on your 
church, but now I am certain that your church will 
look down on any erection which may be built next 
you. I like good neighbours; for eleven years I 
have been near St. Andrew's Church, and have always 
liked my Presbyterian brethren (turning to the 
ministers). I embrace you all, notwithstanding my 
love for the "water." I preached for Dr. Waters 
the Sunday before the fire, and that gentleman a 
few weeks ago on the occasion of opening my new 
school-room, acted in my stead, I having been 
detained in Nova Scotia, and I do not know if ever 
I shall be able to repay the debt I owe him. I trust 
that St. Andrew's Church will take a deeper hold 
on the feelings of the people. I am glad to say we 
saved our communion service which had been used 
only once, as well as our bell. Let us cherish the 
memories of the past; they build us up and bind us 
together to the glory of God and the good of our 
common Christianity." 

The pastor of the church, Rev. William Mitchell, 
was the concluding speaker of the evening, and said : 

"My experience amongst you has not been very 
lengthy, but I must say that I never spent a more 
pleasant evening in my life than I have to-night. It 
has been said that there is no joy so joyous but what 
there is some sorrow, and we cannot recall the past 
without thinking of old faces which are not present 

"Old faces look upon us, 
Old forms go trooping past." 

170 History of St. Andrew's Church 

but whilst there are some whom we should have liked 
to have had with us to-night we trust that they have 
gone to that temple, not made with hands, eternal 
in the heavens. One of the elements of my happiness 
is that I have no speech to make, in fact I dare not 
make one at this late hour. Indeed, the thoughts 
of all our hearts have been so well interpreted 
already that such a duty on my part is superfluous. 
I am pleased at the gathering to-night, and with 
the splendid speeches of my brethren. I have been 
intensely interested in the success of this enterprise 
to which we have put our hands, and have not been 
altogether wanting in the faith and energy necessary 
to sustain the duties and anxieties of the past months. 
The motto which has been spoken of was a happy 
thought, originating not with me, but with Mr. 
James Hannay, the president of the Young Men's 
Association of St. Andrew's Church, and which for 
the occasion we may freely translate as "stricken 
with fire but not consumed." I am glad to be able 
to say that the collection this evening has reached 
the handsome sum of $183. On behalf of the congre- 
gation I beg most heartily to thank the ladies who 
have so kindly furnished the lunch, the gentlemen 
who have addressed you, and the choir for their 

The choir then sang the anthem, "Jerusalem my 
Glorious Home," followed by the long metre doxology, 
and the meeting closed, Dr. Waters pronouncing 
the benediction. 

During the evening several musical numbers were 
rendered, under the direction of Herr Maximilian 
Marcus Sterne. 



The Dedication. Termination of the Pastorate 
of Rev. Wm. Mitchell. Financial Position 
in 1882. Call to Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D. D. 

Immense audiences assembled at the several diets 
of worship, and there was a great manifestation of 
interest, when, on the 16th of March, 1879, the new 
St. Andrew's Church was opened for public worship 
for the first time. Three services were held at the 
respective hours of 11 a. m., 3 p. m. and 7 p. m. The 
church building was by this time fully finished and 
furnished in every part, and the appearance which 
it presented was one of extreme beauty. 

The service at 11 a. m. was attended by a congre- 
gation numbering some thirteen hundred persons, 
filling every available seat in the building, and was 
commenced by the singing of the Doxology. Then 
followed a brief prayer by the Rev. William Mitchell, 
the pastor. This was a most impressive and beautiful 
invocation to the Most High for His blessing upon 
the church that was about to be dedicated to His 
service. The one hundred and twenty-second Psalm 
was sung, after which Mr. Mitchell read the sixth 
chapter of the second book of Chronicles, the Rev. 
Dr. Burns of Halifax, N. S., following in prayer. 
Another portion of scripture was read by the pastor, 
the one hundred and second Psalm sung, and followed 
in turn by the offering of the Lord's Prayer. 

Dr. Burns chose as his text, Daniel ii, verse thirty- 
four, and the last clause of verse thirty-five: "Thou 
sawest till a stone was cut out without hands, which 
smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and 

172 History of St. Andrew's Church 

clay, and brake them to pieces. And the stone that 
smote the image became a great mountain and filled 
the whole earth." 

"In dreams and visions of the night," said the 
preacher, "when deep sleep falleth upon men, there 
rose before the view of the mighty Nebuchadnezzar 
the colossal figure of a man. It portrayed the great 
world-power in its totality. In that mammoth image 
the royal slumberer had shown to him all the kingdoms 
of the world and the glory of them in a moment of 
time. First, the Babylonian Empire, reaching 
through Egypt, Phoenicia and Palestine to the 
ends of the earth, as then recognized and because 
of its vast wealth and varied resources fittingly 
symbolized by the head of gold. The breast was 
Cyrus, the two arms were Media and Persia, which 
united in him. The Medo-Persian Empire was of 
silver, being inferior in opulence and splendor to its 
predecessor. The belly and thighs of brass represent- 
ed the Graeco-Macedonian Empire under Alexander 
the First, including also Syria and Egypt; which 
formed the two chief of the divisions into which it 
was afterwards broken up. Then followed the Roman 
Empire, under the symbol of iron, indicating that 
while not equal to the others in luxury and splendor, 
it was superior in strength, solidity and endurance. 
The ten toes of the two feet typify most exactly the 
ten kingdoms. The two legs represent, according 
to some, the eastern and western divisions of the 
Roman Empire; according to others, the secular 
and ecclesiastical powers, into which the Roman 
Empire, after its decline and fall, was divided. 

"The king next sees a little stone cut out of a 
mountain by an invisible agency, without the inter- 
vention of human hands. This small stone, he sees, 
gathering as it goes, smiting against the great image, 
reducing it to powder, and scattering it to the four 

The Dedication 173 

winds of heaven like chaff of the summer threshing 
floor. Finally the stone's bulk is so mightily increased 
that it becomes a great mountain and fills the whole 

"Our theme is thus the Kingdom of Christ in the 
five features here sketched, and as this church has 
been erected for the furtherance of this kingdom, 
the subject cannot be unsuitable for the dedication 

"The kingdom of Christ is insignificant in its 
outward aspect. It is a stone a little stone. It 
was thus with its Founder. One of the most familiar 
figures of Him was a stone. Jacob spoke of Him as 
the 'Shepherd, the stone of Israel' as the one stone 
on which would be 'seven eyes' for though 
unnoticed at first He would become the 'observed 
of all observers.' David sang of Him as the 'stone 
rejected of the builders that was to become the head- 
stone of the corner.' Isaiah describes Him as the 
'tried stone.' Nor can we forget his own solemn 
statement, 'Whoever shall fall upon this stone shall 
be broken, but on whomsoever it shall fall, it shall 
grind him to powder.' There was nothing in His 
earthly origin and surroundings to attract 

' No earthly beauty shone on Him, 
To draw the carnal eye.' 

"A tiny babe in a manger cradle; a hard-working 
mechanic at the carpenter's bench; a condemned 
malefactor on the cruel cross was He. Strange that 
the kingdom in its present and previous forms should 
have been represented in its rise by the helplessness 
of infancy. The babe in its bed of hay in the stable 
at Bethleham; the other babe in its bulrush ark on 
the sedgy banks of the Nile; yet there was the hiding 
of their power. 

174 History of St. Andrew's Church 

"The course of the kingdom's Founder all through 
had 'no outward pomp.' He had none of the glitter- 
ing paraphernalia that deck out the kings of the earth. 
He takes up little children in His arms. He scatters 
benedictions among the poor. He receiveth sinners 
and eateth with them. He beckons to and blesses 
a blind beggar. He lets a love glance drop on the 
widow's mites. He girds himself with a towel and 
washes his disciples' feet. He rides on a little pony 
borrowed for His use. His associates in building up 
and pushing forward the kingdom He founded were 
not selected from the mighty and noble. He chose 
the poor of this world. Himself the reputed son of 
a carpenter. He called to His service fishermen, 
tax-gatherers, and such like those counted the filth 
of the world and the off-scouring of all things. When 
the Magi came on their mission they found not a 
ripple raised on the surface of Jewish society, and 
looks of vacant astonishment met their eager enquiry: 
'Where is he that was born King of the Jews?' 
Thus from the beginning, 'The kingdom cometh not 
by observation.' It had not the imposing adjuncts 
the adventitious attractions which belong to the 
kingdoms of this world. His countrymen expected 
it otherwise. Hence when He came to His own 
they received Him not, and His disciples clung to 
the last to the favorite notion that He would restore 
the kingdom to Israel in more than its pristine 
grandeur. Anti-Christ has carried out this notion 
to the full. How opposite the appearance of things 
in Rome now from that presented in Jerusalem then! 
The elements of earthly pomp, the emblems of worldly 
power become not the kingdom of Him who made 
Himself of no importance. He designed His kingdom 
to be a stone, a little stone that would gradually 
increase in size until it became a great mountain; to 
be a seed a mustard seed that would imperceptibly 

The Dedication 175 

sprout and spread till it became a great tree beneath 
whose over-arching branches all peoples might gather. 
"The kingdom of Christ is spiritual in its nature. 
It is a stone cut out of the mountain without hands. 
Their rise and progress were associated with the 
battle of the warrior and garments rolled in blood. 
Hands of mighty men long stayed from working by 
the paralysing of Him who was at once the terror 
of kings and the king of terrors, had laid their founda- 
tions and also finished them. But this kingdom was 
founded and fostered by the head and heart and hands 
of Him who is invisible. The spiritual was to resemble 
the material temple in this that no shout of busy 
workmen nor sound of clanging masonry was to be 
heard in the neighborhood. In hushed stillness the 
work was to go on. 'Neither hammer nor axe nor 
tool of iron must be heard while it was building. 
Slowly, secretly, silently, it must grow as do the trees 
of the forest.' 

1 Nor workman's steel nor ponderous axes rung. 
Like some tall palm, the noiseless fabric sprung.' 

"Thus does He build the temple of the Lord, who 
is to bear the glory. Amid the wars and rumors of 
wars that make earth an Aceldama, amid the clashing 
din of civil and ecclesiastical strife, the house not 
made with hands goes up. Quietly it swells from 
the vale below. Soon it will pierce the sky, and the 
top-stone be brought forth with shouting of 'Grace, 
grace unto it.' 

" Not by might not power is the work accomplished, 
but by my Spirit, saith the Lord of Hosts, and they 
who are honored to participate as workers, if they 
be of those who have a mind to work, will be foremost 
to say, 'Not unto us, not unto us, but unto Thy name 
be the glory ascribed.' The kingdoms of this world 

176 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

are established and sustained by martial force and 
material resources, but 'My kingdom,' saith the 
Prince of Peace, 'is not of this world.' His throne 
rests not on a pyramid of human wills, but in each 
meek and lowly mind. ' I dwell in the high and holy 
place with the man who is humble.' The kingdom 
of God is within you. The heart is His house. 

' His throne He hath established here, 
Here fixed His loved abode.' 

'"In whom also ye are builded together for an habi- 
tation of God through the Spirit.' A stone cut 
without hands, furnished a weapon that dealt a 
death-blow to the ritualism that is becoming so 
common in the Church. Human hands are so naked 
now in the arrangements of the Church, that there 
is an increasing tendency to ignore the Divine. Let 
it never be forgotten then, the elements that enter 
the composition of the kingdom, and mark the char- 
acter of the subjects are all spiritual, for ' the kingdom 
of God is not meat and drink,' nor anything outward 
and ceremonial, but righteousness and peace and joy 
in the Holy Ghost. The kingdom consists not in 
worshiping in this mountain or the other, after this 
model or other, it is not made of copes and tippets, of 
chasubles and stoles, of censors and candles, or wooden 
dolls and clerical odors, of old wives fables and any 
amount of man millinery. How much is now in the 
Church that is 'cut out with hands?' The sensuous 
worship, so common in certain quarters is all of this 
kind. How much of ritualistic rubbish has got piled 
up within the Church! When the Lord, whom the 
faithful worshippers seek, suddenly comes to His 
Temple, He will peremptorily say 'Take these things 
hence.' Would that all, even now, rising to the 
measure of perfect manhood in Christ, and ridding 

The Dedication. 177 

themselves of such foolish entanglements, would say 
with the Apostle who testified most strongly against 
going back to such weak and beggarly elements, 
'When I was a child I spake as a child, I understood 
as a child, but when I became a man I put away 
childish things.' 

"I notice, thirdly, that the kingdom of Christ is 
victorious in its achievements of the stone cut out 
of the mountain without hands. We are told that 
'it 'smote the image upon its feet that were of iron 
and clay, and brake them all to pieces.' This is, in 
another form, the barley cake tumbling into the camp 
of Midian and routing the enemy; or the ram's horns' 
blasts making the walls of Jehrico fall flat, or the 
stripling David stretching the vaunting Goliath on 
the plain, or worn Jacob threshing the mountains 
and beating them small. It is our glorious leader 
facing the mountain, and flinging out defiant challenge, 
'Who art thou, O great mountain, before Zerubbabel, 
thou shalt become a plain.' It is faith, mighty faith, 
lying on the flat bare promise of God and catching 
inspiration therefrom to grasp the mountain and hurl 
it into the denth of the sea. 

"The 'little stone' rolls up against the great image 
till it totters to its fall. He did so when first it started 
on its career of triumph. He came against Pagan 
idolatry and academic doubt; against Pharasaic 
bigotry and Sadducean scepticism, and none of them 
could resist the onset, Need I recall the ancient 
victories of the cross? Need I recount the marvellous 
march of that little band whose captain expired in 
ignomony and agony on the accursed tree from 
Calvary and Olivet to the uttermost parts of the 
earth. It was a march from victory to victory. The 
Cross the weapon of their warfare, the winner of their 
battles. 'By this sign they conquered' a sign to 
most of defeat and disgrace. Into many lands the 

178 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

greater then Caesar came. 'He came He saw 
He conquered.' From the fields of their bloodless 
contests, His, at first few and feeble, returned, with 
the shout of triumph upon their lips. 'Now thanks 
be unto God, who always causeth us to triumph in 
Christ and maketh known the savour of His knowledge 
by us in every place.' The victories of the past 
foreshadow those that are to come. Idolatry may 
rear its golden head. Mahometan imposture and 
Jewish unbelief may display, in inferior style, their 
silvery sheen. Infidelity, glorying in its shame, may 
present its brazen attractions, and Rome Papal try 
to rival Rome Pagan with its boasted system of cast 
iron, and its modern admixtures; but not one of them 
is a match for the 'little stone.' 

"Amid the pardonable congratulations which are 
being exchanged to-day on the 'strength and beauty' 
that are in this sanctuary, let us not forget what, in 
the earlier portion of our discourse, was sought to 
be illustrated, namely that the Kingdom is spiritual, 
that the stone was cut out of the mountain 'without 
hands.' Let us learn from this in what consisteth 
the distinguishing glory of the Church. Not the 
material temple, however gorgeous, but the indwelling 
and oversight of the temple's Lord. In heaven is 
no temple, yet it is all temple because He is there. 
In this place, too, there is 'One greater than the 
temple.' The distinctive dignity of the kingdom 
is to be found, not in architectural adornments, or 
in the charms of painting and music, in the multipli- 
cation of rites, or the ridiculous display of frivilous 
antics and fantastic dresses. The glory from the 
Lord whom the humble worshiper seeks, suddenly 
comes to His temple and fulfils His promise, 'I will 
glorify the house of My glory.' The kingdom is not 
meat and drink. The true church is cut out without 
hands. Jerusalem is from above. It cometh down 

The Dedication. 179 

out of Heaven from my God. Before the Lord, the 
living and the true, came to His temple, it was little 
better than a mammoth mausoleum. Death reigned 
in those sacred courts. Those imposing rites and 
gorgeous robes could but ill conceal the features and 
the form of true religion's corpse. The superstition 
of the Pharisees, the rationalism of the Saducees, 
mysticism of the Essenes, the political finesse of the 
Herodians, the godlessness of the masses, formed 
but different phases of the prevalent death. Thus 
is it with every church where the stone is cut with 
hands. Is not the flagstone on the arch, the memorial 
stone in the building, with the motto gleaming from 
its solid and shining surface, 'Other foundation can 
no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.' 
Other things may be important in their place, but 
they must be secondary and subordinate, on either 
side. When the tabernacle of God is with men, this 
gracious presence invests the humblest barn, or 
barren moorland and bleak sea-shore, with a glory 
to which many a cathedral, with its long-drawn 
aisles and fretted arches, and frescoed ornaments 
and dim religious light is a stranger. 'The Church's 
one foundation is Jesus Christ our Lord.' 'Jesus 
in the midst,' is the Church's crowning ornament. 
He seeketh such to worship Him as do so, not formally, 
but in spirit; not feignedly, but in truth; and without 
this the measured tramp, the musical chant, the 
punctillious adherence to every jot and tittle of the 
most elaborate rubric, will be but the bodily service 
that profiteth little, the prelude to services of a 
different kind that accompany the funeral obsequies 
of lost souls. 

"We claim an honorable ecclesiastical ancestry. 
We inherit martyr memories. Our fathers, where 
are they, and who? Scots, worthies a cloud of 
witnesses of the Naphtali stock for with great 

180 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

wrestlings did they wrestle. There is many a moss- 
covered stone there's many a blood-dyed hillock 
in that dear old land, which form the mute though 
meet memorials of their trials and triumphs. Catch 
the mantle, imbibe the spirit of those heroes and 
heroines of the covenant of whom the world was not 
worthy, who lived unknown till persecution dragged 
them into fame and chased them up to Heaven. 
Barter not away for any price, principles which have 
made so many lives sublime and so many deaths 
glorious. Be bent on transmiting to your latest 
posterity those priceless privileges which you now 
enjoy which were wrung far, far from the reluctant 
grasp of crowned and mitred tyrany. Be worthy 
sons of such worthy sires who, for the crown rights 
of the King and the immunities of the kingdom, 
counted not their lives dear unto them overcoming 
by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of His 
testimony. We have not yet resisted unto blood, 
nor are you likely to be called on to do so. But when 
with them it was blood, we shall surely not be sparing 
of our money. 

"Brethren beloved, forget not on this day of sacred 
festivity, your relations to the stone. You must 
either build upon it or be broken by it. I trust its 
progress amongst you will receive a fresh impetus 
from this new era in your history. You have not 
offered unto the Lord that which cost you nothing. 
Liberal souls among you have devised liberal things. 
Continue to do so and by liberal things you will 
stand. May peace ever be within these walls and 
prosperity within this spiritual palace. Here may 
the gospel ever be preached in its purity and power! 
Here may ordinances ever be dispensed in all the 
solemn simplicity of their primitive original! Here 
may there ever sound out the word of the Lord with 
no uncertain sound from pastor and people! May 

The Dedication. 181 

this pulpit and these pews ever exemplify the com- 
munion of saints. May they illustrate till these 
walls crumble and the top-stone of a grander edifice 
be brought forth with shoutings the one Lord the 
object of worship; the one faith the subject of 
worship; and as worship's climax and consummation 
the one God and Father of all who is above all and 
through all and in all, and the one Lord Jesus Christ, 
the tried stone, the precious corner stone, the sure 
foundation, the glory of Whose kingdom shall yet 
reach unto Heaven and fill the whole earth. Let 
us seek to do our part in the accomplishment of this 
glorious result. Let us labor and pray and give, 
that the stone may not slacken its progress but roll 
on, in its might and majesty, breaking down and 
gathering up till it becomes a great mountain. It 
is our interest as well as duty to be associated with 
those who would help it forward all the more, that 
His Kingdom is an everlasting Kingdom and His 
dominion one that shall not be destroyed. 

"Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome, where are they 
now? Gone never to return. But it shall stand 
forever. If you be enrolled in the Everlasting 
Kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, you will never 
be 'linked with a lost cause,' but associated with an 
enterprise immortal as its Founder, and bearers of 
a name that is above every name. 

"Nebuchadnezzar, Cyrus, Alexander, Caesar, 
where are they? Their memory and their name is 
gone, but His name shall endure forever. His name 
shall be continued as long as the sun. 

O, where are kings and empires now, 

Of old that went and came? 
But, Lord, Thy Church is praying yet, 

A thousand years the same. 

182 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

We mark her goodly battlements, 

And her foundations strong; 
We hear within the solemn voice 

Of her unending song. 

For, not like kingdoms of the world, 

Thy holy Church, O God! 
Though earthquake shocks are threatening her, 

And tempests are abroad. 

Unshaken as the eternal hills, 

Immovable she stands, 
A mountain that shall fill the earth, 

A house not made with hands. 

"Now blessed be the Lord God, the God of Israel, 
who only doeth wondrous things and blessed be 
His glorious name forever, and let the whole earth 
be filled with His glory. Amen and Amen." 

At the service held in the afternoon the church 
was again filled to its capacity. Rev. John Bennet, 
D. D., pastor for many years of St. John's Presby- 
terian Church, occupied the pulpit. The service 
was opened by the singing of the One Hundredth 
Psalm, which was rendered with great fervor, the 
large congregation present joining with the choir in 
singing this familiar Psalm and glorious melody. 
Following the reading of the Fortieth Psalm, the 
Rev. Dr. Bennett delivered an impressive prayer, 
and after the singing of a hymn, announced his text, 
taken from 2 Peter, I, 14-19. The subject was ably 
handled by Dr. Bennet and it is a matter of regret 
that this sermon, as well as those which preceded 
and followed it, cannot here be reproduced in full, 
owing to the fact that monetary reasons require that 
this volume shall be kept within certain well defined 

The Dedication. 183 

The evening service, in point of enthusiasm, large- 
ness of attendance, and the brilliance of the preacher, 
was quite the equal of that of the morning and the 
afternoon. The congregation was an enormous one, 
fully fifteen hundred persons being present, and many 
hundreds who were unable to obtain even standing 
room within the building, were reluctantly turned 
away. As it was, the aisles, gallery and platform, 
were all filled with hearers, and the sight of such a 
throng of expectant faces was one never to be forgot- 
ten. The service was conducted by the pastor of the 
church, Rev. William Mitchell, and the sermon was 
delivered by the Rev. Howard Sprague, pastor of the 
Centenary Methodist Church of St. John, who took 
as his text, 1st Peter, iii., 15: 

"Be ready always to give an answer to every man 
that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you." 

The Christian hope was the motive of the learned 
and lucid discourse which sparkled throughout with 
gems of thought, apt quotations and sound deductions. 
The preacher closed his discourse in the following 

"To be able to give a reason for the hope that is 
in us, it may be said, involves time and trouble. Of 
course it does, but, as the wise man says, ' the heart 
of the righteous man studieth to answer.' And is 
it not worth the trouble? Think of the splendor of 
this Christian hope, and contrast it with the uncer- 
tainty and despair of infidelity; and say if it is not 
worth the effort to commend it to others. Select 
the best specimen among English infidels of modern 
times, a man of loftiest intellect and austere morality. 
Read the story of his life, and learn how from his 
cradle he was trained to ignore religion and immor- 
tality and God. Then take those essays which did 
not see the light until after his death, and mark their 
longing for an immortality in which his whole edu- 

184 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

cation forbade his believing. Then think how, when 
death took from him the wife who, living, was the 
idol of his heart, and, dying, left a memory which 
was the guiding star of his life. He spent months 
of every year where he might look upon her grave 
on which the bright sun of southern France was 
shining, but on which no light of immortality ever 
fell. Think of that noble intellect, that blighting 
education, that life-long love, that painful severance 
and that aching heart, and say whether the bringing 
of light and immortal hope to one such soul was not 
worth all the effort of the friend of Christian truth. 
Think of the infidel's leap into the dark. Think of 
the Christian's peace, and hope, whether of the 
Princess Alice on her palace couch, or Sarah Martin 
on her cottage bed, and say whether you and I can 
be too ready to give, on all suitable occasions, a 
reason for the hope that it in us. 

"May the light of truth, shining from this pulpit 
and this church never grow dim. May many men 
find here the strength and comfort of this hope! And 
may the day be very far distant when, through any 
such calamity as swept away its historic predecessor, 
this church shall cease to resound to the joyful anthems 
of faith and hope, blessing 'the God and Father of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, which, according to his abun- 
dant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a lively 
hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the 
dead, unto an inheritance, incorruptible, undefiled, 
and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you 
who are kept by the power of God through faith, 
unto salvation, ready to be revealed in the last time.' " 

*The dedicatory services which took place in St. 
Andrew's Church were not merely matters of a 

* Adapted from the editorial of the St. John Telegraph of 17th March, 
1878. written doubtless by the late Dr. William Elder, who was for many 
years in the Presbyterian ministry, and, at a later period, owner and chief 
editor of that journal. 

The Dedication. 185 

congregational or denominational interest, but of 
public importance. The immense audiences, com- 
prising persons of all denominations which attended 
the several diets of worship, were evidences of this 
fact. Every one seemed pleased that a new and 
beautiful temple had been added to the Christian 
sanctuaries which adorn and bless the City of St. 
John, that the acoustic properties of the building 
were so excellent, and all its appointments, including 
the singing, aided by the splendid organ, and sustained 
by a well trained choir, were so satisfacrory. The 
sermons, the great feature of such an occasion in 
churches of the type to which St. Andrew's belongs, 
were singularly appropriate and characteristic. The 
Rev. Dr. Burns, nephew of the Rev. George Burns, 
D. D., the first pastor of St. Andrew's Church, 
preached the opening discourse and offered up a most 
solemn dedicatory prayer. The discourse on the 
"stone cut out of the mountain without hands" dealt 
with the rise and progress of the kingdom of God in 
the world, in a masterly and eloquent manner, and 
was illustrated and embellished by historical and 
poetic allusions. The Rev. Dr. Bennett and the 
Rev. Howard Sprague both dealt with different 
phases of the evidences of Christianity, in what the 
latter would call a "sympathetic manner," due to 
the thoughtful character which, in these latter days, 
infidelity has assumed. Dr. Bennett, is singularly 
honest and candid in argument, ever being more 
ready to state a difficulty than to evade it, and always 
careful not to press an argument too far. These 
qualities will be found in his discourse. Mr. Sprague's 
discourse was singularly lucid and it was delivered 
with the greatest freedom, the words flowing forth 
in one continual stream of impressive argument. 
The points of Christian evidence which he dwelt on 
were well selected and well enforced. The opening 
discourse of Dr. Burns, as was eminently proper, 

186 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

represented Presbyterian orthodoxy and evoked 
Presbyterian traditions. The sermons of Dr. Bennett 
and Mr. Sprague belonged to the more thoughtful 
class of Christian apologetics, and might be preached 
in any pulpit of almost any denomination. 

The pastor, the office bearers, the active and 
energetic men and women of St. Andrew's Church, 
the entire congregation and the Christian public of 
St. John are to be congratulated on the services held 
upon this important occasion. These services, it is 
to be hoped, form only a prelude, let us hope to a 
long period of benevolent effort and successful 
Christian work. 

One of the features of the day was the presence 
at the opening services of a lady, who partook of 
the first communion in the old St. Andrew's Kirk. 
This was Mrs. Peter McLaren, whose maiden name 
was Jane Douglas. Her husband was a blacksmith 
by trade, and for a time they resided on the north 
side of Carleton street, in the house to the east of the 
Stone Church Sunday School bnilding. 

The collections for the day amounted to $240 
which was a handsome addition to the sum of $376 
taken on the night of the laying of the memorial 

From the dedication of the church in March, 1879, 
until about the end of the year 1881, matters appear 
to have progressed quietly in St. Andrew's Church. 
The pastor, the Rev. William Mitchell, was a man 
of fine presence and a popular preacher, and the 
church, including the galleries, was usually well 
filled at the ordinary Sunday services. About the 
end of 1881, and the commencement of the year 1882, 
there appears to have been a desire to terminate the 
pastorate, on which issue, however, the congregation 
was divided. Accordingly a congregational meeting 
was held on the 31st January, 1882. A committee 
was appointed consisting of Messrs. John A. Fish, 

The Dedication. 187 

William Girvan, Hugh H. McLean and William C. 
Whittaker, which committee drew up a "Memoran- 
dum of proposed conditions on which the present 
difficulties in St. Andrew's Church may be honorably 
and amicably settled." These conditions included 
the resignation of the minister to take effect not 
later than the first of December following, he to have 
leave of absence for any periods desired prior to that 
date, the pulpit supply during his absence to be at 
the expense of the congregation. This proposition 
was laid before a meeting of the trustees held on the 
7th of February, 1882, and consideration deferred 
for one week. At this date an adjourned meeting 
was held at which the proposition just stated was 
amended, requiring the minister to place his resig- 
nation pure and simple in the hands of the Presbytery 
at the March meeting, in which event the Board of 
Trustees pledged itself to pay Mr. Mitchell's salary 
until the first of December, 1882. The amended 
proposition having carried, a committee composed 
of Messrs. P. R. Inches, J. R. Stone and James 
Kennedy was appointed to meet the friends of Mr. 
Mitchell and endeavor to secure a settlement on the 
basis outlined. 

Some little difficulty was experienced in effecting 
a settlement satisfactory to all concerned on the basis 
outlined, but at a meeting of the trustees held on the 
15th of March, Mr. Matthew Lindsay, chairman 
reported that the resignation of Mr. Mitchell had 
been placed upon the table of Presbytery that day. 
A resolution was passed approving of the action of 
its chairman, and at a later meeting held on the 
twentieth of the same month the secretary reported 
that the agreement in writing in duplicate had been 
duly executed and transmitted to the Presbytery. 

On the 7th of June, 1882, in accordance with the 
requirements of the Act of Incorporation, the annual 

188 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

congregational meeting was held and the trustees 
were elected for the ensuing year. Their names will 
be found in the appendix at the end of this volume. 

The financial statement submitted at this meeting 
showed the receipts from all sources for the year 
ending 31st March, 1882, to be $11,653.06, which 
included subscriptions to floating debt of $5,592.50; 
contra, salaries, $4,028.67 ; special collections, $227.62 ; 
miscellaneous, $684.07; interest, $2,197.76; accounts, 
$4,485.09; leaving a balance on hand of $29.85. 

The statement of assets and liabilities for the same 
period was, assets $115,663.10, and liabilities amount- 
ing to $43,567.19, made up of the following items; 
Hon. John Robertson, mortgage, etc., $30,450; 
Sterling & Emery, $6,413.78; Est. Benjamin Smith, 
$2,650; Bonds, $2,500; Est. James Hegan, $320.05; 
Langley, Langley and Burke, architects, $300; 
sundries $1,033.36. This left a net balance of 
$71,995.91 in favor of the church. 

At a meeting of the Trustees held on the 9th of 
June, 1882, a resolution was passed expressing dis- 
approval of the plan of holding sacred concerts in 
the church proper, as being foreign to the purpose 
for which the church was built. 

At the same meeting the Chairman announced 
that by order of Presbytery the church had been 
preached vacant on the preceding Sabbath. 

Between the 9th of June, 1882, and the 5th of 
March, 1883, various names of persons considered 
suitable to fill the vacant pastorate were considered, 
but on the last named date a congregational meeting 
was held, at which a unanimous call was extended 
to the Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D. D., of Kingston, 
Ont., at a salary of $2,500 per annum. This call 
was accepted, and in May following he arrived in 
St. John prepared to take up the work of the pastorate 
of St. Andrew's Church. 








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^* y* 1 



Induction of Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D. D., to the 

On the 29th of May, 1883, Rev. Thomas G. Smith, 
D. D., of Kingston, Ontario, was inducted into the 
charge of St. Andrew's Church. Upon the evening 
of that day, a large congregation gathered in the 
church, in spite of the threatening weather, the 
communion table and platform having been very 
handsomely decorated with cut flowers, in honor 
of the occasion. 

After an introductory organ voluntary by Prof. 
Bristowe, the Presbytery, the minister elect, and the 
choir entered the church. The Rev. Messrs. Bennett, 
Macrae, Bruce, Fotheringham, Ross and Burgess 
occupied seats upon the platform, while Dr. Smith 
took his seat on the right of the pulpit, in the body 
of the church. A short service of prayer and praise 
followed, and Rev. Burgess called upon Dr. Bennett 
to narrate the steps that had been taken to mature 
the call. 

He responded by reading the proceedings before 
the Presbytery, showing that the pastorate had been 
vacant since July last; that a unanimous call had 
been given to the pastor elect, who had, after due 
consideration, accepted the same; that due notice 
had been given of the proposed installation, but that 
no objection had been made thereto. Dr. Bennett 
then called on Dr. Smith, who ascended the platform, 
and, though evidently deeply impressed with the 
solemnity of the occasion, gave satisfactory answers 
to the formal questions as to his belief, doctrine, etc., 
which were put to him by Mr. Burgess, and, after 

190 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

a prayer by the latter gentleman, Dr. Smith was 
formally admitted to the pastorate and shook hands 
with the Presbytery, who vied with each other in the 
warmth of the greeting they extended to him. 

The newly installed pastor having returned to the 
floor of the church and taken a seat immediately in 
front of the communion table, facing the platform, 
which he occupied during the remainder of the 
service, the Rev. T. F. Fotheringham was then called 
upon to deliver the address to the Pastor. 

"My Dear Brother, Although I am unfit to address 
words of counsel to one of so much experience, it is 
not I who speak but the rulers of the church through 
me, and I speak also for my own warning and instruc- 
tion and for the edification of the congregation. I 
recognize the courtesy of the Presbytery in selecting 
me to deliver this charge to you, to whom I am allied 
by feelings of the tenderest sympathy. The services 
of the evening will to you seem scarcely less solemn 
than when you were first entrusted with the glorious 
Gospel; but you now bring to your task the versatile 
experience of years of earnest service; possibly your 
removal here may have suggested thoughts of the 
termination of your earthly ministry, and although 
the blessing of God has rested on your labours, yet 
your mind may have dwelt on what you have not 
accomplished, the duties omitted, the cold and heart- 
less prayers, the soulless sermons, the dead whom 
possibly you might have been the means of saving 
and the living you might have converted. Did it 
not seem as though you poured forth your whole 
soul in the parting word of grace to those you have 
left behind? Amongst them all you have left behind 
one grassy mound which is to you the most sacred 
spot on earth. But take courage, there are souls 
hungering and thirsting for you to dispense to them 
the Bread of Life, and who have counted the days 

Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D.D. 191 

since you were last here; by your side stand leal men 
and true, loyal to God, to the church and to you, and 
we bid you in the Lord's name to go forward with 
the highest courage and brightest hope to your work. 

"The office you hold is the highest dignity which 
can be conferred on mortal man you are a Bishop 
in the church of Christ. Illustrious houses have 
lasted for generations, but at length have sunk down; 
empires have grown and extended their boundaries, 
and, dissolving, have given place to others; but the 
realm of Jesus of which you are an ambassador, has 
remained steadfast during 1800 years. In the name 
of the Episcopate I charge you to maintain your 
rightful dignity as a minister of Christ. You are, 
moreover, a Presbyter in connection with the Church 
of Scotland. We glory in our ecclesiastical heritage, 
an heroic church, pure in faith, loyal to the Word of 
God, rich in martyrs, holy in antiquity, whose 
fortitude under persecution was the admiration of 
her foes; she stands to-day built on the foundation 
of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ being her 
chief corner-stone." 

In May, 1883, the celebration ot the one hundredth 
anniversary of the landing of the Loyalists at the 
mouth of the St. John River took place. J. W. 
Lawrence its organizer, and for many years the 
president of the New Brunswick Historical Society, 
took a most active and energetic part in preparing 
plans for, and in supervising the work of the cele- 
bration. To him the community was very greatly 
indebted for the great measure of success by which 
the celebration was marked. Among the features 
of that affair was a watch-night service held in the 
Centenary Methodist Church. A full account of 
that service will be found in the "Loyalist Centennial 
Souvenir", a work of 183 pages, published by the 
Historical Society in 1887. The religious features 

192 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

of the celebration centred mainly, as might have 
been expected, about Trinity Church which had 
always been regarded as par excellence, the church 
of the Loyalists. Next in prominence upon the 
occasion referred to came the Centenary Methodist 
Church, selected by Mr. Lawrence as the arena for 
the services which marked the closing of the old and 
the opening of the new century, largely for two 
reasons. Firstly because it has the largest seating 
capacity of any of the Protestant places of worship 
in the city, and secondly on account of the friendly 
relations existing between himself and its pastor, 
Rev. D. D. Currie. Mr. Currie entered heartily 
into the spirit of the occasion, and his marked ability 
as a speaker, as well as his executive and strategical 
ability as a leader of men, contributed in no small 
degree to the success of the undertaking. 

The prominence given to the Centenary Church 
upon this occasion appears to have aroused the 
jealousy of some member of the Presbyterian section 
of the community, for a letter appeared in the Daily 
Telegraph, sarcastic and pointed, enquiring "Why 
were the Presbyterians left out?" in formulating 
the plans for the Centennial Celebration. The 
letter in the Telegraph was signed* T. F. H. and the 
following extract will give a good idea as to its general 

"No person could have witnessed the enthusiastic 
celebration of Friday last without feeling proud of 
St. John. I, for one, congratulated myself on my 
adoption into its citizenship. 

"One omission, however, caused me, as a loyal 
son of the Church of Scotland, considerable surprise. 
I was under the impression that the Presbyterian 
church, as well as the Episcopal, had its representatives 
among the gallant founders of our city. On Thursday 
evening we were told in stirring words where Metho- 

Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D.D. 193 

dism was born, and on Friday evening the brethren 
of the mystic tie heard the mystery of their establish- 
ment unfolded; our Episcopal and Baptist brethren 
were duly honored, but from first to last, I never 
heard the name of Presbyterian mentioned." 

J. W. Lawrence, a son of Richard Lawrence, the 
first precentor in the old Kirk who has been referred 
to, but who had himself joined the Anglican com- 
munion, took personal umbrage at this communi- 
cation, and prefaced the historical portion of his 
reply, which he made over his own signature through 
the columns of the Daily Telegraph, with the 'follow- 
ing words: 

" Before I am through this self-constituted champion 
of St. Andrew's Church, and of the Presbyterian 
Loyalist, T. F. H., a comparative stranger, as his 
first walk through Germain street was after the 
erection of the new St. Andrew's Church with the 
figures of 1784, to which he has called special attention, 
will discover that while he has opened up more history 
than he was looking for, there will be less Presbyter- 
ianism in it than he hoped and expected to find." 

As Mr. Lawrence was a man who at that time had 
almost attained the full age of three-score years and 
ten, and as he has preserved to us through the medium 
of this letter a few facts regarding the history of St. 
Andrew's Church, we can afford to deal leniently 
with his heated communication, and thank him for 
the preservation of the historical data which it 
contains, while ignoring his attempt to disprove the 
assertion that St. Andrew's Church was organized 
during the year 1784. The facts alluded to have 
been inserted in their proper chronological order in 
this work. Whether Mr. Lawrence was correct in 
his contention that this church did not originate until 
long after 1784. or otherwise, we shall leave to the 
judgment of the reader, who is requested to give fair 
consideration to the facts herein set forth. 

194 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

The Kirk at the time of its destruction, was inter- 
nally and externally, pretty much as it was when 
first completed. Its exterior had not undergone 
any modification, and with the exception of the 
necessary changes in painting and upholstering, its 
interior appeared in 1887 almost as it did in 1815. 

In 18S3, the centennial year just alluded to, a 
sociable was held in St. Andrew's Church, at which 
the principal event was the restoration to the church 
of an old clock that had been saved by one of the 
members, from the conflagration of 1877. As it is 
the only account that we have of the actual destruc- 
tion of the church, from an actual witness, we may 
be permitted to insert the account of the affair in 
Mr. Watson's own language, from the columns of 
the Daily Telegraph as published at that date. 

"The sociable held last evening by the St. Andrew's 
Church congregation was a very pleasant affair, and 
had in it some interesting features. There was music, 
including a violin obligata, with song, by Mr. and 
Mrs. S. Girvan, chorus by the choir, solos by Miss 
Watson, Miss Duncan, an instrumental duet by 
Profs. Bristowe and Turner, and readings by Mr. 
Nelson. The old clock belonging to the church, 
and saved by Alex. A. Watson from the fire of 1877, 
was put in its place. Mr. Watson in a few words 
told how he had saved the clock. After a few pre- 
liminary remarks he said: 

"On going down King Street on my way back to 
Dock Street and Market Square (I had been there 
before trying to save property belonging to friends), 
somebody told me that they thought there was fire 
somewhere about Horsfield Street; so I went along 
Germain Street instead of going down to Market 
Square. Opposite Horsfield Street I saw the roof 
of a large house near half way up the street on the 
right hand side on fire. Another party and myself 

Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D.D. 195 

got a ladder to see what could be done but it soon 
became apparent that nothing could be done to save 
anything there. I went into the Old Kirk to see 
what could be done in the church. Just about this 
time the schoolhouse caught fire. I then gathered 
up the books out of my own pew and carried them 
out. By this time some others came into the church; 
one particularly I recollect was Dr. Bennett, because, 
after carrying out some odd articles, we proposed 
to go into up the gallery and try and take down the 
organ, but soon found out that we could do nothing 
with it, so, while he went around, I thought of the 
clock, as it was just at my feet then. I went to work 
and pulled down the framework that was about it, 
and a hard pull it was. When I got it out of its place 
I carried it down stairs. By this time the schoolhouse 
and vestry were all ablaze and fire coming right into 
the church. On getting the clock outside the church 
I thought it best to take it to our store on King Street. 
On going along Germain Street with the clock in my 
arms, opposite Trinity Church, I had to stand and 
look, as it was at that time and near the clock that 
the fire first started in Trinity spire. I watched the 
spire being, bit by bit, licked by fire. I would have 
liked to have been able to have saved that clock also 
but I could not. The clock I had in my arms I felt 
was enough at that time, although it was only an 
old clock and of not much value then, but no doubt 
of more value now than ever, as it was the only article 
that was in and belonging to the church that was 
saved at the fire. I carried it to the store on King 
Street, but soon had to move it from there, as the 
store also went on fire. I then thought it best to 
carry it home myself. After the excitement of the 
fire, I wrote to the trustees of the church and told 
them that I had saved the clock and had it in my 
possession, I got an acknowledgement for doing so, 

196 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

and there is the old clock. I cannot give you the 
history of it, but hope some other gentleman will 
do so to-night. Now, I have much pleasure in 
introducing an old face into a new house, and setting 
it once more on the way to give tick to its ticking, 
and may it long tick in harmony to a contented and 
happy congregation, and as this is centennial year, 
I hope it will tick on until next centennial, instead 
of the fifty years as prophesied." 

Mr. Watson was heartily applauded, and even 
the old clock seemed to smile as it started once more. 
A letter was received from a lady enclosing $50 towards 
the payment of the debt, and agreeing to give $50 
more in a few months. 

At the annual Congregational meeting held on the 
14th June, 1883, there does not appear to have been 
any matter of more than ordinarily serious moment 
discussed. The Trustees were elected for the ensuing 
year, and the general financial condition of the 
church, which at that time appeared somewhat 
discouraging, was fully discussed. On Tuesday, 
the 25th of the same month, the Trustees held their 
first meeting, and a committee which had been 
appointed to deal with the floating debt of the church 
which at the end of the year 1883 amounted to the 
sum of $16,780 made their report. This floating 
debt, it will be remembered, was in addition to the 
mortgage debt, which was at that time and still 
remains at $30,000. The committee reported a very 
generous offer from Dr. James Walker. The following 
is the section of their report stating the exact terms 
of Dr. Walker's splendid liberality to the then strugg- 
ling church: 

"Dr. Walker promises to give an equal amount 
as the congregation might give, so far as will clear 
the church of the debt existing beyond the Robertson 
mortgage, and which the committee estimates at 

Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D.D. 197 

$14,000. If the congregation can raise $7,000, Dr. 
Walker will give the other $7,000, and will give the 
amount in sums from time to time as he finds con- 
venient, but expects it might be all paid by next 

P. R. Inches. 
James Straton. 


On the 17th of March, 1884, Mr. F. C. D. Bristowe. 
who was an accomplished musician, resigned his 
position as organist to assume a similar position in 
Christ's Church Cathedral, Fredericton, N. B. Miss 
Prudie Hart was appointed leader of the choir, and 
Miss Lottie Hart organist, they to provide all music, 
including that for the week-night service, for the sum 
of $400 per annum. 

In the year 1884, St. Andrew's Church lost by 
death two particularly active and valuable members; 
Mr. Matthew Lindsay, who did herculean work in 
the rebuilding and reorganizing of the church in 
1777-8, and was for many years Superintendant of 
the Sabbath School, and Mr. Luke Stewart, also 
for many years an active and valuable member. Mr. 
Lindsay died on the 8th of March, and Mr. Stewart 
on the 20th of September, 18S4. Biographical 
sketches of both of these worthy members of St. 
Andrew's Church will be found in a later portion of 
this work. 

On the 8th of April, 1884, Mr. R. D. McArthur, 
long conductor of the choir, resigned, and his resig- 
nation was reluctantly accepted by the Board of 
Trustees. Messrs. P. R. Inches and James Straton 
were appointed a committee to prepare a series of 
resolutions expressive of the Board's appreciation 
of Mr. McArthur's services. This did not, as sub- 

198 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

seqnent events will show, terminate Mr. McArthur's 
interest in, and connection with the service of praise 
in St. Andrew's Church. 

During the twelve months following there is little 
of moment to chronicle in the history of our church. 
During the years following the conflagration of 1877 
there had been much financial depression in the city 
of St. John, consequent upon that event. Many 
people who had been strong supporters of the church 
found themselves financially embarassed, and there- 
fore unable to contribute as liberally as had been 
their wont. Others were called upon to face absolute 
ruin, and at middle life, or later, to begin life again, 
perhaps in an entirely new field. Meanwhile the 
population of the city generally did not increase 
consequently there were not enough additions to 
the church to make good the losses by death and 

Dr. Smith seems to have recognized this sad con- 
dition of affairs, for in September, 1885, he addressed 
a communication to the Board of Trustees through 
their chairman to the effect that in view of the many 
heavy charges upon the church, and also the well- 
known depression in business in the city, he was 
of the opinion that the church at the time was unable 
to pay as large a salary as $2,500 per annum to its 
minister, and that it should be reduced at an early 
date. Accordingly at a meeting of the Trustees 
held on the 21st of September, a committee consisting 
of Messrs. P. R. Inches, James Kennedy and A. C. 
Jardine was appointed to confer with Dr. Smith, 
and report to the Board. 

On the 6th of November following the committee 
reported to the Trustees that they had conferred with 
Dr. Smith, and that he had proposed to reduce the 
salary to $2,000 per annum, the reduction to take 
place not later than the first of May, 1886, but at 
an earlier date if practicable. 


Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D.D. 199 

Very soon after the report of the committee, Dr. 
Smith resigned the pastorate, and on the 23rd of 
December a congregational meeting was called to 
consider the resignation. 

After an exchange of views, and a general expression 
of regret at the prospect of a severance of the pastoral 
relations so happily existing between the pastor and 
people, the following preamble and resolutions were 
adopted, and were presented to him at a special 
meeting of the Trustees, held on the nineteenth of 
January, 1886, in handsomely engrossed form: 

" Whereas, the Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D. D., 
Pastor of this church has demitted his charge thereof; 
having accepted a call to the Presbyterian Church 
at Winona, Wisconsin, U. S. A., and 

" Whereas, the pastoral and official relations here- 
tofore existing between the Rev. Dr. Smith and this 
board have been of the most harmonious and pleasant 
character during the whole term of his ministry in 
this church, and 

" Whereas, the efforts made to reduce the church 
debt during his pastorate have been largely successful 
through his hearty co-operation and valuable assis- 
tance, whereby the debt of this congregation has been 
reduced some $16,000, this board cannot part with 
Dr. Smith without referring to his faithful efforts 
and recording their and the congregations obligations 
to him, 

" Therefore Resolved, that we part from Dr. 
Smith with deep regret and we desire to testify to 
his zeal and faithfulness as a minister of the Gospel, 
and sincerely trust that his labors in the church to 
which he has been called may be abundantly blessed 
by the Great Head of the Church. 

Following the departure of Dr. Smith the Rev. 
Thomas Stewart acted as supply for three months. 

On the 6th of May, 1886, a transfer of the mortgage 
upon the church property was effected from the 

200 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Estate of the late Hon. John Robertson, to Dr. James 
Walker on very favorable terms. The trustees were 
obliged, however, to effect a temporary loan from the 
Maritime Bank for $1,250 to pay arrears of interest 
and solicitors' costs due, and to execute six notes 
for $75 each, payable quarterly to the Robertson 
estate for a bonus to transfer the mortgage. A Bond 
of the Board was accordingly executed to Dr. Walker 
for $30,000 and interest for a term of ten years. 

Following the departure of Dr. Smith, enquiries 
were made in various quarters with reference to a 
suitable successor, with the result that the Rev. 
Leander G. Macneill of St. Andrew's Presbyterian 
Church at St. John's, Newfoundland, was selected, 
and at a congregational meeting held on the 9th of 
August, 1886, a unanimous call was extended to Mr. 
Macneill, which was laid before the Presbytery by 
a committee consisting of Mr. Thomas A. Rankine 
and Dr. James Walker the salary to the new incumbent 
to be $2,000 per annum. The call was accepted by 
Mr. Macneill, and in a little more than two months 
time, on Monday evening, the 11th of October, he 
arrived at St. John, the Board of Trustees meeting 
him at the station and extending to him a hearty 
welcome on behalf of the congregation. 

Meanwhile, following the rearrangement of the 
mortgage upon the church property, as just related, 
the trustees were called upon to face another serious 
financial problem. The Trustees of the Estate of 
the late Benj. Smith, who held the bond of the trustees 
for the sum of $2,000, demanded payment. An 
arrangement was arrived at, just two days before 
the arrival of the new pastor, by which the Smith 
estate agreed to accept payment of the amount due 
them, in installments of $500 each, so that the incom- 
ing pastor found these difficulties disposed of, for a 
time at least. 


Induction of the Rev. Leander G. Macneill. 
Presentation to Mr. R. D. McArthur. 
Change of Termination of Church Year. 
Free Seats Discussed. Mr. Macneill's 
First Anniversary Service. Young People's 
Association. Death of Miss Macneill. 
Christmas Remembrances for the Pastor 
Choir Changes. Congregational Meeting, 

On the 11th of October, 1886, as before stated, 
Rev. L. G. Macneill, M. A., arrived in St. John to 
assume the pastorate of St. Andrew's Church, his 
induction taking place on the Thursday evening 
following. The St. John Sun took occasion to publish 
at this time a lengthly historical sketch of St. Andrew's 
Church and of its former pastors, and makes a very 
kindly reference to the new incumbent, from which 
the following is a brief extract: 

"Judging by the nattering commendations which 
have preceded Mr. Macneill from St. Johns', New- 
foundland, the new incumbent will prove no unworthy 
successor to the powerful preachers who have gone 
before. All of the St. John's papers speak in the most 
flattering terms of him. The Colonist, in refering 
to his departure says: 'Mr. Macneill, during his 
stay in this city, was respected by all classes and 
denominations, for his broad and liberal views on 
politics, and in matters both religious and national. 
His many lectures on the Athenaeum platform were 
always well received, and as a public-spirited citizen 
he was generally esteemed.' On Sunday, October 
3rd, he delivered a farewell sermon to the church 

202 History of St. Andrew's Church 

in St. John's. The discourse, says the evening 
Mercury, which was one of his finest efforts, was 
most impressive and appropriate, and was listened 
to with breathless attention by the crowded congre- 
gation many of whom were evidently deeply affected 
by the touching words of farewell, and the last good 
counsels, which, with earnest solemnity, he addressed 
to the flock to whom he had ministered for eight 

The following account of the induction of Mr. 
Macneill is abbreviated from that published by the 
St. John Sun, in its issue of the 14th of October, 1886. 

"There was a large congregation present to witness 
the induction of Rev. L. G. Macneill last evening, 
Rev. A. Macdougall, the Moderator of the Presbytery, 
presided, The induction sermon was preached by 
Rev. J. A. McLean of Harvey, York County, N. B., 
from the text, Numbers, chapter, xiv, verse 24: 

'"But my servant Caleb, because he had another 
spirit with him hath followed me fully, him will I 
bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed 
shall possess it.' 

"The preacher reviewed the story of Caleb, how 
the Lord approved of his conduct, who alone of those 
who had been sent to view the promised land and 
report to the children of Israel, had been permitted 
to again see the land. Faith had been Caleb's great 
characteristic, he believed the promise of God, and 
of the ten spies who had been sent out he alone deemed 
worthy by God to enter into the inheritance. Lack 
of faith, the preacher pointed out, was the great 
difficulty of the present age. More men of the style 
of Caleb are needed in the church to-day. Although 
kept for forty years in the wilderness, Caleb's faith 
in God never wavered and God honored him at the 
end, his earthly reward, we are informed, being only 
emblematic of the heavenly reward. No worker 

Induction of Rev. L. G. Macneill. 203 

in God's vineyard goes unrewarded. There may 
be only a line recording our good deeds, but they are 
not forgotten. The address concluded with the 
prayer that as at last we gather in that Canaan of 
ours, we shall all be crowned with a wreath of glory. 

"Following the singing of a hymn, Rev. T. F. 
Fotheringham related the history of the call. Rev. 
T. G. Smith, D. D., resigned the pastorate of St. 
Andrew's Church to accept a call to a church in 
Winona, Wisconsin, and in selecting a pastor, Rev. 
L. G. Macneill had been unanimously decided upon, 
and subsequently called to the pastorate. 

"The moderator after asking the usual questions, 
formally inducted the pastor, after a fervent prayer 
that the blessing of God would follow him in all his 

"Rev. Donald Macrae, D. D., delivered the address 
to the pastor, from which the following is a brief 
extract : 

"You are invited here to do what? To preach 
the gospel the old gospel. To lead men to glory. 
The gospel has the most intimate relation to phil- 
osophy, letters and science. He was to preach the 
gospel to human beings. Somewhat of the functions 
of the teacher, the preacher, the general, and the 
legislator, belong to the minister. You will find 
human nature the same in St. John, New Brunswick, 
as in St. John's, Newfoundland. Like Moses you 
are commanded to lead the people. Then, like Moses, 
you will be followed by a mixed multitude, who will 
loathe the manna God-given bread. And to pursue 
the comparison further, you are not forbidden to 
preach upon a variety of subjects. The food of the 
Israelites was varied, and so will have to be your 
sermons, touching occasionally upon passing events 
to vary the monotony. But the staple should be 
manna. With this strive to win back the prodigals, 

204 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

and strengthen the pilgrims on their way to the New 
Jerusalem. The object of all preaching is to extend 
the kingdom of Christ, to hasten the reign of righte- 
ousness and peace. 

"In conclusion Dr. Macrae felicitated the new 
incumbent, as well as the people, expressing his 
expectation that Mr. Macneill would strengthen 
the cause of Christ in this community. This end, 
the speaker promised should be the subject of his 
own prayers. 

"Rev. A. J. Mowatt of Fredericton, N. B., delivered 
the address to the people, and it, as well as the two 
preceding, was marked by earnestness and eloquence. 
The pastor elect and himself had been co-laborers 
in the same county in Nova Scotia, for a time. The 
concluding portion of Mr. Mowat's address was in 
the following words: 

"Your pastor comes to us as no ordinary message 
bearer. He spares neither himself nor you. Every- 
body's troubles are his. And if he has any comfort 
to bring, it has been hammered out of himself. He 
is in Christ's stead, and as the responsibility grows 
on him, he asks himself, what would Christ do if he 
were here? And thus while wondering, he will so 
speak that strong men will be moved. Now, friends, 
you are to accept your pastor as God's messenger, 
in the place of Christ. Expect great things. Gather 
here in great numbers with a desire to hear and help. 
The eyes of the church are upon you. Occupying, 
as you do, a prominent place, let every light shine 
out over the sea, and you will have as a reward the 
crown that fadeth not." 

The new pastor appears to have taken well to 
heart the earnest words delivered by Dr. Macrae 
upon this occasion, as to preaching upon a variety 
of subjects, touching occasionally upon passing events 


Retirement of Mr. Mc Arthur. 205 

to vary the monotony. An examination of the 
sermons delivered by Mr. Macneill during his pastor- 
ate reveals the fact that in addition to the regular 
gospel sermons eloquently and forcefully delivered, 
many passing events, whether of local or national or 
even world-wide interest, were used to point a moral. 
The anniversary of the founding of the church was 
always emphasized by a special sermon, in which 
there was set forth a review of the work of the preced- 
ing year. The prevailing sins of the community, as 
revealed in the columns of the press, and the life of 
the people, were often the subject of keen criticism 
and pointed attack, no doubt with beneficial results, 
not only to the members of St. Andrew's Church, 
but to the community at large. The financial position 
of St. Andrew's Church was much improved and 
strengthened during Mr. Macneill's pastorate. 

After having been an active member of St. Andrew's 
Church choir for a period of forty years, Mr. R. D. 
McArthur was obliged, finally, through failing health 
to sever his connection with it. The sorrow at this 
event among the members of the congregation was 
universal, and was expressed in various ways. The 
pastor, Mr. Macneill, made the following kindly 
reference to the value of Mr. McArthur's services 
in his sermon upon the Sunday following that gentle- 
man's retirement: 

"Our esteemed friend who has for over forty years 
presided over the musical portion of the devotions 
of this church, and whose increasing infirmities have 
just led him to resign the position which he has held so 
long, and which he has filled with so much credit to 
himself and so much satisfaction to the congregation, 
can recall many changes. Under his direction the 
music of this church has been rendered successively 
by precentor, by choir, and by choir aided with organ. 

206 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

While we, as a congregation, cannot but heartily 
recognize the great value of his services, we are 
reminded very pointedly by his retirement, that 
here as elsewhere the words of our text are true, 
'former things are passed away.'" 

The following address was presented to Mr. Mc- 
Arthur, in illuminated form, at his residence, where 
the choir of the church and a number of the members 
of the congregation visited him for the purpose of 
making the presentation. A gift of a very handsome 
piano lamp with music book attachment, accompanied 
the address. 

"Dear Mr. Mc Arthur: The choir of St. Andrew's 
Church, together with a few of your very many 
personal friends in the congregation, desire to express 
to you their high appreciation of your services as 
choir leader and conductor of the Psalmody. As 
long as most of them can recollect you have filled 
that honored post; and all who have been in any way 
connected with the service of praise gladly bear their 
testimony to your uniform, gentlemanly and Christian 
bearing. Time and age have laid their hands upon 
you, and we regretfully learn of your resignation of 
a position which you held for over forty years with 
credit to yourself and satisfaction to the members 
and adherents of the Old Kirk. We desire your 
acceptance of the accompanying token of our grateful 
appreciation and as some small acknowledgement 
of what we owe to you for your valuable services to 
our beloved church. Add to this our kindest wishes 
for Mrs. McArthur, and the prayer that you both 
may have many years of useful connection with the 
church on earth before you go to swell the music in 
the Great Choir of the Skies. 

"St. John, N. B., 5th November, 1888." 

Introduction of a Pipe Organ. 207 

Upon this occasion Mr. McArthur recalled many 
pleasant and interesting reminisences in connection 
with his work in St. Andrew's Church. During the 
whole of the forty years he had been leader of the 
choir. At the time of his first connection with the 
work, the choir consisted of the following ladies and 
gentlemen: Miss Jean Knox, Miss E. Campbell, 
Miss M. Reid, Miss M. McGregor, Miss M. Fraser, 
Miss Bell, Miss Plummer, Miss Barbour, Miss Mc- 
Arthur, Miss Williams, and Messrs, R. D. McArthur, 
R. Cruickshank, John Mills, W. C. Fleming, Thomas 
Robb, Thomas Allan, A. Robertson, John McArthur, 
Smith and Stewart. 

In those days no musical instrument was permitted 
within the church, but as time passed there were 
many changes, and during the ministry of Dr. Donald 
a small cabinet organ was introduced into the church, 
the sound of which could scarcely be heard. This 
venture proved so highly satisfactory to the majority 
of the congregation that it was considered advisable 
to procure a pipe organ. The presentation of a 
petition to the Session for the carrying out of this 
proposition has already been referred to in these 
pages. The original petition was at that time in 
the custody of Mr. McArthur. 

The members of the choir, in those early days, met 
once a week for practice in the Sunday School room of 
the Old Kirk, the practice generally lasting for two 
hours. Tuning forks or pitch-pipes were in vogue 
in those days. Sometimes, too, a flute was used to 
give the pitch or key-note, when the other parts 
would join in. Considerable interest was taken in 
the work, all endeavoring to be present both at the 
weekly practice and the two services on the Sabbath 
day. In the early days of this choir teachers were 
not very numerous. Occasionally one who pretended 
to give lessons visited the city, but his stay was 

208 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

usually short, he not meeting with sufficient encour- 
agement. For a short time the choir received instruc- 
tion from Prof. Rowe, which was very beneficial, and 
also from Mr. Scribner, in the latter case the only 
accompaniment being a small portable organ worked 
with the hand. For several years there was little 
change in the membership. No solo singing or chant- 
ing being tolerated by the Session or congregation, 
and only occasionally a new tune being introduced. 

After the fire of 1877 and the present fine organ 
had been purchased rapid changes took place. Old 
tunes were in a measure abandoned. 

During his leadership, Mr. McArthur gave the 
most unbounded satisfaction, so much so that upon 
several occasions when he had handed in his resig- 
nation the church would not accept it, and he was 
forced to continue in the capacity of leader. Advanc- 
ing years, however, and the feeling that he could not 
longer do justice to the work, made it appear com- 
pulsory that he should retire. He had done so, and 
the church realized that they had lost the services 
of a gentleman who thought of nothing more than 
their enjoyment and welfare. 

Following the withdrawal of Mr. McArthur from the 
leadership of the choir, Herr Maximillian Sterne was 
appointed organist and choir leader at a salary of 
$400, he to play at all services including the Wednes- 
day night service, and to provide a choir of four parts 
to the satisfaction of Mr. McArthur. This agreement 
was put in writing, but did not give the satisfactory 
results anticipated, as later events will testify. 

Just prior to the end of the year 1886, the adoption 
of the envelope system of contributions was con- 
sidered by the trustees, and on the 27th of December, 
it was decided to send circulars to the various members 
of the congregation, asking their views upon the 

Finances. 209 

At the annual congregational meeting, held on the 
2nd of June, 1887, the heavy burthen of debt was 
again given serious consideration, and it was resolved 
that the matter of this floating debt, which then 
amounted to $5,500 over the amount of the mortgage 
($30,000) should be referred to the Young Peoples 
Association, they to formulate some practical scheme 
to obliterate the debt, in which undertaking the 
Ladies' Sewing Circle and the Ladies' Mite Society 
were asked to join. The meeting did not appear 
to be wholly unaware of the work already accom- 
plished by the ladies of the church, for on motion 
of Dr. Inches a vote of thanks was extended to the 
ladies of the church "who have done so much in the 
past to liquidate church debts." 

The congregation at this meeting gave serious 
consideration to the question of having the church 
year terminate on December 31st instead of as here- 
tofore in the middle of the calendar year, and a 
committee was appointed to apply to the House of 
Assembly of New Brunswick for the necessary per- 

The question of making all seats free in the evening 
services was brought before the congregation by the 
pastor at a special meeting held on the 12th of October, 
1887. While the suggestion did not meet with the 
sanction hoped for, the ushers were tendered the 
thanks of the meeting for the tactful manner in which 
they had performed the duty of providing seats for 
strangers, and asked to continue their efforts in the 
same manner. 

The first anniversary service of the pastorate of 
Mr. Macneill was held on the evening of Sunday, the 
16th of October, 1887, when the special sermon 
appropriate to the day was delivered, the pastor 
taking his text from Deut. xxxi, 7; "Remember the 
days of old." 

210 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

"It is a matter of praise," said the speaker, "that 
we possess the faculty of remembrance. It is that 
which teaches us to know a mother who provided for 
us before we could provide for ourselves. All lessons 
of experience are given us by our faculty of remem- 
brance. It brings to us the past with its thorns and 
flowers, its sunshine and clouds. In this way we go 
back to our childhood which enriches the past, but in 
all these things we should remember the Most High 
in His works of old. Our experience is short, but by 
the aid of history we even remember the experience of 
men of ages ago." The speaker in a very eloquent 
manner referred to Biblical incidents in which the 
hand of God was constantly over the people, and 
thought such remembrances as these should make 
us resolve to work for souls. He appealed to 
his hearers as citizens having a goodly heritage in 
being subjects of the Queen. He appealed to them 
as churchmen, but not in that spirit of bigotry, which 
says that their's was the only Christian church. 
Recall all history, political and otherwise, and it 
could be seen that the church took an active part 
in the reformation of the world. Every struggle 
from King John down, gained the people new liberty 
or enlightenment. Again he appealed to them, as 
members and adherents of St. Andrew's Church, a 
church that has had an existence of nearly a century, 
being founded by the patriotic Loyalists who exiled 
themselves for their country's sake, and landed in 
this part of the province. A great number of them, 
said the speaker, must have been Presbyterians, for 
one of their first actions was to found a church, and 
that was St. Andrew's. Rev. Charles Milton was 
the pastor at the beginning of this century, and some 
idea of the size of the congregation could be had when 
it was known that during two years of his ministry, 
one hundred marriages were consummated. 

First Anniversary of Mr. Macneill. 211 

The speaker paid a high tribute to the late Dr. 
Donald, who laboured much and fruitfully as pastor 
of the church. 

In conclusion he reminded his hearers that he had 
preached his first sermon as pastor of the church just 
one year ago, and he had always endeavored to preach 
a practical religion. He had tried to hold up the 
gospel of light in the business houses and homes of 
his congregation, or wherever their calling took them. 
Within the year sad trials had come upon individual 
members, and he had endeavored to preach God's 
word, that weeping may endure for a night, but joy 
followed in the morning. He had labored in the 
pulpit and Sunday School, and now the year was 
ended; the work performed was gone forever. He 
should look to the days before, and let the days 
of old give a new shine to the glorious days of the 

"The Young People's Association of St. Andrew's 
church, for the winter of 1887-8, arranged a very 
attractive lecture course, beginning about the first 
week in November and continuing through the winter. 
The course opened and closed with a concert. The 
lecturers were Prof. Stockley, of the University of 
New Brunswick; Prof. Anderson, of Prince of Wales 
College, Charlottetown, P. E. I.; Prof. Forrest, of 
the Halifax Presbyterian College; Rev. A. J. Mowatt, 
of Fredericton; Mr. D. Russell Jack; Mr. C. N. 
Skinner, M. P.; and Rev. L. G. Macneill." 

On the 19th of December, 1887, there passed away, 
in the eighteenth year of her age, Edith Annie, the 
pastor's only daughter. The funeral was largely 
attended, and the floral tributes, which were many, 
included a magnificent wreath from the Young 
People's Association of the church. These were 
possibly intended equally as a mark of sympathy for 
the bereaved parents and the pastor of the church, as 

212 History of St. Andrew's Church 

of love and affection for her who had been called away 
just as she was entering the portal of womanhood. 
Miss Macneill had been taken ill while in attendance 
at an educational institution at Edinburgh, Scotland, 
and was an invalid for some months prior to her early 
demise. The pall-bearers were Messrs. Alexander 
Lindsay, F. Murray, D. R. Jack, Charles H. Leetch, 
William Rainnie and J. Donald. 

During Mr. Macneill's pastorate, Christmas 
remembrances from the congregation were frequent. 
On Christmas Day, 1887, the ladies of the congrega- 
tion presented Mrs. Macneill with a Domestic sewing 
machine, and Mr. Macneill with a handsome walnut 
book-case. A few of his male friends in the congrega- 
tion also presented the pastor with a handsome otter 

In January, 1888, at a meeting of the trustees, 
some fault appears to have been found with the 
manner in which Prof. Sterne was conducting the 
musical portion of the church service, and an order 
was passed notifying him that in the event of his 
neglect to supply a satisfactory choir of four parts as 
contracted for, his contract be terminated. Herr 
Sterne was summoned before the Board, and promised 
better results; but we find, nevertheless, that at a 
special meeting of the trustees held on the 14th of 
March, his resignation was received and accepted. 
This action was immediately followed by a special 
joint meeting of the Session and trustees, held on the 
27th of March, at which Miss Alice G. Hea was 
appointed organist, and the services of Mr. A. H. 
Lindsay were engaged as soloist and tenor singer. 
The pastor and Messrs. R. D. McArthur, J. G. Forbes 
and the ladies who at that time were assisting in the 
choir, were appointed a committee to organize a new 
choir. On the 24th of April, at still another joint 
meeting of the Session and trustees the following 

Finances, 1888. 213 

arrangements were reported and confirmed. Miss 
Hea as organist, Miss Watson as soprano, and Mr. 
A. H. Lindsay as tenor, were engaged at a total cost 
of $400.00 per annum, the following ladies and gentle- 
men agreeing to assist gratuitously: The Misses 
Lindsay, Messrs. Given, R. D. McArthur, Christie 
and Burrell. 

At the annual congregational meeting, held on the 
6th June, 1888, the following very satisfactory finan- 
cial showing was made: 

Amount raised for all purposes 

as per statement of Trustees. $5,532 49 

By Ladies' Association $480 00 

By Young People's Association 320 00 

Applied to reduction of debt... $800 00 800 00 

Amount raised for Mission and 

Benevolent purposes 686 97 

Amount raised for all purposes, 

including the above items,.. .. $7,532 46 

The chairman reminded the congregation that, 
the Bill presented to the Legislature having passed, 
the next annual meeting of the congregation would 
be held in January following. 


Unveiling of Tablet to Rev. William Donald, 
D. D. Anniversary Services Electric 
Lighting Installed The Bell Bequest 
Annivesary Services St. Andrew's Society 
Death of Mrs. Macneill Church Edifice 
Renewed and Repaired. Financial State- 
ments Marriage of Rev. L. G. Macneill to 
Miss Mary Gray Kennedy. 

In the latter part of the year 1888, the members of 
the Union Lodge of Portland Free and Accepted 
Masons, of which Dr. Donald had been a member, 
determined to place a tablet to his memory in the new 
St. Andrew's church. The tablet was prepared and 
placed in position, and the ceremony of unveiling took 
place on the evening of January 24, 1889, upon 
which occasion the church was crowded to the doors. 
The seats in the centre of the church were occupied 
by the members of the Masonic fraternity. Upon the 
platform, a number of clergymen and prominent 
members of the craft occupied seats. The tablet, 
which may now be seen at the church, was of white 
marble, having at the four corners Masonic emblems. 
The inscription in gold letters is as follows: 

by the Union Lodge of Portland, 

F. & A. M., 
in Memory of their late Chaplain, 
Rev. William Donald, D. D., 
Minister of this Church for 22 years, 
who died February 20th, 1871, 
Aged 63 years. 


Tablet to Dr. Donald. 215 

The ceremony was of considerable length, and lack 
of space will not permit more than a brief mention 
of the exercises upon that occasion. The opening 
prayer was by the pastor, Rev. L. G. Macneill, and 
was in part as follows: 

''We Thank Thee that we in this congregation are 
to-night reminded of Thy great love to us in Thy 
raising up of men devotional men to proclaim 
Thy blessed truth to us from day to day and week 
to week. We are certainly reminded to-night by the 
circumstances under which we are assembled, of Thy 
gift to us, in the years gone by, of signally devoted 
and faithful men and pastors of this church. Oh, our 
Father, we thank Thee for the gift that Thou didst 
send unto us of our late pastor, Dr. Donald. We 
thank Thee for his pure private life, for his public life 
of benevolence and philanthropy, and for all the good 
he was enabled to accomplish. We thank Thee for 
the influence he wielded in the winning and keeping 
of the love and affection, not only of this church and 
congregation, but of this whole community. We 
render thanks and praise Thee that the memory of 
his benevolence, faithfulness and devotion, have 
lingered in the hearts of the people. We thank Thee 
that the circumstances which have brought us together 
are fitted to remind us that there is a memorial of his 
influence erected in the hearts of the people that will 
linger long after marble and granite have crumbled 
away. We thank Thee for the faithful record of his 
love, and we pray that the memory of his pure, 
devoted life may be more and more exemplified in 
our lives." 

After the singing of the one hundred and thirty- 
fourth Psalm, Mr. William A. MacLauchlan, Worship- 
ful Master of the Union Lodge of Portland, formally 
presented the tablet to Dr. P. R. Inches, chairman of 
the Board of Trustees of the church. 

216 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Following the unveiling of the tablet and its 
acceptance by Dr. Inches, an address was made by 
Mr. B. Lester Peters, senior Past Grand Master of 
the Grand Lodge of Freemasons of New Brunswick. 
Mr. Peters referred in fitting terms to the Masonic 
character and career of Dr. Donald, and to the 
pleasure which his presence gave on occasion of note 
during his connection with the fraternity. After the 
address by Mr. Peters there followed the singing of 
the paraphrase, which commences: 

"O God of Bethel, by whose hand 
Thy people still are fed;" 

Next in the order of the evening was an able and 
eloquent address by Rev. Donald Macrae, D. D., 
pastor of St. Stephen's church and Past Grand 
Chaplain of the Grand Lodge. Dr. Macrae, in passing, 
may be referred to as one of the most scholarly and 
deeply learned among a number of such men who 
have graced the Presbyterian ministry in the Maritime 
Provinces of Canada during the past century. He, 
too, has recently passed to a well earned reward, after 
a long life spent in the service of the Saviour whom 
he loved. 

In the course of his remarks, Dr. Macrae, upon the 
occasion referred to, alluded to the fact that he had 
come to St. John at a later period than that covered 
by the long ministry of Dr. Donald, and pointed out 
that they had been students at the same university, 
and that both were ordained ministers of the Church 
of Scotland. Continuing he said: 

"It was impossible to avoid being struck, at the 
first introduction, by his air of natural, unaffected 
dignity. It was a dignity one very soon discovered, 
begotten of a high-souled, single-eyed devotion to his 
work; of a worthy conception of the character of his 

Tablet to Dr. Donald. 217 

work as a Christian minister. Underlying this uncon- 
scious air of dignity, it was speedily apparent, was a 
kindness equally unaffected, and which not only 
swiftly came to the surface, but overflowed in every 
act and utterance of the man. 

"Men more gifted in this or that respect you may 
have heard, no doubt, but never a man more sincere 
or earnest in his manner of presenting these verities, 
never a man more free from vulgarity, extravagance, 
assumption, sensationalism all that stamps the 
charletan whose aim is almost assuredly personal 

"Above all, Dr. Donald excelled in his pastoral 
ministrations. In these, emphatically, he was 
abundant above measure ; and what rendered them so 
peculiarly acceptable was his gentleness and Christian 
charity let me add, his fearlessness, evinced during 
the visitation of the cholera. Young and old welcom- 
ed him as a pastor; there are men of middle age in 
this community who still speak of the Doctor's 
kindly ways as he patted them on the head in their 
childhood and breathed a word of counsel ; nor could 
the tenderest of women be more sympathetic towards 
the suffering, more comforting to the sorrowing and 
the bereaved. Never, let me add, did pastor labor 
more earnestly or successfully to enforce the spirit 
of duty, to elicit the Christian graces at large. " 

Christmas morning, 1888, at the residence of Rev. 
L. G. Macneill, St. John, was the scene of what 
must have been a very delightful occasion to the pastor 
of St. Andrew's Church. A deputation called to 
express to their pastor and Mrs. Macneill, the esteem 
and good wishes of St. Andrew's congregation, and 
to accompany these good wishes with the substantial 
gift of a purse containing $200.00 in gold. Mr. 
Macneill replied thanking the deputation, and through 

218 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

them his thoughtful people for this renewed and 
practical proof of their love and esteem. He said 
that this was but the climax of a number of Christmas 
presents receiyed by him and Mrs. Macneill, tending 
to make this a very happy and hopeful festival, and 
to promote the kindly and affectionate feeling that 
at present exists in the old Kirk. 

On January 23, 1889, the annual congregational 
meeting was held. The annual statement showed the 
ordinary revenue of the year to be $5,785.00, and 
the contributions for special charities and the schemes 
of the church $1,821.00, making a total of $7,606.00. 
It was unanimously voted to increase the pastor's 
salary to $2,250.00, an advance of $250.00. 

Upon the occasion of his third anniversary service, 
held on October 12, 1889, Mr. Macneill preached 
from the text "Who hath despised the day of small 
things." As on former occasions, the sermon was 
partly historical in its character and in part a review 
of the work of the St. Andrew's congregation. 

" Mr. Macneill said that he had recently come upon 
some letters written by the late Dr. George Burns, the 
first settled pastor of St. Andrew's Church, and in 
these letters he found a valuable addition to our 
knowledge on the subject. The first Presbyterians 
were the Loyalists, whose virtues the preacher dwelt 
upon at some length. Dr. Burns affirms that a vast 
proportion of these leal-hearted refugees, those 
Pilgrim Fathers of ours, were Scottish and American 
Presbyterians. As the men of the 'Mayflower' 
planted Puritanism in New England, so the Loyalists 
brought hither the principles of this church. In 
answer to the question, 'What steps did these Presby- 
terians take towards church building?' It was said 
that they held a meeting in 1784, at which it was 
moved, seconded and agreed to petition for a grant 
of land upon which to build a Presbyterian Church. 


Anniversary, 1889. 219 

They received the grant, and then called another 
meeting, and took steps to erect a church. They 
laid the foundation on what is now Queen Street, 
between Sydney and Carmarthen, and began to 
build, but they never completed it. They were too 
poor to go on with the work. The government 
refused to help them further; the Scotch Church 
rejected their appeal, and through poverty and 
parental neglect, the grand opportunity was lost of 
establishing a church which Dr. Burns affirms 'would 
have embraced in its communion almost the whole 
of the Protestant population.' 

" Mr. Macneill gave a graphic account of Dr. Burn's 
work, of the struggles he had, and of the victory he 
achieved. He alluded to the debt of obligation the 
young minister was under to the Earl of Dalhousie, 
then Governor of Nova Scotia, who greatly aided the 
cause; and who left as a token of his distinguished 
favor a solid silver communion service still in use in 
the church. One young man joined the church the 
year after Dr. Burn's settlement in 1818, and is still 
in the communion, viz: the father of the Session, John 
Wishart, who has been with the church for seventy- 
one years, and is now (1889) in his ninety-first year. 
From Mr. Wishart's recollections, the preacher drew 
a picture of a service in St. Andrew's Church in those 
days, seventy years ago, and contrasted it with the 
service to-day. He shewed Dr. Burn's dislike to 
'choirs,' to the 'ranting lively style of singing,' and his 
fondness for the 'precentor and his desk,' and the 
'grave sweet melodies' of the fatherland. 

"Seventy years have gone by since these beginnings. 
We have in the city six self-supporting congregations, 
with 900 families, over 1000 communicants, and an 
income for the past year of between $20,000.00 and 
$25,000.00. Looking over the province we have over 
200 churches and stations, 20,000 adherents, and an 

220 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

income of $80,000.00. Extending our glance we see 
the Canadian church reaching from ocean to ocean, 
with half a million adherents, and an annual revenue 
of $2,000,000.00." 

The pastor was surprised on Christmas eve, 1889, 
in a very pleasant way. A deputation of young ladies 
waited on him, and on behalf of his Bible-class 
presented him with a very handsome lamp. Many 
other valuable, useful and beautiful presents testified 
to the good feeling existing between Mr. and Mrs. 
Macneill and their flock. 

In the year 1889 the Young People's Association 
appears to have been an active and valuable aid in the 
financial work of the church. At a meeting of the 
trustees held on the seventh of May, it was ordered 
that the moneys placed at the disposal of the board 
by that association be used to pay off the indebtedness 
of the church to the estate of the late William Elder, 
"it being the last but one of the old debt claims." 
Again, at the meeting of trustees held on the ninth 
of December, the chairman of the finance committee 
reported that the same association had paid two 
bonds of the church of $100.00 each. 

In January, 1890, at the annual congregational 
meeting the statement submitted showed the total 
ordinary expenses for the year 1889, to be $5,970.34, 
and the special collections during the year, $1,510.04. 
The liabilities at the close of the year were as follows: 
Floating debts, $829.88; bonded debt, $3,500.00; 
mortgage, $30,000.00, making a grand total of 

On March 11, 1890, a special congregational meet- 
ing was called to consider the financial condition of 
the church, and to devise some plan by which the 
sum of $5,000.00 might be raised with which to pay 
off the floating debt of the church. A committee of 
twelve members was appointed, but apparently no 

Events During 1890. 221 

serious effort was made, during the remainder of that 
year at least, for at the following annual congrega- 
tional meeting we find that the debt remained at 
precisely the same figure. 

In July, electric lighting was installed in the main 
auditorium of the church, at a cost of somewhat over 
one hundred dollars. 

The fourth anniversary sermon, preached by Mr. 
Macneill on the 11th of October, 1890, was not of an 
historical character as on the previous occasions, and 
in the evening he preached a strong temperance 
sermon, which is reviewed at some length in the 
columns of the Daily Telegraph of the following day. 

On the 22nd of October, Mr. and Mrs. Macneill 
were visited by what the Daily Sun describes as "a 
great throng that literally crowded their spacious 
residence on Duke Street." The affair developed 
into a tin wedding celebration, and the astonished 
pastor and his wife found themselves surrounded by 
.every conceivable article of use that can be manufact- 
ured out of tin. A splendid supper was provided by 
the ladies and served to the assemblage. The health 
of Mr. and Mrs. Macneill was proposed and the 
former responded in felicitous terms. The visitors 
remained till quite late in the evening, and a most 
enjoyable couple of hours was spent by all present. 

The year 1890 witnessed at least two important 
changes in the personnel of the choir. At the meeting 
of the trustees held on October 16, the resignation 
of Miss Alice Hea as organist, to date from the first of 
January following, was tendered and accepted. At 
the meeting of trustees held on the fourth of November 
the resignation of Mr. Alexander H. Lindsay, son of 
the late Matthew Lindsay, who had been an accept- 
able member of the choir for some years, was also 
received and accepted. 

222 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

At the annual congregational meeting held on 
January 21, 1891, the statement for the calendar year 
just closed showed receipts from ordinary revenue to 
be $5,761.43, being about $160.00 less than the 
ordinary expenditure. The special collections for 
the year totalled $1,428.81, and the total debt, includ- 
ing the mortgage of $30,000.00, amounted to $34,- 

At the meeting of the trustees held on the tenth of 
November, 1891, Mr. James Knox, on behalf of the 
executors of the late Mrs. Joseph Bell, offered to hand 
over to the trustees of St. Andrew's Church, as 
residuary legatees, the sum of over eight hundred 
dollars. On motion, it was ordered that this amount 
be appropriated towards the payment of the floating 
debt. At a meeting of the same body, held on the 
fifth of January following, it is recorded that the sum 
of $878.67 had been received by the treasurer of the 
church. At the first mentioned meeting Dr. P. R. 
Inches was authorized to purchase two trees, and 
have them planted upon the ground in front of the 
church building, to the memory of Mr. and Mrs. 
Joseph Bell. These trees, two oaks, were duly 
procured and planted, and thrived for some years, 
after which the most northerly of the two died, and 
was replaced by another of the same species. Both 
of these trees are now in a thriving condition, and are 
an ornament to the church grounds. 

Saint Andrew's day, 1891, falling on Monday, the 
anniversary service was held on the preceding day. 
The chaplain for the year being the pastor of St. 
Andrew's Church, following a time-honored custom, 
the anniversary service was held in his church, he 
preaching the anniversary sermon. The sermon 
upon this occasion was a most eloquent effort, and 
is reported in full in the columns of the Daily Tele- 
graph of the following day. The text was from 

Saint Andrew's Day, 1891. 223 

Saint Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews, Chapter 11, verse 
32. "And what shall I more say? For the time 
would fail me to tell of Gideon, and of Barak, and of 
Sampson, and of Jephthah." 

The preacher drew his lesson for the occasion 
largely from the life and works of Robert Burns, 
Scotland's immortal poet. Burns, he declared, had 
paid homage to Christ and Christianity, and has left 
to all subsequent ages the heritage of noblest teachings, 
side by side with the influence of a somewhat ignoble 
example. In order to assign him a true place in 
British authorship he did not feel it necessary to give 
a sketch of his life or portray the splendor of his 
genius. That was unnecessary, for all acknowledge 
his splendid powers. After a brief allusion to some 
of the failings and shortcomings of the poet, the 
preacher paid the following eloquent tribute to the 
poet's memory: 

"It is not about Robert Burns himself that I am 
specially desirous now to speak. He is far away from 
all our praise and all our blame. We leave him, as 
we feel we can trustfully leave him, to the God who 
loved and cared for him better than he loved and 
cared for himself. But I speak of Robert Burns as a 
living and active power. As one says of him: 'the 
man who, by the force of his genius has made his life, 
his songs, and his poetry a mightier and more perman- 
ent influence in the world, more potent both for good 
and for evil than that of ten millions of men who are 
living and working around us.' I speak of Burns as 
a preacher of the religion of Jesus Christ, and though 
like other human preachers fallible and characterized 
by exceeding great defects, yet a preacher who, 
'though dead is yet speaking' to millions, and will yet 
speak to millions yet unborn, with a force and a fresh- 
ness that few regularly ordained preachers possess." 

224 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

The effort was replete with quotations from prose 
and verse and was delivered with marked oratorical 
ability. It was generally conceded to be one of his 
most able deliverances since occupying the pulpit of 
St. Andrew's Church. 

"In St. Andrew's Church, October 2, 1891, Rev. 
Mr. Macneill preached a special sermon, the occasion 
being the fifth anniversary of his pastorate. His 
text was: Eccles. vii., 13. Say not thou, what is 
the cause that the former days were better than these, 
for thou doest not enquire wisely concerning this. 
The preacher referred to the habit of men of all gener- 
ations to refer to the 'good old times,' deploring the 
days that were gone, as being better than the present. 
Social arrangements, as well as physical conditions, 
have improved, and while many things exist which we 
would like to legislate out of existence, for instance 
the liquor traffic, society is by no means retrograding. 
Cannibalism, piracy, persecution, human slavery, 
sectional hate have almost disappeared. The poor 
man has a better chance of living than ever before, 
morally there is a change for the better. The exten- 
sion of the franchise, the punishment of evil-doers, 
the improvement of literature, heresy, lack of rever- 
ence for sacred things, the observance of the Sabbath, 
and many other points of interest were enlarged upon 
in a powerful and instructive manner. 

" By way of illustration the preacher referred to the 
progress of St. Andrew's congregation during the 
past five years, leaving his older hearers to say whether 
the olden days were better than the present. He 
alluded to the handsome church edifice, lately 
repaired and partly re- painted, a building at once 
pleasing to the taste, uplifting the imagination, and 
offering a most comfortable place of worship. He 
referred to the simple, chaste and beautiful style of 
worship practised, to the practical and evangelical 

Anniversary Service, 1891. 225 

character of the preaching, calling his people to declare 
if he had not for five years tried to declare unto them 
the whole counsel of God. He also spoke of the 
musical part of the service, complimenting the musical 
friends, both in and out of the choir for the improve- 
ment, and calling on the congregation for practical 
encouragement and co-operation. He pointed out the 
large increase in attendance, and appealed to pew- 
holders to deny themselves to accommodate the 
strangers who come in ever-increasing numbers. He 
referred to the flourishing state of the finances, and 
said that in face of a decreasing city population, a 
larger number came to church, larger collections were 
taken up, and larger amounts were subscribed to 
missions and benevolence. He alluded to the steadily 
increasing communion roll, and dwelt thankfully on 
the harmony and cordiality of the people, specially 
thanking them for the greatest kindness to himself 
and his family. 

"Mr. Macneill concluded in a very earnest and 
solemn appeal to his people to work, seeing that the 
day is far spent. Seventy times he had followed the 
nodding hearse to the cemetery in these five years, and 
among them some earnest useful workers. 

"Let us be greatly encouraged by the gains already 
made, and with open eye and ear find signs of progress 
in religious, as well as moral and physical spheres."* 

"Rev. L. G. Macneill and Mrs. Macneill were both 
kindly remembered by their attached congregation 
on Christmas day, 1891. Among many other pre- 
sents, both useful and ornamental, deputations came 
from the gentlemen of St. Andrew's Church and from 
Mr. Macneill's Bible class, with gifts of gold amount- 
ing to nearly $200. The ladies also remembered Mrs. 
Macneill in a present of a beautiful quilt of eider 

* Newi clipping. 

226 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

down. Mr. Macneill replied in suitable words, 
thanking the several deputations for their generous 

The year, 1891, appears to have been a most 
prosperous one, financially, for St. Andrew's Church, 
as will be observed from the following abstract from 
the treasurer's statement for the year, which ended 
on the thirty-first of December. 

The ordinary receipts, including the Bell legacy, 
before alluded to, and the debt liquidation collections, 
were $8,183.02; special collections, $2,618.33. The 
payments during the year, including $1,600.00 paid 
on account of notes, were $9,402.81. The old claims 
and liabilities paid during the year were $3,377.78. 
The liabilities at the close of the year were, including 
the mortgage of $30,000.00, $33,279.10. 

At a meeting of the trustees, held January 19, 1892, 
resolutions were unanimously passed thanking the 
Debt Liquidation Committee, The Young Ladies' 
Aid Society, and the Young Peoples' Missionary 
Circle, for generous aid in paying off the debt of the 

On the following evening, for which the annual 
congregational meeting had been called, no business 
was transacted, but the meeting "adjourned as a 
mark of respect to the memory of Mrs. Macneill, our 
pastor's wife, who had passed away on the previous 

The death of Mrs. Macneill was heard of with 
sincere regret. The event was not unexpected, as 
she had been confined to her home for several months, 
suffering from an illness from which the best medical 
skill could afford but transitory relief. She endured 
her sufferings with scarcely a complaint, and was 

Sun, 26th December, 1891, 

Death of Mrs. Macneill. 227 

conscious up to within a short time of her death, which 
took place a few minutes before six in the morning of 
January 20, 1892. She was one of the most active 
members of St. Andrew's congregation, being president 
of the Ladies' Foreign Missionary and the Ladies' 
Home Missionary societies. She was deeply interest- 
ed in all matters relating to the church, and labored 
no less earnestly among the sick and poor, not only 
those connected with St. Andrew's congregation, but 
among those who had less rightful claim upon her 
time and generosity. 

Mrs. Macneill was a native of Maitland, N. S., and 
was a sister of Alfred Putnam, M. P. for Hants 
County. She had been married for about twelve 
years, and left two children. She was only about 
forty-two years of age at the time of her death. 

There was a large attendance at her funeral, the 
clergymen representing the different denominations 
being present, besides many friends and acquaintances 
of the family. 

The services at the house were conducted by Rev. 
D. Macrae, D.D., assisted by Rev. George Bruce and 

The floral tributes included an open Bible, made of 
white flowers, bearing the initials W. F. M. S. in 
violet letters ; and beautiful wreaths from the Session 
and the congregation. 

The pall-bearers were A. L. Law, George Robertson, 
W. W. MacLauchlan, J. Gordon Forbes, E. L. Jewett, 
and W. C. Whittaker. The trustees of the church 
walked in a body, preceding the hearse. 

When the congregational meeting re-assembled on 
the evening of January 28, there were many express- 
sions of sympathy for the bereaved pastor, and upon 
motion of J. Gordon Forbes, Esq., seconded by Mr. 
Thomas A. Rankine and supported by Mr. Alex. L. 

228 History op St. Andrew's Church 

Law and others, the following preamble and resolu- 
tions were unanimously adopted by a standing vote: 

" Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God to remove 
by death the wife of our beloved pastor, the congre- 
gation in annual meeting assembled desire to place 
on record our sense of the loss which we have sustained 
as a church and congregation by the death of Mrs. 
Macneill; be it therefore 

''Resolved, That we deeply mourn the death of 
our esteemed sister, who, in every walk of life had, by 
her many virtues endeared herself to us. In her the 
sorrowing and the poor have lost a kind and thought- 
ful friend; and further 

"Resolved, We desire to place on record our due 
sense of how much we owe to her influence and inde- 
fatigable labors for the peace, harmony and success 
which for the past five years has crowned the pastorate 
of this church, and earnestly pray her example may 
stimulate us all to more zeal and faithfulness in the 
Master's work; that we tender our beloved pastor 
and his family our deep sympathy in this the hour of 
their sad bereavement, and desire to mingle our tears 
with theirs in this our common sorrow; and pray that 
our Heavenly Father, 'who doeth all things well,' 
may bless to them and us this mysterious dispensation 
of His providence, so that we shall truly say from the 
heart, 'Thy will be done." 

On Sunday, October 16, 1892, Mr. Macneill, having 
completed the twentieth year of his ministry, and the 
sixth of his pastorate in St. Andrew's Church, preach- 
ed as in former years a special anniversary sermon. 
Upon this occasion his text was "There remaineth 
much land yet to be possessed." The preacher 
reviewed in a brief way the events of the year, and 
pointed out the opportunities and benefits of the 

St. Andrew's Society Service, 1892. 229 

present. The sermon contained much good counsel 
and advice and was listened to with great attention 
by those present. 

On November 26, 1892, St. Andrew's Society again 
attended service at St. Andrew's church, and listened 
to the words of its pastor, who preached from Genesis 
ii, 12, "And the gold of that land is good." The 
term gold he used in a metaphorical sense, as repre- 
senting those characteristics of the land and its 
people which are the glory of Scotchmen everywhere. 
After a brilliant word picture of Scottish scenery, and 
a brief but comprehensive review of Scottish history 
as embodying the great idea of liberty, he dwelt upon 
this love of liberty as one of the striking character- 
istics of the Scottish race. Scotland's love of learning 
was next considered, and the speaker pointed out that 
it was her national boast that poverty never prevented 
a man from obtaining a liberal education. Four 
great and flourishing universities in so comparatively 
small a country were the most striking evidence of 
her people's love of learning, while a host of Scottish 
names in the list of the world's poets, historians, 
statesmen, philosophers, orators, inventors and in 
every branch of learning affords like testimony. 
Touching the Scottish type of manhood, he showed 
it in industry, frugality, patience, perseverance, and 
a belief in honest manly worth and independence. 
Patriotism was also a striking characteristic, but the 
most striking was a loyalty to what was believed to be 
the truth. The Scot and his religion were inseparable, 
Scottish life was essentially religious, made so through 
centuries of struggle. When we gathered up the 
memories and traits of this people, their love of 
country, their love of liberty, manly independence, 
and loyalty to truth, we are constrained to admit that 
"the gold of that land is good." 

230 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

About the end of November, 1892, the pastor 
announced that the trustees had just completed 
the repairs on the roof of the building, at a cost of 
$500.00; and that the ladies had decided to paint 
and re-carpet the interior of the church, the cost of 
which was estimated at $700.00. He asked the congre- 
gation to give the ladies, who should call upon them 
in the following week, the sum of SI, 200.00 for these 
purposes. At the service held on December 9, just 
two weeks after the appeal was made, he had the plea- 
sure of announcing the complete success of the ladies 
of the church, for the sum of $1,201.25 had been 
subscribed, and almost all of it was already in the 
hands of the treasurer. The total cost of the repairs 
upon this occasion amounted to $1,492.50, of which 
$500 was for repairs to roof, $395 for new carpets, 
$530 for painting and $67.50 for laying the carpets. 

At the annual congregational meeting, which 
meeting is referred to below, held on January 18 
following, it was unanimously resolved "That the 
cordial thanks of the congregation of St. Andrew's 
Church in annual meeting assembled, is hereby 
tendered to the ladies who so successfully canvassed 
the congregation for subscriptions in aid of the repairs 
to the church edifice." The secretary was instructed 
to communicate this resolution to the ladies' com- 
mittee through the pastor, who was secretary of the 

In the Christmas remembrances this year, in spite 
of the heavy demands for unusual expenditures, the 
pastor was not forgotten by his congregation, but was 
the recipient of a handsome silk gown, as well as of 
other minor gifts from individuals. 

At the annual congregational meeting in January, 
1893, the receipts for the year were announced as 
$9,282.99, the expenditures being $8,432.99, leaving 
a balance on hand of $850.00. During the year 

Financial Position, 1893. 231 

$960.00 was contributed towards the schemes of the 
church and benevolence, nearly $700.00 in paying 
old liabilities over $1,400.00 for interest on debt; 
over $3,000.00 for salaries; and the balance on 
repairs and incidental expenses. Within the six 
years just closed the pew rents had increased from 
$1,455.00 to $1,845.00; envelope collections from 
$1,477.00 to $1,823.00, and plate collections from 
$886.00 to $1,036.00. Within the same period 
several thousands of dollars of debt had been liquid- 
ated, and the church building thoroughly repaired. 
The liabilities outstanding, exclusive of mortgage of 
$30,000.00, were at the end of the year 1892, 

The pastor spent his summer holidays, in the year 
1893, in a most enjoyable trip to western Canada, 
returning through the United States. Port Arthur, 
Fort William, Regina, Vancouver, Victoria and 
Chicago were visited, and the local press of the day 
contains jottings by the way, which indicate that the 
pastor not only thoroughly enjoyed his trip, but that 
he used his eyes to good advantage, storing his mind 
with much useful data, which he might use at a later 
time. Many old friends were encountered by him 
at various points upon his journey, and many new 
acquaintances formed. 

During the year a specific bequest of $375.00 was 
received from the estate of the late John Wishart. 
Another feature of the year's work was the addition 
to the church equipment of an electric motor for the 
organ, the funds for which were provided largely 
through the efforts of the Young People's Association. 

For the third year in succession, 1893, the St. 
Andrew's Society held their anniversary service at 
St. Andrew's Church. Upon this occasion the pastor 
of the church, who was also the chaplain of the 
society, chose for his text, John i., 6., "There was a 

232 History of St. Andrew's Church 

man sent from God, whose name was John." Using 
John Knox as an illustration, he spoke first of the 
debt which Scotland owed to Knox and of the 
reformation; second of the stamp of independence 
which Knox had left upon the people; third, of his 
work for political freedom; and fourth of his work 
for education and literary progress. The conclusion 
of the address was a consideration of how Scotchmen 
could best show themselves to be worthy of Knox. 
All should cling to the principles for which he 
battled; rally round the institutions he founded; 
defend the liberties which he secured, and love and 
serve the God he loved and served. 

At the annual congregational meeting, held January 
17, 1894, no business of very great importance was 
transacted. We find the following entry upon the 
minute book, which would seem to indicate that an 
effort was made to interest a larger number of 
members of the congregation in the annual meetings. 
As no further reference is to be found in the later 
pages of the church records, it would seem that the 
suggestion was not followed up. The following is the 
entry referred to: "Before retiring, the pastor 
suggested that in order to secure a large attendance 
at our next annual meeting the ladies should take 
part, and have what might be called a 'congre- 
gational tea' with a short programme of music, etc., 
before going on with the business of the meeting." 

The ordinary receipts for the year, 1893, according 
to the statement submitted at this annual meeting, 
were $5,781.57, received from the estate of the late 
John Wishart, $375.00, ordinary disbursements 
$6,396.99, special collections $1,103.59, debts, 
exclusive of mortgage of $30,000.00, $3,831.63, 

The annual congregational meeting, held on 
January 16, 1895, was, as usual "opened with reading 
and prayer, by the pastor, who also read a report of 

Debt Liquidation. 233 

work done, during the past eight years by those 
having charge of the 'Debt Liquidation Fund' and 
recommend that a vote of thanks be tendered to 
Miss Bessie Cameron and those who assisted her in 
collecting the sum of nearly $2,000.00 in that time." 
A unanimous vote of thanks was accordingly tendered 
to Miss Cameron and her co-workers for their 
valuable services during the period named. 

Miss Cameron afterwards became the wife of the 
Rev. Thomas Macadam, of North Bay, Ontario. 
After the death of her husband, Mrs. Macadam 
returned to St. John, where she died on July 21, 1901. 
She was a sister of Mr. R. K. Cameron, at present of 
St. Andrew's congregation, and of the late J. R. 
Cameron, both active workers in the cause of the 
church which they attended. 

The financial statement for the year ending 
December 31, 1894, shows the ordinary receipts for the 
year to have been $5,413.33; debt liquidation fund, 
$424.00; ordinary expenditures, $6,004.91; bond, 
Ladies Benevolent Society, $424.00. The debts of 
the church, exclusive of mortgage of $30,000.00, 
amounted to $4,063.41. 

The financial outlook, as submitted at the last 
annual meeting does not appear to have been of a 
very encouraging nature, and it was decided to issue 
a circular letter to the members of the congregation, 
urging them to increase their envelope subscriptions. 
The response to this circular letter does not seem 
to have been at all a generous one, as the committee 
appointed to prepare and issue the circular reported 
that the duty had been carefully attended to, and 
that they had received very few responses. A copy 
of the letter will be found attached to the minutes 
of the meeting of February 5, 1895. 

Notwithstanding the introduction of the electric 
light into the main auditorium of the church, it was 

234 History of St. Andrew's Church 

decided, at a meeting of the trustees held April 2, 
1895, to install the Auer light in the lecture room and 
adjoining rooms. 

On April 18, 1895, Rev. L. G. Macneill was married 
to Mary Gray Kennedy, only daughter of Aid. James 
Kennedy of the City of St. John, at his residence on 
Summer Street. The ceremony was performed by 
Rev. George Bruce, D.D., pastor of St. David's 
church, and was witnessed only by the immediate 
near relatives of the bride and groom. After the 
ceremony, followed by a sumptuous repast, the bride 
and groom took the train for Halifax. A large number 
of the congregation and other friends assembled at 
the station, and wished them a cordial adieu. At 
Halifax they embarked upon the steamer Van- 
couver, for England. After visiting several cities 
on the continent of Europe, they returned to St. 
John, where the pastor resumed his duties at St. 
Andrew's Church. 

On October 17, 1895, at the evening service, the 
pastor preached to a large congregation, from the 
text "My Church," as found in the Gospel according 
to St. Matthew, 16th Chapter and 18th verse. At 
the close of his discourse he referred briefly to the 
present prosperous condition of the congregation, 
at the end of the eighth year of his pastorate, partly 
in the following words: 

"Another year of delightful peace and congrega- 
tional harmony has passed. Work has not been 
interrupted by much sickness. Only one death has 
occurred in the membership since last anniversary. 
Attendance at all services has kept well up to the old 
mark. The finances are in a healthy condition. The 
special effort to remove $1,450.00 of church debt 
inaugurated at the last meeting is within $190.00 of 
being successful, and the hope is cherished that there 
may be no great delay in securing the small balance. 

Increase in Membership. 235 

Missionary societies have done good work, contribut- 
ing the sum of $627.00, last year, nearly double what 
was raised for those purposes in the first two or three 
years of the present pastorate. Eight years ago the 
roll of the communicants numbered 157. There have 
since been added 175 new names, making a total of 
332. Of these ninety have died or removed to other 
places, leaving a net increase of eighty-five, or over 
fifty-four per cent. The present membership is 242. 
The attendance at the week night services has 
improved, and the Sunday School has been conducted 
with its usual efficiency. Allusion was made to the 
volunteer choir, who had done so much to aid in the 
work of the church. 

At the annual congregational meeting held January 
15, 1896, the pastor submitted two propositions to 
the gathering, the first was that the various Presby- 
terian churches in the city were to support a 
Presbyterian hospital nurse, at an estimated cost of 
$175.00 per annum; the second that the appropriation 
to the choir, now $600.00, should be materially 
increased, say by $150.00 per annum. 

Messrs. Alex L. Law, W. C. Whittaker and A. D. 
Smith were appointed a committee to confer with 
other Presbyterian churches with reference to the 
plan proposed for the support of a nurse. To this 
matter no further reference appears in the church 
records, and we may presume that no practical result 

The proposal to increase the choir fund appears to 
have met with a much more hearty response, for of 
the sum required $103.50 was pledged before the 
meeting adjourned, and Messrs. Beverly R. Macaulay 
and Henry C. Rankine guaranted the amount of the 
balance asked for, and were appointed a committee 
to deal with the matter. 

236 History of St. Andrew's Church 

The ordinary receipts for 1895 amounted to $5,783.16 
and the disbursements to $6,215.75, a balance of 
nearly $570.00 on the wrong side of the account. The 
outstanding debts, exclusive of the mortgage of 
$30,000.00 were stated to be $4,499.00. 

During the year, 1896, the church appears to have 
taken into consideration the matter of the boundaries 
of the church property. At the meeting of the 
trustees held May 6, 1896, Mr. James Knox reported 
that he had seen Mr. Hugh H. McLean with refer- 
ence to an entrance from his lot to the church pro- 
perty, and that gentlemen had promised to draw a 
lease covering the privilege asked for and submit the 
same to the trustees. 

Mr. Ward C. Pitfield, who at that time was the 
owner of the property to the south of the church lo*t, 
fronting on Germain street, was apparently making 
use of the church grounds as a rear entrance to his 
lot, and Mr. Knox was also requested to see him with 
reference to the matter. 

At the same meeting of the trustees, May, 1896, 
a request was submitted from Mr. Arthur Rankine 
and others that certain lands held by the church and 
situated in the parish of St. Martins, St. John county, 
be transferred to them. This was the land held in 
trust by the trustees of St. Andrew's Church, having 
been bequeathed to them by the late John Brown, 
farmer, for the purpose of a burial lot. As the present 
Fernhill cemetery had obviated any possibility of the 
church requiring the property for the purpose named 
by the testator, it was decided to comply with the 
request, after having received a legal opinion that the 
trustees in making such conveyance would be acting 
within their legal rights. This opinion appears to have 
been of a favorable nature for at the meeting of 
trustees held on the November 10th following, the 
chairman reported that the transfer of the lot had 
been duly completed. 


Finances, 1897. 237 

The St. Andrew's Society had resolved to observe 
the annual festival of that society, 1896, by attending 
service in Carleton Presbyterian church. Owing, 
however, to repairs then being effected in the Carleton 
church, the service was held in St. Andrew's Church, 
the sermon being preached by the chaplain elect, the 
Rev. James Burgess, to a large gathering. 

At the annual meeting held on January 20, 1897, 
but little business other than that of a routine nature 
was transacted. The financial statement submitted 
for the preceding year showed the ordinary receipts 
to be $5,843.04, the ordinary disbursements, $6,184.75; 
the special collections, $1,023.26, and the debts, 
exclusive of the mortgage of $30,000.00, $3,745. 


Rev. Leander G. Macneill's Twenty-Fifth Anni- 
versary Illness of the Pastor Reported to 
the Trustees Reports of Annual Meetings 
The Century Fund Mr. Macneill Resigns 
the Pastorate Expressions of Love and 
Tender Feelings for the Pastor in his Sad 

There was a service and a sermon of unusual 
interest at St. Andrew's Church on Sunday, Novem- 
ber 7, 1897, when the Rev. L. G. Macneill, the 
pastor, celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of his 
ministry, preaching from Psalms cxliii, 5, " I remember 
the days of old, I meditate on all Thy work; I muse 
on the work of Thy hand," making reference to his 
long work in the church. Opening with a reference 
to the value of memories which we cherish of the past 
experiences, successes and failures, Mr. Macneill 

"It is not often that I venture upon personal 
references, but there are, I think, stages and halting- 
places in a man's life journey that should be used 
for retrospection; there are day's in a man's ministry 
that are especially suggestive to minister and people; 
days that recall interesting memories of the way 
God has led his church. One of such points of retro- 
spection a minister reaches when he has finished a 
quarter of a century of pulpit and pastoral work. 

"Your pastor has come to the silver wedding of 

his ministry. On our last communion Sunday, 

eleven years had passed since he spent his first 

Sabbath with St. Andrew's Church. No special 



Pastor's Twenty-Fifth Anniversary. 239 

allusion was then made to the past, as had been 
customary in former years, and the reason was that 
it was thought best to reserve such remarks as 
suggested themselves until the completion of a 
quarter of a century's ministerial work. 

"It was on November 12, 1872, that your pastor 
was ordained to the ministry by the Presbytery of 
Halifax. The service took place in Maitland, with 
great solemnity and impressiveness. Following the 
able and successful ministry of Rev. John Currie, 
who had been for twenty-five years the professor 
of Hebrew in the theological seminary at Halifax, 
one could not but feel the great honor and respon- 
sibility of the position. It was a position to which 
I felt myself summoned by the clear voice of 
conscience. From the professor's chair and the 
business of teaching languages, which I had supposed 
to be my vocation, I had come to hear the voice of 
God distinctly indicating my appointed work as that 
of a Christian minister. We found splendid material 
in Maitland. They were Presbyterians of the old 
type, true and loyal to the church of their fathers 
and faithful helpers of him they had chosen as their 
young minister. Maitland was very prosperous, 
and from the time of our settlement the church also 
prospered. God was manifestly with us. He did 
great things for us and our hearts were glad, during 
the six years of our Maitland pastorate. I remember 
having a busy yet enjoyable time; several calls to 
other churches were refused, but when, in 1878, the 
invitation was received from St. Andrew's Church 
in St. John's, Newfoundland, to become their pastor, 
we felt it to be our duty to accept. The circumstances 
in that far-off isolated field were peculiar. Duiing 
a visit in search of money to remove a foreign mission 
debt, we discovered that two congregations of 
Presbyterians, which had been separated and 

240 History of St. Andrew's Church 

struggling for more than thirty years, had lost their 
churches by fire and were in the act of building one 
united church, and were in hopes of securing a pastor 
who should succeed Dr. Moses Harvey and Mr. 
Patterson, who had retired from their charges to 
make a united church possible. We went, became 
acquainted, acquaintance ripened into attachment, 
and the result was a unanimous call to the pastorate of 
the new church. On Christmas Day, 1878, we entered 
upon our work in St. John's, where for eight years we 
had the pleasure of ministering to a noble congrega- 
tion. Misgivings regarding the union of the churches 
disappeared. The interest of the congergation stead- 
ily advanced. A beautiful church and manse, a well 
equipped academy, all free from debt, testified to the 
earnestness of the workers. Large sums were 
contributed to religious purposes, adherents increased 
thiity per cent, Sunday school one hundred per cent, 
and there was a large and substantial addition to the 
membership. Looking back to the eight years, 
during which it was our privilege to exercise the 
ministry of Christ in St. John's, I bear witness to the 
earnestness and unity of my dear old flock. Many 
were the life-long friends I made there and when, 
last summer, I visited the old field, after an absence 
of ten years, I found the old spirit still alive, a 
multitude whom I had baptized had grown up to be 
helpers and supporters of the church. The fire that 
had swept away their church and manse had failed 
to burn up the zeal and enthusiasm of the many 
loyal-hearted sons and daughters of the Kirk; and I 
had the privilege of opening a splendid new structure 
to the glory of God before a very large congregation. 
"On October 14, 1886, our induction into this 
church took place. From frequent retrospective 
glances at the anniversary of that day we are all 
familiar with the course of the present pastorate. It 

Pastor's Twenty-fifth Anniversary. 241 

is not needful that I should refer to the details at the 
present moment beyond noting that I have had with 
you eleven busy and not altogether fruitless years 
of ministerial work. 

"And so, in these three congregations five and 
twenty years have been spent in almost unbroken 

"Statistics do not give an altogether just view of 
spiritual results. The best part of every minister's 
work cannot be tabulated or represented in figures, yet 
figures serve some purpose. During this quarter of a 
century, I find from records which I have kept that I 
have preached about 3,000 sermons and made about 
1,500 addresses and lectures. I have dispensed the 
ordinance of baptism to 630 persons and the 
sacrament of the Lord's supper 100 times. I have 
been permitted to receive 534 persons into the church 
fellowship, viz: 167 in Maitland, 149 in St. John's 
and 218 in this church. I have celebrated 165 
marriages and conducted the funeral services of 351 
individuals. My three congregations have been 
marked for their great liberality. Maitland raised 
for religious purposes in six years $18,000.00, St. 
John's in eight years $80,000.00, and this church in 
11 years $90,000.00, in all over $188,000.00, of which 
over $30,000.00 was for missionary and other schemes 
of the church. Let these few statistics suffice to 
indicate a few lines of activity during the period 
under review. 

"Perhaps the greatest event ecclesiastically, in the 
past quarter of a century in the Dominion of Canada, 
has been the union of the churches. When I was 
ordained a minister, the thought of occupying a seat 
in a united general assembly representing all the 
Presbyterians from the Atlantic to the Pacific was 
but a dream. The synod of Nova Scotia had been 
formed in 1817. The synod in connection with the 

242 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Church of Scotland was formed in 1840. A third 
union in 1860 produced the synod of the Presbyterian 
churches of the lower provinces. The following year 
witnessed the union of the Canadian Presbyterian 
synod. In 1866 New Brunswick churches united 
with the synod of the lower provinces. In 1868 
another union formed the synod of the maritime 
provinces in connection with the Church of Scotland. 
There were still, however, after these six unions, 
four separate Presbyterian churches in Canada. It 
was one of the grandest ecclesiastical events in the 
period under review, when there was consummated 
the seventh and final union of all the Presbyterian 
bodies in Canada, which took place in 1875. The 
wisdom of the union has been evidenced by the 
splendid progress of our beloved church. 

"In constant effort for the upbuilding of our 
beloved church in the maritime provinces and in the 
extension of our Redeemer's kingdom throughout 
this land and other lands. I have been busy for a 
quarter of a century. And so the days have passed 
"like a tale that is told." When the next quarter 
of a century ends the voice that utters these words 
will probably be silent. Another voice will be heard 
in this pulpit and for the most part another congre- 
gation will occupy these pews." 

In closing the address, of which the foregoing is but 
a brief synopsis, the pastor referred to the many 
earnest men and women with whom he had in his 
work been associated, and thanked God that for 
twenty-five years he had been permitted to preach 
a living, loving, personal and practical gospel. 

On the following day, Monday, November 28, a 
large congregational re-union was held in St. 
Andrew's lecture room, in honor of the pastor's 
twenty-fifth anniversary of ministerial work. In 


Pastor's Twenty- fifth Anniversary. 243 

addition to a large representation from the congre- 
gation, there were a number of brother ministers and 
other friends from other city churches present. The 
room was tastefully decorated, and the affair is 
referred to in the local press of the day as having 
been a great success. The chair was occupied by 
Mr. George Robertson, then mayor of the city and 
one of the elders of the church, and that gentleman 
in his opening address paid a just and eloquent 
tribute to the work of the pastor. Short addresses 
were also given by Rev. Messrs. T. F. Fotheringham, 
Rainnie and Fraser of St. John and Rev. Arthur S. 
Morton of Fairville. All of the speakers were able 
out of their own experience to say some kindly things 
about the pastor of St. Andrew's Church. After Mr. 
Macneill had been called to the platform, Mr. Alex- 
ander Macaulay, on behalf of the ladies of the congre- 
gation, presented him with an elegant case of silver 
spoons and forks, initialed and bearing the inscription, 
" Presented to Rev. L. G. Macneill on the twenty-fifth 
anniversary of his ministry by the congregation of 
St. Andrew's Church, St. John, N. B. 1872-1897." 
Mr. Macneill expressed his grateful sense of apprecia- 
tion, and after a brief retrospective glance, which 
recalled pleasant memories of Maitland, St. John's, 
Nfid., and this city, spoke of some of the lessons his 
experience had taught him, among which was, he 
said, a realizing sense of how very far short he came 
of his ideals. He had learned the value of hard work, 
and hoped to be found hard at work when the final 
message came to him. An enjoyable musical 
programme, followed by a sympathetic address by 
Rev. George Bruce, pastor of St. David's church, 
brought the formal portion of the programme to an 
end, and a committee of the young ladies of the 
church served some light refreshments and social 
intercourse was indulged in for a short time. 

244 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

At the annual meeting of the congregation held 
on the 19th of January, 1898, the usual quiet 
monotony of the proceedings was enlivened by the 
following abstruse proposition, which was submitted 
to the meeting, the wording used being quoted from 
the records of the church: 

"A proposed amendment to the Act of 42nd Victoria 
A. D., 1879, Cap. XXXIII, was submitted. This 
was amended by 60 Victoria A. D., 1897, Cap. 
LXXVIII, which repealed the whole of Act 51 
Victoria, Chapter 55 intituled (sic) An Act in addition 
to and in amendment of the laws relating to Saint 
Andrew's Church in the City of Saint John, and 
amended Act 42 Victoria, Chapter 33, so that the 
annual election of Trustees would be held on the 
third Wednesday in January, between the hours of 
7 and 9 o'clock in the evening, instead of on the first 
Wednesday in June, as heretofore." 

The substance of this elaborate statement, clear as 
a rule only to the mind legally trained, is to be found 
in the few closing lines. 

The financial statement submitted again shows an 
increase in the floating debt. The abstract is as 
follows: Ordinary receipts during the year 1897, 
$5,429.22; ordinary disbursements, $5,979.77; special 
collections, $1,062.75; debts, exclusive of mortgage 
of $30,000.00, $5,335. 

At a meeting of the trustees held on February 1st, 
Mr. W. Rae Wilson was appointed secretary at a 
salary of $100. 

In 1898 the ladies of the congregation appear to 
have rendered material aid to the trustees in the 
matter of debt liquidation, for we find the following 
entry in the minutes of the meeting of trustees held 
on March 29th: A vote of thanks was passed to the 
ladies of the congregation, Mrs. Hugh H. McLean, 

Ferguson Fund. 245 

president, for the sum of $600, to be devoted to the 
liquidation of the floating debt. 

At the annual meeting held on January 18th, 1899, 
no business other than that of a routine character 
appears to have been transacted. We find that 
the ordinary receipts during the past year were 
$6,001.99; the ordinary expenditures, $6,168.43; the 
debts, exclusive of mortgage of $30,000.00, $5,475. 
No statement of any special collections taken during 
the year are mentioned in the printed financial 
statement submitted to the meeting, although there 
is no doubt that such collections were duly held, as in 
the preceding and following years. 

On April 25th, the chairman reported to the 
meeting of the trustees that Sarah J. Ferguson, 
widow of the late William L. Ferguson, M. D., had 
left to the trustees of St. Andrew's Church, certain 
freehold property on Duke Street. This formed the 
nucleus of what is now known as the Ferguson Fund. 
At a later meeting an offer of $3,000.00 from W. J. 
Parks, was submitted for the property, but declined, 
the trustees deciding to sell the property at public 
auction. The wisdom of this action is apparent, 
when we learn that at the meeting held on June 25th, 
the chairman reported that the property had been 
sold at auction for $4,025. The money was ordered 
to be deposited in the Bank of Nova Scotia at 3%, 
subject to call. 

At the meeting of the trustees held on May 1, 
1899, a very painful duty devolved upon the chairman. 
Upon that occasion Judge Forbes called the attention 
of the board to the continued illness of the beloved 
pastor, the Rev. L. G. Macneill, and upon motion 
two months additional leave of absence was granted 
to him, the church to provide a supply during his 
absence. There were many expressions of regret at 
the sad news, and the hope was generally expressed 

246 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

that the pastor's illness might be of but short 

At the annual meeting of the congregation, held 
on January 17, 1900, the business was again purely 
of a routine character. The financial statement 
submitted showed the ordinary receipts of the year 
to be $5,550.34; the ordinary expenditures, $5,920.45; 
and the debts, exclusive of the mortgage of $30,000.00, 
increased to $6,155.23. 

At the meeting of the trustees held on September 
4th, it was reported to the board, that Mary Griffiths, 
one of the beneficiaries under the will of the late 
Sarah J. Ferguson, had died on June 27, 1900. 

At the annual congregational meeting held on 
January 16, 1901, the financial statement submitted 
showed the ordinary receipts during the past year 
to be $5,550.34, the ordinary expenditures $5,737.67, 
and the debts, exclusive of the mortgage of $30,000, 
$5,677.01. The special collections during the year 
amounted to $2,810.28. 

At the annual congregational meeting, held on 
January 15, 1902, the financial statement submitted 
by the trustees showed the ordinary revenue during 
the previous year to be $5,430.01, the ordinary 
expenditures $6,491.26, and the debts, exclusive of 
the mortgage of $30,000.00, to be $4,066.24. The 
special collections during the year aggregated 

The report of the chairman of the board of trustees 
showed that the sum of $2,058 had been received 
from the Century Fund, in addition to $1,142, received 
during the previous year. This made a total amount 
of $3,200.00 received by St. Andrew's Church from 
this fund. Of this sum $1,500.00 had been used in 
retiring the bond of the church for money loaned, 
held by Mrs. Luke Stewart; the balance of the sum, 
$1,700.00 had been paid upon the floating debt of 
the church. 

Retirement of Rev. L. G. Macneill. 247 

At the request of Judge Forbes, it was decided, at a 
meeting of the board of trustees, held on January 13th, 
1903, to loan the plans of the church to St. Andrew's 
Church, Sydney, Cape Breton, of which the Rev. 
Clarence Mackinnon was the pastor. 

The annual congregational meeting was held on 
January 28, 1903. The final report of the Century 
Fund was submitted, and a unanimous vote of thanks 
was tendered to the treasurer of same, Mr. James 

The financial statement submitted by the trustees 
at this meeting showed the ordinary receipts during 
the year to be $5,186.46; the ordinary expenditures 
$5,445.11, and the debts, exclusive of the mortgage 
of $30,000.00, $2,400. The special collections during 
the year amounted to $3,102.34, which included the 
sum of $1,624.50 raised to pay the floating debt, 
which is thus extinguished, the above $2,400 being a 
funded debt, namely a bond of $2,000.00 at 4H%. 
and one of the $400.00 at 4%. 

On December 10, 1903, a joint meeting of the elders 
and trustees was held, Rev. L. G. Macneill having 
announced to the congregation his inability to 
further continue in the pastorship of the church, 
owing to failing health, his condition from year to 
year for several years past, having become much 
more acute. This announcement had been heard 
with universal regret by the members of the congre- 
gation. After a lengthy discussion of the situation, 
on motion of Judge Forbes, seconded by Mr. James 
Kennedy, it was resolved, "That this joint committee 
recommend to a meeting of this congregation to be 
held, that St. Andrew's Church pay a retiring allow- 
ance of eight hundred dollars per year to the Rev. 
Leander G. Macneill, the present minister, for the 
term of five years, and that a new minister be called 
at a salary of fifteen hundred dollars." 

248 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Messrs. George Robertson and Robert M. Magee 
were appointed a committee to call on the minister 
and state to him the action of this committee, and 
advise him to call a congregational meeting as soon 
as practicable. 

The congregational meeting was duly called, but 
at the gathering which was held on December 16th, 
no definite action was taken with reference to a 
retiring allowance to Mr. Macneill. The hope was 
expressed at this meeting that Rev. Gordon Dickie 
who had been acting as assistant to Mr. Macneill for 
some months previously, might accept the position 
of pastor upon the retirement of Mr. Macneill. Mr. 
Dickie thanked the congregation but expressed his 
regret that owing to a promise already made by him 
in another direction, he would be unable to accept a 
call to the pulpit of St. Andrew's Church. 

The following kindly and appreciative notice of the 
long continued labors of Mr. Macneill as pastor of 
St. Andrew's Church is from the St. John Sun of 
December 17, 1903. 

" St. Andrew's congregation is not alone in regretting 
the retirement of the pastor, who has served that 
church so faithfully for eighteen years. Mr. Macneill 
is greatly respected in all the churches, and through- 
out the community, in whose advancement and well- 
being he has always taken a deep interest. While 
he has done his best work in the church over which 
he had the care, he has always been ready to help 
with labor and advice any good cause that needed 
assistance. St. Andrew's is a historic church, whose 
early history is the history of Presbyterianism in St. 
John. Eminent preachers have occupied the St. 
Andrew's pulpit from the beginning. But the fine 
traditions of the Kirk have been well maintained 
during the pastorate that now comes to a close. For 
there are few stronger, more courageous, and more 

Retirement of Rev. L. G. Macneill. 249 

impressive preachers than Mr. Macneill. Many 
men and women have grown up in the church under 
his ministry and he is greatly honored of them all. 
Mr. Macneill is not an old man, and the greater part 
of his work as a minister has been done in St. 
Andrew's. His connection with the church will still 
continue, so that the relations between him and his 
flock will be hardly less intimate than they have 
been during his long and useful pastorate." 

The Presbytery of St. John met in regular session at 
St. Andrew's Church, on January 19, 1904, at which 
the resignation of Rev. Leander G. Macneill from the 
pastorate of St. Andrew's Church was presented. Mr. 
C. S. Everett, representing the trustees of the church, 
and Judge Forbes, representing the Session, were in 
attendance. They spoke of the proceedings of the 
congregation and read extracts from the minutes of 
the Session, showing what had been done in the matter. 
Rev. Mr. Macneill was asked to express himself, and 
adhered to his resignation. 

Dr. D. J. Fraser moved, seconded by Judge Stevens 
and supported by Dr. T. H. Fotheringham, that a 
committee be appointed to place on record the appre- 
ciation of the Presbytery of Mr. Macneill's work. In 
making this motion the speakers paid high tribute 
both to Mr. Macneill's personal worth, and to the 
splendid work he has done during the many years of 
his pastorate of St. Andrew's Church. The committee 
appointed was Dr. Fotheringham, Dr. Fraser and 
Rev. A. H. Foster. It was also decided that the 
general assembly be asked to retain Mr. Macneill's 
name on the Presbytery roll, and that an application 
be made on his behalf to the aged and infirm minister's 

The pulpit of St. Andrew's Church was declared 
vacant on the last Sunday of January, 1904, Dr. 
Fraser acting as moderator for the congregation. 

250 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Great satisfaction and approval was expressed by 
the Presbytery, at the action of St. Andrew's Church 
in making such liberal provision for their retiring 

On January 27, 1904, at the annual congregational 
meeting, Dr. Peter R. Inches read a letter from the 
pastor, Rev. L. G. Macneill, who was absent through 
illness, embodying expressions of the tenderest regard 
and affection for the congregation amongst which he 
had labored for so long, and expressing the deepest 
sense of regret at being obliged to lay down the work 
through physical infirmity. On motion the letter was 
received and ordered to be entered on the minutes, 
and Messrs. Inches, M. D., P. S. MacNutt, chairman 
of trustees, and W. C. Whittaker were appointed a 
committee to reply to Mr. Macneill's letter on behalf 
of the congregation, reciprocating the love and tender 
feelings therein contained, and to express to Mr. 
Macneill the deepest sympathy of the congregation for 
him in his sad affliction. 

At the same meeting it was resolved that commenc- 
ing with the first of March following, a volunteer 
choir be substituted for the paid choir previously 
existing, and that the organist alone be paid. 

The financial statement for the past year as submit- 
ted by the trustees showed the gross receipts for the 
year 1903 to be $5,591.85; the gross expenditures 
$6,291.85; the special collections during the year 
$1,379.86; and the debt, exclusive of the mortgage of 
$30,000, $3,550. 



Induction of Rev. David Lang. Meeting of 
General Assembly. The One Hundred and 
Twenty-Second Anniversary. "Ralph Con- 

Following the retirement from the pulpit of Saint 
Andrew's Church of the Rev. L. G. Macneill through 
failing health, the Rev. David Lang, M. A., B. D., 
was unanimously called to fill the vacancy. On 
May 4, 1904, the Board of Elders and Trustees met 
sederunt, the Rev. James Burgess, Moderator, with 
Messrs. Kennedy, Law, White, and Forbes, elders, 
and Messrs. Smith, Magee, Inches, Everett, 
Mcintosh, Rankine, ' Cameron, and Ferguson, 
trustees. According to agreement then arrived at 
the name of Mr. Lang, a licentiate of the Presbyterian 
Church of Canada, and then at Bradford, New York, 
was submitted to the congregation and unanimously 
accepted, as pastor of St. Andrew's Church. 

The ceremonies of the ordination of the Rev. 
David Lang, and his induction into the pastorate of 
St. Andrew's Church, which took place on the 
evening of May 31, 1904, were most impressive. 
There was a very large congregation present, among 
whom were not a few clergymen of other denomina- 
tions, including Rev. G. O. Gates, D.D., of the 
Germain Street Baptist church, and Rev. Howard 
Sprague, D.D., who had occupied the pulpit upon 
the occasion of the opening of the new church edifice, 
in 1879, preaching one of the three inspiring addresses 
which marked that occasion as one ever to be 
remembered. In the absence of the Moderator of 
the Presbytery, Rev. D. MacOldrum, of Moncton, 
the Rev. James Burgess presided, and related the 
6teps to the call. 


252 History of St. Andrew's Church 

After the singing of a hymn, the Rev. James 
Burgess read the Scripture lesson, and the Rev. T. H. 
Fotheringham, D.D., of St. John's Presbyterian 
church, offered a prayer, and the induction ceremony 
was proceeded with. All the members of the 
Presbytery present, standing in front of the platform, 
placed their hands upon the head of him who was 
from that time to make the service of his Master his 
life work, and with the offering of a most solemn and 
impressive invocation by Mr. Burgess that portion 
of the ceremony was concluded. 

The Rev. T. Chalmers Jack, of Sydney, Cape 
Breton, delivered the charge to the minister. His 
address was in part as follows: 

"Seek to magnify your office, not by lording it over 
God's heritage, but by being faithful in the discharge 
of your duties. By urging a faithful ministry we 
are also urging a successful ministry. The petition 
of Habakkuk, twenty-five centuries ago, is the 
petition of to-day. 'Revive thy work, O Lord, in 
the midst of the year's.' If this is not the spirit that 
moves us, then this ceremony in which we are 
engaged, the General Assembly which will meet within 
these walls, and all other religious conventions are 
meaningless shams. 

" 'Paul may plant and Apollos may water, but 
God giveth the increase.' Some one may be tempted 
to ask why, if God alone giveth the increase, should 
Paul and Apollos be put to so much trouble? But 
there is a necessary connection between human 
effort and the increase of the fields. The farmer 
recognizes this and uses every means in his power 
to secure a good harvest. As with things temporal, 
so it is with things spiritual. The planting and water- 
ing done faithfully, results must follow." 

In conclusion the speaker urged entire consecration 
to the great work to which the young incumbent had 

Induction Rev. David Lang, 253 

been set apart, and that he seek at all times to preach 
the gospel of consolation to such as were sorrowful. 

"Long may you be spared to the ministry of this 
congregation," he said, "be it yours to work while it 
is yet day, knowing that the night cometh when no 
man can work." 

The Rev. A. S. Morton charged the people. He 
reminded them that in the early days of the church , 
bishops and ministers were accustomed to speak of 
the congregation under their care as their brides, and 
the people were proud to be so called. The con- 
nection between them must have been very tender 
to have justified that name. He urged the congrega- 
tion to bring the same feelings into the church that 
they cherished in their homes, to trust their minister 
even when they might not entirely understand him. 
Nothing will crush a man so quickly as distrust, and 
nothing would so increase his courage and strengthen 
his hands in his work, as the knowledge that his 
people were prepared to follow him without question. 
"Let there be concord among yourselves," he said, 
and cultivate a brotherly feeling toward each other 
and towards strangers." 

After the singing of another hymn this solemn and 
impressive service terminated by the pronouncing of 
the benediction by the new pastor of St. Andrew's 

On June 1, 1904, the highest court of the Presby- 
terian Church in Canada, the General Assembly, held 
its first sederunt in St. Andrew's Church, the first 
business of importance transacted being the selection 
of Rev. G. M. Milligan, D.D., of Old St. Andrew's 
Church, Toronto, to be Moderator for the following 
year. Between three hundred and three hundred 
and fifty commissioners were present at the opening 
of the Assembly, representing all Canada, from 
Dawson City in the far west, to Sydney in the far 

254 History of St. Andrew's Church 

east. Fifty-eight presbyteries were represented, of 
which fifty-five were Canadian, and three from out- 
side. The attendance was an unusually large one, 
due doubtless to the desire of the western men to 
visit the Atlantic coast. 

A committee composed of representatives of all 
the Presbyterian churches of the City of St. John 
had been busy for weeks, arranging for the accom- 
modation of the large number of commissioners who 
attended. That duty, so the local papers of the 
day tell us, was well performed. Rev. James 
Burgess of Carleton was convenor of the committee, 
and Hon, J. Gordon Forbes, secretary. 

Many prominent men of the West were in attend- 
ance at this, the thirty-first Assembly of the Presby- 
terian Church of Canada. The sermon at the open- 
ing service was preached by Rev. Fletcher, D.D., of 
Hamilton, Ontario, and the church building, on that 
occasion, including the galleries, was filled to its 

The Assembly held three sederunts daily, many 
questions of vital importance in the work of the 
church were discussed, and in the majority of 
instances were promptly and satisfactorily disposed 
of. The press of Canada regarded the gathering as 
of so much importance that many publications sent 
special correspondents to St. John to attend and 
report upon the proceedings. The local press 
devoted much space to reports of the various sessions. 

The St. John Telegraph in an editorial of welcome 
to the visiting members of this distinguished body of 
men, took occasion to touch upon one of the most 
important matters to be dealt with, in the following 
words : 

"The Presbyterian parliament, to whose opening 
session the Telegraph devotes much space this 
morning, and whose deliberations will command 

Meeting of General Assembly. 255 

much prominence in these columns for some days 
to come, is more than ever important this year, both 
from the standpoint of Presbyterianism and from 
the standpoint of the whole Christian church. Re- 
presenting one of the greatest and most representative 
religious bodies in Canada, the commissioners from 
every section of this great Christian country number 
among them not only clergymen of enviable standing 
and capacity, but laymen who rank among the fore- 
most of their generation. 

"Such an assemblage met for the usual purposes 
of the Presbyterian church, would be interesting 
enough. But to this high council come men with a 
word on their lips, which, if it be not new, had lately 
been clothed with new power and that word is 
Union. Many of the commissioners already have 
expressed opinions favorable to the merging of the 
Presbyterian, Methodist and Congregational bodies 
in one, * * * If the position (of the Presby- 
terians) should be one strongly favorable to union, 
the road to that goal will be smoothed mightily for 
all three of the bodies interested." 

During the second day of the gathering, Walter W. 
White, Esq., M.D., Mayor of St. John, extended an 
official greeting to the Assembly, cordially welcoming 
its members to the city. His address was an eloquent 
and scholarly one, delivered in his best vein, and was 
well received by all those by whom it was heard. 

Following the Mayor, the Rev. David Lang, the 
newly inducted pastor of St. Andrew's church, 
welcomed the assembly in the name of the Presby- 
terians of New Brunswick. In his address the young 
pastor spoke of himself as the "baby member" of the 
Canadian Church, to which Dr. Milligan promptly 
replied, "You're ower 'Lang' to be a baby." 

The evening session of the second day was described 
as a "Grand Night in Home Mission Work," and no 

256 History of St. Andrew's Church 

doubt it was, judging from the speeches and 
resolutions as reported. All the speakers were 
fervent in spirit, and the tone of optimism that 
pervaded their utterances was most noticeable. The 
confidence and buoyancy and power, combined with 
the keen scholarly wit and religious enthusiasm of 
many of the speakers, were felt by the great gathering, 
held spellbound during the long session. 

The discussion during the third day dealt with the 
duty of the church to the seats of learning; an increase 
in the minimum stipend for ministers, and with 
foreign missions. 

The fifth of June fell on Sunday, and it is seldom 
that the pulpits of the various Protestant churches of 
St. John have contained in one day such an array of 
men of brilliant genius and oratorical ability as upon 
that occasion. Methodists, Baptists and Congrega- 
tionalists opened their pulpits to their visiting 
brethren, and it was truly a red letter day in the 
history of Presbyterianism in New Brunswick. One 
Anglican pastor publicly expressed his regret that 
the rubrics of his church did not permit him to 
invite one of the visiting divines to enter his pulpit, 
and expressed the hope that the day might not be 
far distant when there would be a closer drawing 
together among the followers of Christ. 

At St. Andrew's Church, with the history of which 
this work, of course, particularly deals, two impressive 
sermons were delivered. That in the morning was 
by the Rev. Clarence Mackinnon, D.D., then of 
Sydney, Cape Breton, but now Principal of Pine Hill 
College, Halifax, Nova Scotia, than whom probably 
no more welcome speaker ever entered the pulpit of 
St. Andrew's Church. Unfortunately the press of 
the day, while devoting whole pages to reports of the 
various sermons delivered, makes no mention of that 
by Dr. Mackinnon, so that even a brief outline of 

Meeting of General Assembly. 257 

what must have been a most forceful and learned 
address has not been preserved to us. 

In the evening the pulpit was occupied by Rev. 
Pringle, D.D., who spoke on the mission work of the 
Yukon. The church was crowded to its capacity 
upon both occasions. Dr. Pringle did not deliver a 
formal sermon, but told a story of the trail and the 
mining camp, fresh and interesting, and stamped 
with the individuality of a man who boldly asserts 
that the world is growing better, and that there is 
an open door to the heart of every man, through 
which the grace of God may enter in, if we are but 
wise enough to find it. 

Many illustrations of his work were related by Dr. 
Pringle, who made an eloquent appeal in closing his 
address for aid in the extension of hospital work, that 
they might heal the sick as well as preach the gospel. 
It was almost nine o'clock when the speaker finished 
his remarkable address, which made a most powerful 
impression upon all his hearers in the crowded church. 

At four p. m., the Assembly communion was held 
in St. Andrew's Church. This was indeed a solemn 
occasion, and one that must have left a deep and 
lasting effect upon the minds and hearts of all those 
whose privilege it was amid such an assemblage to 
show forth in this manner the death of the Saviour 
of the world. 

The sessions of Monday, June 6, were full of 
incident. During the afternoon the debate was upon 
the question of church union. Eloquent greetings 
from the Presbyterian church of the United States, 
North, were presented by Dr. Chapman of Buffalo, 
who is a native of New Brunswick. 

A feature of the day was the welcome extended by 
Mr. Lang to Canon, now Bishop Richardson of 
Fredericton, the Rev. John deSoyres and the Rev. 
W. O. Raymond, as a deputation conveying fraternal 

258 History of St. Andrew's Church 

greetings from the Anglican Deanery of St. John. 
They were welcomed by the Rev. Dr. Milligan, 
Moderator, and each visitor spoke briefly, the Rev. 
John deSoyres making a particularly fine address. 

Among those who accompanied the deputation 
were the Rev. William Dewdney, the Rev. G. F. 
Scovil, Lieut.-Col. J. Russell Armstrong, and Messrs. 
A. C. Fairweather, W. S. Fisher, T. Barclay Robinson, 
A. H. Hanington and William M. Jarvis. 

At the Monday evening sederunt evangelization 
in Quebec province was discussed and an appeal 
made for aid in carrying on the work. 

The Assembly closed its last session on Tuesday 
evening, June 7, after an arduous day's work. 

Altogether, the week was one of the most eventful 
in the history of St. Andrew's church. There was 
much earnest discussion along many lines of work, 
and the spiritual strength and uplift communicated 
to all those whose privilege it was to join in the 
various services, discussions, and other gatherings, 
was doubtless of no small moment. 

On the twenty-fourth of the same month, the 
three hundredth anniversary of the discovery of the 
river St. John by Samuel de Champlain was celebrated 
at St. John with great rejoicing and much pageantry 
and ceremonial. In honor of the event the Royal 
Society of Canada held its annual meeting at St. 
John, and as an auditorium of suitable size and 
equipment was difficult to obtain in the city the 
Session and Board of Trustees cheerfully granted the 
use of their building for the purpose ot holding this 
most important gathering of the Society. Upon 
this occasion many men, prominent in church and state 
as well as in the realm of literature, occupied seats 
upon the platform, or in the pews of St. Andrew's 

Year's Work, 1904, Reviewed. 259 

On January 18, 1905, the annual congregational 
meeting was held, the meeting being opened with 
reading of the Scriptures and prayer, by the new 
pastor, the Rev. David Lang. The report of the 
Session, of which Mr. Lang was Moderator, was 
submitted by that gentleman. The Session had held 
during the past year fifteen meetings, and the 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper had been dispensed 
four times. There had been a total addition of 
forty-eight members to the church, the number of 
names on the communion roll was, at the beginning 
of 1905, 204; at the beginning of 1906, 244; a net 
increase of forty during the year. There were 
thirteen baptisms, six marriages, and in families 
connected with the church, seven deaths. 

During the year, 1905, Mr. Robert S. Cowan was 
elected to and inducted into the eldership of the 

During the same year, Messrs. F. Neil and William 
Brodie presented to the church seating plans, which 
now hang in the church entry and are of considerable 
assistance to the ushers in alloting seats to visitors. 

The Ladies' Aid Society reported that during the 
past year they had presented the pastor with a new 
silk gown, had donated one hundred new hymn books 
for the use of strangers in the church, and had handed 
to the trustees the sum of $100.00. For all of these 
services a hearty vote of thanks was tendered to the 

That the work of the volunteer choir was also 
appreciated may be gathered from the fact that they 
were tendered a vote of thanks, which the secretary 
was instructed to communicate to the choir master, 
Mr. F. C. Macneill. 

The financial statement submitted by the trustees 
showed that during the year, 1904, the ordinary 
receipts were $5,846.77; the ordinary expenditures, 

260 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

$6,164.61; the special collections, $807.88. The 
liabilities, exclusive of the mortgage of $30,000.00, 
amounted to $3,306.98. 

At the meeting of the trustees held on the eighth 
of February, following, it was determined to make 
another effort to wipe out the floating and funded 
debts of the church. It was resolved "that the 
trustees present a printed appeal to the congregation 
on Sunday, March 12th and 19th, to provide funds to 
retire note due April 2nd. That the minister be 
asked to make a special address to the congregation 
on one of the above named dates. Any persons who 
have not replied to this appeal to be called upon by 
a member of the Trustee Board." The committee 
appointed to carry out the details of this resolution 
submitted a copy of the proposed circular. This 
matter was again taken up at a joint meeting of the 
elders and trustees held in the latter part of the year. 
The effort appears to have met with some success, for 
in the report of the trustees submitted to the congrega- 
tional meeting in January, 1906, it was stated that 
$1,174.43 had been received on account of the special 
effort to pay the floating debt. 

On November 26, 1905, the anniversary service of 
St. Andrew's Society of St. John was held in St. 
Andrew's Church at 4 p. m. There was present a 
very large congregation, composed largely of members 
of the society, members of the St. Stephen's and St. 
Andrew's Scots Brigades, and friends of the Society. 
Many persons felt an additional interest in the service 
from the fact that several important offices in the 
Society were held by adherents of St. Andrew's 
church amongst others the first position in the 
society, namely that of president, to which Mr. 
Beverley R. Macaulay, one of the members and now 
an elder of St. Andrew's Church, had just been elected. 
The Rev. David Lang, pastor of the church, preached 

St. Andrew's Cadet Company. 261 

the sermon, upon the subject of "Our Scottish 
Heritage." The Rev. A. A. Graham, M. A., B. D., 
of St. David's Presbyterian church, and Rev. George 
M. Campbell, of the Queen Square Methodist church, 
assisted in the service. The collection, which amount- 
ed to $27.62, was added to the fund for the poor. 

The St. Andrew's Cadet Company was organized 
about the year 1904, and in May, 1905, largely 
through the efforts of Lieut.-Col. Hugh H. McLean, 
Dr. Peter R. Inches, Judge Forbes and others, 
uniforms for the boys were secured from the celebrated 
firm of military tailors, Hobson & Sons, of London, 
England. The appearance of the company on 
parade was the occasion from time to time of very 
favorable comment. The uniform was a copy of the 
fatigue dress of the famous Black Watch regiment. 
The cost of the uniforms was considerable, and while 
several of them were paid for by the parents of the 
boys by whom they were worn, it is doubtful if Colonel 
McLean was ever reimbursed for the larger half of the 
amount, $503.74, which he very generously advanced, 
in addition to a previously large donation. Lieut. 
Stanley B. Smith was one of the first to take an 
active interest in this branch of the church work, 
and by his untiring activity did much to promote 
the high standard of efficiency attained. The work 
is now being continued under the capable manage- 
ment of Major William C. Magee. The officers for 
the year 1905 were as follows: Commissioned, 
Captain Hugh H. McLean, Jr., Lieut. Cyrus P. 
Inches, 2nd Lieut. K. T. Woodrow. Non- 
commissioned, Sergt.-Maj. H. Wood. Sergts. J. 
Bullock, R. Machum, S. Trentowsky, D. Macaulay; 
Corps. E. Ellis, A. Machum. Reports for the years 
following 1905, will be found in the church Year 
Books for the several years. 

262 History of St. Andrew's Church 

At the annual congregational meeting held on 
January 17, 1906, the pastor advocated the adoption 
of the system of free pews. After a lengthy discussion 
it was decided that the matter should be postponed 
for one year. 

A vote of thanks to Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Macneill 
and to the other members of the choir who had 
gratuitously and acceptably lead the service of praise 
during the past year was passed unanimously. A 
paid choir appears to have been reverted to at this 
time, for we find by the records of the church that 
"on motion, the Trustees were authorized to allocate 
such sum of money as may be deemed necesssary for 
the proper conduct of the choir, and a committee 
from the Trustees was to confer with the 'Musical 
Committee' of the Session in this regard." 

The ordinary receipts during the year, 1905, were 
$5,788.09; special collections towards payment of 
floating debt, $1,174.43; donations to hymn boards 
$15. The ordinary expenditures were $5,929.93; 
note paid $1000.61; the balance on hand was $140.61. 
The floating debt, consisting of unpaid bonds, and 
exclusive of the mortgage of $30,000.00, amounted 
to $2,400.00. The total amount of special collections 
and subscriptions received during the year, including 
the sum of $1,174.43 previously mentioned, was 
$1,982 35. 

In March, 1906, the trustees decided to pay the 
expenses incurred in dispensing the sacrament, in 
order to obviate the necessity of taking a collection 
at the service. 

It was at the commencement of the year, 1906, 
that the issue of a Year Book, now a regular feature 
of the work of St. Andrew's Church, was determined 
upon. Much valuable data with reference to the 
affairs of our church and congregation is therein 

The 122nd Anniversary. 263 

The one hundred and twenty-second anniversary 
of the founding of St. Andrew's Church was held on 
May 20, 1906, when the Rev. W. T. Herridge, D.D., 
of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Ottawa, 
preached to a very large congregations. 

At the morning service, before introducing his 
subject, Dr. Herridge made brief mention of the 
special significance of the day. In offering his 
congratulations to the congregation upon attaining 
their one hundred and twenty-second anniversary, he 
referred to the fact that few churches in Canada could 
look back to such a record, and recall the long and 
faithful service of men who had gone before them. 
"Other men have labored, and you have entered into 
their labors," added the preacher impressively. 
"Had it not been so you would not enjoy the 
privilege you do to-day, and for the future we may 
surely hope that this church will continue to be a 
growing centre in the midst of the whole city." Dr. 
Herridge followed his preliminary remarks by a 
very eloquent sermon from the text, "Wherefore 
wilt thou go to Him to-day? It is neither new moon 
nor Sabbath." 

Quite as eloquent and instructive was the sermon 
at the evening service, listened to by an even greater 
assemblage than in the morning, on this occasion 
from the text, "What have I to do with Thee, Jesus, 
Thou Son of the Most High?" from the Gospel 
according to St. Luke, the eighth chapter and twenty- 
fourth verse. Special music was provided at both 
services, the choir being augmented for the occasion. 

On the following evening, May 21, Dr. Herridge 
delivered an interesting lecture upon the "Conduct 
of Life," to a large audience, who listened to and 
thoroughly appreciated the learned discourse. In 
the main this was a plea for right living, according 
to the highest revealed law. The speaker urged that 

264 History of St. Andrew's Church 

all men should take an interest in politics, which did 
not mean the support of a party, but the science of 
the government of the state. Dr. Herridge concluded 
his discourse with a glowing eulogy of Canada, and 
prophesied that the time was not far distant when 
she would take her place among the great nations 
of the world. 

The collections taken at the services and at the 
lecture of Dr. Herridge amounted to $178.00, which 
sum was divided between the Sabbath School fund 
and that for the liquidation of the bonded debt of 
the church. 

In October, 1906, the Annual Sunday School Con- 
vention of New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island 
was held in St. Andrew's Church, and was continued 
for three days. The Rev. J. C. Robertson of Toronto, 
General Secretary of the Sunday School movement 
in the Presbyterian Church of Canada, preached in 
St. Andrew's Church in the morning of October 14, 
and in St. Matthew's church in the evening. There 
was a mass meeting of Sunday School workers in the 
lecture room in the afternoon, which meeting Mr. 
Robertson also addressed. At the last mentioned 
affair His Honor J. Gordon Forbes occupied the 
chair, and there was a large attendance. The address 
by Mr. Robertson was followed by the Rev. A. A. 
Graham, pastor of St. David's church, by the 
Rev. A. H. Foster, by the pastor, the Rev. David 
Lang, and others. The various speakers emphasized 
the importance of the Sunday School teacher's work 
as a means of winning souls for Christ. 

The anniversary service of the St. Andrew's Society 
was held in St. Andrew's Church, November 25, 1906. 
The pastor, who was chaplain of the Society, preached 
upon "The Bond of Brotherhood." The collection, 
which amounted to $52.92, was donated to the Sunday 
School fund. 

Year's Work, 1906, Reviewed. 265 

During the year, 1906, thirty-seven members were 
added to the roll of membership of the church, against 
twenty lost by death or removal, leaving a net increase 
in the membership from 244 members on January 
31, 1906, to 261 on December 31st, of the same year. 
The marriages numbered eight, the baptisms six and 
the deaths nine. The poor fund amounted to $88.45, 
and the sum contributed to the schemes of the church, 
$551.18. There was contributed for Bible Society 
purposes, $86.25. 

In this year there was placed in position upon the 
front of the church building, the sign board, indicating 
the name of church, and the name and place of 
residence of the pastor. 

The Sabbath School, under the supervision of Hon. 
J. Gordon Forbes, superintendent, made considerable 
progress, the average attendance during the year, 
1906, having been over one hundred. The enrollment 
showed a list of six officers, fourteen teachers, eighty- 
six scholars in the intermediate, twenty-nine in the 
primary and thirty-five in the cradle roll departments, 
a total of one hundred and seventy. The sum of 
four hundred and thirty-six dollars was collected for 
the Sabbath School during the year. 

In the report of the Session we find the following 
flattering reference to the work of the Guild: 

"One splendid act of the Guild might be specially 
referred to because of its being the first of its kind in 
our church. That was the Christmas tree with 
refreshments and presents, for over two hundred of 
the poor children of the city, on the evening of 
December 26. All who attended, and especially the 
children, unanimously voted it a great success, and 
much praise is due the members of the Guild for this 
good work." 

The ordinary receipts during the year, 1906, were 
$6,343.88; contributions to floating debt, $136.00; 

266 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

proceeds of services, etc., held by Rev. W. T. Herridge, 
D.D., devoted to funded debt account, $82.97. The 
disbursements during the same period were, on general 
account, $6,034.66; bond paid, $500.00. This left 
the funded debt of $2,400.00 still unpaid in addition 
to the mortgage of $30,000. 

From the Year Book for 1906 we find at page 33 
a summary of the cash received by the church from 
all sources during the year representing a total amount 
of $8,224.38. 

The anniversary services for the year, 1907, were 
of an unusually interesting character from the high 
position in the literary world occupied by the speaker 
who had been selected to preach upon that occasion. 
Known to thousands of St. John people as Ralph 
Connor, the writer of such stirring tales as "The Man 
from Glengarry, "Black Rock," "The Sky Pilot," 
"The Prospector," "The Doctor," and others, the 
Rev. C. W. Gordon, pastor of St. Stephen's church, 
Winnipeg, arrived in St. John on Friday, May 31st. 
The series of lectures, addresses and sermons which 
he delivered while in St. John opened with an evening 
at the Opera House, where he delighted a large 
audience with readings from "The Sky Pilot." At 
the close of the readings, a vote of thanks to Dr. 
Gordon was moved by His Honor J. Gordon Forbes, 
seconded by C. N. Skinner, Esq., Recorder of St. 
John, and tendered by the Mayor of St. John in a 
short address. This entertainment was under the 
auspices of the Marathon Athletic Club. 

Dr. Gordon had no sooner set foot in St. John, tjian 
he was seized upon by the newspaper men, and the 
press of St. John devoted many columns of space to 
reports of his views and opinions upon questions 
Canadian and Imperial, as well as to most ample 
reports of his formal utterances. 

"Ralph Connor." 267 

On Sunday, June 2, being the anniversary of our 
church, as already mentioned, Dr. Gordon preached 
at both services. In his morning discourse, a most 
searching one, he dwelt upon the inevitable effects 
of sin upon the character and destinies of men. 
His immediate theme was the closing scene in the life 
of Moses, as detailed in the last chapter of Deuteron- 
omy. While there may be greater pulpit orators in 
Canada than Dr. Gordon, he is the possessor of certain 
qualities of voice not always held even by great 
speakers, and which please and fascinate his hearers. 
His gestures emphasized the earnestness of the 
preacher, and greatly aided in the effects of his words, 
which appeared to flow, like a torrent, straight from 
his heart. 

Just before Dr. Gordon commenced his sermon, 
the pastor, Rev. David Lang, drew the attention of 
the congregation to the fact that the day was being 
observed as the one hundred and twenty-third 
anniversary of the founding of our church, and read 
extracts from a short sketch of the history of the 
church prepared by his Honor Judge Forbes. In 
concluding his remarks, the pastor reminded his 
hearers that this was the third anniversary of his 
pastorate, and thanked the congregation for the 
generous measure of support which they had extended 
to him. 

At the evening services there was scarcely standing 
room to be found in the church, and hundreds were 
unable to obtain admission to the building. Dr. 
Gordon took as his subject, "The Rich Young Ruler," 
and in an able sermon, in which he displayed his 
wealth of imagination and wonderful powers of 
description, he depicted the life of the rich young 
man and the meeting with Christ. This meeting, 
he reminded his hearers, was always a man's one 
opportunity, and one that should always be grasped 
when the opportunity "offered. 

2C)S History of St. Andrew's Church 

On Monday afternoon following, Dr. Gordon 
addressed the St. John Canadian Club, and drew the 
largest attendance experienced at any of the functions 
of that organization since its inception. The address 
lasted about an hour, the subject chosen being 
"Canadian Ideals." The speaker dwelt upon the 
importance to each Canadian of having a definite 
aim to accomplish something. The second ideal was 
that all Canadians should accomplish something. 
Dr. Gordon was listened to with marked attention, 
his address being a most stirring one. 

In the evening of the same day, he delivered a 
lecture under the auspices of the Women's Missionary 
Society of St. Andrew's Church, the collection being 
in aid of Missions. Again the church edifice was 
crowded, many who did not have an opportunity of 
hearing him upon the other occasions mentioned, 
attending this lecture. 

Dr. Gordon spoke about an hour, and made a 
ringing plea to Canadians to preserve and strengthen 
the high ideals which they have inherited from the 
Anglo-Saxon race. The lecturer's immediate theme 
was "The Man of the Church the Safeguard of the 

During the evening, Mrs. L. M. Curren, Mrs. A. 
P. Crockett and Mr. D. B. Pidgeon rendered solos. 
At the close of the entertainment an informal 
reception was held in the school room, where a great 
many persons took advantage of the opportunity of 
shaking hands with the gentleman who was so widely 
known as "Ralph Connor." 

Extensive as was the work performed by Dr. Gordon 
during his visit to St. John, there was still another 
important address which he delivered, and which has 
not yet been alluded to, and that was one which he 
gave to the assembled members of the Evangelical 
Alliance in the parlor of St. Andrew's Church, on 

"Ralph Connor." 269 

the morning of June 3rd. His visit was a very great 
literary as well as religious treat to very many persons 
of St. John, even beyond the pale of the Presbyterian 
church, and may be characterized very properly, as 
one of the very important events in the recent history 
of this community. 


Meeting Evangelical Alliance Congrega- 
tional Meeting, 1908 One Hundred and 
Twenty-Fourth Anniversary Celebration 
Congregational Meeting, 1909 Rev. L. G. 
Macneill One Hundred and Twenty-Fifth 
Anniversary Twentieth Annual Meeting 
St. John Presbyterial Society Held in St. 
Andrew's Church Joint Services, St. Andrew's 
and St. Stephen's Churches Inaugurated. 

The year 1908 opened with a week of united 
services, under the Evangelical Alliance in St. Andrews 
Church, commencing on Monday, January 6. The 
meetings were largely attended. Especially memor- 
able was the Monday evening meeting, presided 
over by the Rev. David Lang, and addressed by His 
Lordship Bishop Richardson, on the subject of 
Missions. An enthusiastic meeting of the Bible 
Society was held on Thursday evening, January 10th, 
when the attendance was so large that many were 
unable to gain admittance to our church building. 

Stirring addresses were given by the Rev. W. W. 
MacMaster, of the Germain Street Baptist Church, 
the Rev. E. B. Hooper of St. Paul's Episcopal church, 
St. John, and Mr. Justice Daniel L. Hanington. 

His Honor J. Gordon Forbes presided, and the 
choir of St. Andrew's Church lead the singing. 
The chairman dwelt with satisfaction on the size of 
the gathering, as evidencing the interest taken in 
the work of Bible distribution. Before the close of 
the meeting Mr. Alexander L. Law offered a resolution 
which was unanimously carried, to the effect that the 
executive be reappointed with power to fill 


Congregational Meeting, 1908. 271 

vacancies. In doing so he said a few words apprecia- 
tive of the work done by the Bible women in this 
city, Miss Emma Wesley, and Miss A. Henderson. 

The meeting was declared to be one of the most 
earnest and impressive that has been held under 
the auspices of the Bible Society in St. John for 
many years. 

At the annual congregational meeting held on 
January 15, 1908, the financial statements submitted 
for the work of the preceding year showed the following 
gratifying results. Cash on hand January 1, 1907, 
$668.60; ordinary receipts, $6,435.22; Ladies Aid 
Society, $1,000.00; special collections, $443.75, 
making a total of receipts amounting to $8,547.57. 
The ordinary expenditures for the same period were 
$7,032.82; bonds paid $1,500.00; leaving on hand a 
balance of $14.75. The unpaid bills at the end of the 
year amounted to $212.17; the bonds unpaid $900.00; 
the mortgage, $30,000.00. At the same meeting the 
subject of a history of the St. Andrew's church was 
touched upon. The following is the entry upon the 
church minutes regarding this work: 

"Rev. David Lang had referred to the fact that 
the one hundred and twenty-fifth anniversary of the 
church would occur in May, 1909, and suggested 
that it would be an opportune time to write up a 
history of the church. Mr. J. H. McRobbie moved 
that a committee be appointed to enquire into the 
matter of getting up a history of St. Andrew's Church 
since its foundation, and prepare same, and submit 
to the next annual meeting." 

This resolution was carried, and a committee on 
church history was appointed, with the pastor as 

At the same meeting the system of duplex 
envelopes was, upon motion, adopted. 

Upon the occasion of the one hundred aud twenty- 
fourfh anniversary of the founding of St. Andrew's 

272 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Church, which was observed on the seventeenth day 
of May, 1908, the Rev. James Barclay, D.D., of St. 
Paul's Church, Montreal, was the preacher selected. 
The importance of hope in a Christian life was the 
subject of an eloquent sermon delivered at the morn- 
ing service. In the evening Dr. Barclay preached 
a masterly sermon from the words "They divided 
His garments among them." Reference was made 
by the speaker to the fact that the date observed 
was also the ninety-first anniversary of the day on 
which the pulpit of St. Andrew's Church was first 
occupied by the Rev. George Burns, D.D. Both of 
Dr. Barclay's sermons were eloquent and well deliv- 
ered, and well sustained the high reputation which 
he enjoys throughout Canada, not alone among the 
adherents of the Presbyterian Church. On Monday 
evening, May eighteenth, Dr. Barclay delivered an 
interesting lecture in the hall of the St. Andrew's 
Church, which was presided over by His Honor the 
Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick. 

During the year 1908 the total cash receipts 
amounted to the sum of $7,321.75, including the sum 
of $500.00 contributed by the Ladies Aid Society. 
The ordinary disbursements were $6,609.29; the 
Schemes of the Church, $176.66; the bond retired, 
$500.00; leaving a balance of cash on hand anounting 
to $35.80. The total indebtedness at the date named 
was as follows, unpaid bills, $561.16; funded debt, 
$400.00; mortgage, $30,000. 

At a meeting of the trustees held on January 9, 
1909, the chairman announced that the Ladies Aid 
Society, of which Mrs. Hugh H. McLean was the 
capable and efficient president, had, as mentioned in 
the foregoing statement, retired the last of the five 
hundred dollar bonds. On motion, the secretary of 
trustees was requested to write the ladies acknowledg- 
ing the receipt of the amount, and expressing the 
thanks and appreciation of the Board. 

Rev. L. G. Macneill. 273 

A few days later, on January 20, 1909, the annual 
congregational meeting was held, and upon this 
occasion the pastor, the Rev. David Lang, strongly 
advocated the system of free pews, and asked the 
congregation to adopt a resolution giving effect to 
his suggestion. After a lengthy discussion, it was 
resolved that the pews be free in the evening for one 
year, the resolution being carried by a vote of twenty- 
seven to twelve. 

The pastor having retired from the meeting, the 
question of an increase in his salary was brought to 
the attention of those present, and upon resolution 
an increase from $1,500 to $2,000 was ordered, to 
take effect from January 1, 1909. 

At a meeting of the board of trustees held on April 
13, 1909, the secretary read the following letter from 
the Rev. L. G. Macneill, to whom the congregation 
had, in 1904, voted a retiring allowance of $800.00 
per annum for five years. The letter is self- 
explanatory : 

"Dr. A. D. Smith, 

Treasurer of St. Andrew's Church. 

"Dear Dr. Smith: I have been waiting for a day 
or two for sufficient steadiness of hand to acknow- 
ledge the receipt of your cheque for $200.00 which 
completes the payment of the annuity generously 
voted to me by St. Andrew's Churcch on my 
retirement from the pastorate five years ago. I 
cannot sufficiently thank my old congregation for 
its practical expression of sympathy in my affliction 
during these years of suffering, and I would ask you 
to read this note to the trustees, and would request 
that its contents be inserted in the minutes and read 
before the next business meeting of the congregation. 

"I would have them know that their generous 
action has helped me to bear the trials of these years 
of increasing infirmity, and I pray that God's best 

274 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

blessings may rest upon a people to whom I am 
attached by many ties. Hoping that this brief note 
is not wholy illegible, I am, 

"Yours truly, 

"L. G. Macneill. 

The letter was received by the trustees, many of 
whom individually expressed the kindliest feelings 
and highest regard for their former well-beloved 
pastor, and in deference to his request it was ordered 
to be entered upon the minutes. 

Mr. James A. Tufts, for many years an elder in 
the church has left the following kindly reference to 
the work of Mr. Macneill under whose ministration 
he worshipped for many years. It is from a short 
sketch of the church which he left in manuscript 
form, much of which has been used in preparing the 
present work. The following is in Mr. Tufts' own 

"Mr. Macneill was a most excellent preacher, and 
during his long pastorate the congregation was 
deeply and lovingly attached to him. He was a 
student in the broadest acceptance of the term, a 
man of critical observation, a profound thinker and 
a great reader, and hence each sermon was replete 
with fresh thought and valuable points. We sat 
under his ministry during all the years that he occupied 
the pulpit, and cannot recall a sermon that was 
repeated. His observation was keen, and his de- 
duction from events as they presented themselves 
before his observation, or as they appeared in the 
pages of the daily or weekly press, could only be 
equalled by a man of abilities the equal of those with 
which he was endowed." 

The observance of the one hundred and twenty- 
fifth anniversary of the founding of St. Andrew's 
Church in the month of May, 1909, by a series of 
special services extending from Sunday, May 16, 

Anniversary, 1909. 275 

until Thursday, May 20, inclusive, was an important 
event in the history of the church. The pastor was 
assisted by the Rev. Robert Johnston, D.D., of the 
American Presbyterian Church, Montreal, a man of 
much oratorical ability, and one greatly endowed 
with the gift of moving his audiences by the depth 
and power of his utterances. 

On Sunday, May 16, Dr. Johnston preached at 
both the regular services, in the morning and evening, 
and in addition addressed a mass meeting for men 
in the afternoon. On all of these occasions the church 
edifice was crowded to the doors. At the morning 
service the preacher chose as his text the words, "He 
that lacketh these things cannot see afar off, " 2 
Peter, i. 9, and, "As seeing Him who is invisible," 
Hebrews xi. 27. "The Far Look" was the subject 
upon which the speaker dwelt. In his discourse he 
made reference to Henry Clay who had been called 
a dreamer because upon one occasion, in gazing 
from the heights of the Alleghany mountains, he 
had forecast the peopling of the vast plains before 
him by many millions of people. So with the states- 
man of our own Dominion who had first caught the 
vision of the scattered provinces of Canada, bound 
together, from ocean to ocean, by a transcontinental 

"Faith is visible" said Dr. Johnston. "It is that 
quality of soul that enables one to behold things that 
are afar off; to see them unseen. Physical short- 
sightedness subjects men not only to privation but 
to peril. The same is true in the spiritual world. 
The peril that particularly threatens the church 
to-day is materialism. This is the absorption of the 
soul in the things of this present life. The cure for 
it is in the cultivation of the far look. Just as we 
more clearly see the things that are far off, but that 
are real and enduring, the less do the things that are 

276 History of St. Andrew's Church 

temporal and passing appeal to us. Just because the 
world to-day presses so insistently upon the lives of 
men and women, we need to cultivate the vision of 
the things that are spiritual and real. 

"The privation from which the church suffers is 
found in the loss of restfulness in spiritual life. A 
spirit of despondency approaching to despair is 
found everywhere in religious literature today. On 
every side we are told of the failure of the church and 
of the decline in spiritual life. Such a condition of 
mind is due to the loss of the vision of God. It is 
because men fasten their thoughts on things that are 
temporal and passing that they lose their heart. 

"Courage is found in seeing God and living in the 
consciousness that He is with us. The heart of all 
is this, said the dying man, restlessly, that God is 
with us and that this is the heart of the world today. " 

The afternoon service commencing at four o'clock 
was a most impressive event. The building, from 
organ loft to the topmost seat in the gallery, was a 
sea of men's faces, and the manner in which many of 
them joined in the old familiar hymns, familiar to 
them from childhood, betokened an interested 
audience. The music was led by the Pythian 
Quartette, composed of Messrs. C. Brown, George 
Brown, Kenneth Bonnell and Edward Bonnell, who 
also assisted at various other services held during this 
special week. The devotional exercises were conduct- 
ed by the pastor, and the meeting was presided over 
by His Honor Judge Forbes. Prior to the sermon 
by Dr. Johnston, there were short addresses by Mr. 
A. W. Allen, a representative of the Episcopal Church, 
who spoke upon the subject of foreign immigration 
into Canada, and by Rev. W. T. Stackhouse, of the 
Baptist Laymen's Missionary branch, who gave an 
impressive address on the power of the Gospel of 
Christ to reach the lost, basing his remarks upon an 

Anniversary, 1909 277 

incident of his own experience in the mining regions 
of British Columbia. 

Dr. Johnston took as his theme, "Jesus Christ's 
Appeal to Manhood," taking as his texts, "Come 
unto Me," Matt. xi. 28; "Come after Me," Mark i. 
17. He said: 

"Christ's appeal is an appeal for help, and for most 
efficient help. Today, as truly as in the days of his 
flesh, Christ treads the way of the cross, and he calls 
for men to help him to win the kingdom of the world. 
Only as life is touched by Christ can it become its 
best. No man can live his fullest life or reach his 
highest attainment apart from Jesus Christ. The 
work to which he summons us is one that calls for 
sacrifice, for statesmanship, and for heroism. Every 
life, however weak, filled with the divine touch of 
Jesus Christ, can become efficient for splendid service 
under Him." 

At the evening service again, there was not a 
vacant seat in the auditorium, and many were 
obliged to stand throughout the service. The 
Pythian Quartette again assisted with the musical 
portion of the service, and solos were beautifully 
rendered by Mrs. W. A. Harrison and Mrs. W. J. 

An interesting incident of the service was the 
singing of the following hymn, written by the pastor 
of the church: 

God of the Years, before Thy throne 
We lift our grateful song of praise 

For years of life, for victories won, 

For gleams of truth, and gospel rays. 

Through six-score years and five, Thy hand 

Has led a people on their way, 
And now upon the heights we stand 

And dimly trace our paths this day. 

278 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

The path we've come, so thickly strewn 
With blessings from a Father's love; 

The path we'll tread to us unknown 

But planned and traced by God above. 

God of the Years, before us move, 
In shaft of cloud and fiery flame: 

Thy manna give, Thy Presence prove 

To all who love and praise Thy name. 

The subject of Dr. Johnston's evening discourse 
was "Pilate Perplexed," and he took as his text the 
words, "What then shall I do with Jesus, which is 
called Christ?" taken from the Gospel according to 
St. Matthew xxvii. 22. The preacher pointed out 
the evident perturbation of mind into which Pilate 
was thrown by the action of the Jews in bringing 
Jesus before him. He endeavored to shift the 
responsibility on Herod, and when he found he could 
not do so tried to rid himself of the blame by washing 
his hands and saying, "I am innocent of the blood 
of this just man, see ye to it." 

"This action of Pilate in proclaiming himself 
innocent of blame did not exonerate him. There 
were many things that perplexed him. Stories had 
reached Rome about unjust exactions and insurrec- 
tions under his misgovernment, and he was not 
anxious that Tiberius, the most jealous of the Roman 
emperors, should scrutinize his record Hence, when 
Caiaphas hissed in his ear, " If thou lettest this man go 
thou art not Caesar's friend," he had visions of a 
petition to Rome, and delivered Jesus forthwith to 
be crucified. 

"In the old legend Frankenstein succeeded in 
imparting life to an image of himself he had made. 
Henceforth he was haunted by the creature. Where- 
ever he went it went, and where he lay down to rest 

Anniversary, 1909. 279 

it was by his side. In the same way, men by their 
own actions, made their own past, which haunted 
them. They might try to shift the responsibility 
for their sins on heredity or some other cause, but in 
their own hearts they knew that they themselves 
were to blame. If men could not rid themselves of 
their past, however, Christ could do it for them, and 
he urged that all who had not already done so would 
take Him into their lives and hearts." 

On Monday morning, May 17, Dr. Johnston 
addressed a large meeting of the Evangelical Alliance, 
which was held in the lecture room of the St. Andrew's 
Church. He spoke on "Canada, its Needs and 
Immigration Policy." His address was finely 
rendered, and was greatly appreciated by all those 
present. The chief point made by Dr. Johnston in 
his address was that the policy of "The Open Door" 
should be consistently followed up by the Dominion 
of Canada, all nations alike being allowed free access 
to this fair Dominion of ours. Any country which 
excluded from its territory the Chinese or the 
Japanese, the speaker pointed out, was not pursuing a 
policy which was in accordance with the teachings of 
our Lord and Saviour. The Rev. James Crisp 
occupied the chair, the other clergymen present being 
the Revs. J. C. B. Appel, David Lang, G. A. Kuhring, 
Wellington Camp, A. B. Cohoe, C. W. Squires, W. O. 
Raymond, I. N. Parker, J. J. McCaskill, S. W. 
Anthony, C. R. Flanders, Neil McLaughlin, S. 
Howard, L. A. McLean, J. H. A. Anderson, F. E. 
Bishop, Charles Comden, and George A. Ross of 
Hampton. The laymen present were Messrs. G. U. 
Hay, Ph.D., Joshua Clawson and Andrew Rainnie. 

During the week-day afternoons, from Monday 
until Thursday, services were held by Dr. Johnston 
in St. Andrew's Church, the subject of his discourse 

280 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

on each of these occasions being the personality and 
work of the Holy Ghost. 

On Monday evening Dr. Johnston preached an 
eloquent and impressive sermon on "Character and 
the Factors which go to make Character. " Following 
his assertion that in the great crises of life, the mind 
usually follows the pathway already mapped out in 
the little daily acts that go to make for character, 
the speaker stated that in death the same inevitable 
law held good, and according to the little things 
acted upon in life, so would the end be. In illustrating 
this point the preacher instanced two cases which had 
come to his notice in Montreal. Two women were 
dying. They were both nearing the end and they 
both clutched weakly for something, the anxious 
look in their faces told what they were most in need 
of. The one found it in a well-worn Bible, the other 
in a pack of cards. They had died as they had lived. 

In concluding the preacher offered the gospel of 
Christ as the only means of effecting a change of 
character: "I urge no life of servitude," said he, 
"but I bid you open your hearts to the Christ of God, 
who will change the trend of your existence. " 

On Tuesday afternoon, May 18, Dr. Johnston 
delivered the second of the series of addresses on the 
"Person and Work of the Holy Spirit," and his 
address was listened to with great attention by the 
large number of persons present. In the evening, 
the first fifteen minutes was of the nature of a song 
service, after which Dr. Johnston was heard in an 
eloquent address upon "Lost Blessings and their 

Wednesday, May 19, Dr. Johnston continued in the 
afternoon his series of addresses upon "The Person 
and Work of the Holy Spirit," there being a very 
large attendance present, all of whom listened to the 
preacher with great attention. In the evening, 
according to the Sun of the following morning, May 

Anniversarv, 1909. 281 

20, a record number attended the service. The 
following is from the Sun of that date. 

"The largest congregation which has yet attended 
the anniversary services in St. Andrew's Church 
assembled last evening to hear the Rev. Dr. 
Johnston. Splendid music was rendered and the 
exercises proved most impressive. 

"The theme of the address by Dr. Johnston last 
evening was 'Conversion.' He said that there might 
be different conversions during one experience. It 
really meant to return to God and uphold Him as 
the Supreme Power. There were three ways in 
which people might become converted. 

"1. From sins to holiness, as the prodigal son on 
returning to his father. 

"2. Conversion from law to grace. 

"3. Conversion from a self-centered life, to 
service with God. 

"In connection with the last point the speaker 
gave an illustration in the life of Dr. Grenfell, who 
realized its importance. 

"The music rendered last evening was especially 
good. Mr. James H. Ford, of Trinity choir, presided 
at the organ, and some of the members of Trinity 
church choir assisted in the singing." 

On Thursday, May 20, the anniversary celebration 
was concluded. At the afternoon gathering, Dr. 
Johnston delivered the last of the series of addresses 
on "The Person and Work of the Holy Spirit." This 
series had proved most intensely interesting and 
instructive throughout. 

At the evening service of the same date, Mrs. L. M. 
Curren sang a solo, and Mr. Mauritz H. Emery, the 
organist of St. Andrew's Church, presided at the 
organ. Dr. Johnston took as his theme, "God's 
Pity for Failure," and spoke on the failure of man 
in this life, and said that no matter what opportuni- 
ties one may have over another, if a person makes a 

282 History of St. Andrew's Church 

failure of his life it is his own fault. No matter in 
what condition a person may be, he should not give 
up hope, as God will assist even the lowest. The 
discourse made a deep impression upon the large 
congregation present. This concluded the special 
services in connection with the one hundred and 
twenty-fifth anniversary of the foundation of St. 
Andrew's Church, Dr. Robert Johnston, who had 
delighted so many large audiences during his stay 
in St. John, returning to Montreal on the following 

The St. John Presbyterial Society held its twen- 
tieth annual meeting in St. Andrew's Church, com- 
mencing upon June 1, 1909, and continuing for three 
days. The first session was held upon the evening 
of the date named, and was distinguished as the 
Korean Evening, the principal speakers being Rev. 
D. M. MacRae, and Dr. Kate McMillan. At the 
close of this service a reception was tendered the 
delegates by the ladies of St. Andrew's and St. 
Stephen's Auxiliaries. This affair, as well as the 
addresses preceeding, was highly enjoyed. 

Upon June second and third numerous meetings 
were held, and many addresses by able speakers 
were delivered. The subjects dealt with were well 
handled, most of the speakers being ladies well 
known in church work. 

During the months of July and August, 1909, St. 
Andrew's and St. Stephen's churches held union 
services for the first time, the morning service being 
held in St. Stephen's church and the evening in St. 
Andrew's Church. This was deemed advisable 
because of the absence at their country homes of so 
many from both congregations. The services in 
July were conducted by the pastor of St. Andrew's, 
Rev. David Lang, M. A., B. D., and during August 
by the Rev. Gordon Dickie, M. A., of St Stephen's 

A Faithful Servant. l\s;s 

At the meeting of the trustees held on May 5, 1909, 
the secretary reported that Mr. Thomas Phippin, 
who, since the re-opening of the church in 1878, 
had acted in the capacity of sexton, had tendered 
to him his resignation, verbally, the reason assigned 
being that he was no longer able, owing to his advanced 
years, to properly care for the church property. It 
is quite safe to state that no sexton has ever given 
more universal satisfaction to the congregation of 
St. Andrew's, and it is unlikely that another man 
will be found who could more capably and faithfully 
during a similar long period of years, discharge the 
duties of his position. He always obeyed orders, 
provided that such orders came through a proper 
channel, and were issued under due authority. 
Trained in the British army to the duties of a soldier, 
he was accustomed to obey his instructions to the 
letter, exacting in return equally strict attention to 
duty from those under him. His faithful wife was a 
great aid to him in the care of the church, and having 
a numerous family, he did not lack for assistance in 
discharging his various duties. He was accustomed 
to speak of St. Andrew's as "my church," and woe 
betide the individual who dared to cross a sword with 

The writer well remembers when, upon one occasion 
after a return from a tour through European Russia, 
from the Baltic to the Black Sea, he gave a travel talk 
in the church hall, illustrated with lantern views 
largely of his own taking, the sexton, who was a 
Crimean veteran, at the conclusion of the entertain- 
ment approached him, and in a voice husky with 
emotion said, "It's just fifty years to-day, sir, since 
I was there, and it does me 'art good, sir, to see them 
fine views of that country. I was all through that 
war, and was at Balaclava, and Inkerman, and other 
battles. It do bring back them old days, and makes 

284 History of St. Andrew's Church 

me feel as if it was but yesterday. Them was stirrin' 
times. They can talk as they likes, that war was a 
credit to us Britishers. We had'nt no modern wee- 
pons nor commissariat, nor medical corps, nor trained 
nusses, but just had to take things as they come. There 
was a lot of our men died, but, thank the Lord, 
I am here to-day. " It was not long after his resigna- 
tion that Mr. Phippin removed to Boston, where some 
of his family were then residing, but on the following 
summer he made a short visit to St. John, and attend- 
ed service on Sunday at the old Kirk, possibly for the 
first time in any other than an official capacity. He 
again returned to Boston, and it was not long before 
his old friends learned with sorrow of his demise, 
which took place on May 31, A. D. 1911, at the ripe 
old age of eighty-seven years. 

The Session, which for many years enjoyed an 
unbroken circle, was called upon during the year 1909 
to mourn the loss of two members. On October 18, 
Mr. James A. Tufts, whose sketch of the history of 
this church has been elsewhere referred to, passed to 
his reward at the ripe age of four score years. On 
November 5, following, Mr. John L. Wilson, long 
connected with the staff of the Bank of Montreal, 
died at the age of sixty-three years. 

The financial statement for the year ending 
December 31, 1909, showed the ordinary receipts for 
the year as being $6,238.73, with special collections 
in addition, of $1,018.35; making a total of $7,257.08. 
The ordinary expenditures during the year amounted 
to $6,164.42, the special collections, etc., disbursed, 
$1,063.49, and the balance on hand $29.17. The 
liabilities were: Unpaid bills, $135.00; the funded 
debt, $400.00; the mortgage, $30,000. 

On January 18, 1910, the annual meeting was held 
in the lecture room of the church, the chair being 
occupied by His Honor Judge Forbes, with Mr. W. M. 

Annual Meeting, 1910. 285 

Angus acting as secretary. The pastor, the Rev. 
David Lang, was present, and as is customary opened 
the meeting with a reading from the Scripture, 
followed by prayer. 

Upon this occasion several important matters in 
connection with the work of the church were dealt 
with. A Congregational Treasurer was appointed, 
who should have the keeping of all of the funds of the 
church, the same to be deposited in some chartered 
bank, subject to the cheque of the various organiza- 
tions by which they had been deposited. Upon 
motion, Mr. W. A. Connor, manager of the St. John 
branch of the Union Bank of Canada, was elected 
as the first occupant of the position. It was further 
decided that the Congregational Treasurer give a 
bond for the sum of one thousand dollars, the premium 
upon the same to be paid by the congregation. 

Special reference at this meeting was made to the 
efficiency of the choir under the leadership of Mr. 
Mauritz H. Emery, and thanks were expressed to the 
Music Committee, of which Mr. Alexander Wilson 
had been and still is the convenor. 

By a vote of seventy-one to twelve, it was resolved 
that the Board of Trustees should be increased in 
number from nine to twelve, of whom five should 
constitute a quorum. This rule is still in operation. 

The amounts contributed by the various missionary 
societies during the year 1910, were $338. There was 
also given to the Bible Society, $154.00, and to the 
French Evangelization Fund, by the Sabbath school, 

On Friday, May 27, 1910, the Rev. Robert E. 
Knowles, of Gait, Ontario, who had been invited to 
preach the anniversary sermons in St. Andrew's 
church on the Sunday following, delivered a strong 
address before a joint meeting of the Canadian Clubs, 
on "The Signs of the Times," speaking for about an 

286 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

hour and a half, during which time he held the undivid- 
ed attention of a large audience. On Sunday morning 
the attendance at the church was large, those who 
had already enjoyed the pleasure of listening to Mr. 
Knowles on the Friday previous, realizing that he 
was an eloquent and forceful speaker. He appeared 
to even better advantage in the pulpit than on the 
platform, with the result that at the evening service 
the attendance was only limited by the capacity of 
the building. During the course of his evening 
address, the preacher made reference to the matter 
of Church Union, then pending. In congratulating 
the congregation of St. Andrew's Church upon attain- 
ing its one hundred and twenty-sixth anniversary, 
he remarked: "Though we may welcome the project 
of union, and wish it Godspeed, no one can accuse 
the Presbyterians of narrowness if they desired that 
the burning bush of the Church of Scotland shall go 
down through the ages unsullied." 

On Monday evening following, Mr. Knowles 
delivered an interesting lecture on "The Secret of 
Scottish Success," drawing a large audience. His 
Honor J. Gordon Forbes presided and introduced 
the speaker. In opening, Mr. Knowles stated that 
although he was not a Scotchman himself, he had 
lived with Scotchmen nearly all his life, and had made 
a very careful study of the race. "One of the very 
first secrets of the success of a Scotchman," said he, 
"is that he is always true to the land of his birth. 
This is one of the essentials of the success of the life of 
any man. The Scotch are the most successful, most 
industrious and most sentimental people in the world 
to-day. Wherever you go you will find the name of a 
MacDougall, a McDonald or of some other Scotchman 
in the leading financial and business firms, or, in other 
prominent positions." 

In closing Mr. Knowles remarked that two of the 

The Session Enlarged. 287 

most important secrets of Scotchmen's success were 
their deep religious character and their very religious 
home life. The address, which was delivered under 
the auspices of the Ladies' Foreign Missionary 
Society of the church, was interspersed with many 
funny stories and sayings. 

In the autumn of 1910, the space in front of the 
church inside of the street line was laid with concrete 
pavement, in conformity with the street, which was 
being reconstructed in more modern style, with a 
narrower carriage drive, bordered with strips of grass 
in which trees were planted at intervals. The alleys 
to the north and south of the church were also gravell- 
ed, the total cost to the church for the work upon 
their own property amounted to $298. 

The Session, which had been depleted of two of its 
members by death, in 1909, as already referred to, 
asked for the election of six additional elders. In 
December, 1910, the following men, "respected and 
honored by the congregation" as the Year Book tells 
us, were chosen for the important work: Alexander 
Wilson, E. R. Reid, John B. Magee and Clarence H. 
Ferguson. These, together with Mr. Beverley R. 
Macaulay, who had been previously elected, and Mr. 
James Kennedy, who, having resigned in 1905, 
was re-elected, were installed into the eldership on 
January 15, 1911. 

During the same year, 1910, there died Mr. James 
R. Cameron, one of the oldest members of St. 
Andrew's Church, and for many years a trustee and 
also treasurer of the church. He was a quiet and 
unassuming man, and a truly conscientious Christian. 
He passed to his rest after some four or five years of 
illness, and was mourned by a large circle of friends. 

At the annual meeting held on January 18, 1911, 
the treasurer's statement showed the ordinary receipts 
for the year 1910 to be $6,197.81; the special collec- 

288 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

tions, $787.15; total for the year $6,975.96. The 
expenditures were upon ordinary account $6,173.50, 
and upon special account, $670.01. This left a 
balance of $132.45 on hand. The liabilities consisted 
of outstanding accounts, $634.88, less balance of cash 
on hand $132.45, net $502.43, and bonds at 4%, 
$400.00; mortgage $30,000.00; total $30,902.43. 

At this meeting Mr. Cyrus F. Inches volunteered 
to accept the office of treasurer and collector for the 
church, without salary, the emolument previously paid 
having been $150.00 per annum. This arrangement 
is still continued to the considerable benefit and 
advantage of the congregation. 

The Sunday School has ever been one of the strong 
departments of the work of St. Andrew's Church. 
To the various capable men, who have from time to 
time acted as superintendent, much credit is due, 
as well as to the legion of Christian men and women 
who, during the past century, in the capacity of 
teachers, have given to the work of the best that was 
in them. If a complete list of these workers could 
be compiled it would be well worthy of a place in this 
record, but fire, unfortunately, has destroyed most 
of the Sabbath School records and such a compilation 
is apparently not now possible. In the Session 
Report for 1910, as published in the Year Book, the 
following pleasing reference to the work of the school 
will be found: 

"The Sunday School, under the faithful superin- 
tendence of Mr. W. C. Whittaker, is in excellent 
condition, having at the present an attendance of 
over one hundred each Sunday. The primary class, 
with its thirty-one bright and interesting little 
children , is one of the finest primary classes we have 
had in St. Andrew's Church. It, together with the 
larger school, is well worthy of a visit from all parents 
and members. The hope of the Church is the 

Celebration 127th Anniversary. 289 

Sabbath School, and one cannot look into the happy 
faces of these children without feeling that in future 
years the Church will have great gain from these 
now beginning their spiritual training in our Sabbath 
School, especially when we know the devoted and 
earnest workers who care for them while on the 
Cradle Roll, or teach them in the Sunday School." 

The Rev. Clarence Mackinnon, D.D., principal 
of Pine Hill College, Halifax, N. S., who delivered 
the chief address of the evening at the joint celebration 
of Loyalist Day, May 18, 1911, held by the New 
Brunswick Loyalist Society, and the Canadian Clubs, 
was also the preacher at the anniversary celebration 
of St. Andrew's Church, held on the Sunday following. 
His address before the affiliated societies was stirring 
and patriotic, while his sermons were equally accept- 
able to the large congregations addressed by him. 
Our congregation has frequently enjoyed the pleasure 
of listening to Dr. Mackinnon, who is regarded as one 
of the strongest of the many able men of the Presby- 
terian Church of Canada. 

On Monday, May 23, Dr. Mackinnon, taking as 
his subject "St. Patrick, the Patron Saint of Ireland," 
gave an address in the church to another large 
audience which was the cause of much delight to 
those present, whether of Irish or Scotch descent. 
Separating the legendary from the historical St. 
Patrick, the speaker dealt with each in turn, in a 
most witty and entertaining manner, 

In June, 1911, the question of renovating the 
interior of the church and re-carpeting the same was 
taken up. At the meeting of the trustees held on 
the eleventh of that month, a committee of ladies, 
of whom Mrs. Charles W. Bell was convener, attended, 
and reported that they proposed to do the work and 
asked the co-operation of the trustees. This was 
readily granted, and Messrs. F. Neil Brodie, D. R. 

290 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Jack and Fred C. Macneill of the Board of Trustees, 
were appointed a committee to act with them. The 
work was at once undertaken, the church was re- 
carpeted, the electric lighting improved and extended, 
the interior repainted and much other necessary work 
completed. The cost of these repairs, for which the 
Ladies' Aid Society had been making systematic 
collections for an extended period, amounted to the 
sum of $1,460.98, which had all been raised by their 
efforts and paid over upon the completion of the 

The Guild, which for many years has been an 
active body in connection with the church work, 
made during the winter season of 1910-11 a radical 
change in its method of procedure. The meetings, 
which had been held semi-monthly for social inter- 
course among its members, for the hearing of addresses 
upon missionary and other topics, concerts and so 
forth, were continued, with the addition of devotional 
meetings, which at the suggestion of the pastor, Mr. 
Lang, were held at the close of the evening service 
each Sabbath evening. These devotional meetings, 
as well as the other meetings, were well attended, and 
no doubt contributed in some degree to the spiritual 
life of the church, but as the greater part of the work 
in this connection fell upon those who had already 
attended or taken part in two services during the 
same day, with, in some instances, the additional 
work of the Sabbath School, they were not continued 
during the season of 1911-12. The Guild, as well as 
many of the other organizations of the Church, has 
done good work during the many years of its exist- 
ence. It is a matter of regret that lack of space does 
not permit the extensive notice in this volume which 
the many church organizations so well deserve. 

The inauguration of the system of Year Books, 
containing full information concerning all branches 

Beneficient Society. 291 

of church work during the year for which they have 
been severally published, was a valuable move 
towards the preservation of church records, and of 
the names of those who have worked hard for the 
advancement of Christ's cause whether in the home 
or foreign field, the promotion of religious training 
among the young, the provision of assistance for the 
poor and afflicted, the up-keep of the church property, 
the care of its finances or their wise expenditure. 
Volume one of this series of books contains a full 
account of the church proceedings during the year 
1905, and each year has seen the issue of a succeeding 
volume, with the exception of the year 1909, when it 
was hoped that this history might be completed in 
time for its incorporation with the Year Book for that 
year. This was found to be impracticable on account 
of the unexpectedly large amount of data for 
incorporation within its covers, and which retarded 
the final issue of the work by three years. The 
deficiency is partially compensated for by the incor- 
poration in the Year Book for 1910 of much infor- 
mation concerning the church work for the year 

Of the several church organizations, by no means 
the least important in the good work accomplished 
has been the Beneficent Society. Among other good 
works accomplished by them, one illustration will be 
sufficient for the purposes of this work. At the 
meeting held in the month of May, 1910, it was 
decided that one of the members, Miss Effie 
McDougall, who had done noble work in the cause 
of St. Andrew's Church, and who was already a well 
qualified teacher in the public schools of St. John, 
should be sent to the Ewart Training Home, Toronto, 
for one year. This proposition Miss McDougall 
most willingly accepted, and a generous donation of 
one hundred and fifty dollars from another member 

292 History of St. Andrew's Church 

of the society whose identity is not disclosed in the 
report filed by the Society, enabled them to carry 
out this creditable scheme. 

Early in the month of November, 1911, there were 
rumors that the Rev. David Lang, who for seven 
and a half years had been pastor of St. Andrew's 
Church, had received a call as assistant pastor to the 
Bloor Street Church, Toronto. For some days no 
definite information was obtainable. Doubtless, the 
young pastor was seeking for a sign from the great 
Head of the Church before giving an irrevocable 
reply to the many enquiries which he received from 
friends in St. John and elsewhere. On the Sunday 
preceding November 15, he announced that a con- 
gregational meeting would be held on the date named 
to consider many matters in connection with the 
welfare of St. Andrew's Church, and that at this 
meeting his decision would be announced as to his 
acceptance or rejection of the call. At the appointed 
time a largely attended meeting was held, Mr. Lang, 
as moderator of the Session, took the chair, and Mr. 
John B. Magee acted as secretary of the meeting. 
The first business transacted was the reading of the 
following letter by the pastor, and which letter no 
doubt was the outcome of much prayer and spiritual 
heart searching. It was as follows: 

"To the Session of St. Andrew's Church: 
Gentlemen : 

"The congregation of Bloor Street Presbyterian 
church, in the city of Toronto, which congregation 
is one of the largest and most influential centres of 
religious activity in our Canadian church, has deemed 
it expedient to secure the help of an additional 
minister, in order, adequately, to meet the increasing 
demands of their work. 

"Intimations have come to me quite recently that 

Mr. Lang's Resignation 293 

the unanimous desire of their officiary and congrega- 
tion is that your minister should be invited to under- 
take this work, and such invitation has been formally 
extended to me. There have also come urgent 
appeals from officers of the church that I should 
sympathetically and earnestly consider its claims. 

"Since, in the Providence of God, this position has 
been offered to me, I have given the matter my 
serious and prayerful consideration that I might 
learn, if possible, the path of duty whether in St. 
Andrew's Church, which I know and dearly love, or 
in Bloor Street church to which I am invited. 

"The work in Toronto presents many important 
and alluring features. There are a multitude of 
university students and other young people who 
reside in the neighbourhood and require the ministry 
of this church, and, as a young man, I am deeply 
interested in the work amongst the young people, 
who are to be the strength of the future church and 
nation. The pulpit work which I am expected to 
share equally with the Rev. Dr. Wallace, the present 
pastor, is of unique importance the regular attend- 
ance at the services being more than a thousand. A 
learned professor, who knows thoroughly the church 
life of Toronto, recently said, in referring to the pulpit 
work: 'There is no position in Toronto comparable 
to that of Bloor street.' But, besides all this I shall 
have, in event of accepting the position offered me, 
the counsel and fellowship of the minister, the Rev. 
Dr. Wallace a man who is universally respected 
and beloved. Jesus, in the Apostolic church, sent 
out his disciples two by two and I believe that when- 
ever circumstances admit of this arrangement, the 
cause of Christ is greatly strengthened thereby. 

"It is not difficult for a Christian man to believe 
that, under God's wise Providence, the schooling of 
to-day is intended to qualify one for the work of 

7$4 History of St. Andrew's Church 

tomorrow, and in this present case, it would appear 
that God has granted to myself in past years a peculiar 
preparation for the very type of work to which I am 
now called. For, in my student days, for brief 
periods, in Scotland, Australia, the United States, 
and Canada, I occupied positions somewhat similar 
in nature to the one now offered me, having been 
associated with other ministers at various times in 
the pastoral oversight of congregations. 

"While the work in Bloor street is very attractive 
in many respects, on the other hand, St. Andrew's 
Church, the pastorate of which I assumed seven and 
a half years ago, is of outstanding and strategic 
importance in the life of this city and province. This 
pulpit is indeed a kingly throne from which one may 
rule, not by force but by the persuasive power of 
truth in the hearts of many people. 

"During these past years I have learned to love 
very deeply the good people of St. Andrew's Church. 
It has been a great joy and a precious privilege to 
minister to them in the church and their homes in 
the name of Him whom we adore and follow, and who 
is our life and hope. It causes me the deepest anguish 
of spirit to contemplate the severance of these endear- 
ing bonds. On other occasions it has not been plain 
to me that I could leave you, conscientiously believing 
it my duty to do so but at the present time, though 
I feel the pain of parting very deeply, yet the path of 
duty seems to lead me, as I believe, to demit this 
pastorate and to enter into this other sphere of labor 
which has been opened to me. 

"In taking my leave of you it is a comfort to know 
that through our mutual labors St. Andrew's Church 
has enjoyed a period of healthful and encouraging 
prosperity. God has richly blessed our united labors. 
The membership of the Church and Sunday School 
has largely increased, influential societies within the 

Mr. Lang's Resignation 295 

church have been organized and have done useful 
work, the debt of the church has been considerably 
reduced, the financial obligations to my beloved 
predecessor in the ministry have been met, and now 
through the energetic activities of the ladies the 
auditorium has been renovated and adorned and 
there is no doubt in my mind but that God has rich 
blessings in store for his dear people here and all 
should go forward in the confidence that 'the best is 
yet to be.' 

"I desire to place my resignation in the hands of 
Presbytery and would respectfully ask you, my 
beloved fellow-workers of the Session and congrega- 
tion, that you will permit me to request that you 
concur in my decision and facilitate arrangements 
for the severance of the pastoral tie as speedily as 

"In laying down the work of the ministry in this 
part of the Master's vineyard, I desire to humbly 
acknowledge the blessing of God upon our united 
labors, and to thank you, one and all, sincerely and 
heartily, for your loyalty and support and co-operation 
in the cause of Christ, and hope that you may 
continue in the unity of the Spirit and the bond of 

"May God our Father, who has been our Help in 
ages past, God the Son who has promised to be with 
us always, God the Holy Ghost who guides and 
comforts His people, lead us all forward in life's 
pilgrimage until we dwell together in that city which 
hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God. 
"Sincerely and fraternally yours, 

"David Lang. 

"St. John, N. B., Nov. 15th, 1911." 

Following the reading of the letter, Judge Forbes, 
in speaking, advised that the congregational meeting 

296 History of St. Andrew's Church 

should appoint a committee to meet Presbytery, as 
requested by the pastor, and place no obstacles in 
the way of the pastor accepting the Toronto call, 
and he made a motion in accordance with the tenor 
of his remarks. As a fellow member of the Session 
for seven and a half years he testified to the good work 
of Mr. Lang during that period, of which good work 
he had personal knowledge. He felt sure that the 
departure of Mr. Lang would be viewed with regret, 
but he knew that the pastor was going to a church 
almost pre-eminent in Canada, with a communion 
membership of eleven hundred and annual receipts 
for church purposes of $34,000. 

The motion having been seconded by Mr. W. N. 
Collins and spoken to by Peter R. Inches, Esq., M.D., 
and Mr. E. R. Reid, much along the lines followed 
by Judge Forbes, testifying to the valuable work 
which Mr. Lang had done for St. Andrew's Church, 
and regretting the loss of the pastor, while at the same 
time congratulating him upon his receipt of a call 
to such an important post, was put to the meeting, 
and carried unanimously. 

Dr. P. R. Inches, and Messrs. E. R. Reid, D. R. 
Jack and George Robertson were appointed a 
committee to attend the meeting of the Presbytery, 
which duty they discharged in due course. 

At the same congregational meeting it was resolved 
by a unanimous vote, in response to a request from 
the choir, that in future the choir and organist should 
be vested in black silk gowns, the lady members 
wearing a black mortar-board cap. 

The adoption of individual communion cups was 
also discussed at some length, and the idea received 
very general support, but as the congregation had not 
been cited to discuss this question, it was decided 
that is should be allowed to lie over until it could be 
properly dealt with. 

Address to Mr. Lang 297 

The matter of Church Union was laid before the 
meeting by the retiring pastor, who asked that a vote 
might be taken at an early date so that the new 
pastor might have all contentious matters settled 
before his arrival. This question was allowed to lie 
over until the spring of 1912, when upon a vote being 
taken it was found to be largely in favor of Church 
Union. The decision of the church at large, was not, 
however, strongly in favor of its adoption, and so 
this important question is, for the time being, not 
an active issue in the work of the Presbyterian 
Church of Canada. 

Two weeks after the formal receipt of the resigna- 
tion of Mr. Lang, from the pastorate of St. Andrew's 
Church, a social was held in the church parlors, 
which took the form of a congregational farewell to 
the retiring pastor. Mr. David Russell Jack, on 
behalf of the officers, members and adherents of the 
church presented to Mr. Lang a finely bound address, 
which was in part as folllows: 

"To the Rev. David Lang, M. A., B.D., 
"Feeling that we cannot allow your official connec- 
tion with St. Andrew's Church to terminate without 
at least some manifestation of the love and friendship 
which we bear towards you, and of our appreciation 
of the good work which you have performed in our 
midst during the years which you have occupied the 
position of pastor, we take this method and oppor- 
tunity of testifying to the capable, energetic and 
efficient manner in which your various duties have 
been discharged. Coming to this church eight years 
ago from a distant field a comparative stranger, you 
have done much by your preaching and teaching as 
well as by the example of a godly life among us, in 
elevating and purifying the individual life of our 
church membership." 

298 History of St. Andrew's Church 

Continuing, the address dealt with the different 
activities in which the pastor had been engaged and 
the success which had attended his work. Coming 
to the work of the church, the address concludes as 
follows : 

" During your pastorate the work of this church has 
been greatly blessed, both spiritually and materially. 

* * * * "We desire therefore to assure you 
of our conviction that our church has been specially 
blessed under your ministration, that it is indeed 
with sincere sorrow that we acquiesce in severing the 
relationship which has for so many years been a 
source of joy and benefit to so many of us, and that 
as you have aided so faithfully and ably in turning 
so many of our people to righteousness, so may 
your labors in your sphere of future work be equally 
and abundantly blessed. May the Lord bless and 
prosper you, may He lift up the light of His counten- 
ance upon you, may He abide with you and give you 
peace from this time forth and forevermore. " 

This address was signed as follows: 


J. Gordon Forbes, Alex. L. Law. 

Alexander Wilson, George Robertson, 
T. H. White, Clarence H. Ferguson. 

W. C. Whittaker, E. R. Reid, 

James Kennedy. 


Robert M. Magee, David Russell Jack, 

Fred Macneil, F. Neil Brodie, 

W. M. Angus, Clarence B. Allen, 

A. D. Smith, J. R. McIntosh. 

P. Robertson Inches, Frank Rankine, 

L. G. Crosby, S. E. Elkin. 

Address to Mr. Lang 299 

Officers of the Guild. 

Joseph A. Murdoch, President. 
John B. Magee, First Vice-President. 
A. Mabel Reid, Second Vice-President. 
Alice Till, Treasurer. 
David Russell Jack, Secretary. 

William C. Whittaker, Superintendent of Sabbath 

John B. Wallace, Asst. Superintendent of Sabbath. 

Ellen Thomson, President of Women's Missionary 

Mrs. C. W. Bell, President of Ladies Aid Society. 
Louisa M. Girvan, President of the Mission Band. 
Sarah Marshall, President of Home Department 

Sabbath School. 

After the presentation of the address, a musical 
programme was carried out, and Mrs. C. W. Bell, on 
behalf of the Ladies Aid Society of the church, 
presented Mr. Lang with a very handsome travelling 
bag and dress suit case. 

Before the conclusion of the evening, Mr. Alexander 
Wilson, an Elder of St. Andrew's Church and 
Historian of the St. Andrew's Society, on behalf of 
the society, presented to Mr. Lang a certificate of 
membership, handsomely engrossed. 

Shortly before the end of December, Mr. Lang left 
St. John, and after a short holiday took up the work 
in his new sphere of labor, at Bloor Street Church, 

300 History of St. Andrew's Church 


On January 4, 1912, a joint meeting of the elders 
and trustees of St. Andrew's Church, was held to 
consider the appointment of a minister in succession 
to Mr. Lang. The name of Rev. John H. MacVicar, 
D. D., then of New Glasgow, N. S., was suggested, 
and it was on motion decided that a delegation 
representing the elders and trustees should proceed 
to New Glasgow, hear Dr. MacVicar, and report at a 
later meeting to be held at the call of the chair. The 
committee consisted of Messrs. John B. Magee, B. R. 
Macaulay, elders; and D. R. Jack of the Board of 

On the tenth of the same month, another joint 
meeting was held, at which the delegation, together 
with Mr. E. R. Reid of the Board of Elders who had 
accompanied them, made individual reports. Each 
spoke strongly in favor of a call to Dr. MacVicar, 
and on motion it was decided by a unanimous 
standing vote to recommend to the congregation of 
St. Andrew's Church that a call be extended to that 
gentleman. A congregational meeting was called for 
the fifteenth instant, but the night being stormy and 
the attendance small, it was thought inadvisable 
that such an important matter should be dealt with 
at such a small gathering. Accordingly the business 
of the evening was allowed to lie over until the annual 
congregational meeting, which was to be held two 
days later, namely on January the seventeenth. This 
meeting was largely attended, and was most optimistic 
in its tone. 

The Call to Dr. MacVicar 301 

Mr. E. R. Reid, having been elected chairman, and 
Mr. W. M. Angus, secretary, the meeting was opened 
by devotional exercises led by Judge Forbes. This 
was followed by some routine business, after which 
on motion the business of the meeting was suspended 
in order that the matter of a call to a minister might 
be dealt with. Mr. Reid then called upon the Rev. 
Gordon Dickie to take the chair, which he did and 
explained that it was now in order to make a call 
for a minister 

It is not necessary to go too fully into the details of 
that very interesting meeting, which was probably 
one of the most harmonious ever held within the 
walls of St. Andrew's Church. On motion of Mr. 
B. R. Macaulay, seconded by Judge Forbes, it was 
unanimously resolved that the Rev. John H. 
MacVicar, D.D., of New Glasgow, N. S., be called 
as minister of St. Andrew's Church. On motion 
the following were appointed to present the call to 
Pictou Presbytery; namely Judge Forbes, Mr. B. R. 
Macaulay and Mr. William Murdoch. The call was 
fully signed, and forwarded to the Pictou Presbytery 
and formally accepted by Dr. MacVicar, at the 
meeting in New Glasgow held on Tuesday, March 5, 

This important matter thus having been disposed 
of, the ordinary business of the annual meeting was 
resumed. Most cordial thanks were conveyed to the 
members of the Ladies Aid Society from the congre- 
gation for the good work which they had done in 
renovating, decorating and re-carpeting the church. 
The reports of the various church organizations were 
duly presented and read, and ordered to be filed. A 
resolution having been offered that the names of all 
contributors to the support of the church and its 
various schemes with the several amounts contributed 
should appear in the Year Book, quite a discussion 

302 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

followed. Upon a vote being taken, it resulted in 
a tie, of eleven to eleven. Many members having 
withdrawn from the meeting and the hour being late, 
it was decided that the matter lie over for another 

The financial statement for the year ending 
December 31, showed receipts from all sources, 
exclusive of balances on hand of $132.45 and over- 
draft in bank $698.41, to be $5,847.57; while the 
expenditures, exclusive of balance in bank, were 
$6,662.76. The liabilities outstanding were: Out- 
standing accounts, $1,510.70; Union Bank overdraft, 
$698.41; bond at 4%, $400.00; mortgage, $30,000.00. 
This made a total indebtedness of $32,609.11. 

The year 1911 had been an unusually trying one, 
financially, for St. Andrew's Church. The furnace, 
which had been a source of dread to the trustees for 
several years, had finally broken down. Efforts 
were made to patch it up so that it might carry 
through another winter, but without avail. A new 
tubular boiler was therefore decided upon, and 
installed with the least possible delay. The large 
amount of cleaning and decorating which the Ladies 
Aid Society had carried out during the later part of 
the year at an approximate cost of $1,500.00, 
necessitated extensive repairs to the roof, gutters, 
etc., all of which called for a large expenditure of 
money. The new paving in front of the church 
and the work in the side alleys had not been fully paid 
for, and an outstanding balance of $150.00 upon this 
account had to be reckoned with. The trustees 
reported the church edifice as now being in better 
order than at any time since its completion in 1879, 
and with so many expenditures upon capital account 
disposed of, it is sincerely to be hoped that the 
coming years may show a substantial and steady 
diminution in outstanding liabilities, and that even 

Dr. MacVicar's Arrival 303 

the mortgage, which is now of many years standing, 
may before long have passed away, or at least be 
substantially reduced. 

The arrival at St. John, of Dr. MacVicar, accompan- 
ied by Mrs. MacVicar, took place on the evening 
of March 27, 1912. On the evening of the following 
day, March 28, he was formally inducted into the 
pastorate of St. Andrew's Church. The service 
commenced at 7.30 p. m., and there was a large 
gathering present. The Rev. W. H. Smith, B.D, 
Ph.D., of St. Paul's Church, Fredericton, presided, 
and delivered the principal address of the evening. 
The Rev. William Mitchell of Sussex, N. B., addressed 
the minister, welcoming him to the city and charging 
him to be faithful to his duties, while the Rev. Gordon 
Dickie gave an account of the steps taken by the 
congregation to secure a pastor, as already stated 
in the earlier pages of this volume. 

The following is the address delivered by Dr. 
Smith : 

"I have been appointed by the Presbytery to give 
you its message, and my first word is one of congratu- 
lation upon your success in securing Dr. MacVicar 
as your minister. His late congregation is my home 
church and I can tell you that United Church gave 
up its minister to you with great sorrow of heart. 
Nor is this a matter of surprise. He has measured 
up to the high standard of the Christian ministry. 
His honored father made the name MacVicar respect- 
ed and loved, and the son has kept that name 
undimmed. He has served in the foreign field as 
well as in important charges at home, has a loving 
heart and an active brain, one well equipped for the 
work of your congregation. You have done well 
for yourselves and also for the Presbytery. He 
brings strength to our work and you must not be 
selfish. We expect you to cordially share with other 

304 History of St. Andrew's Church 

congregations the Influence of his experience and 
message and in this way you will help to bear one 
another's burdens and so fulfil the law of Christ. 

"My purpose is to ask your consideration of the 
great mission of the Church. My brother has just 
spoken to your minister of the great business of the 
Christian pastor. It is my theme to speak of the 
great business of the Christian congregation. 
Fundamentally and practically the work is one, the 
ideals and spirit one. Early in the history of the 
Church there arose the theory that the minister 
was a priest, separated from his people, doing work 
they could not share and in some special way charged 
with the responsibility of promoting religion. This 
has an element of truth and an element of error. The 
truth is that the ministry is especially called of God 
to the position of leaders divinely set apart for the 
promotion of the kingdom of God. The error is 
that it makes an unreal division in the kingdom of 
God and has led to the conception that certain 
persons and functions are sacred, as the clergy, and 
certain persons and functions are secular, as the laity. 
The Christian conception is that all disciples are 
holy, all life holy, all service sacred, and that whether 
clergy or laymen we must do all to the glory of God.' 
Formerly people imagined the minister was a teacher 
getting certain people ready to die, and that the 
Church was a little secluded plot in which the 
minister raised a few plants for heaven. There is 
truth in this view, but it is more in keeping with the 
ideals of the Master to say that each congregation 
is a company of the Lord's army, that your minister 
is your commanding officer and that you are all 
called not to be ministered unto but to minister, and 
if necessary to give your lives for others. In this 
connection I wish to consider Jesus' conception of 
the Kingdom - of God as embodied in the life of the 

The Induction 305 

Church, that thereby we may reach some adequate 
vision of what is involved in your work as a 

"In the first place there was an evangelistic side 
to Jesus' ministry, that is a definite purpose seeking 
to enlist people in the Kingdom of God. The basal 
idea was that man is by nature outside the Kingdom 
and he must be admitted to the Kingdom before his 
life is in the right relation to God and his own 
supreme interests. He was emphatic on the point 
that 'Ye must be born again.' The emphasis he 
placed upon this doctrine in his teaching finds 
abundant illustration in his practical work. He 
began his work with the Jews. His great appeal 
was, 'repent and believe in the Gospel of the King- 
dom.' Constantly and persistently he urged them 
to repent, believe, come and enter the Kingdom. 
What he said to the Jews he said to all others, to the 
Greeks and the Romans, Samaritans and outcasts. 
So fundamental was this that when he gave his last 
great command it became the heart of the Gospel 
to the world. 

"His method was definite, preaching and teaching 
the good news of a new life. It was a proclamation 
of salvation, forgiveness and reconciliation -with God 
as Father. All his work assumed that ignorance 
was at the bottom of sin and that men required to be 
instructed concerning God and themselves and what 
God can do to help man in his sore need. Follow 
the story of Jesus' ministry and the teaching, 
preaching element is pre-eminent. In addition, he 
used his divine power to deal with cases of peculiar 
distress and hopeless physical inefficiency. 

" He also gave instructions that the work of evange- 
lism was of such importance that the disciples would 
be fully justified in making great sacrifices to accom- 
plish his will. He gave his own life to save man from 

306 History of St. Andrew's Church 

death and sin and this became the ideal of service. 
The evangel must be proclaimed amid great 
tribulation and even death. The spiritual interests 
of humanity were of such infinite value that no 
sacrifice was too great in order to win men to the 

"It is not to be wondered at that such a gospel 
and such a method met with a vital response and 
revolutionized the religious thought of the times. 
This is still your business as a Church. The method 
sends missionaries abroad and demands a home 
ministry. It is the business of your minister to lead 
men into the Kingdom of God and it is your business 
to co-operate with him in this work. The word 
'evangelistic' has often carried with it the suggestion 
of certain mechanical methods but 'evangelism' 
can never be overdone. Evangelism is the principle 
of Jesus and seeks to get men in touch with God and 
then send them out to get others into the Kingdom. 
Never forget that the ultimate standard of values 
in a Church is its success in leading people into the 
Kingdom of God and developing their spiritual life 
according to the ideal of the Master. 

"In the second place, there was an educational 
side to Jesus' ministry and this also has become 
embedded in the work of the Church. It is instructive 
to notice that the educational ministry of Jesus 
proceeded along the assumption of the reality of 
Brotherhood. It was fraternal, utilizing fellowship as 
the atmosphere in which its moulding power could 
be best exercised. He first won the personal confi- 
dence of men, and when love held them, he used the 
moral power of that love to teach great truths, 
some of which at first staggered the disciples, others 
offended, but all ultimately blessed and enriched 
their life. The educational ministry of Jesus as it 
affects the work of the Church placed supreme 
emphasis upon three things. 

Induction Address 307 

"He sought to teach the disciples how to live with 
God. They saw that he lived with God in a very 
real way and they became so impressed with it that 
they came asking him to teach them how to pray. 
This was his opportunity. He led them in the prayer 
life to the Father. Worship or communion with 
God was fundamental with Jesus. This is one 
aspect of the educational life of the Church which 
is apt to be overlooked. Many exalt the sermon 
and the music but forget the devotional life of the 
soul. This is an entire mistake. The devotional 
life, so remote from public gaze, is still the true life 
of man and must have the first place in spiritual 
development. As a congregation teach the people 
to pray, to sing, to worship, to wait upon God. 
Magnify the quiet hour in your life. See that you 
do not run to sermon listening or tasting, or to 
musical performances. Make your music a power 
to lift your souls up to God and use the sermon to 
help you to a better appreciation of the being and 
nature of God that you may the more intelligently 
approach him and live with him. Never forget the 
time and place of prayer in the life of your Church. 

"Again, he taught them God's will concerning 
the important themes of daily life. The addresses 
of Jesus covered every aspect of human life and duty 
and this age is turning with fresh interest to his 
teaching and deriving therefrom the principles 
applicable to social, industrial and national better- 
ment. The Church must thus become a school of 
instruction in practical questions for daily living 
This is not an easy matter. The tendency of modern 
churches is to limit the time for instruction from 
the pulpit to a minimum. Everything must be 
boiled down to mental pap and administered in 
fifteen or twenty minutes. If any one wishes to 
find the kind of food the Apostle expected his hearers 

308 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

and readers to digest read the Epistle to the Romans, 
and other letters. We would consider such teaching 
pretty stiff for people just converted from heathenism. 
We do a serious injustice to the pulpit when we do 
not take the work of instruction seriously enough 
to give the minister a chance to teach. The 
preaching and teaching which made Presbyterianism 
what it was sprang from the conviction it was a 
serious business. The great questions must be 
discussed, the whole field of activity examined, 
every doctrine unfolded and all modern issues 
brought to the touchstone of the Revelation of God 
in Christ. Let this Church stand for the high 
standard of instruction and send out men and women 
intellectually equipped for meeting error and defend- 
ing the truth. 

"Further, he led them into a holy life. Here his 
matchless dealing with men is seen. He took the 
disciples in all their imperfection and moulded them 
into men of power. He took Peter, loved him, 
warned him, guided him, comforted him until he 
sent him out a tower of strength. Such is the 
business of this Church. You must present men 
without spot or wrinkle or any such thing when 
he appears. If men or women go astray, go after 
them and bring them back. If they offend do not 
give them up. Never mind the critic or the 
fashionable apology for a Christian who would pass 
by on the other side. But go after them, win them 
back, love them and help them to stand in the 
strength of a holy life. Thus the educational work 
of the Church is manysided but very important. It 
takes those reached by the evangel and trains 
them to be disciples in name and active workers in 
service. The evangelism which does not issue in 
education cannot be permanent. Every one reached 
for the kingdom must be educated until he becomes 
a saint in devotion and a soldier in service. 

Induction Address 309 

"In the third place there was a philanthropic 
side to Jesus' ministry. This took the form of a 
great melting, saving pity toward the unfortunate. 
It runs all through the Gospel records of Jesus' 
ministry and stamped itself indelibly in the minds 
of the people. It is difficult to grasp the importance 
Jesus attached to this until it is placed beside his 
conception of the value of 'service. He came not 
to be ministered unto but to minister. This became 
the law of service in discipleship. Greatness is in 
proportion to service. The importance he attached 
to this philanthropic service is seen in his description 
of the last judgment when it appears as the 
condition of entrance in eternal blessedness. Phil- 
anthropy is not the basis of salvation but the 
evidence that one is a member of the kingdom. We 
are saved by faith but works become the proof or 
evidence that what we hold as faith is vital. Works 
become the fruit of faith. At the last judgment 
the value of life is seen in the fact that it had enough 
of the mind and spirit of Jesus to undertake the 
things which were dear to him. This is his law for 

"There is no time to consider these things in 
detail but in Matthew xxv., certain lines are clearly 
indicated. The Church must have regard to physical 
conditions, as hunger, nakedness, the modern 
problems of poverty. It must also have regard to 
hospitality. Inhumanity is foreign to genuine 
Christianity. It must have regard to those who 
suffer, a work of vast possibilities. It must have 
regard to the delinquent and criminal classes, the 
victimized of modern vice and greed. This is your 
problem in this city. As a Church you must squarely 
face the question of social evil, poverty, crime, 
oppression and all social inefficiency. You must 
seek to make this city like the Kingdom of Heaven. 

310 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

"Such is a bare outline of the fundamental con- 
ceptions of the work of the Church as manifested 
in Jesus' ministry. It is a stupendous undertaking 
and demands your best serivce. You form a 
company of the Lord's army and your minister is 
your commander under the world's redeemer. His 
work is primarily with you until you enter the king- 
dom and then it is with you in the sense of enlisting 
you in the great campaign for the kingdom. You 
ought not to expect him to give his time to those who 
are Christian and who are able to serve. You 
ought as far as possible leave him free to give his 
time to those who are not, and further, to assist him 
in every way to reach them that thereby you as a 
congregation may accomplish your task with great 

"In my early days I heard two addresses to 
congregations at the settlement of pastors, and 
each address had three notes, pray for your ministes, 
pay your minister, encourage your minister. Thir 
is good advice, but in view of Jesus' teaching I wish 
to restate the problem thus, pray for yourselves 
that the spirit of Jesus may rest upon pastor and 
people so fully that all may go forward to world wide 
conquest. Instead of saying pay your minister I 
would say, give your tenth and free will offerings 
to the Lord so that you may have an overflowing 
treasury to lay at the master's feet for extension work 
trt home and abroad. Instead of saying encourage 
aour minister, which implies speak a kind word 
yn approval of his work or message, I would say 
iundertake the Lord's work so enthusiastically 
yourselves that your minister will lead a company 
of spiritual ironsides to hearten other companies, 
overthrow the enemies of truth and build up the 
walls of the New Jerusalem." 

Congregational Social 3 1 1 

At the close of Dr. Smith's address, the Rev. 
Gordon Dickie, who was delegated by the Presby- 
tery, introduced Dr. MacVicar to the Kirk Session 
and trustees. Following the introduction, a largely 
attended reception was held for Dr. and Mrs. 
MacVicar by the Ladies' Aid Society, Mrs. John 
H. Thomson and Mrs. W. C. Whittaker introducing 
the pastor and his wife to the members of the 

During the service of induction a telegram from 
the Rev. David Lang, of Toronto, Dr. MacVicar's 
predecessor, was read by the Rev. Dr. Smith, convey- 
ing to pastor and people God's blessings and assuring 
them of his tender feeling for St. Andrew's Church. 

Dr. MacVicar was not long in showing himself a 
vigorous worker in the building up of his new charge. 
Soon after his arrival a congregational social was 
held in the church parlors by Mrs. MacVicar and 
himself, to which all the members and adherents 
of the church were invited by card. This function 
was largely attended, and was the means of bringing 
the new pastor and many of his people into immediate 
personal friendship with each other. The roll of 
church membership was carefully purged, the elder's 
districts revised, and a series of systematic visits 
to the homes of all the members and adherents of the 
church inaugurated. 

On May 19, following, the one hundred and twenty- 
seventh anniversary of the St. Andrew's Church 
was observed. In view of the pastor's very recent 
advent to the church, both Session and trustees 
felt that instead of following the custom of former 
years and inviting an eminent man from an outside 
field, no more suitable man could be procured for 
the occasion than the new pastor. The result fully 
justified this anticipation, and the attendance, both 
at the Sunday services and the customary lecture 

312 History of St. Andrew's Church 

on the following Tuesday, in aid of the foreign 
mission fund, was most gratifying. 

"In the morning the service opened with the 
singing of the National Anthem, in recognition of 
the observance of Loyalist day and the part which 
Loyalists had in planting the Presbyterian church 
in New Brunswick. Reference was made in the 
prayer of invocation to the standing lesson afforded 
by the Loyalists in regard to the duty of loving the 
brotherhood, fearing God and honoring the king. 

"Dr. MacVicar took as his morning theme, 'A 
Glorious Church,' basing his remarks on Ephesians 
v, 27; and in the evening he preached on 'The 
Glorious Gospel of the Happy God,' I Timothy ii, 2. 

"In the progress of his morning discourse he made 
appreciative reference to the present work then 
going through the press, advance sheets of which he 
had been priviliged to read, through the courtesy 
of the author. In vivid terms he recalled the story 
of the arrival of the Loyalists, on May 18, 1783, in 
their mist enveloped fleet of twenty vessels, from 
the small boats of which, amidst floods of sunshine, 
when the mist had cleared, they landed, to the sound 
of fife and drum, seeking a new home under the old 
flag that had grown dearer than ever to them through 
the successes and reverses of the American revolution. 
In the present day, he said, the citizens of St. John 
looked to the ends of their streets and caught gleams 
of the sea water over which those patriotic men and 
women had sailed, but their thoughts turned not so 
much backwards to the landing of the old-time 
Loyalists, but forward to the landing of future 
Loyalists, whom they expected in the coming era of 
expansion and prosperity to welcome that they 
might share with them the grand task of making this 
a glorious land. 

"It could not be fully done without a glorious 

127th Anniversary 313 

church. Their pilgrim fathers had disclosed the 
secret of loyalty in their early recognition of the 
fact that a land can be made glorious only by having 
in it a glorious church; and historians were agreed 
that the flames of the Loyalist movement had been 
kindled and fanned by the particular church to which 
these men belonged, whether the established Church 
of England, or the established Church of Scotland. 

"The Scottish Loyalists had lost little time in 
putting themselves on record as desiring to see on 
this new soil the church that had been so glorious in 
their eyes on the old soil. As the result of their 
appeal a crown grant had been made of property that 
lay on Queen street, between Sydney and Carmarthen. 

"In the passing of a century and a quarter, 
changes had come into their forms of worship and 
activity; but since Presbyterianism was believed to 
stand for organized life, these changes were simply 
incidental to the wise adaptation of means to ends 
on the part of a living organism with due regard 
to the requirements of the changing times. For 
his own part, he was not disposed to envy any church 
that could claim in a literal sense to be 'always the 
same' if its unalterableness were due to atrophy 
and death. 

"An anniversary he regarded not simply as a point 
of arrival, but a point of departure; for however 
splendid the past had been, there was scope for a 
more decided advance towards the ideal of a glorious 

"But the church was not only glorious in her 
history; she was more glorious in her destiny: for 
she was destined to distinguishing purity and 
distinguishing service. The measure in which she 
rose to her destiny, and fulfilled it, would be the 
measure in which she brought glory to her glorious 
Head, who came, it had been said, not so much to 

314 History of of St. Andrew's Church 

preach the gospel, as that there might be a gospel 
to preach the glorious gospel of the Happy God." 

On Tuesday, May 21, the lecture upon "The Sign 
Posts of Old London," by Dr. MacVicar, which 
had been announced as being in aid of the foreign 
mission fund, took place. 

Before the chairman, Mr. D. R. Jack, introduced 
the lecturer, Mr. Fred T. McKean, who was in fine 
voice sang "The Veteran's Song," the accompaniest 
being Mrs. S. Kent Scovil. 

The lecturer illustrated his unique theme with 
colored illustrations of some of the quaintest 
examples of signs preserved in the Guildhall Museum 
and other repositaries. Many of the illustrations 
were of such a character as to remind one of the 
curious signs to be seen, even at the present time, 
in the portions of the world, even of Europe itself, 
where the spread of education has not eliminated 
the need for such relics of a bye-gone age, and where 
the average man or woman could neither read nor 

The lecture was replete with historical illustrations 
and modern applications, demonstrating that the 
gradual disappearance of the antiquated signs had 
been an evidence of progress. In most countries 
illiteracy had passed away. Inferior ideals had 
become decadent. Noble conceptions of woman- 
hood now prevailed. Superstition had died a 
natural death. Grotesque and profane uses of 
scripture for mercantile ends had become less 
obtrusive. More potent religious impulses now 
dominated society; and the permanent Christian 
hope embalmed in the old legend of St. George and 
the Dragon promised ultimate victory in the incessant 
conflicts with the evils that ravaged society. 

At the close of the lecture a cordial vote of thanks 
moved by Dr. J. R. Mcintosh and seconded by 

Conclusion 315 

Mr. Frank Rankine was tendered to Dr. MacVicar 
by the chairman. 

The installation of the Rev. John H. MacVicar 
into the pastorate of St. Andrew's Church, and the 
subsequent events narrated bring this work to a 
close. Its compilation has been entirely a labor of 
love to its author, who feels that the time spent in 
its preparation has not by any means been lost, but 
has been to him a source of much spiritual blessing 
and consolation, His chief endeavor has been to 
make the work as complete in all sections as circum- 
stances would permit. 

Let us hope and pray that St. Andrew's Church may 
long continue to be a pillar of strength and a source 
of spiritual life and uplift to the community, in the 
midst of which it is placed ; that the Lord may cause 
the light of His countenance to shine upon the work 
now being carried on within its walls and that it may 
be long continued by successive generations of Chris- 
tian men and women. 

Our church was founded by a people of strong 
character, most of whom came up in poverty and 
wretchedness at the close of a terrible war, out of a 
land which was to them one of darkness, the fields 
of which had but reeentiy flowed with the life blood 
of their fathers and husbands, their brothers and 
their sons, to what they hoped might be a better 
land. Like the Israelites of old, who, after a 
desperate struggle cast of the yoke of the Egyptian 
who had tried in vain to master them, they held their 
honor and allegiance to God, their King and their 
fatherland to be more precions than great riches 
coupled with subservience to those whose views and 
methods of procedure were to them intolerable, 

St. Andrew's Church, as has been more than once 
pointed out, has been the mother of Presbyterianism, 

316 History of St. Andrew's Church 

not only in the City of St, John, but throughout the 
province of New Brunswick. Well may her people 
exclaim with the Psalmist of old : 

"Walk about Sion and go round about her: 
and tell the towers thereof. Mark well her bulwarks : 
set up her houses: that ye may tell them that come 

''For this God is our God for ever and ever: He 
shall be our Guide unto death." 

Appendix A 


of a few of those who were prominent 
at various dates in the work of 
saint Andrew's church 

It is a matter of regret that but little response 
resulted from various appeals made at different 
times from the pulpit and through the press, for 
data suitable for this portion of the present work. 

In the following brief and imperfect sketches, 
much of the data used has been partly selected from 
the History of St. Andrew's Society, from W. F. 
Bunting's History of Freemasonry, from the Bio- 
graphical Review, edited by the late Isaac Allen Jack, 
Q.C., D.C.L., and other works of local reference. 
Possibly in a later edition should such a work ever 
be attempted, a more full and compendious selection 
of biographies might be attempted. Many names 
will be found wanting from the present list which 
should be included, but circumstances beyond the 
control of the writer prevented their insertion. An 
historian who could and would care for the records 
of the church would prove a valuable addition to 
the list of officers of St. Andrew's Church. 


318 History of St. Andrew's Church 


Alexander Balloch was a native of Rothesay, Isle of Bute. 
He was a lieutenant in the Royal Navy, but retired early in 
life and settled in this city, and successfully engaged in the 
insurance business. He married a Miss Carrington. Mr. 
Balloch was one of the prominent Scotsmen in the city; he was 
for many years Grand Master of the Masonic body in this 
Province before the establishment of the Grand Lodge of New 
Brunswick, and was active in the work of St. Andrew's Church. 
He became a member of the St. Andrew's Society in 1862. 


William Campbell was born in Argyleshire, Scotland, in 
1742; emigrated to America when a young man, became a resi- 
dent of Worcester, Mass., afterwards removing to New York. 
When the American rebellion broke out he espoused the cause 
of the Loyalists, and was actively engaged during the war. 
At the peace in 1783 he went, with other Loyalists, to Halifax, 
N. S.; he remained there but a short time, removing to St. John, 
where he resided till his death. He became a Freeman of the 
city of St. John in 1795, and in the same year was appointed 
mayor of the city, which office he filled without interruption 
until 1816. During that time, and until 1850, the office was 
filled by appointment of the provincial government. He took 
an active part in the promotion of St. Andrew's Society, and 
was first vice-president. He was one of the pioneers of St. 
Andrew's Kirk, and one of its first elders. He took a very keen 
interest in the affairs of the Kirk, and was indeed active in every 
walk of life. He was a charter member of the first club 
organized in St. John, which used to meet at McPherson's 
Coffee House, at the foot of King street. He was postmaster 
of St. John for several years; alderman for Sydney ward for a 
number of years; and one of the first directors of the St. John 
Grammar School. In the Masonic order he was Deputy Grand 
Master for Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. He died February 
10, 1823, in the eighty-second year of his age; and his remains 
were interred in the old burial ground on Sydney street, with 
Masonic ceremonial by St. John's Lodge. In November, 1887, 
St. John's Lodge placed a new monument over his grave to 
replace the original, which had become broken and defaced. 
Just a year and a day after the demise of William Campbell, 
his wife followed him to the grave, her death taking place 
February 11, 1824, aged eighty-four. There is no record of 

Appendix A. 319 

his having left a family of any size. The writer has never been 
able to learn of any son, but a daughter, Agnes Campbell, died 
November 5, 1840, aged seventy-eight. In the old Kirk, 
prior to the fire of 1877, there was a mural tablet of marble 
to his memory, and it would be a graceful act upon the part 
of the rising generation, that this memorial to one of the 
founders of this venerable church should be replaced upon the 
walls of the present building. 

On April 3, 1816, prior to the relinquishment of the Mayoralty 
the following resolution, indicating the regard with which he 
was held in the community, was adopted by the Common Council . 

"The Common Council, having taken into consideration 
the present infirm state of health of his worship the Mayor, 
William Campbell, Esq., and the great public inconvenience 
arising therefrom, together with his long and faithful services 
in that situation: 

"Resolved, That the sum of One Hundred Pounds per annum 
be paid him for life out of the funds of this corporation in case 
another person shall be appointed to that office, and that the 
recorder be requested to communicate this resolution to his 

A lengthy biographical sketch, containing an expressive 
tribute from a local newspaper of the period will be found in 
Bunting's History of Freemasonry in New Brunswick, pp. 216-7, 


William Donald was a Loyalist, a grantee of Parrtown, the 
only one of the name, and lies buried, together with some 
members of his family, in the old grave-yard at King street 
east, the following inscription appearing upon his tomb. 

"Sacred to the memory of William Donald, Esquire, a native 
of Aberdeenshire, Scotland, and many years a respectable 
merchant in this City, who departed this life on the 22nd June, 
1828, in the seventy-fourth year of his age. Deeply regretted 
by his family and a numerous circle of friends. Also Isabella, 
his wife, who departed this life May 16th, 1824, aged 54 years. 
Deeply and deservedly lamented by her affectionate family 
and friends, "t 

"Sacred to the memory of William Donald, who departed 
this life October the 3rd 1834, in the 36th year of his age, 

See History of St. Andrew's Society, p. 22. 
t Loyalist Centennial Souvenir, page 107. 

320 History of St. Andrew's Church 

leaving a wife and one child to mourn the bereavement of a 
beloved partner." 

Isabella Donald, daughter of William Donald, merchant, 
of St. John, married Hugh Piper, Captain 104th Regiment, 
15th April, 1816. 

A public meeting was held in the City Hall, Market Square, 
December 11, 1815, in behalf of families of the killed and 
wounded in the Battle of Waterloo. The subscription of Mr. 
William Donald was 20, which was a very liberal amount 
when we consider that the city had not as yet completed the 
first third of a century of its existence. 

Mr. Donald, with Hugh Johnston, sr., and others, was 
ordained an Elder of St. Andrew's Kirk December 7, 1817. 

In the list of the Freemen of the city of Saint John, William 
Donald appears to have taken out his freedom in 1790, his 
occupation being stated as that of a mariner. William, his 
son, does not appear in this list at any time, which would 
indicate that he carried on business elsewhere than at St. John. 
George Donald, another son, took out his freedom in 1817. 
In the advertisements which appeared in the Courier of November 
28, 1815, appears that of William Donald and Son, composed 
of William Donald and George Donald. % 


Lauchlan Donaldson was President of the St. Andrew's Society 
for 1862 and the four following years, and also for 1868, after 
which, owing to his advanced years, he declined to fill the office 
A statement written by himself, apparently in 1867, supplies 
interesting information in the following terms: "My great- 
grandfather was one of the McDonalds of Glencoe, and, with a 
brother and an infant boy, were all of the males who escaped 
from the infamous slaughter of the McDonalds, instigated by 
the talented but ruthless King William III. When the fugi- 
tives escaped they changed their names to Donaldson and 
settled in Morayshire, and then branched out to a large party, 
many of them, I have heard, becoming ministers and ministers' 
wives, and no doubt, some of their descendants are yet located 
in that country; but my father, James Donaldson, having 
removed to the south of Scotland when I was only a few months 
old (eighty-one years since) they are unknown to me; though one 
of the family, leaving no family, or will, threw 350 in my way. 

* Lawrence, "Footprints," note, page 20. 

t Centennial Prize Essay, D. R. Jack, page 105. 

Appendix A. 321 

I had never seen her. My father had a large family, but 
they and theirs have all passed away except myself. He 
was a great agricultural writer, and was for many years superin- 
tendent over the military roads of Scotland, and as such, died 
at Fort William, Argyleshire, fifty years ago." 

Sarah, daughter of the Rev. Lauchlan Shaw, the historian 
of Morayshire, a contemporary and correspondent of Woodrow, 
Blair and Pennant, was the wife of James and the mother of 
Lauchlan Donaldson. An ancestor of Mr. Shaw, a bold and 
daring man, was selected to command the thirty men chosen 
from the congregation of clans known as Clan Chattan, who 
fought the same number of another clan on the Inch of Perth 
in 1396, as graphically described in "The Fair Maid of Perth." 

It is interesting to note that John Wilkes, of House of Com- 
mons fame; Lord Jeffrey, the reviewer; Admiral Sir Alexander 
Cochrane and Admiral Sir Thomas Trowbridge, were among 
the family connections of Mr. Donaldson. 

He further writes: "I began life as a clerk in the Cashier's 
Office of Excise, Edinburgh; the situation was bestowed on me 
by that truly good man, Sir James Grant, at that period the 
cashier. In 1804 I came to this province, where I have resided 
ever since. I am now a retired merchant, in my eighty-second 
year, and am not strong." 

Prior to the appointment to the office mentioned, which he 
secured when fourteen years of age, he was educated at the 
High School of Edinburgh, under the eminent grammarian 
and writer on classical antiquities, Dr. Alexander Adam. He 
landed at St. John in 1804, and entered the mercantile estab- 
lishment of Messrs, John Black & Co., and remained in the 
service of that firm until 1809, when he commenced business 
on his own account. Success attended his venture, and as a 
shipowner and general merchant, he for many years improved 
his own fortune and largely aided in the development of the 
trade of the port. He was twice appointed mayor of St. John 
by the Governor of the Province under the original terms of 
the civic charter; first in 1829, when he remained in office 
until 1832, and again in 1843, when he retained the position 
until 1847. During his second term the financial affairs of the 
city were in an unsatisfactory state, and required all the time 
and thought which Mr. Donaldson could spare, but his abilities 
and patient devotion enabled him eventually to place them 
upon a satisfactory basis. He also, while in office, inaugurated 
and secured many needed civic improvements. Among these 
may be enumerated the levelling of the streets, sidewalks and 

322 History of St. Andrew's Ciiurch 

squares; the adornment of the latter with trees; the erection 
of the beacon at the mouth of the harbor; increased wharf and 
harbor facilities and the determination of the harbor line; and 
also the publication of detailed statements of the civic accounts 
and various changes in routine. The citizens also owe to him 
the inception of the existing system whereby water is distributed 
by pipe in bountiful quantities, which, before his time, could 
only be obtained insufficiently from wells, tanks or perigrinating 
carts. He was for a long period chairman of the Chamber 
of Commerce, and also a commissioner and secretary of the 
Bay of Fundy Lighthouse Board, discharging his duties to the 
entire satisfaction of the government, the seamen, and those 
interested in shipping. A Justice of the Peace for sixty years, 
he was in constant attendance at meetings of the Sessions and 
their committees, where, owing to his knowledge, experience 
and good judgment, he held a leading position, and maintained 
a powerful and useful control. He was in the British Isles 
several times, his last visit there being in 1868; he twice made 
a tour of the European continent, and he travelled extensively 
in New Brunswick and her sister provinces and in the United 
States. In early life he married a daughter of Francis Gilbert, 
to whom reference has been made, and by her he had one son 
and three daughters. Mrs. Donaldson died in 1867. No one 
of the children is now living, but a number of their descendants 
are to-day residing in St. John and elsewhere. Grave and 
dignified in demeanor, with much of the quiet courtesy of the 
old school, he was a ready, agreeable and well informed con- 
versationalist; and while his integrity and exceptional devotion 
to the interests of the community gained and held the respect 
of his fellow-citizens, his kindness of heart, hospitality and 
other personal qualities secured the warm regard of his friends. 
It may indeed be truly asserted that when his death occurred 
on April 22, 1873, there was sincere regret on the part of his 
brother Scots. Loch Lomond and Ben Lomond, a chain of 
lakes and a sentinel hill above them near St. John, are said to 
have received their names, borrowed from Auld Scotia, from 
Mr. Donaldson as far back as 1810; and a promontory in the 
former, and a neighboring lake are known to-day in his memory 
as Point and Lake Donaldson. It may be a subject of surprise 
to many who recollect him to learn that Mr. Donaldson indulged 
in poetical composition. The following verses, however, com- 
posed by him, although not distinguished for special originality 
or power, are distinctly rythmical, tuneful and graceful. The 
first selection was written for Moses H. Perley, a well known 
man of affairs and letters in old St. John, to use in a projected 

Appendix A. 323 

work of fiction, the second deals with North American Indians 
from a sentimental point of view of the past rather than the 
present : 

Nay, mother, ask me not to join 

In dance or song; it may not be; 
For he who lent them all their charm 
Lies buried in the roaring sea. 

I'd rather sit alone and weep 

O'er days of peace forever gone, 
Than hide a breaking heart in smiles 

Amidst a gay unfeeling throng. 

No bridal robe I'll ere put on; 

No orange flowers shall deck my brow; 
That darling pledge, so gladly given. 

Shall be my last, my only vow. 

Then bear in pity, bear with her 

Whose latest pang through life will be 

The thought of all those bitter tears, 

Dear mother, which she wrung from thee. 

Indian Squaw's Song. 

Ah, why dost thou linger night's shades are descending, 

The firefly's abroad, and at rest is the bee. 
Leave fish, spear and chase and return to your Sola, 

Our babe is asleep and 'tis lonely for me. 

In war thou art fierce as the wild mountain torrent, 
In peace, bland and calm, as the breathing of spring; 

The wisest in council, the bravest in battle, 
And swift in pursuit, as a hawk on the wing. 

Oh, haste back to Sola, who weeps while she watches, 

The star shining down on the face of our son. 
Hark, hark, 'tis his voice, as he skims o'er the waters 

"Thou kindest, thou dearest sweet Sola, I come." 


In the Monthly Record of the Church of Scotland for Nova 
Scotia, New Brunswick and the adjoining provinces for March, 
1869, there is a brief but comprehensive memoir of John Duncan, 
President of the Society for this year, by the Reverend George 

324 History of St. Andrew's Church 

J. Caie, who in 1872, filled the office of Chaplain. From this 
the following statements of fact have been taken and a few 
passages borrowed. Mr. Duncan was born on January 9, 
1797, at Meldrum, better known as "Auld Meldrum," a town 
with a population of one thousand, and about seventeen miles 
from Aberdeen. He was educated in the parish school and 
trained as a carpenter. He crossed the Atlantic in 1821, arriv- 
ing at the North of New Brunswick, where he remained until 
1824, when he removed to his final place of residence, St. John. 
He at once obtained employment from Messrs. Owens & Layton, 
who were engaged in ship-building, continuing with them till 
the dissolution of the firm in 1827. His next engagement was 
in the timber business, but in 1831 he became connected with 
the firm of Owens & Budd, and in the following year was sent 
to Britain to effect a settlement of the involved affairs of that 
concern and successfully accomplished his mission. Shortly 
after his return to St. John he entered into partnership with 
Mr. Owens, under the firm name of Owens & Duncan. The 
names of these worthy men became widely known on both 
sides of the Atlantic, and, although they encountered many 
losses on land and sea, there was one thing that neither pros- 
perity nor adversity seemed able to shake from them a repu- 
tation for sterling honesty in all they said and did. Their 
ships were well known and justly famed in Britain and 
America for beauty of model and good sea-going qualities. 
For many years past they continued to own the vessels they 
built, and kept them trading to different parts of the commercial 

Ever prudent, cautious, thoughtful and studious, Mr. Duncan 
may be said never to have been regarded as a young man, and 
his counsel, readily and kindly given, was always sound. He 
was known as the "Universal Chairman," and it seemed to 
be regarded as essential to the success of any great work that 
the name of John Duncan should be found among its chief 
promoters. Never hurried, and indeed, notably deliberate in 
his methods and movements, he was never behindhand, and 
by studied economy of his time accomplished tasks wherein 
many ostentatious, bustling people failed. All who knew 
him trusted him, and his subordinates placed the most absolute 
reliance on his undertakings, and in his correct conception and 
unquestionable performance of what was right. He was always 
a friend to those in need, and it is related of him that when, 
while he was young and without the needful funds, he was 
asked to contribute to the expense of burying the wife of an 
impoverished man, he responded by begging the requisite 

Appendix A. 325 

boards from a friend and constructing with them, by his own 
labor, the coffin required. With an insatiate thirst for knowl- 
edge, he was constantly engaged, in his spare hours and moments 
in reading, while his library, though not conspicuously large, was 
admirably selected. He was an elder and a trustee of St. 
Andrew's Kirk, and was a liberal contributor to the funds 
required for all its purposes. He was married, and left a widow 
and several children when he died, January 31, 1869. His 
residence was on the north side of Paradise Row, next to that 
of his partner, John Owens. I was personally brought into 
somewhat close contact with Mr. Duncan during five or six 
years before his death, being in the office of my father, who 
managed the legal business of Owens & Duncan, and of each 
member of the firm, and have a most pleasant remembrance 
of his gentle, courteous manners, and of the great interest which 
he manifested in my studies, pursuits and prospects. To give 
a correct conception of the part he took in civic affairs, it would 
be necessary to amplify this sketch. Some idea, however, of 
his interest in public matters may be gathered from the fact 
that he was one of the first presidents of the Commercial Bank, 
Mechanics' Institute, Globe Insurance Office, Highland Society, 
Agricultural Society, St. Andrew's Society, Bible Society; a 
prominent man in the formation of the Colonial Life Insurance 
Company, Gas Company, Telegraph Company, Water Company; 
a Commissioner of Police, Lunatic Asylum, etc. 

It may be observed that among the societies mentioned, 
the Mechanics' Institute of St. John specially attracted and 
was largely managed by those of Scottish birth or blood. During 
the existence of this highly useful institution, extending from 
1839 till 1890, including each of those years, twenty-one gentle- 
men were successively elected to fill the presidential chair. 
Of these twenty-one, twelve were at some time members of 
St. Andrew's Society, namely: John Duncan, Sir William J. 
Ritchie, James Patterson, LL.D., Joseph W. Lawrence, William 
Wedderburn, George H. Lawrence, Gilbert Murdoch, I. Allen 
Jack, Thomas A. Rankine, David P. Chisholm, Dr. James 
Christie and William E. Collier.* 


Alexander Edmund was a native of Scotland, and came to 
this country early in the last century. His name is included 
in the list of Freemen for the year 1809, and his occupation is 

Sketch of late John Duncan, from the "History of St. Andrew's Society 
of St. John. N. B.." edited by the late Isaac Allen Jack. 

326 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

there stated to be that of a merchant. He was an uncle of the 
late John Wishart, for many years connected with the Kirk, 
and Mr. Wishart was brought out to this country from Scotland, 
by Mr. Edmund. He was one of the committee to whom 
Charles McPherson, the sole survivor of the original grantees, 
conveyed the lands granted to them on January 2, 1816. In 
December, 1821, his name appears as one of the Committee of 
the Kirk, by whom its affairs were managed prior to the passage 
of the Act of Incorporation, of 1831. In the year 1813 he had 
become a member of the St. Andrew's Society, but there does 
not appear to be any record of his having taken an active part 
in the affairs of the Society. He died April 5, 1825, at Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, and no doubt continued his interest in the 
affairs of the Kirk until the time of his removal from the city 
of St. John. Mr. John Wishart succeeded him in business. 
When the final settlement of the land claims in connection with 
this church to which full reference has been made was arrived 
at, on May 30, 1834, it was reported that among others, Mr. 
John G. Wishart had received the sum of one hundred pounds 
for himself, and the estate of Alexander Edmund. 


Among the best known men of St. John during the middle 
and latter portion of the nineteenth century in the city of St. 
John, was William Emslie, a Scotch shoemaker or cobbler. 
His motto was charity and his chief delight was to do good to 
his fellow men, particularly those who were too poor and weakly 
to help themselves. 

In Mr. Bunting's History of Freemasonry, page 20, we find 
the following tribute to Mr. Emslie's worth: "During the 
past few years several old and experienced craftsmen walking 
Masonic encyclopedias have gone to that undiscovered coun- 
try from whose bourne no traveller returns,' and with them 
has passed away an important store of the unrecorded sayings 
and doings of the craft of by-gone days. The older members 
of the fraternity in this jurisdiction remember with feelings 
of genuine affection the late venerable and worshipful brother, 
William W. Emslie. His name was a household word through- 
out the province; he belonged to the whole body of the craft. 
His pleasant smile and genial manner gave him a welcome to 
all our masonic circles. In him the Great Giver of all good 
had centered the best attributes of humanity. His life was 
a continual round of self-denial, of benefaction and good works 
generally. His purse strings were always loosened, and the 


Appendix A. 327 

contents freely given to the hungry and the suffering; and when 
his own limited store fell short of the demand, he would lay 
his numerous and more wealthy friends under tribute. Thus 
he was ever and always a good Samaritan. Unpretentious 
and retiring in his manner, possessing but a limited education, 
and obliged to toil daily to supply the needs of himself and 
family, he was a man of rare natural ability, a prompter of 
various measures for the public good, and an ornament to the 
community in which he moved." 

Such was the character of Willie Emslie, one of the devoted 
workers of the old Kirk from its earliest days. In the St. 
Andrew's Society he was an active member, his particular 
niche being upon the Committee of Charity, upon which he 
served for twelve years continuously, from 1850 until 1861 
consecutively. In St. Andrew's Church he was the Superin- 
tendent of the Sabbath School for many years. The opening 
of the Sabbath School for the first time, and of which Mr. 
Emslie was probably the first superintendent, is referred to 
on page sixty-six of this work. 

The writer, whose father loved everthing that was Scotch, 
and who recognized many of the good qualities of Willie Emslie, 
including his ability to make boots that would wear, well 
remembers the day when he was taken up to be measured by 
Willie Emslie for his first pair of boots, and braw anes they 
were, copper toed, and with thick soles and a' that, as Bobby 
Burns would say. 

The Emslie family came from Aberdeenshire. His mother, 
Jean Emslie, wife of Charles Emslie, died at Loch Lomond, 
New Brunswick, on October 6, 1847, at the age of 
seventy-six years. Mr. Emslie was married on March 7, 1822, 
to Hannah Ann, daughter of William Kennedy, by Dr. George 
Burns. Mrs. Emslie was a sister of the wife of John Owens, 
of the well-known firm of ship-builders, Owens & Duncan. 

There are many other items of interest to be found 
with reference to the life and good works of Willie Emslie, as 
he was affectionately called, by old and young alike, but the 
limits of this work prevent a further reference at this point 
to our venerable and saintly friend. 


James Gordon Forbes was the youngest son of the late Captain 
John Forbes, of the 93rd Highlanders, a scion of a distinguished 
Highland Scotch family. His father, who served with distinc- 
tion in the Peninsular War under the Duke of Wellington, 

328 History of St. Andrew's Church 

received from the Crown, in recognition of his services, a grant 
of land in Nova Scotia, to which he immigrated in the year 1832. 

Mr. Forbes was born May 10, 1837, in Pictou county, Nova 
Scotia; educated at the free church school, Halifax, and taught 
at the superior school at Kouchibouguac, New Brunswick, 
from 1857 until 1860. In the latter year he entered the law 
office of Judge Wedderburn, where he studied five years, and 
afterwards finished his legal studies at the law school of Harvard 
University. Admitted to the bar April 13, 1865, he, during 
the succeeding ten years, conducted an extensive law business 
with the late William H. Sinnott, under the professional firm 
of Forbes & Sinnott. A dissolution of co-partnership occurring, 
he removed, in 1876, to Des Moines, Iowa, where he carried 
on a law, loan and insurance business. On the death of Mr. 
Sinnott, in November, 1879, he returned to St. John and resumed 
the practice of the law. During his practice at the bar he was 
considered an effective jury lawyer, having, by his energy and 
eloquence, gained many important suits. In the defense of 
the prisoner Edie, in the case of the Queen versus Edie, he won 
from Chief Justice Allen, the presiding judge, the flattering 
testimony that "the defence was one of the most able and 
eloquent efforts within his experience." 

For important services rendered in the confederation of the 
provinces of British North America into the Dominion of 
Canada his friends presented him with a valuable gold watch and 
chain. In 1870 he unsuccessfully contested the county of Saint 
John for a seat in the local legislature, although the large vote 
he received testified to his popularity. As alderman for Duke's 
ward for two years, he rendered the city valuable services by 
his energy and industry. He has always taken an active part 
in church matters, especially in his connection, for many years, 
with St. Andrew's Church, of which he has been an elder since 
1880, in which year he was ordained to that position. 

On September 17, 1871, he was married to Mary J. Homer, 
of Bloomington, Illinois, by whom he had a daughter and a 
son, the latter of whom is now deceased. 

The connection of Judge Forjbes with the St. Andrew's Society 
of St. John, has been a lengthy one, he having joined the Society 
in 1861; was Secretary in 1866; on the Committee of Charity, 
1873; First Vice-President in 1897 and 1898; and President 
for 1899 and 1900. 

On January 18, 1895, on the death of the Hon. Benjamin 
Lester Peters, he was appointed Judge of the St. John County 

Judge Forbes has always been earnest in church work, espe- 

Appendix A. 329 

cially in his connection with St. Andrew's Church, of which 
he was consecrated an elder in 1880. Prior to this event he had 
held almost every position in the gift of the church, had been 
long a member of the Board of Trustees, of which body he acted 
as Secretary for several years. He has also acted as Super- 
intendent of the Sunday School for three years, during which 
time he did valuable work for the advancement of that branch 
of the church work. 

He attended as lay representative at the General Assembly 
for the Presbyterian Church in the Maritime Provinces at the 
Pan-Presbyterian Council at Glasgow in 1896 and at Wash- 
ington in 1899. In July, 1897, he was elected Moderator of 
the St. John Presbytery for the year 1897-98. During his 
long connection with St. Andrew's Church he has been one 
of the most generous contributors, not only to the general 
funds of the church, but also to the various other issues, chari- 
table and missionary, with which that church has been from 
time to time identified. 

During recent years he has devoted much time to the work 
of the Victorian Order of Nurses, and has been President of 
the Fernhill Cemetery Company. His Masonic activities have 
been many and varied and some account of them may be found 
in Bunting's History of Freemasonry in New Brunswick. It 
is sufficient for the purpose of this sketch to note that during 
the years 1899 and 1900 he was Grand Master of the Grand 
Lodge of New Brunswick. 

During the term of office of Judge Forbes, as President of 
St. Andrew's Society, the Centennial Ball was held, one of 
the most elaborate functions ever given by that venerable 
Society. The covers of the souvenir cards upon that occasion 
were, in honor of the president, printed in the Forbes Tartan, 
and formed an appropriate souvenir of the event. 

His active and energetic work in aid of the cause of the Bible 
Society deserves a full and lengthy notice in this work, but lack 
of space prevents. 

The death of his only son, Homer D. Forbes, during the pre- 
sent year, 1912, was a severe blow to the father, and one in 
which he received the universal sympathy of the congregation. 


He was born in Wigtonshire in 1812, and with his father 
came to this province four years later. In 1861 Mr. Girvan 
was placed in the Bank of New Brunswick as an expert account- 
ant and one year later was appointed cashier, which position 

330 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

he filled for about thirty years. He married a sister of the 
late Rev. James Hannay, of Richibucto, father of Dr. James 
Hannay. Mr. Girvan was on the Committee of Charity of 
the St. Andrew's Society in 1858, was Treasurer in 1859 and 
Vice-President in 1860. He was a worthy citizen and enjoyed 
the respect of all who knew him. He took a very active 
interest in the work of St. Andrew's Church, as will be observed 
from the various references to him which occur in these pages. 
He was the oldest member of the St. Andrew's Society at the 
date of his death, which took place February 18, 1900. 


It was to James Grigor, one of the committee appointed 
to secure a suitable lot of land on which to build St. Andrew's 
Church, that the lot was conveyed on May 21, 1814. The 
lot was selected by him, the conveyance was from John L. 
Venner, the price paid was 250, and he was one of the con- 
tributors, no doubt a generous one, to the building fund. On 
June 20, 1815, just sixty-two years to a day before the building 
was burned, the lot was conveyed by James Grigor and wife 
for the sum of 250, which sum had been granted by the legis- 
lature for that purpose.* 

On October 20, 1816, James Grigor, Jr., described as a mer- 
chant of St. John, was married at Fredericton, to Mary, fourth 
daughter of Dr. Charles Earle. 

James Grigor seems to have come to St. John early in the 
history of the community, for in the year 1785, when the city 
was granted its act of incorporation, the name of James Grigor 
appears upon the list, so that he was without doubt one of 
the charter members, receiving his freedom at that date. He 
died at Hampton, N. B., July 31, 1823, aged seventy-one, so 
that in the year 1785 he must have been a young man of about 
thirty-three years of age, just in the prime and vigor of life 
While he died at Hampton, his obituary notice describes him 
as a merchant of St. John. In the list of Freemen, he is described 
as a carpenter by occupation, and no doubt he gave freely of 
his time to the building of the old Kirk, although well up in 
years at the time of its erection. 

The name of Grigor does not again appear in the list of 
Freemen of St. John, so we may conclude that James Grigor, 
Jr., and other members of his family, if any must have removed 
from St. John at the time of or shortly before his death. He 

* See History of St. John, by D. R. Jaclc. pp. 191-2. 

Appendix A. 331 

appears to have been a man of influence, means, good judgment 
and of a generous spirit, as is amply testified from the nature 
of his transactions with the St. Andrew's Kirk. It is a matter 
of regret that we have not more knowledge of him, but tradi- 
tion points to him as one of the several men both of means 
and generosity, who aided the building of the Kirk to the extent 
of their ability. 


Doctor P. Robertson Inches, who was christened Patrick, 
although he is commonly called Peter, occupied the presidential 
chair of the St. Andrew's Society for the years 1880 and 1881. 
His father was James Inches, of Dunkeld, Scotland, who, with 
his wife, who had been Miss Janet Small of Dirnanean, Strath- 
ardle, in Perthshire, came to St. John in 1832. The subject 
of this sketch was educated at the Grammar School, St. John, 
and afterwards engaged in business for some years in the city 
as an apothecary. He then proceeded to qualify himself for 
the practice of surgery and medicine, and, after pursuing the 
necessary studies in New York, Edinburgh and London, and 
obtaining his degree, returned to St. John, where he has since 
secured and maintained a position among the leading local 
practitioners. In 1876 he married Mary Dorothea, daughter 
of Doctor Fiske, from Massachusetts, who resided in St. John, 
where he practiced dentistry with success. Though by no 
means chargeable with the sin of pride, Doctor Inches derives 
great satisfaction from his past and present associations with 
Scots and their institutions, including especially the Kirk and 
St. Andrew's Society, in the latter of which he held office as far 
back as 1861. In the history of the Kirk the name of Dr. Inches 
will be found as Trustee for nearly forty years, and which posi- 
tion he still holds. He has invariably taken a keen interest 
in the work of the church, and while not much given to debate 
the various questions of church policy which have arisen, his 
opinion, when expressed, has invariably been received with 
profound respect. In connection with his church work Dr 
Inches has always responded generously without fee to any 
calls for medical aid from the poor and afflicted. He was a 
warm personal friend of the late Henry Jack, more particularly 
during the years when they both attended the Auld Kirk, and 
when they both wore the same badge, which differed consider- 
ably from those of the other members of St. Andrew's 

332 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

It was not until May 22, 1908, that Dr. Inches formally 
completed his connection with St. Andrew's Church and 
from that date his name has appeared upon the communi- 
cant's roll. 


He was born at Innerkip, Scotland, near Greenock, November 
21, 1800. He left the land of his birth at an early age, never 
to return, and lived for several years at St. John's, Newfound- 
land, thence making two or three voyages to the West Indies. 
In 1830 he came to New Brunswick and settled in St. Andrews, 
where he married Miss Dorothy Mowat, a daughter of Captain 
David and Mehitable (Calef) Mowat, September 20, 1831. 
In 1837, he removed to St. John, where he thereafter made his 
home. As secretary to the Marine Assurance Company and 
agent of the Liverpool & London Fire Insurance Company, 
and otherwise, he secured a leading and recognized position in 
business circles. His wife died May 14, 1842, and in 1848 he 
married Mrs. Ann Stephen, who survived him. He was in 
office as President of the St. Andrew's Society at the time of 
his death, which occurred suddenly from apoplexy while he 
was acting as pall-bearer at the funeral of the late Mrs. William 
O. Smith, on February 2, 1856. In the history of the St. 
Andrew's Society of St. John, of which Society he was president 
for the years 1848, 1849, 1850, and again in 1855, and from which 
this sketch is largely taken, it is stated that the subject of 
this sketch was very well informed and shrewd in all that related 
to his business, and that socially he was entertaining and 
exceedingly genial. The fact that for four years out of his 
little more than eighteen years of residence in St. John, he 
was specially selected by his brother Scots as their represen- 
tative a*nd spokesman, speaks volumes in his favor and leads 
to regret that more particulars of his career and character 
have not been obtained. Several children survived him, and 
one of the daughters, who still survives, was the wife of the 
late John McMillan, a prominent citizen of St. John. Mr. 
Jack resided at Reed's Point, near the three lamps, an old and 
conspicuous landmark. 

From the year 1843 until the time of his death, he was con- 
tinuously a member of the Board of Trustees of St. Andrew's 
Church, a period of twelve years. This fact in itself is good 
evidence that he must have taken a keen and active interest 
in the affairs of the church, in order to have received such 
unwavering support from the members of the congregation. 

Appendix A. 333 

From a sketch of St. Andrew's Church which appeared in 
the Weekly Telegraph of March 5, 1879, we learn that he was 
ordained an elder in the church, on March 30, 1851. 


Henry Jack was born at St. Andrew's, Charlotte County, 
New Brunswick, May 11, 1824. His father was David W. 
Jack, who came from Cupar, Fife, Scotland, and his mother 
a daughter of Colonel Thomas Wyer, a Loyalist from Falmouth, 
Massachusetts, now Portland, Maine. After having received 
his education at the St. Andrew's Grammar School, under 
Reverend John Cassilis, he, about 1844, removed to St. John, 
where he entered the office of his brother, William Jack, a lead- 
ing lawyer, and at a later date Advocate General, a member 
of the St. Andrew's Society, as a student, but after pursuing 
his studies for some two years, he abandoned the idea of enter- 
ing the profession and accepted a position in the Bank of 
British North America. While in the service of the bank he 
spent five years in St. John's, Newfoundland, but was then, 
transferred to the agency at St. John, New Brunswick, in which 
he was employed until 1864, when he was appointed agent 
of the North British and Mercantile Insurance Company. 
Shortly afterwards he became Vice-Counsul for Spain, and 
he retained the two positions until his death. In June, 1862, 
he was married to Annie Carmichael, youngest daughter of 
the late Hon. Hugh Johnston, the wedding taking place at 
Gagetown, near which Roseneath, the country seat of her 
family, was situate. She died November 20, 1882, after bear- 
ing six children, of whom a son and two daughters survived 
her and her husband, and are alive to-day. He was a man 
of pronounced views and tenacious of his opinions; and having 
become an adherent of the Reformed Episcopal Church, he 
freely devoted his time, abilities and means to its advancement. 
Scottish in these respects, he was also Scottish in appearance 
and manner; in his easy telling of humorous anecdotes with 
proper accent and gesture of true Scots, and in his delight to 
provide plenty of good meat and drink for guests, rich or poor, 
at his own board. 

To the late Henry Jack belongs the full credit for having 
introduced to the Presbyterian Church of New Brunswick 
the late Rev. Donald Macrae, D. D. For some years prior 
to his marriage Mr. Jack resided in St. John's, Newfoundland, 
where he and Dr. Macrae, whose church he attended, became 
intimate friends. Their mutual love of all that was Scotch 

History of St. Andrew's Church. 

was a strong link in the chain of intimacy by which their regard 
for one another was strengthened. Was it at all surprising, 
then, that when the pulpit of St. David's church became vacant, 
Mr. Jack should invite Dr Macrae to visit him at his home in 
Queen Square, and the invitation having been accepted, that 
he should personally urge upon his friends of St. David's con- 
gregation his assurance of the high qualities of heart and mind 
of one whom from long personal friendship he knew so well. 
Dr. Watters, having a better delivery, possibly, than Dr. Macrae, 
but not by any means being a better read man or mare sound 
theologian, won the day, and was duly inducted into the pulpit 
of St. David's Church. With his true Scotch determination 
unimpaired, when the Rev. Mr. Caie resigned the pulpit of 
St. Stephen's Church, Dr. Macrae received the same warm 
invitation from the same source, and the same vigorous efforts 
resulted this time, not in failure, but in a hearty call to Dr. 
Macrae from St. Stephen's Church. That Dr. Macrae was 
greatly beloved by the people among whom he subsequently 
resided for many years, both of St. Stephen's and other con- 
gregations, not necessarily Presbyterian, and that his ultimate 
departure from St. John for another field of labor caused 
genuine sorrow throughout the community is a matter the 
verity of which is indisputable. 

The late Henry Jack died October 28, 1884, just before the 
celebration of St. Andrew's Day. At the anniversary service, 
held this year at St. Andrew's Church, Dr. Macrae took occa- 
sion to make the following kindly reference to a number of 
departed friends, some of whom at least had been numbered 
among St. Andrew's congregation. The text was from Psalm 
XVI., verses 5 and 6: "I have a goodly heritage." 

"Brothers of St. Andrew's Society! On this occasion above 
any other on which you have done me the honor to elect me 
as your chaplain, some words of reference are called for in con- 
nection with the breaks in our ranks which have occurred since 
our last solemn meeting and our last commemoration of our 
annual day. Within the year no less than six honored mem- 
bers were removed by death. The names of Matthew Lindsay 
Andrew Anderson, J. J. Johnston, Roderick Ross, Luke Stewart 
and Henry Jack, call forth many affecting memories. One, 
at least, of these members, Henry Jack, had filled the Presi- 
dent's chair of this Society; two, at the time of their decease, 
were office-bearers; two were elders of our churches; most of 
them bore names distinguished in Scottish history; all were 
borne to the tomb carrying with them the respect of the citizens 
at large. The fathers, where are they? The prophets, do 

Appendix A. 335 

they live forever? We revere the memory of these beloved and 
honored brethren. We cherish their worth. We have not 
lost our heritage in them, "for the righteous shall be had in 
everlasting remembrance,' and the good they did lives still. 
Towards one of these brethren, Luke Stewart, my own feelings, 
like the feelings of all who knew him, were particularly fraternal. 
In Roderick Ross I mourn a friend and counsellor whose loss 
to me can in some respects never be replaced. Of all we lament 
the departures, but in no spirit of repining. Our older surviving 
members had their heart-searchings in connection with these 
saddening events. Let us trust that the mantle of departed 
worth has fallen on those who are following after. Let us 
trust that our young men may acquit themselves like the men 
of the olden time who are one by one passing away. Tributes 
to their memory have been borne already, the worthiest tribute 
is to manifest their spirit in all that is true and good. We have 
not lost or at any rate need not lose our heritage in them, and 
we trust that theirs to-day is a goodly heritage indeed. Thank 
God for the good which the Society has been able to effect 
in the past. Thank God for its continued existence and present 
prospects. Cherishing our traditions, we look forward to loyal 
dependence upon our God and King in a measure of like quiet 
usefulness in days to come. To latest generations may those 
who succeed us maintain these traditions and say as we do 
with devout gratitude, ours is 'a goodly heritage.' Amen." 


Alexander Jardine, was born in February, 1814, in Girvan, 
Ayrshire. His father was the youngest son of Sir William 
Jardine, fifth baronet of Applegirth, Dumfriesshire. After 
leaving school, Alexander went to Glasgow, where he was em- 
ployed till 1835, when, on the advice of his brother Robert, 
he came to St. John and entered the employ of Barnabas Tilton. 
He remained in this service until 1838, when, as stated else- 
where, the brother purchased his stock from Mr. Tilton, and 
carried on the business on their own account as partners. After 
Robert's death, Alexander continued the business until 1875, 
when he retired in favor of Robert Cruikshank, Thomas Mc- 
Clelland, his cousin, and Alexander C. Jardine, his eldest son. 
Mr. Jardine repeatedly visited his native land, always retained 
a strong Scottish sentiment, and was ever ready to assist a 
fellow-countryman in distress. Like his brother, he was inter- 
ested in the advancement of the welfare of his adopted city and 
province. He filled several important public positions, including 

336 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

the office of president of the Western Extension Railway Com- 
pany and that of president of the Rural Cemetery Company. 
He was an active member of St. Andrew's Church, and an 
elder for a number of years. On rebuilding the church after 
the great fire of 1877, he was made chairman of the committee 
in charge, and devoted both time and money to the object in 
view, his donations including the bell now in use. He was 
married in August, 1845, to Mary J., daughter of Thomas 
Charters, of Roxboroughshire, Scotland, who, with two sons 
and two daughters, survived her husband when he departed 
this life in February, 1878. 


Robert Jardine was born at Girvan, Ayrshire, Scotland, 
January 1, 1812. He started in business in his native town 
when quite a young man, but having failed to reach his expec- 
tations, and dissatisfied with his prospects, he determined to 
seek his fortune abroad, and took passage on a ship sailing 
from Ayr to St. John, New Brunswick. Shortly after his arrival 
he entered the employ of Barnabas Tilton, a dealer in groceries, 
and in 1838 Robert and his brother Alexander, who had followed 
him to St. John, bought out Mr. Tilton, entered into partnership, 
and continued the business under the firm name of Jardine 
& Co. Robert Jardine was a public spirited and good citizen, 
and was identified with such important enterprises as the civic 
water supply and the Rural Cemetery. He was also chairman 
of the European and North American Railway Commission 
for a number of years, and until his death, which occurred in 
June, 1866. He was the proprietor of a holding comprising 
several acres, situate a mile from the city on the Marsh Road, 
where he lived, and, to some extent engaged in farming. He 
was greatly interested in the latter pursuit, was distinctly 
successful in raising Ayrshire cattle, and was one of the first 
members of the local Agricultural Society. The proper con- 
struction of the Marsh and Loch Lomond roads, of special 
benefit to farmers, is also largely due to his exertion. A wife 
and four daughters survived him. Mr. Jardine was president 
of the St. Andrew's Society for the years 1851 and 1852. 


Hugh Johnston was a native of Morayshire, Scotland, where 
he was born on January 4, 1756, and whence he arrived 
at St. John, in or about 1784, in his own ship. This vessel 
was laden with merchandise which he employed in establishing 

Appendix A. 337 

himself in business in his new home, where he was destined to 
meet with marked success. The practice of emigrating in one's 
own ship was not unknown in those days of the early history 
of New Brunswick, and Hugh Johnston was not the only 
Scotchman who thus transferred his family and his belongings 
to this country. Although his own affairs rapidly increasing 
in magnitude made large draughts upon his time and powers, 
he seems to have been ready at all times to serve in the interests 
of the public. He was an alderman in 1808 and for several 
succeeding years; he represented the City and County of 
St. John in the Provincial Legislature for the long period of 
seventeen years; he was one of the founders, a member of the 
building committee and one of the first elders of St. Andrew's 

The late William Peters Dole, D. C. L., who was eminently 
intelligent, observant and reminiscent, came to reside perman- 
ently in St. John in 1836, just six years after the death of Hugh 
Johnston. He used to relate a story with great zest, in which 
he described a wrangle which occurred between certain members 
of Trinity Church upon the one side, and Hugh Johnston and 
certain others who, while attendants at and ostensibly members 
of Trinity Church, had strong leanings towards the old Kirk 
of their fatherland. It will be remembered that in the earlier 
portion of this work reference was made to the pointed direc- 
tions given in the selection of a pastor for Trinity Church to 
the fact that a Scottish accent would be regarded as a serious 
blemish to any applicant for that position. The scene of the 
discussion was at the old Coffee House at the foot of King street, 
the time a cold winter evening, with the toddy circulating 
freely about the table. No doubt the discussion took place 
in the first club organized in St. John, and which has been 
fully described in a sketch which appeared in issue No. 7 of the 
New Brunswick Historical Society, and which club held its 
meetings ?t the Coffee House, which was indeed the scene of 
all public balls and other festivities during the early history 
of our city. The discussion waxed warm, finally becoming 
very heated, they of long standing in the Anglican communion 
taunting their Scottish brethren with their inability to support 
a church of their own denomination. The climax of the affair 
was reached, when Hugh Johnston, his Scottish blood thor- 
oughly aroused, and unable longer to accept good naturedly the 
continued taunts, started to leave the room. Reaching the 
door, he turned about and, shaking his stick at his tormentors, 
exclaimed: "I tell ye, the day's no' vera far distant when 
we'll aye hae a Kirk o' our ain." Whether from this incident 

338 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

or not, active measures were taken, in which Hugh Johnston 
was a participant, for the building of a Kirk, where they of 
the Scottish dialect might worship the God of their fathers 
after the custom and ordinances of the church of the mother- 
land, and where the Scottish dialect was considered, as it is 
to-day, a matter of pride, rather than something of which to 
be ashamed. 

Hugh Johnston was a port-warden from 1816 till 1830. He 
was an incorporator and one of the first directors of the Bank 
of New Brunswick, and a member of the Friendly Fire Club, 
he was connected with several Masonic organizations as office- 
holder or otherwise. He was one of the founders of St. John's 
Lodge; formerly a member of St. George's Lodge, No. 19, 
Maugerville, and one of the original members of Carleton Royal 
Arch Chapter. In the latter body he was first Scribe, or 
Principal J. 

When a special collection was made in St. John on behalf 
of the families of those killed or wounded in the battle of 
Waterloo, he contributed 50 to the fund. 

Mr. Johnston was one of the owners of the "General Smythe," 
the first steam-boat built in this province, which ran on the 
river between St. John and Fredericton. He was also a part 
owner of the "St. John," the earliest steam-craft to cross the 
Bay of Fundy. She was schooner rigged, with fore-sail, main- 
sail and jib, and her trial trip was made on the 4th of July, 
1827. He was the owner of the wharf and slip to which he 
gave his name, which they bore until recently, situate on the 
west side of Water street. The property was just at or about 
the site of the present ferry landing. His residence and place 
of business were both together, as was the custom among the 
best class of merchants in the early history of this community. 
With two or more of his sons he transacted an extensive business 
in the city under the name of Hugh Johnston & Co. 

He was married twice and had eight children by his first wife 
and six by his second wife. His first wife's maiden name was 
Ann Gilzean, and she dying on February 4, 1805, he married 
secondly Margaret Thurburn, who was a lineal descendant of 
John Thurburn who about 1475 held lands at Lassudden under 
the Monks of Melrose Abbey. Barbara, born September 12, 
1807, of the second marriage, became the wife of Colonel Sir 
Charles Levinge, at one time Governor of Edinburgh Castle, son 
of Sir Richard Levinge, Baronet, of Nock Drim Castle, County 
of West Meath, Ireland. A son by the first marriage, Hon. 
Hugh Johnston, occupied a prominent position in this com- 

Appendix A. 339 

munity for many years, and dying in 1850, left many descend- 
ants in this city. 

Mr. Johnston always maintained a reputation for integrity 
and for adherence to correct business principles, and it is 
reported of him that he was "a faithful friend and an enter- 
prising and useful member of the community." 

The above sketch, to which some additions have since been 
made was originally prepared by the writer of this volume 
for the History of St. Andrew's Society. See pp. 31-32 of that 


James Kennedy, St. John, was born in Ayrshire, Scotland. 
March, 1835, son of George and Mary (Gray) Kennedy. The 
death of his parents, which occurred when he was twelve years 
old, threw him upon his own resources, and he was employed 
upon farms until 1857, when he emigrated to New Brunswick. 
Resuming his previous occupation after his arrival, he later 
took charge of a large farm in Moncton, N. B., where he 
remained about two years. Coming to St. John in 1861, he 
entered the employ of the wholesale and retail grocery firm of 
Jardine & Co., with whom he remained twelve years, and in 
1873 he established himself in the wholesale fish and provision 
business on South Wharf. For the succeeding twenty years 
he carried on a profitable mercantile business, and also acquired 
large shipping interests, having built five ships, the chartering 
of which he attended to personally, and was also part owner 
in several others. Having disposed of his marine property 
with the exception of two ships, he retired from mercantile 
business in 1893, and has since been engaged in caring for his 
investments. He was president of the Canadian Drug 
Company for several years, and was the official head of the 
Joggins Coal Mining Association, which sold its property in 
1892. His prominence in the business circles of St. John was 
attained solely through his ability, perseverance and pro- 
gressive instincts. 

Mr. Kennedy was married in 1860, to Miss Isabella Loughead. 
They had seven children, namely; Mary Gray, wifeof Rev. L. G. 
Macneill, retired pastor of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church; 
William Ramsay, at one time master of the ship "Creedmoor," 
owned by his father; James Kerr Kennedy, who died in Idaho 
at the age of twenty -eight years; Isabel Margaret, who died 
at the age of two years; David Alexander and George Kerr 
and Robert J., the latter of whom died at the age of six months. 

Mr. Kennedy belonged to the Masonic order, was presi- 
dent of the Thistle Curling Club, of which he was a member 

340 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

ever since its organization. In his religious belief he was a 
Presbyterian, and was one of the elders of St. Andrew's Church. 
He died suddenly at his home on Summer street, St. John, on 
January 26th, 1913. 


A gathering of members of the Saint Andrew's Society of 
Saint John, N. B., and their friends, under the auspices of the 
Society, was held on August 29, 1866, at Sussex, in Kings county. 
The grounds selected were picturesque and adapted for the 
purpose, and were placed at the service of the managing com- 
mittee by Robert Keltie, free, save only a hearty vote of thanks 
extended after the event. The party, comprising about 2,500 
persons, went by rail from St. John, and on reaching Sussex, 
received an addition of about 500 would-be participants. The 
bagpipes made music, which was heard for long stretches of 
the pleasant valley, and when they were silent, the band of 
the 15th Regiment filled the air with harmonies. Those who 
were present entertained themselves with leaping, throwing 
the hammer or stone, tossing the cable, archery, dancing or 
otherwise, as inclination prompted, and, after a day of great 
enjoyment, the picnic ended, the City folk leaving Sussex at 
6 o'clock and reaching the city at 9.45 p. m. 

Robert Keltie, the genial host on this occasion, was well 
known and well liked. He was a native of Scotland, from 
which he emigrated to St. John in 1819. He was engaged 
there in mercantile pursuits until 1831, when he turned his 
attention to brewing, which he subsequently followed with 
marked success. In 1845 he purchased from the Hon. Hugh 
Johnston* the dwelling-house and grounds on the Marsh Road 
known as "Hillside," and subsequently resided there. He was 
a Justice of the Peace and was one of the oldest members of 
St. Andrew's Society when he died in May, 1877. A clipping 
from a city paper of which neither name nor date has been 
preserved, relates so pleasantly to the subject here considered 
that it would be an error not to place it before the reader: 

"Jumping the Fence. The other day the passers on Car- 
marthen street were enabled to see an exhibition of this feat 
done in a much more creditable way than has been usual. Two 
of our oldest and most worthy citizens, each having gone well 
past his fourth score of years, took a walk through the old 
Burial Ground, and on reaching the eastern gate found it 
locked. They had either to climb the fence or return to the 

* Son of Hugh Johnston, senior, a biographical sketch of whom will be found 
in this volume. 

Appendix A. 341 

western gate. They were of the old vigorous stock of a gen- 
eration nearly gone, and they got over that fence with an agility 
that would do credit to some of our local contemporaries on a 
change of government. Henry Melick and Robert Keltie, 
Esquires, have the best wishes of their friends that they may 
long retain the strength not only to get outside, but to keep 
outside of a cemetery fence." 


James Kirk was the father of the James Kirk of the well 
known firm of mill owners, Kirk & Daniel, well remembered, 
doubtless, by the older citizens of St. John. James Kirk, the 
the elder, was born. in St. Andrews, Fifeshire, Scotland, on St. 
Andrew's Day, 1794, and came to St. John in 1816. His name 
appears in the list of Freemen of St. John for the year 1819, 
and his occupation is there stated to be that of a merchant. 
Immediately upon his arrival at St. John he became a member 
of the St. Andrew's Society. He carried on a very extensive 
shipping business, and at one time had interests in forty ves- 
sels. Mr. Kirk was twice married, first to Barbara, daughter 
of George Matthew, and afterwards to Charlotte, daughter of 
Dr. Kerr, of Economy, Nova Scotia. 

From the records of St. Andrew's Kirk we learn that he was 
for a long time actively connected with its work. On August 
18, 1831, under Act of Incorporation, certain trustees were 
elected, in which Mr. Kirk's name is included. From 1831 to 
1837, inclusive, he was a member of the Board of Trustees. 
During the years 1838 to 1839 he occupied the position of chair- 
man. From 1840 until 1850, inclusive, his name appears upon 
the roll of trustees, forming an unbroken term of service of 
twenty years, a record that is probably unsurpassed in the 
history of St. Andrew's Church. 


James Knox was born in Rothesay, Scotland, in 1833, his 
father, John Knox, then residing there, and he came to New 
Brunswick in 1855. Here he engaged in the ship chandlery 
business as a partner of his uncle, the late John Walker, who 
has already been mentioned in the sketch of Luke Stewart's 
life. Mr. Knox is married, his wife having been Miss Annie 
Farmer, and they had five children, of whom two sons and 
one daughter survive. He has been a trustee of St. Andrew's 
Church, and a member of Clan Mackenzie, of the Masonic 

342 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

body, and of the Order of Odd Fellows. Mr. Walker died in 
1870 and ever since Mr. Knox has conducted the same business 
as the old firm. He has a good knowledge of the conditions 
and requirements of the port and harbor, and though indis- 
posed to seek notoriety or prominent place, his qualifica- 
tions have been recognized to some extent by his selection as 
an alderman, and by his appointment and long continued ser- 
vice as a commissioner of pilotage. Holding the respect of 
the community, he can always count upon the warm regard 
of his brothers in St. Andrew's Society and of those who know 
him well. Mr. Knox became a member of the last named 
society in 1857. He held office from 1876, when he became 
a member ol the Committee of Charity until 1884 and 1885, 
during which years he filled the presidential chair. 


Alexander L. Law was born at Balgedie, County of Kinross, 
Scotland, on October 3, 1850. He was the son of Henry and 
Catherine (Henderson) Law. The senior Law was a carpenter 
by trade and was well known in his vicinity for the natural 
gift which he possessed of setting dislocated bones, which gift 
was greatly extended by the constant practice which he enjoyed. 
The subject of this sketch was one of a family of ten, one of 
whom died young. The remainder of the family, six sons and 
three daughters all reached maturity. Henry Law, father to 
Alexander L. Law, was an elder in the United Presbyterian 
church at Balgedie. 

Mr. A. L. Law first took up the drapery business, serving 
the usual term of four years with Thomas Scott, at Leslie, 
Fifeshire. From thence he removed to Glasgow, where he 
found employment with Walter Beaton & Co., for about two 
years. While working in Glasgow he had a visit from a cousin 
of his, Mr. Matthew Lindsay, who has been frequently referred 
to in these pages, and who was at that time a merchant of St. 
John, New Brunswick. Mr. Lindsay strongly urged him to 
come to St. John, promising that his salary would be doubled 
at once. This offer was accepted, with the result that Mr. 
Law arrived in St. John in March of 1869. He immediately 
entered upon an engagement with Messrs. Barnes, Anderson 
& Kerr, who were carrying on the retail department of the 
firm of Daniel & Boyd. After remaining for six years with 
Messrs. Barnes, Anderson & Kerr, Mr. Law entered into busi- 
ness with Mr. Alexander Willis, the firm name being Willis & 
Law, woolen mill and dyers. 

Appendix A. 343 

For about sixteen years Mr. Law represented Victoria Ward 
in the Portland Town Council and after the amalgamation of 
the two cities represented the same ward in the new city 
council for about five years. 

Immediately after his arrival in St. John, Mr. Law identified 
himself with the Auld Kirk, presented his certificate of mem- 
bership from the United Presbyterian Church of Glasgow, 
became affiliated with the church at St. John and immediately 
took up active work in connection therewith. His principal 
activities were in connection with the Sabbath School, in which 
he filled every office up to that of Superintendent. In 1885 
Mr. Law was elected an elder of the Kirk. He has also repre- 
sented St. Andrew's Church in the Bible Society, of which he 
is still an active member. He has been on all the committees 
of church work in its various branches. 

Mr. Law married Miss Ella McArthur, by whom he had 
two sons, the elder of which is in the lumber business in British 
Columbia. The second son, Robert, travels for the firm of 
The S. Hay ward Co., of St. John, N. B. 

At various times Mr. Law did good work in the choir, which 
was virtually handled by him for some years. 


Born at Methlick, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, on April 8, 1788, 
he served an apprenticeship of seven years at the cabinet making 
and upholstering business the period usually allotted in those 
days to acquiring a thorough knowledge of any mechanical 
pursuit. Deciding to make St. John his home, he and his wife 
came out with Dr. Burns, they both being from Aberdeen. 
He was the first precentor in the Kirk, which had been completed 
but shortly before his arrival. In the biographical sketch of 
his life, which is to be found in Bunting's Freemasonry in New 
Brunswick, page 232, it is stated that he came out in the ship 
"Protector" for Saint John, arriving here May 16, 1817. In this 
his new home, he started the cabinet making and upholstering 
business, which he continued to prosecute with vigor and 
success until within a short time of his death. His first wife, 
Mary Wilson, whom he probably married in Scotland, died on 
March 29, 1832, aged fofrty-two years. Some mention of him 
will be found in the third chapter of this work. 

Of an active temperament, and desirous of identifying him- 
self with movements tending to advance the material interests 
of his adopted home, he was soon found taking a prominent 
part in church, musical and literary circles. The Sacred Music 

344 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Society of St. John owed its foundation to him, and in him it 
had its most strenuous and valued promoter. He was its 
first president, and continued to preside over its affairs until 
his death. Intimately connected with the Mechanics' Institute 
from its inception, and one of the original incorporators, he 
successfully emulated his associates in establishing that popular 
institution upon a firm basis. This was demonstrated by its 
increasing popularity and the great good the community derived 
from its lectures, library, reading room, etc. He always occu- 
pied a prominent position upon the directorate, and was one 
of its vice-presidents. His Masonic activities were numerous 
and have been quite fully set forth in Bunting's work, before 
alluded to. In appreciation of the invaluable services rendered 
by him to St. John's Lodge, and in token of the warm affection 
entertained for him by his brethren, they presented him, in 
April, 1820, with an address engrossed upon parchment, under 
the seal of the lodge and the signatures of the master, wardens 
and secretary. This document is now hanging on the walls 
of the lodge room, having, through the thoughtful kindness 
of his two then surviving sons, Joseph W. and Alexander W. 
Lawrence, been presented to the lodge as a memento of their 
worthy father. 

On June 6, 1833, Mr. Lawrence married for the second time, 
his wife being Mary, daughter of William Barr. He died on 
October 28, 1843, in the fifty-sixth year of his age. 


Mr. Matthew Lindsay, who was a Scotchman by birth, 
came to New Brunswick when quite a young man. He early 
commenced business with Mr. James Logan under the firm 
name of Logan & Lindsay. This business was successfully 
continued until some time after the great fire of 1877, when 
business reverses, many of them consequent upon the disaster 
alluded to, caused the firm to suspend. While endeavoring to 
avert this disaster Mr. Lindsay did a great deal of over work, 
and it is thought contracted the disease which finally caused 
his death Bright's disease of the kidneys. After the final 
winding up of the King street business, Mr. Lindsay opened 
an office in the building now owned and occupied by Mr. 
C. E. L. Jarvis, situate on the north-east corner of Prince William 
and Church streets. He was then believed by his friends to 
be doing well and on the highway towards regaining a healthy 
financial position when death laid its hand upon him, Even 
outside the circle of his immediate family and intimate acquaint- 

Appendix A. 345 

ances, there were many who deeply lamented his early demise. 
As a merchant he was respected for his honesty and uprightness 
in business. For years he had been active in his connection 
with St. Andrew's Church, in which he held office, both as a 
trustee and elder. In the work of rebuilding the church as 
already narrated he was most active and energetic, notwith- 
standing the great burthen of his own responsibilities which 
he was even then carrying. 

Mr. Lindsay was an active member of the St. Andrew's 
Curling Club and of the St. Andrew's Society. In St. Andrew's 
Church he practically carried the whole load of the work upon 
his own shoulders and was an indefatigable worker until the 
year of his death. He passed away in his fiftieth year, on March 
8, 1884, and was buried from his residence, No. 267 Charlotte 
street, facing Queen Square. He was a fine speaker, and shone 
particularly at the gatherings of the St. Andrew's Society, 
where his wit and humor combined with a certain amount of 
Scottish dialect, made him a most popular speaker. From 
the "Morning News" of December 2, 1873, we take the following 
brief reference: " 'Absent Friends' called out Mr. Lindsay, 
who, with much fervor and pathos, referred to many dear absent 
ones, and also to the love of their native land which they and 
those who were endeavoring to emulate their example in the 
journey of life aimed to encourage." 

The following account of the funeral is from the columns of 
the "Daily Telegraph" of March 12, 1884. "After prayer in 
the house by the Rev. Henry Daniel, the casket, upon the end 
of which was a handsome floral tribute, was borne to the hearse 
by the pall-bearers, Messrs. George Robertson, Thomas A. 
Rankine, J. L. Wilson, William Girvan, James Logan and 
John M. Anderson. The procession then formed, the members 
of the St. Andrew's Society preceding the hearse, followed by 
the mourners and a number of the male scholars of the Sunday 
School of St. Andrew's Church. The organ, platform, rail and 
reading desk were draped in mourning. The pastor, Dr. Smith, 
Messrs. Cross and Fotheringham took part in the services in 
the church. The remains were interred in the Rural Cemetery, 
now known as Fernhill." 


James Macfarlane was born in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scot- 
land, on May 18, 1819. His parents, however, had resided 
or only a short period in this locality, having previously lived 

346 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

in Arrochar, a village situated at the northern end of Loch 
Lomond, in Dumbartonshire, the locality having been the seat 
of the clan "Macfarlane" in the days of old, when the Highland 
clans occupied distinctive territories. In 1832 Mr. Macfarlane's 
father came to America and subsequently, probably in the 
spring of 1835, sent word to his family, consisting of his wife, 
son and two young daughters, to join him, and to take passage 
from Glasgow to Nova Scotia. The instructions were followed, 
but on their arrival at Glasgow they learned that the vessel 
selected had sailed and were compelled to secure berths in an 
inferior craft bound for the Miramichi. After a lengthy, stormy 
and dangerous voyage, they arrived there, and thence proceeded 
by schooner to Pictou. Here, having received instructions 
from her husband to proceed to St. John, where he then was, 
Mrs. Macfarlane and her children travelled in an ox-cart across 
the Cobequid mountains to Chignecto, where they secured a 
passage in a schooner for St. John. They again experienced 
foul weather, and were driven by the force of the wind, during 
the night, on the rocks at West Beach. Mr. Macfarlane suc- 
ceeded in getting his mother on deck, but notwithstanding his 
strenuous efforts to save her, she was swept from his grasp 
and drowned. His sisters he never saw again. He himself 
was washed ashore by the waves, and, his leg being broken, 
was pulled on to a ledge by a sailor who had taken refuge 
there, discovering, when the day broke, that the two were the 
sole survivors of the wreck. He was assisted, or rather carried 
over the rocks by his companion, and within a few days was 
taken to St. John. The details of his first employment there 
have not been ascertained, but at a later date he was engaged 
for some years as a grocer, and eventually devoted himself 
exclusively to the coal business until his retirement from active 
life. He resided continuously in St. John from the time of 
his arrival there until the spring of 1895, when, in consequence 
of failing health, he wound up his business and went to live 
with his daughter, Mrs. J. E. Logan, in Montreal, where he 
entered into rest on August 4 of that year. His wife was a 
Miss Mary Ann Cameron, daughter of Ewen Cameron, of St. 
John, and children born of that union are now living. Mr. 
Macfarlane, when in his vigorous manhood, was physically a 
fine specimen of a Scot, with a keen, intelligent and handsome 
face. These characteristics naturally, but faintly, appear in 
his portrait, taken in old age, the only one which could be 
obtained. He was a man of strictest integrity, of admirable 
business habits, well informed and possessed of sound judgment; 

Appendix A. 347 

and was very greatly respected and esteemed for his qualities 
of head and heart by all his fellow-citizens. Amongst his 
many acquirements, he was, like many other Scots, skilled in 
"pitten the stanes." It is therefore, only right to refer to some 
verses by William Murdoch,* a departed member of the St. 
Andrew's Society, in tribute to Mr. Macfarlane as a curler. 

Mr. Macfarlane joined the St. Andrew's Society in 1840, 
was a member of the Committee of Charity for 1849, 1850; 
Secretary for 1851, 1852; member of the Committee of Charity, 
1867, 1868, and President for the two years 1859, 1860. 

The connection of Mr. Macfarlane with St. Andrew's Church 
was a lengthy one. In 1851 he was elected a member of the 
Board of Trustees and served until 1869, inclusively, without 
a break. In 1871 he was re-elected a member of the board 
and in 1872 had the additional honor of being elected chairman. 
This office he held from 1873 to 1878 inclusive, and during the 
years 1879 and 1881. This forms a length of continuous ser- 
vice that has seldom, if ever, during the history of the church 
been excelled. 

Reference has already been made to the high mental endow- 
ments possessed by Mr. Macfarlane, but that he was a man of 
more than ordinary education the writer can vouch from a 
reminiscence of his own early days. The late Henry Jack 
had been appointed Vice Counsul of Spain, which position he 
occupied for about twenty years, being succeeded for nearly 
thirty years following by his son, who continued in office until 
1911, when the department was closed and the seals returned 
to the Consul General, owing to the great falling off in the 
lumber business from the port of St. John, upon which the 
fees of office largely depended. All measurements and 
weights, under the Spanish regulations, were made up in 
cubic metres or kilograms, all forms filled out in the Spanish 
language and correspondence carried on in the same language. 
Mr. Henry Jack, being absent from the city upon a certain 
date, and the writer having had but little experience at 
that time, Mr. Macfarlane was applied to for assistance, and 
in a marvellously short time order came out of chaos, and the 
forms and letters were drawn up in proper shape. It 
is, perhaps, only just to Mr. Jack to state that, upon his return 
to St. John, and after learning of the kind assistance rendered 
by Mr. Macfarlane, he handed him a cheque for the amount of 

* These will be found in the History of the St. Andrew's Society, pp. 76. 77. 

History of St. Andrew's Church. 

fees collected, which in this particular instance amounted to 
something over sixty dollars. 

The writer has the most kindly recollections of Mr. Macfarlane, 
whose integrity he never knew to fall below par, and whose 
genial and kindly disposition it was ever a pleasure to encounter. 


Robert Marshall was born in Pictou county, Nova Scotia, 
on April 27, 1832. His great-grandfather Robert, commonly 
called Deacon Marshall, came from Dumfries, Scotland, to 
Pictou in 1773, and his parents were Alexander McNaughton 
and Elizabeth (nee Crockett) Marshall. He was educated at 
the grammar school in Chatham, New Brunswick, and after- 
wards entered the service of Messrs. Johnson & Mackie, of 
that place, for whom he was accountant and confidential clerk. 
In 1859 he removed to St. John to take the position of accountant 
for that part of the present Intercolonial then called the Euro- 
pean and North American Railway, but in 1866 he established 
in that city a general agency in fire, marine and life insurance. 
In 1853 he married Anna Matilda.daughter of the late George Hen- 
derson, of Newcastle, New Brunswick, who died in the following 
year. In 1863 he married Charlotte Neill, daughter of the late 
Capt. Thomas Rees, of St. John. This lady having also died, he 
married Miss Sarah Besnard, whose father, from Cork, Ireland, 
was, in his day, a notable dispenser of hospitality and a con- 
spicuous and popular personage in St. John. Mr. Marshall 
was director of the Protestant Orphan Asylum and trustee 
of St. Andrew's Church; he was also a commissioner of the 
General Public Hospital, and served as first lietuenant in the 
active militia. He was a prominent Freemason, having been 
advanced to the thirty-third degree in 1870. In 1874 he sought 
to represent the city of Saint John in the Provincial Parliament, 
proposing to make such changes in the school law as would 
meet objections urged by the Roman Catholics without impair- 
ing its efficacy or non-sectarian character. He was not success- 
ful on this occasion, but in 1876 was returned for the constitu- 
ency when similar concessions by those suggested by him were 
made. He was elected for a second term, and he was a mem- 
ber of the Government for some years until his retirement 
from politics in 1882. 

In 1878, when the Duke of Argyle, with his two daughters, 
paid a flying visit to St. John, they were met at the railway 
station by the Mayor, Charles R. Ray, Mr. Marshall, as 
President of St. Andrew's Society, and Captain Chisholm, 

^H ^Bk 




Appendix A. 349 

agent of the line of steam vessels on one of which the travellers 
were about to take passage. The party drove through the 
streets amid the newly erected buildings, and the Duke spoke 
with enthusiasm of the enterprise of the citizens, and evidently 
knew of the Crookshanks, the Jardines, the Hon. John Robertson 
and other good Scots and of their valuable aid in promoting the 
prosperity of St. John. 

Mr. Marshall became a member of the St. Andrew's Society 
in 1860, Treasurer in 1866, 1867, 1868, Second Vice-President 
in 1869, and President in 1879. 

He was an active man in many walks of public life, and regard- 
ing his career in the domain of provincial politics many inter- 
esting and amusing tales are told. 


On April 16th, 1892, Robert Duncan McArthur, who had 
long been connected with St. Andrew's Church, and who has 
already been referred to at length in these pages, passed to his 
eternal rest. The writer, although greatly his junior in years, 
has a personal recollection of him and of his work in connection 
with St. Andrew's church and its choir, extending over at least 
a quarter of a century. The late Henry Jack was a member 
of the choir of St. Andrew's church for some years, and he and 
the subject of this notice formed an intimate friendship which 
lasted until dissolved by death. As a very small boy it was 
a very special treat to be taken to a service at St. Andrew's 
church, to sit in the gallery near the choir, and to hear Dundee, 
the favorite hymn-tune of the writer's father, and which Mr. 
McArthur always introduced into the service when he saw 
the members of the family present. 

The following extracts are from the sermon preached by 
the pastor of St. Andrew's on April 19, and need no comment 
or apology for their introduction here. R. D. McArthur was 
truly a pillar of strength to St. Andrew's church, and few there 
have been who might be considered his equal in that respect. 

"'He hath showed thee, O man, what is good; and what 
doth the Lord require of thee but to do justly, and to love mercy, 
and to walk humbly with thy God?' Micah, vi., 8. 

"It is rarely that I am called upon, in the exercise of my 
ministerial duty, to preach what is called a funeral sermon. 
A funeral sermon, in the familiar acceptation of the term, is 
a eulogium on the virtues of a departed friend, without any 
allusion to his faults and failings. It comes down to us with 

350 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

unhallowed memories; it suggests the idea of flattery, adula- 
tion, laudation, at the expense of truth. It seems to run counter 
to the fashion and custom of Bible times; and above all, it 
fails to take into account what may be supposed to be the tastes 
and wishes of the person about whom the sermon is preached. 

"As a general rule, therefore, I avoid funeral sermons, and 
I do not propose to preach one at the present time. It is a 
different thing to emphasize a type of character that seems 
to be very much needed in the present day, and to do so by 
referring for a few moments to an admirable illustration and 
example of it. * * * * * * 

"The words of the text seem to me to be very much an epi- 
tome of Robert D. McArthur's life; and though he himself 
would be the last to claim anything like perfect approximation 
to the lofty ideal of the words, yet I believe it will be the verdict 
of all who knew our friend, that he has left one of the best 
examples of this scriptural standard we have known for many 
a day. It is at least abundantly manifest that this was the 
ideal which he held before himself and towards which he was 
struggling. 'To do justly.' What is that? Is it not right 
moral action? Is it not the religious principle penetrating 
down into a man's deepest nature, permeating his inner life, 
filling him up so completely that it spouts forth in every action 
he performs? Is it not the continual preference of righteousness 
to success in a worldly sense, and the ambition to be true, not 
only in the inward parts, but also in conduct, in character? 
Is it not to put before one the ideal of justice of which Carlyle 
speaks: 'I tell thee there is nothing else but justice; one 
strong thing I find here below the just thing, the true thing ' 
and to translate that principle of conduct into the solid language 
of character. To do justly on every occasion, in every place, 
whether we like it or not, whether our inclinations lead that 
way or not. And did not our now sainted brother reach well 
up to this ideal? A thousand of his friends and acquaint- 
ances, if asked what they thought of him, would reply: He 
was an honest man! Sincere to the very core of his nature, he 
was incapable of deceit, an utter stranger to pretence. In 
an age of much lacquer and veneer, he was genuine to the centre. 
He was even punctilious in his loyalty to righteousness. Never 
man had a deeper scorn of dishonesty, whether in private life 
or public life. He drew no artificial lines between morality 
and political morality, between private honesty and public 
integrity. In his estimation it was as wicked to steal from the 
public chest as from his neighbor's till, to defame a political 

Appendix A. 351 

opponent, as slander a private acquaintance. The star of 
rectitude was ever kept in his eye in all the engagements of 
life; and in consequence he was trusted by all. His word 
was as his bond. Business men trusted him, and poor 
laborers trusted him with their little earnings. As a friend 
remarked: 'The Bank of England may fail, but not 
McArthur." * * * * * * 

"In his work our friend wrought not for his own but for 
God's glory. Nor was his work light or easy. It is more than 
forty years since he identified himself with this church, and 
during all that lengthened service he wrought like one who 
loved his work, and was most reluctant to lay it aside even 
when the infirmities of age began to creep upon him. Whoever 
has had any experience in the management of church choirs 
knows that the task is not light, the office no sinecure; and to 
have successfully done this work for forty years, to have done 
it in such a way, with such gentlemanly courtesy and Christian 
tact as to have elicited again and again the practical acknowl- 
edgment of the congregation's appreciation, is no small achieve- 
ment. Elected five years ago to the position of ruling elder, 
though he accepted the honor with utmost diffidence, he has 
most acceptably performed his duties. There is not a family 
in this district that does not miss his friendly visits, and regret 
that they will see his face no more. In his earlier years he did 
faithful service in Sunday school, and though engaged in a 
most arduous and confining business, he found time for much 
miscellaneous church work. Conscientious above most, he was 
just the church worker that every minister of the gospel loved 
to meet. 

"I need not speak here of his services to the community 
as a public man, or of the consecration of his secular business 
to the Lord. Others could speak with more knowledge and 
effect on these points. Let me in a word or two refer to his 
conduct under one of the most trying and painful of illnesses. 
For more than a year he has bravely battled with the foe whom 
he knew would finally conquer him. During all that time 
he has been an almost constant sufferer. But here, as in his 
active life 'he walked humbly with his God.' It is often harder 
to bear the will of God than to do it. It was harder for him, 
and yet he murmured not. He lay there for months, he, who 
was so genial, so fond of conversation, without the power of 
conversing. 'Patience,' with him, 'had her perfect work.' 
Long and severe suffering never for a moment prevented him 
from saying 'Even so, Father, for it seems good in Thy sight.' 

352 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

With humblest submission he walked with the Man of Sorrows 
and could always say, 'Not my will, but Thine, O Lord, be 
done.' " 


Mr. McRobbie has been for many years an active member 
of St. Andrew's Church. He was born at St. John, N. B. f 
resided in Moncton from 1854 to 1864, and for a period of five 
years in Sussex, N. B. For a long period of years he has resided 
in St. John, where he carries on a large boot and shoe business. 
His interests in church work have been long and varied. He 
served as a member of the choir in the days when a paid choir 
was comparatively unknown, from 1864 to 1880. Mr. McRobbie 
was elected and ordained an elder on December 2, 1875. This 
was the first election for elders in St. Andrew's Church, the 
custom prior to that date having been by appointment by the 
Session. He was for several years a member of the Board of 
Trustees, of which board he also acted as secretary'. 

An active member of the Building Committee, Mr. McRobbie 
attended very many of its meetings, no doubt at considerable 
personal inconvenience. He was also a member of the Organ 
Committee, and aided in the selection of the fine instrument 
still in use. After long service as a teacher in the Sabbath 
School, he acted for several years most capably as superintendent. 

During his five years' absence in Sussex, 1883 to 1888, Mr. 
McRobbie served as elder, trustee and superintendent of the 
Sabbath school in St. James Presbyterian Church at Sussex. 
Thus it will be observed that his activities in church work have 
been both numerous and varied. 


William Pagan was a native of Glasgow, Scotland, and with 
his brothers, Robert and Thomas was in business in Falmouth, 
Massachusetts, now known as Portland, Maine, prior to and 
during the American war for independence. They all supported 
the crown, and at the close of the war came to what is now the 
province of New Brunswick, William making St. John his place 
of residence, while Robert settled at St. Andrews and Thomas 
at Richibucto or at some other point in the region of the river 
Miramichi, all within the province. William Pagan was elected 
member for St. John county at the first election for the House 
of Assembly, and it is stated, represented that constituency 
until his death, in 1829, which occurred at Fredericton. He 

Appendix A. 353 

was also a member of the Provincial Council, and when he died 
received a public funeral. He was one of the founders and 
incorporators of St. Andrew's Kirk, and one of the building 
committee. The old edifice destroyed by fire in 1877, contained 
a handsome mural tablet to his memory, which stood on the 
right of the pulpit, and was erected by Robert Sheddon, of 
London, England. 

Mr. Pagan became the owner of a large block of land near 
the southern end and on the westerly side of Germain street, 
through which a street, named Pagan Place in honor of him, 
was opened. His residence, however, which was built of brick 
brought from London, was nearly opposite the Kirk, and is 
well remembered by the writer, as a large, commodious, and, 
for that day, a handsome structure. His accumulations from 
commercial and other ventures must have been considerable, 
but he died childless and a bachelor. 

The memory of the Pagans is yet preserved in their first 
Colonial home, and when in 1886, the late Isaac Allan Jack, 
who edited the History of the Saint Andrew's Society, from 
which the present sketch of William Pagan is largely drawn, 
together with the writer of this work, visited Falmouth as the 
guests of that city at the centennial celebration, evidences were 
not wanting that the Pagans had been active in the early life 
of that portion of what was then a part of the British province 
of Massachusetts Bay and were kindly remembered by the 
inhabitants of that hospitable city. 

When the minister and elders of St. Andrew's Church were 
constituted a corporation, the name of Hon. William Pagan 
appears first upon the list, after that of Rev. George Burns, 
the beloved minister. Mr. Pagan continued to be an elder of 
the Kirk until the time of his death, which occurred on March 
12, 1829. 


John Paul was one of the first elders of St. Andrew's Kirk, 
was a native of Lanark, Scotland, was a sergeant in the 
Ordnance department of the Royal Artillery, and was in active 
service during the war of American independence. He fired 
the first gun on the Royal side, was severely wounded in 
the battle of Lexington, and took part in the battles of Bunker 
Hill, Brandywine, Long Island, Germantown and others of 
less importance. Coming to St. John, then Parrtown, at the 
close of hostilities, he landed on July 25, 1783. He obtained 
a position on the ordnance staff, and a grant was made to him 

354 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

of lot No. 1201, on the north side of Britain street, midway 
between Carmarthen and Wentworth Streets. He was one 
of the original members of the St. Andrew's Society, a freeman 
of the city and one of the first elders of St. Andrew's Kirk. 
He was an earnest worker in the Masonic body, having probably 
been admitted before leaving Scotland. In New York he was 
exalted to the Royal Arch degree, Chapter No. 213; he was 
one of the original members and first junior warden of Hiram 
Lodge, No. 17; one of the founders of St. John's Lodge, and 
one of the original members and the master of the veil, Carleton, 
Royal Arch Chapter, St. John. Several of the name of Paul 
were granted lands at Beaver Harbor, Charlotte county, and 
their names, as well as those of their children, will be found in 
the Roll of Loyalists, etc., settled in Beaver Harbor, July 10, 
1784. Whether these were relatives or not, it is difficult now 
to ascertain. John Paul married Jane Clark from the Grand 
Lake, N. B., and his only child was Sarah, who married John 
Holden, father of the late Dr. Charles Holden, of St. John*. 
William Paul's name appears in the list of elders for the year 
1821, and it is not improbable that he was a son of John Paul . 


Thomas A. Rankine was born in this city on August 1, 1825. 
Mr. Rankine's grandfather came to St. John in 1822 from 
Kincardine, near Culross, on the shores of the Forth, Perthshire. 
His son, Thomas, Jr., born at Kincardine in 1803, established 
himself in business here on Church street in 1824, and in 1826 
removed to Mill street, on which latter site, although burned 
out more than once, the business of the manufacture of biscuit 
has been carried on ever since, and is now known far and wide. 
In 1871 Thomas Rankine, Jr., took into partnership his two 
sons, Thomas A. and Alexander, and since then the business 
has been conducted under the name of Thomas Rankine & 
Sons. The senior member died in 1876, and about twenty 
years ago, Alexander having retired, Thomas A. took into 
partnership his two sons, Henry and Frank. Besides pursuing 
progressive business methods, the proprietors have inherited 
the energy and integrity of their predecessors. The members of 
the family have been loyal supporters of the St. Andrew's Society. 
Thomas Rankine, Jr., became a member in 1828; Alexander 
was the President for the year 1888 and 1889, and Henry and 
Frank are active members. Thomas A. Rankine joined the 

* See History of St. Andrew's Society, p. 22. 



Appendix A. 355 

Society in 1846, was First Vice-President for the year 1900-01, 
and President during the years 1903-1904. Mr. Rankine 
identified himself with various public and civic interests. 
He was successively librarian, a director and president of the 
Mechanic's Institute, and secretary of the Harmonic Society, 
an association which placed an organ in the Mechanics' Institute; 
he was a trustee and chairman of the trustees of St. Andrew's 
Church, and later the President of the Protestant Orphan 
Asylum. In 1891 Mr. Rankine was a candidate in the Liberal 
interest for a seat in the House of Commons as representative 
from the City and County of St. John, but his opponent was 
successful. Mr. Rankine was twice married, his first wife 
being Miss Caldwell, of Hudson, New Hampshire, and his 
second wife Miss Camber, of Carleton County. 


The death occurred 15th January, 1907, at his residence, 50 
Hazen street, of Alexander Rankine, and the sad news was 
heard with sincere regret by the business community and by 
all his friends and acquaintances. Mr. Rankine was a very 
worthy and a very energetic citizen and in the days of his 
activity was interested in many enterprises and labored hard 
to make successful the undertakings with which he was identi- 
fied, but for the last few years failing health kept him inactive. 
Mr. Rankine was a son of Thomas Rankine, founder of the 
house of Rankine & Sons, biscuit manufacturers. He was 
born in this city about the year 1830. In 1850, when the 
gold fever in California was attracting men there by thousands, 
Mr. Rankine went out, going around the Horn. He remained 
in California about three years, came back by the Isthmus, 
entered his father's employ, and in 1866, with his brother, 
Thomas A., was admitted a partner. His connection with the 
firm continued until 1884, when he retired, and later devoted 
much time and money to the nut and bolt and the rolling mill 
business. Mr. Rankine was twice married. His first wife was 
Miss Jessie Anderson, and one daughter, Mrs. W. J. Logan, 
survives. His second wife was Miss Martha Richey, daughter 
of the late Robert Richey of this city, and the surviving members 
of the family are Mrs. S. S. McAvity, Thos. Rankine and R. 
R. Rankine. The deceased for many years resided at Rothesay, 
but latterly had lived in the city. He was for many years an 
active worker in the Odd Fellows' fraternity, a member of 
Pioneer Lodge, and a familiar figure at all the meetings of the 

356 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Grand Lodge. He was also active in the St. Andrew's Society, 
and was greatly interested in the Protestant Orphan Asylum. 
Mr. Rankine was a member of the Old New Brunswick artillery, 
being a retired captain. His commission was granted in 1866. 


Andrew S. Ritchie was one of a family, many of whose mem- 
bers have been distinguished for ability and eminence in Nova 
Scotia, New Brunswick and the Dominion of Canada since its 
inception in the year 1867, when Confederation was 
accomplished. His father, John Ritchie, supposed to have 
been a native of Glasgow, emigrated to Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, whence, in 1775, he removed to Annapolis, 
Nova Scotia, thenceforth the home of himself and 
many of his descendants. He was born in 1785, came to 
St. John, and there entered a mercantile life and married a 
daughter of Dr. Adino Paddock, a Loyalist, by whom he had 
eight children. For several years he represented the City 
and County of St. John in the Provincial Assembly. He even- 
tually returned to Annapolis, and died when he reached the 
age of seventy-four years. His brother Thomas exercised a 
great influence in public life in Nova Scotia, attained a judicial 
position and had three sons supreme court judges. One of 
these, Sir William J. Ritchie, was for fifty-five years a member 
of St. Andrew's Society, St. John. He died in 1892, while 
Chief Justice of Canada. 

In December, 1821, Mr. Andrew Ritchie was one of the 
trustees of St. Andrew's Kirk, but his name does not appear 
in any of the lists of trustees for the following years. It is not 
unlikely that it was about this time that he removed to 
Annapolis, Nova Scotia. 


George Robertson was born at Kingston, Kent County, 
New Brunswick, on January 30, 1844, his father having come 
to the Province from Aberdeen in early life. Mr. Robertson 
was educated at Moncton and Sackville Academy. In 1861 
he came to St. John and commenced business in 1868; he was 
burned out in the fire of 1877, and resumed business a year 
or two afterwards. He married Agnes, daughter of the late 
William Turner, and of their seven children six survive, three 
sons and three daughters. Mr. Robertson was mayor of St. 
John for four consecutive years from 1893; for three years 

m ^a J 

JBk . A? 



BSf fr* 


Appendix A. 357 

was President of the St. John Board of Trade, and subsequently 
President of the Maritime Board of Trade; he was a commis- 
sioner of the Boys' Industrial Home, treasurer of the Relief 
and Aid Society and an elder in St. Andrew's Church. As a 
young man he was interested in militia affairs, and was at one 
time captain in the St. John Light Infantry. During his tenure 
of the office of mayor Mr. Robertson devoted his time exclusively 
to the interests of the city. Through his efforts the Corpora- 
tion was induced to make large improvements at Sand Point 
on the western side of the harbor for the purpose of accommo- 
dating the winter trade of Canada at this port. Owing to the 
peculiar geological formation of the bank at Sand Point, the 
difficulties of dredging and building wharves were very great; 
that they were entirely surmounted was largely due to the 
efforts of Mr. Robertson, seconded by the Board of Aldermen, 
all of whom worked in harmony with him. The impetus given 
by these improvements to the trade of St. John has been very 
great and the prospective development may be said to be with- 
out limit. In 1898 and again in 1903 Mr. Robertson was 
elected to the Provincial Legislature as a member for the City 
of St. John, and he successfully promoted legislation both in 
the local house and in the Parliament of the Dominion, provid- 
ing subsidies for the construction of a dry dock at this port. 
Mr. Robertson was the fourth President of St. Andrew's Society 
who also occupied the office of the Chief Magistracy of the city; 
the three other Presidents who have been so honored were the 
Hon. William Black, Lauchlan Donaldson, and the Hon. John 
Robertson. George Robertson died 18th October, 1912. 


The Honorable John Robertson was born in Perthshire in 
1799 and came to St. John in 1817. He eventually engaged 
in mercantile pursuits and the manufacture of lumber, and 
through persistent application, the adoption of approved busi- 
ness methods, force of character and the exercise of his excep- 
tionally good abilities, succeeded in securing and in holding a 
most prominent position as a successful business man. He 
was presented with the freedom of the city when twenty-one 
years of age, and was appointed its mayor in 1836 by the 
Governor-in-Council. He was a member of the Legislative 
Council for New Brunswick from 1839 until the confederation 
of the provinces, when he obtained a seat in the Senate of 
Canada. He took a lively interest in the militia, and it may 
be mentioned that on his retirement from office in the Volunteer 

358 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Left Flank Company, First Battalion, St. John Militia, he was 
presented with a silver snuff box by the non-commissioned 
officers and privates as a mark of their esteem. He was 
afterwards a Lieutenant-Colonel of the St. John Light In- 
fantry and of the St. John Volunteer (now the 62nd) Battalion. 

When the Prince of Wales visited New Brunswick in 1860. 
he went by train from St. John to the Kennebecasis station. 
where a passenger steamer was waiting to take him to Freder- 
icton, at the wharf belonging to Mr. Robertson, later the pro- 
perty of his son-in-law, Mr. Lewis J. Almon. On this occasion 
His Royal Highness acceded to the request that the village and 
station should receive the name "Rothesay," which they have 
since borne, in honor of the distinguished visitor as Duke of 

In 1873, Mr. Robertson, with his wife and family removed 
to England, making London their place of residence. He, 
however, did not abandon the activities of life, though well 
advanced in years, and was a director of the Imperial Bank, 
Lothbury, now the London Joint Stock Bank, and a member 
of the Colonial Institute. He died in 1876 at Lawford Place, 
Mannington, Essex, and was buried in Lawford church-yard, 
a lovely spot, from which the sea at Harwich is clearly visible. 

Mr. Robertson married Sophia, youngest daughter of David 
Nisbet Dobie, M. D., of Gartferry, Lanarkshire, of the Hon. 
East India Company's service. Mr. Dobie was a lineal descend- 
ant of the Nisbets of Greenholme, a family of good old standing 
in the shire of Ayre, descended from Nisbet "of that ilk," who 
held their lands from David the First, son of Malcolm Canmore, 

In appearance Mr. Robertson possessed to a remarkable 
degree the characteristics of the Clan Donnachy, to which he 
belonged; so much so, that once, when walking in Hyde Park 
with Mrs. Robertson, he was accosted by a stranger in full 
Highland costume, who addressed him by name. Mr. Robert- 
son, naturally surprised, expressed his astonishment that the 
stranger should know his name. The latter, who it was ascer- 
tained, was a well-known member of the clan from Perthshire, 
explained that he was assured that Mr. Robertson was also 
a member from his appearance. 

Mr. Robertson at one time resided on the east side of Germain 
street, to the south of Duke street, and afterwards on the west 
side of Wellington Row, in a brick house which has long been 
the property of Dr. James Walker. He was exceedingly hos- 
pitable; indeed, he and the late Francis Ferguson fully and 


Appendix A. 359 

conspicuously maintained, at the same period, all the old 
Scottish traditions in the entertaining of neighbors, friends and 


Blair Athol, Perthshire, Scotland, claims to be the place of 
his nativity, from whence he, in the year 1799, emigrated to 
St. John. Soon after his arrival here, he went to Grand Lake, 
New Brunswick, and, after remaining there a short time, returned 
to St. John. He entered into co-partnership with Robert 
Robertson, of the Parish of Portland, in the lime and ship- 
building business. He subsequently started a mercantile 
establishment in St. John on his own account. He was instru- 
mental in bringing a large number of his fellow countrymen to 
this province in his vessels, caring for them on their arrival 
here, procuring farms for some, and providing various means 
of employment for others. He was ordained an elder in St. 
Andrew's Kirk in 1817. He was a freeman of the city; a magis- 
trate of the city and county, an alderman, director of the fish- 
eries, a fireward and captain of the old night watch. 

Like many others of the early Scotch settlers, he took an 
active interest in Freemasonry, was initiated in St. John's Lodge, 
March 1, 1814; Treasurer, 1815, 1818 and 1819; Junior Warden, 
1816; Worshipful Master, 1817. He was exalted September 
14th, 1816, in Carleton, Royal Arch Chapter. 

In the year 1856, being then eighty-five years of age, he made 
a journey to Hamilton, Ontario, to see a particular friend, 
before death intervened. Considering his advanced years, 
and the inconvenience of travel in those days, this journey was 
a formidable undertaking. He, however, accomplished the 
desire of his heart, but during his sojourn death came to him 
suddenly while sitting in a chair. On account of the great 
distance, his remains were buried at Hamilton. 

He was a man of robust health, of a kindly nature, and strong 
attachments, public spirited and enterprising in all his under- 


Mr. Stewart was born in Wick, Caithnesshire, Scotland, on 
April 8, 1822. He was brought up to the dry goods trade in 
Glasgow, and came out to Montreal at the age of seventeen. 

* Largely adapted from Bunting's Freemasonry in New Brunswick, p. 228. 

3G0 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

He lived there about five years, in New York five years, and in 
Toronto five years. He spent five years in London, Ontario, 
in the furniture business, whence he proceeded to St. John 
in or about 1858. Here he engaged in the auctioneer's and 
commission business and finally, with Mr. John White, who 
had been his confidential clerk for some years, embarked in 
the furniture business. A few years before his death he dis- 
solved partnership and went to Montreal and Ottawa, where 
he started the same business, but failing to meet with success, 
in 1895 he returned to St. John, where he died on January 4, 
1896. As I remember him in his prime, he was an active, 
bustling man with an aptitude for gathering items of news 
and a liking to retail them with some of his own ornamentation, 
but without malice. He was a great talker, and indeed, unlike 
most of those of his nationality, sometimes seemed to talk more 
rapidly than he thought; but what he said was often humorous, 
if not witty, with a grand broad accent and a delightful cheery 
manner. It was a distinct pleasure when he acted as auctioneer, 
to listen to his racy or picturesque descriptions, or to hear him 
laugh heartily at his own occasional blunders. He was gen- 
erous, as Mr. Donaldson's letter to Mr. Keltie goes to prove; 
he was warm-hearted; and his vigorous enthusiasm was always 
nfectious and often useful. He was married, and one son 
survived him, Doctor George Stewart, a writer of many books 
and much besides, whose name, acquirements and achievements 
are well known. Doctor Stewart died recently in Quebec, P. Q.* 


Luke Stewart was born in Rothesay, Scotland, in 1833, and 
early in life came with his parents to St. John, where his uncle, 
John Walker, was then established in business. After attend- 
ing school for a brief period, he entered the service of Robert 
Armstrong, a grocer, and subsequently was employed in the 
counting house of Stewart & McLean, West India merchants, 
of which his brother, Daniel Stewart, was senior partner. He 
retained this position until about 1864, when, upon the retire- 
ment of the firm, he commenced business on his own account 
in the premises which they had previously occupied on Water 
street. He subsequently removed to Smythe street, and after 
the great fire to the Magee block, and eventually became a 
leading shipbroker and commission merchant. For many 
years he was an active and energetic member of the Board of 
Trade, where his keen intelligence was of great service in solv- 
ing commercial problems and promoting useful measures. 

History St. Andrew's Society, p. 95. 


Appendix A. 361 

From an early period he was connected with St. Andrew's 
Church; he was chairman of the trustees for eight years, and 
it was during his incumbency that the old Kirk was devoured 
by the great fire and the handsome building erected in its place. 
As everything pertaining to his nationality appealed to his 
affections, he was, while in the enjoyment of health an active 
member of St. Andrew's Curling Club. On the occasion of a 
visit to his native place he attended a dinner given in his honor 
in the Bute Arms Hotel. A provost, assisted by an ex-provost, 
presided, and other ex-provosts, many bailies and councillors 
and a goodly number of old friends and school-fellows partici- 
pated. The chairman proposed the toast of the evening, 
referring in appropriate terms to the high character of their 
guest; his warm attachment to his native Rothesay; and to 
his generous and considerate remembrance of the poor during 
his long residence abroad. He also paid a fitting tribute to 
the memory of the late Mr. John Walker, of St. John, N. B., 
the uncle of Mr. Stewart, whose virtues were well known to 
the people of Rothesay, and whose footsteps their honored 
guest was so closely following. The provost coupled with the 
toast the health of Mr. Stewart's worthy lady, who had accom- 
panied him on his visit to Rothesay. The toast was received 
with great enthusiasm and responded to with much feeling by 
Mr. Stewart, who, in the course of his speech, recalled to the 
memory of his schoolmates several incidents in their boyish 
careers, and in referring to his thirty-two years sojourn in St 
John, warmly acknowledged the provost's allusion to his worthy 
uncle. He married Miss Isabel Everett, daughter of Thomas 
C. Everett, iron manufacturer, and she, but no child, survived 
him when he departed this life on September 20, 1884. "Mr. 
Stewart," observes the editor in a St. John newspaper, referring 
to his death, "was universally known and respected as a man 
of the greatest business integrity and blameless life. The very 
high estimation in which he was held by all who knew him 
will make his loss greatly felt, not only in business circles, but 
in the community at large. 

"As a member of the St. Andrew's Society, and for several 
terms its president, he was an earnest worker to unite his fellow- 
countrymen in this city more firmly together socially, and in 
the relief of distress. Although he made no parade of his 
charity, there are many who, in his death, lose a kind benefactor 
and friend." 

Mr. Stewart was President of St. Andrew's Society for the 
years 1873 and 1874.* 

* HUtory St. Andrew's Sodety. pp. 106-110. 

362 History of St. Andrew's Church. 


James Straton was born in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, 
on February 1, 1854. His father, Charles Straton, born at 
St. Cyrus, near Montrose, was a solicitor in Glasgow, and first 
prizeman in law in Edinburgh University in 1835. His mother 
whose maiden name was Niddrie, was born at Lawrence, Kirk. 
The Straton lineage is purely Scottish, as far back as a date 
prior to Bannockburn, and the same may be said with some 
confidence of the Niddries. James was educated at the Normal 
and Royal High Schools of Edinburgh, and the University, 
and afterwards served for five years as an articled clerk in a 
solicitor's office. In 1873 he came to New Brunswick with the 
family. He then entered the office of the late Samuel R. 
Thomson, Q. C, as a student-at-law, and was admitted attor- 
ney in 1881. Mr. Thomson died before this, otherwise an 
arrangement which had been made for a partnership between 
him and Mr. Straton would have been concluded, but the 
latter secured a large portion of the attorney's business of the 
office. He was afterwards in partnership, first with George G. 
Gilbert, Q. C, and then with J. Douglas Hazen, Q. C, in St. 
John, and he later practised as barrister and parliamentary 
agent at Ottawa. He had been concerned professionally in 
several important cases; he carried some seventeen cases 
on appeal from the Supreme Court of New Brunswick to the 
Supreme Court of Canada; and in two cases he successfully 
appealed from the unanimous decision of the former to the 
latter court. He had been engaged in some enterprises uncon- 
nected with his professional pursuits, including the construction 
of the Tobique Valley Railway, which was leased to the Canadian 
Pacific Railway Company, by whom it is now operated; he was 
also a director of the Ottawa, Brockville and St. Lawrence 
Railway Company. He was for some years secretary to the 
St. Andrews Society, faithfully discharging the duties of the office 
and earning a right to his subsequent promotion in 1885 and 
the year following, when he held the office of president. 
He was also secretary to the trustees and building committee 
of St. Andrew's Church, collecting funds and making building 
contracts after the great fire; he was also later a trustee of 
the church.* 


The Session, which for years enjoyed an unbroken circle, 
was called upon during the year 1909 to mourn the death of 
two of its respected members. On October 18 of that year, 

See History St. Andrew's Society, pp. 142-143. 


Appendix A. 363 

Mr. James A. Tufts, for many years a member and elder of 
St. Andrew's Church, who had always taken a deep and intelli- 
gent interest in the work of the Church, and who had been 
laid aside from active service during the six or seven years 
prior to his death, passed to his reward at the ripe age of four 
score years. Mr. James A. Tufts was the son of Mr. Hugh 
Kearns Tufts, who was for many years a member of St. Andrew's 
Church. The writer well remembers the father, an active, 
brisk and intelligent man, whose mind was stored with remin- 
iscences of the old days in early St. John. At the time of his 
death, Mr. James A. Tufts left a manuscript history of St. 
Andrew's Church, of about thirty pages in extent, a large part 
of which has been incorporated, possibly in a somewhat altered 
form, in the present work. Mr. Tufts, himself a man of ad- 
vanced years at the time of the writing of the history referred 
to, enjoyed the unusual advantage of having his father's inter- 
esting reminiscences to draw upon for his own work. 


William Thomson was born in Dumfries, Scotland, in 1816, 
but at an early age came with his parents, John and Jessie 
Thomson and the remainder of their family, to New Brunswick. 
John Thomson was a Scottish ship-owner, trading with his 
own ships to various parts of the world. It is not at all unlikely 
that John Thomson, as a devout Scotchman, at or immediately 
after his arrival in St. John, took an active part in the work 
of the old Kirk, at that time the only Presbyterian church in 
New Brunswick. Unfortunately, almost all of the records of 
St. Andrew's Church were destroyed by fire before the end 
of the first half of the past century, as elsewhere described in 
this work, and so it cannot positively be stated at the present 
moment just what part was taken by Mr. Thomson in the 
religious work of the city in which he had made his new home. 
At least two men of the name, spelt without the "p," held office 
between the opening of the Kirk and the year 1831, and we 
are informed in the History of the St. Andrew's Society, that 
soon after the birth of William in 1816, his parents removed 
to St. John, it is by no means improbable that the John Thomson 
whose name appears as one of the new committee appointed 
in 1816, is the same individual already frequently mentioned 
in this sketch. Be that as it may, the Thomson family, includ- 
ing Mr. William Thomson, took an active part in the work of 
St. Andrew's Kirk, and were regular attendants there until 
the time of what was known as "The Wishart Affair." The 

364 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

full particulars concerning this sad affair will be found in the 
historical work just referred to, at pages 207, 208. It may 
not be amiss, however, to mention a few facts, leaving to the 
reader the choice of reading a more particular account, should 
he so desire. The Rev. W. T. Wishart, a native of Edinburgh, 
came to St. John in 1840 and was appointed to St. Stephen's 
Church, at that time situate at what was later known as Breeze's 
Corner, and which is still standing, although greatly altered, 
both internally and externally. His expressed views with regard 
to baptism and the observance of the Lord's day brought him 
into conflict with the church courts, and he was deposed from 
the ministry. Many of the leading people of St. John, including 
Mr. William Thomson, decided to adhere to Mr. Wishart, and 
subsequently leaving St. Stephen's Church, he held services in 
the Mechanic's Institute Hall, and after his death the work was 
carried on by the Rev. Mr. McNair. When Mr. Wishart died, 
as he did, a comparatively young man, a plot was purchased, 
in the Rural Cemetery, where he now lies sleeping, surrounded 
by the graves of many of his followers who were faithful, even 
unto death. The mention of Mr. Wishart in connection with 
the Mechanic's Institute recalls an incident in the history of 
that venerable institution, which ultimately, although possibly 
somewhat indirectly, resulted in its downfall. The building 
had been erected on land belonging to the late Chief Justice 
Chipman, upon an implied promise that at his death the title 
to the land should pass to the institution. Various efforts 
were made during the life time of Mr. Chipman to secure an 
actual conveyance of the property. When pressed too hard, 
Mr. Chipman asserted as his reason for the non-fulfilment of 
the implied promise, the leasing of the hall to Mr. Wishart for 
services which were not in accordance with his views upon the 
matter. Not only did he fail to leave the land to the Mechanic's 
Institute, but donated it to the St. John's (Episcopal) Church, 
to whom what was then an exorbitant ground rent of $360. 
has ever since been paid. In its later years, from about 1882 
until its close, the writer was treasurer of the institution, and 
can therefore assert that even a moderate ground rent might 
have been carried without disastrous results to the Mechanics 
Institute, but the heavy charge of $360 was more of a burthen 
than the directors were able to care for, and it was sold out 
under the hammer for about the sum of $2,000 in foreclosure 
of mortgage. To-day the same building is said to be paying 
a revenue of $5,000 per year practically for the hall alone, 
leaving the portion most valuable for the purposes of the 
Institute practically unoccupied. 


Appendix A. 365 

After the close of the "Wishart affair" Mr. William Thomson 
returned again to the old Kirk, about the time of the com- 
mencement of the ministry of Dr. Donald, had his family 
baptized, and ever afterwards continued to take an active interest 
in the Kirk and its affairs. Returning to the business career 
of Mr. William Thomson, he began with Mr. J. V. Thurgar, 
a large wholesale dealer in wines, spirits and teas. In 1848 
he commenced on his own account as a ship-broker and com- 
mission merchant, subsequently following his father's lead and 
acquiring property in a number of sailing vessels, which were 
mainly employed in foreign trade. In 1870 he took his son, 
Robert, now the head of the firm, and Mr. William C. Watson 
into partnership on a six year term, and at the expiration of 
that term formed a new alliance with his two sons, Robert 
and John as partners. He retired from business in 1882 and 
died on March 3, 1891. In 1841 he married Eliazbeth Rachael, 
daughter of James Scoullar, a native of Scotland settled in St. 
John. Further information concerning Mr. Thomson and his 
family will be found in the History of St. Andrew's Society 
of St. John, N. B., of which organization he was for two years 
president, having held as well minor offices in that venerable 


John Macara Walker was a son of Dr. Thomas Walker, 
elsewhere referred to in these biographical sketches. Mr. 
Walker was born in the West Indies, probably at Guadaloupe, 
where his father was serving with his regiment in 1814, and 
accompanied the latter when he came to settle and practise 
his profession in St. John, about the year 1820. Medical men 
formerly, and some of the older practitioners of the present 
day, were in the habit of dispensing medicines, and young 
Walker assisted his father in this department, and afterwards 
for several years conducted a large and successful business 
as a druggist on the Market Square. 

Mr. Walker held many positions of influence, was president 
of the St. Andrew's Society for the years 1853 and 1854 and 
again for 1858 and 1861. About 1868 he retired from business, 
and thereafter divided his time between St. John and Halifax, 
having come into a very large fortune in the latter city through 
the death of a somewhat distant relative. Mr. Walker did 
not marry, and he left his wealth to his brother, Dr. James 
Walker, elsewhere referred to, and who now resides in Lan- 
caster in the neighborhood of the city of St. John. He is 

366 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

said to have been a fine looking man, and was a general favorite, 
being distinguished for his humor and fondness of a joke, for 
his geniality and the qualities for good fellowship.* 


Dr. Thomas Walker, who was born in Perth, Scotland, was 
a surgeon in the British Army, serving in England and in the 
West Indies. While on the latter station he was present at 
the taking of Martinique and Guadeloupe from the French. After 
the war with France was over, the regiment to which he was 
attached was engaged in helping to put down the riots in 
England, caused by the introduction of farm and all other 
kinds of machinery. Subsequently, on the regiment being 
disbanded, Thomas Walker came to Halifax, and about the 
year 1820 to St. John, where he practiced his profession for 
many years, dying in 1852 at the age of sixty-nine. His wife, 
Jean, to whom he was married in the West Indies, was a native 
of Largo, Scotland. They were the parents of four children, 
three sons and one daughter, of whom Dr. James Walker 
is the only survivor. Dr. Thomas Walker was a member of 
the local Medical Society. His wife survived him about ten 

Dr. Walker, as well as his son, appears to have taken a deep 
interest in St. Andrew's Church, On August 18, 1831, under 
Act of Incorporation Trustees were annually elected, and at 
the first election under the new act, the name of Dr. Thomas 
Walker appears at the head of the list. For the five years 
following he continued to act as chairman. In the year fol- 
lowing, 1837, the name of Dr. Thomas Walker was added to 
the list of elders of St. Andrew's Church, and no doubt he con- 
tinued to hold this honorable position until the time of his death. 

His place of business fronted on the Market Square, and 
here a large and successful business was carried on by him, 
and later by his son, John Macara Walker, of whom a sketch 
will be found in this series. 


Dr. James Walker is a retired physician, who was, when in 
active practice, considered one of the most clever and highly 
educated men of his day. He was born in the city of St. John 
December 21, 1829, being the youngest son of Thomas Walker, 
Esq., M. D., and Jean (Macara) Walker. His birthplace was 
upon the site now occupied by the Canada Life Building, next 

* History of St Andrew'! Society, p. 63. 

Appendix A. 367 

adjoining the Bank of Montreal building on Prince William 

James Walker was educated in the grammar school of St. 
John. He studied his profession in Edinburgh, Scotland, 
graduating in July, 1854. He then spent some time travelling 
on the continent of Europe and pursuing advanced studies in 
the hospital clinics of Paris, Berlin and Vienna. Subsequently 
returning to St. John, he was for a number of years successfully 
engaged in the practice of his profession in that city. He is 
now retired, and occupies himself mainly in looking after his 
large real estate interests both in St. John and in Halifax. 
He is a member of the Natural History Society and of St. 
Andrew's Society. In religion he is a Presbyterian, attending 
for many years, as did his father and other members of the 
family, St. Andrew's Church. He was elected an elder of 
St. Andrew's Church in 1885, but resigned at a later date, and 
having taken up country life, became connected with the 
Presbyterian Church at Fairville. He still holds sittings in 
St. Andrew's to which he has ever been a generous friend. It 
was in the hour of greatest necessity, in the years following 
the burning of the old Kirk in 1877, that his generosity was 
most greatly displayed. Upon one occasion when the church 
was oppressed with a floating debt of $14,000, Dr. Walker 
very generously offered to contribute as much to the reduction 
of this debt as the rest of the congregation combined might 
be able to contribute. The result of this offer was that the 
debt was entirely extinguished within a short period, Dr. 
Walker contributing $7,000 upon this occasion alone. His 
generosity upon other occasions would bring this sum up to 
$12,000, at least, exclusive of the ordinary offerings. 

Dr. Walker was married in 1882 to Catherine Amelia Nice, 
a native of Carleton, and a daughter of David Nice, of Loyalist 
descent. The children are: John D., of St. John, and Gladys, 
now married to Mr. Parker Baker, their present place of resi- 
dence being upon Alexandra street. 


Mr. Watson was for a long time connected with the work 
of St. Andrew's Church, as will be observed from the occasional 
notice which he receives at intervals in the pages of this work. 
For a long period he was the superintendent of the Sabbath 
School. On August 4, 1858, he was appointed secretary of the 
Board of Trustees of the church at a salary of 25 per annumt. 
which position he held until the year 1862, when on April 6, 

808 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

he was ordained an elder, which position he continued to hold 
until his final removal from St. John. 

He was a man of great ability, a fine after dinner speaker, 
one whose address was certain to flash and sparkle with humor 
and keen wit. In debate he was a strong opponent, and while 
his chief foil was in repartee, it was of a nature that did not 
leave behind it any sting of unpleasantness. 

For some years Mr. Watson was employed by Mr. William 
Thomson, the founder of the present firm of William Thomson 
& Co., as accountant. In the year 1870 Mr. William Thomson 
reorganized the firm, taking into partnership his eldest son, 
Robert, and William C. Watson for a period of six years. 


John White was born in the Parish of Largo, Fifeshire, Scot- 
land, in 1842. At an early age he entered the service of the 
National Bank of Scotland, in which he remained for six years. 
He arrived at St. John in 1862, when he was employed as clerk 
by George Stewart, with whom he subsequently entered into 
partnership as detailed in the biographical sketch of the latter. 
After the dissolution of the firm of Stewart & White, Mr. White 
conducted the furniture business in his own name and interest 
for many years. He is now engaged in the manufacture of 
vacuum cleaners. He married, his wife now deceased having 
been Miss Matilda E., daughter of Samuel Skinner, of St. John. Mr. 
White became a member of St. Andrew's Curling Club in 1863 
and has been secretary, treasurer and president, and, since 
1868, a skip of that association. Though unobtrusive, perhaps 
by reason of his unobtrusiveness, he has always had great 
influence in St. Andrew's Society, of which his varied and 
continued tenure of office is effective proof. He was secretary 
in 1867 and 1868, treasurer from 1869 to 1873, both inclusive, 
vice-president, 1874, 1875 and 1876, president, 1877 and 1878, 
and since continuously treasurer.* 

Mr. White for many years took an active part in the work 
of St. Andrew's Church. 


Mr. John Wishart was the youngest of a family of thirteen. 
He was born at Montrose, Scotland, in 1799, and in 1818 he 
reached St. John, which was thereafter his place of residence, 
provided with the following certificate: 

* History St. Andrew's Society, pp. 120-121. 


Appendix A. 369 

Montrose, March 16, 1818. 

The bearer hereof, John Wishart, an unmarried young man, 
resided in this parish from his infancy till this time, except 
three years with a relation in Forfar; that he supported uni- 
formly a good character; that he appears to us deserving of 
encouragement, and that nothing is known to us to hinder his 
reception into any Christian society where Providence may 
order his lot, is attested day and date as above by 

Alex. Milleson, 

Minister of Montrose. 

Jon. Forbes, Elder. 

Geo. Shand, Elder. 

"Mr. Wishart went into the employ of his uncle, Mr. Edmund, 
at Musquash, but, the latter having died a few years later, 
wound up that business, and turned his attention to ship-build- 
ing, in which he was engaged for a number of years, most of his 
vessels being built at St. Martins, some thirty miles from St. 
John. He was an elder of St. Andrew's Kirk, and a member 
of St. Andrew's Society from 1821. When he became the oldest 
living member of the Society, he was the recipient of a gold- 
headed ebony cane, inscribed "Presented to John Wishart, 
Esquire, by St. Andrew's Society, St. John, N. B., 1821-1881." 
He never married, and he died in February, 1893, at the advanced 
age of ninety-four years. In appearance, Mr. Wishart was 
somewhat grim, but, although indisposed to employ super- 
fluous words, he was always courteous, and, when with his 
intimates, unbending. He was as hardy as hickory, and like 
his contemporaries, David Shanks Kerr, Q. C, also a member 
of the St. Andrew's Society, and James Travis, an old-time 
lumber king, had little or no use for overcoats or furs. It is 
related of Mr. Wishart that, when upwards of ninety years of 
age, he entered the Bank of New Brunswick on a winter morn- 
ing, when the temperature was fourteen degrees below zero, 
wearing a light overcoat, a silk hat and light gloves. To a 
friend who remarked, "It's a very cold morning, Mr. Wishart,'* 
he replied: "Yes, this weather must be very hard on young 
people." He often asked this same friend the number of his 
children. Once, on receiving a reply, being then a nonogenarian, 
he said: "Well, it's nice to see a young family growing up 
round one; but it's a responsibility I've been spared so far." 
He was noted for the muscular power of his hand, and found 
a frequent pleasure, which was not shared by his victim, in 
clasping the hand of another, and squeezing it until it cracked 

370 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

and ached. An experiment of this kind made with my father, 
on a New Year's day, bade fair, for a time, to result in a breach 
of the peace. It is told, indeed, of one gentleman, that he 
secured the release of his hand from this human vice by promptly 
grasping and firmly pinching the offender's nose; all this, remem- 
ber, in good nature, though not of the most gentle kind. It 
is said that Mr. Wishart retained the vigor of his grip almost 
to the last, and that on the day before his death he pressed the 
hand of a relative with perceptible power, and smiled."* 

During his life his kindness of heart was generally recognized, 
and his charitable nature appears in his will, wherein the follow- 
ing public bequests are made: 

To the Trustees of St. Andrew's Church, St. John *375 00 

St. Andrew's Society, St. John 250 00 

Home for the Aged, St. John 250 00 

St. John Protestant Orphan Asylum 250 00 

Young Men's Christian Association, St. John 250 00 

And to Alexander Melville Watt, 250 sterling, in trust 
for the charitable institutions of Montrose, Scotland. 

John Wishart came of sturdy Scottish stock, and bore an 
honored, historic name. He was fond of describing his 
mother, who was a native of Aberdeen, as one of earth's 
excellent ones. To her he claimed to be indebted for his early 
training and for the formation of a character that has ably 
stood the test and strain of nearly a century. He came to St. 
John in his nineteenth year. 

"He was industrious, frugal, shrewd, and at the same time 
enterprising and public spirited. The older people can still 
recall his sterling business character, and are wont to trace 
the city's growth and solidity to the presence and power of 
a few such sturdy citizens who laid in honesty and integrity 
the foundations of their business enterprise. John Wishart's 
character was a tower of strength, and happy the city that 
numbers such men among its citizens. 

"The roots of his character were planted in the soil of a deep, 
unassuming piety. Well trained and instructed in his father's 
house, he no sooner arrived in the new world, and found himself 
amid strangers, than he sought the church of his fathers, and 
as early as his nineteenth year, joined its membership. The 
congregation had just been formed. In the previous year 
St. Andrew's church had been opened and Dr. George Burns 
had been called to the pastorate. He has consequently been 

* History of St. Andrew's Society, p. 55. 

Appendix A. 371 

in full and honored membership in the same congregation for 
the long period of seventy-six years. Thirty or forty years 
ago he was elected to the eldership, and has ever since served 
with the utmost faithfulness in office, always manifesting the 
deepest interest in all that pertained to the welfare of the old 
Kirk. In his interest and example he continued to his last 
moments to preach to the younger generation of church goers. 
His departure breaks the one living link that has connected 
the beginning of Presbyterianism in St. John and the province of 
New Brunswick with its present condition of progress and 

"He was the oldest member of St. Andrew's Society, and it 
has been said that the present members of that society can 
find no better example than the life of John Wishart to serve 
as an incentive to them in their charitable and patriotic 

"With solemn pleasure, rather than grief, we shall lay the 
aged Christian's remains in their last resting-place. Like a 
leaf hanging on the tree through the long winter, and still 
hanging old and shrivelled amid the green leaves of spring, 
he has outlived the companions of his youth, and even the 
comrades of his early manhood. Those who knew him best 
will be agreed that for such a man to depart and be with 
Christ were far better. 

"Let us thank God for his long, exemplary life, his ripe faith 
and the hope that cheered him. Though dead, let him con- 
tinue to speak to the living. Let his life of simple, unaffected 
piety, integrity, benevolence, loyalty to friends, to church and 
to native land, be remembered and influential among us who 

(Extract from funeral sermon preached by Rev. L. G. Macneill.) 

372 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Appendix B. 


1817, June 1. Rev. George Burns, D.D., entered upon his 
pastoral duties this day. 

1825, Sept. 28. Rev. D. A. Fraser, stated supply,, to March 
10, 1827. 

1827, Mar. 10. Rev. Joseph Johnston, Portland, Saint John, 
stated supply to October 11, 1827. 

1831, Oct. 3. Rev. D. A. Fraser, stated supply to June 5, 


1832, June 5. Rev. Robert Wilson, Pastor to June 7, 1842. 
1843, June 21. Rev. Andrew Halket, Pastor to September 2, 

1847, July 8. Rev. John Gilchrist, stated supply to February 

6, 1848. 
1849, Feb. 7. Rev. William Stewart, stated supply to June 

4, 1849. 
1849, June 4. Rev. William Donald, D.D., Pastor, died 

February 20, 1871. 
1871, April 7. Rev. Robert J. Cameron, Pastor to June 7, 

1876, Dec. 30. Rev. William Mitchell, Pastor to March 14, 

1883, Mar. 15. Rev. Thomas G. Smith, D.D., Pastor to 

January 15, 1886. 
1886, Sept. 18. Rev. L. G. Macneill, Pastor to January 1, 

1904, May 31. Rev. David Lang, M. A., B.D., Pastor to 

December, 1911. 
1912, Mar. 28. Rev. John H. MacVicar, D.D., Pastor. 

Appendix C. 373 

Appendix C. 


In the historical sketch of Presbyterianism, by John Willet, 
published in the St. John Daily Sun, and which has been freely 
drawn upon for data for the present work, the following are 
stated to have been the first elders of St. Andrew's Church, and 
that their ordination took place in 1817: 

Hon. William Pagan, William Campbell, Hugh Johnston, Sr., 
William Donald, Isaac Reed, John Paul, Robert Robertson and 
Robert Reed. 

A sketch of the church which appeared in the Weekly Telegraph 
gives the following as constituting the list of elders from the 
inception of the church, down to that year: 

Wm. Pagan, J. W. Reed, W. Campbell, John Paul, W. Donald, 
Robert Robertson, Robert Wood in 1837; Dr. Thomas Walker, 
David Leavitt, Thomas Nesbit, William Hutchinson, Robert 
Rankine in 1845; John Gillis, Dr. Thomas Sime, Dr. John 
Waddell, admitted March 27, 1851; W. Girvan, John Hawkes, 
Adam Jack, Peter Y. Malcomson, Hon. John Robertson, ordained 
March 30, 1851; Alex. Robertson, W. C. Watson (left), John 
Wishart, John Duncan, James McMillan (left) Alexander 
Jardine, April 6, 1862; Matthew Lindsay, Horace T. Ames, 
(left), June 5 1870; John H. McRobbie, (resigned) December 
19, 1875. Robert Robertson. 

fAnother sketch which was published in the Daily Telegraph 
contained a paragraph to the following effect: 

"It may be mentioned that Robert Rankin, Daniel Leavitt, 
and Dr. Thomas Walker were added to the elders in 1837." 

The next election of elders was in 1880, when Dr. John Bennett 
J. G. Forbes, John L. Wilson, and Archibald McLean, were 

In 1885, the following were elected elders: Dr. James 
Walker (resigned), A. L. Law, James A. Tufts, W. C. Whittaker, 
James Kennedy (resigned 1905). 

In 1902, Frank H. White and Robert S. Cowan were elected. 

Alex. Wilson, E. R. Reid, John B. Magee, Clarence H. 
Ferguson, B. R. Macaulay and James Kennedy, the latter of 
whom having resigned in 1905, was re-elected, were installed 
into the eldership on January 15, 1911. 

* Weekly Telegraph. March 5. 1879. 
Daily Telegraph. April 8, 1876. 

374 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Appendix D. 


The first Committee who acted in the capacity of Trustees 
in St. Andrew's Church were in 1784: 

John Boggs, Arthur Cornwall, James Reed, John Menzies, 
Charles Macpherson, William Henderson, John Gemmill, and 
Robert Chillis. 

In 1815, Charles Macpherson was the only survivor, and on 
January 2, 1816, conveyed the land to a new Committee, 
consisting of: 

Hon. William Pagan, Hugh Johnston, Sr., John Thomson, 
James Grigor, John Currie, Alex. Edmund, and William Donald- 

The minister and elders were afterwards constituted a 
corporation, and the first were: 

Rev. George Burns, Hon. William Pagan, William Campbell, 
Hugh Johnston, Sr., William Donald, James Reed, John Paul, 
Robert Robertson, and Robert Wood. 

In December, 1821, there were: 

Rev. George Burns, William Pagan, William Campbell, John 
Paul, William Paul, Robert Robertson, Robert Wood, Elders; 
and Hugh Johnston, Sr., John Thomson, James Grigor, Andrew 
Ritchie, Lauchlan Donaldson, Alex. Edmund, Deacons. 

On August 18, 1831, under Act of Incorporation the following 
trustees were elected: Thomas Nesbit, Robert Robertson, 
William Hutchinson, Angus McKenzie and John Gillies (elders); 
Thomas Walker, William Walker, John Wishart, James Kirk, 
Daniel Leavitt, William Parks, James Robertson, Robert Keltie, 
John Robertson, Henry Hood and James Burns, committee 

1832. Thomas Walker, Chairman; William Walker, Robert 
Rankine, John Robertson, James Robertson, John Wishart, 
James Kirk, Daniel Leavitt, Wm. Parks, Henry Hood, James 
Burns; Angus McKenzie, Secretary. 

1833. Thomas Walker, Chairman; Robert Rankin, John 
Robertson, Daniel Leavitt, James Kirk, William Walker, John 
Wishart, Thomas Nesbit, William Parks, Henry Hood, James 
Burns, and Angus McKenzie, Secretary. 

Appendix D. 375 

1834 Thomas Walker, Chairman; Daniel Leavitt, James 
Kirk, William Parks, Henry Hood, Thomas Nesbit, A. Mc- 
Kenzie, Robert Rankine, John Wishart. William Walker, Peter 
Duff; John Robinson, Secretary. 

1835. Thomas Walker, Chairman; John Robertson, Robert 
Rankin, John Wishart, John Walker, Peter Duff, Peter Reed, 
Samuel Thompson, Daniel Leavitt, Thomas Nesbit, James 
Kirk, and Angus McKenzie, Secretary. 

Before the election in 1835, it was resolved that three new 
members of the board be elected each year. 

1836. Thomas Walker, Chairman; Robt. Rankin, John Robert- 
son, John Wishart, James Kirk, Thomas Nesbit, Daniel Leavitt, 
John Walker, Peter Reed, Peter Duff and William Parks; 
Samuel Thompson, Secretary, 

1837. Robert Rankine, Chairman; Peter Reed, William 
Parks, Samuel Thompson, Thomas Nesbit, James Kirk, Thomas 
Leavitt, Henry Hood, William Hutchinson, William Walker, 
Peter Duff, Daniel J. McLaughlan, and David McMillan, 


1838. James Kirk, Chairman; Robert Rankin, William 
Hutchinson, Thomas Nesbit, Robert Robertson, William Parks, 
Peter Reid, D. J. McLaughlan, William Walker, Peter Duff, 
Samuel Thompson, Henry Hood and David McMillan, Secretary. 

1839. James Kirk, Chairman; John Pollock, William Hutch- 
inson, Peter Duff, D. J. McLaughlan, Robert Robertson, Thomas 
Nesbit, Peter Reid, William Walker, Henry Hood, William 
Parks, John Walker and David McMillan, Secretary. 

1840. John Duncan, Chairman; James Kirk, Thomas Nesbit, 
William Hutchinson, Peter Reid, William Walker, John Pollock, 
John Wishart, William Parks, John Walker, D. J. McLaughlan, 
Lewis Burns and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

1841. John Duncan, Chairman; James Kirk, Thomas Nesbit, 
William Hutchinson, Peter Reid, Lewis Burns, John Pollock, 
John Wishart, William Parks, John Walker, D. J. McLaughlan, 
William Walker and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

1842. John Duncan, Chairman; John Wishart, Thomas 
Nesbit, William Hutchinson, D. J. McLaughlan, Lewis Burns, 
John Pollock, James Kirk, William Parks, Peter Reid, William 
Walker, John Walker and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

376 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

1843. John Duncan, Chairman; William Hutchinson, John 
Robertson, John Wishart, William Parks, Thomas Reid, Thomas 
Nesbit, James Kirk, John Pollock, D. J. McLaughlan, Peter 
Reid, Adam Jack and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

1844. John Duncan, Chairman; John Pollock, Thomas Reid, 
Peter Reid, John Wishart, William Jack, Adam Jack, Thomas 
Nesbit, William Hutchinson, James Kirk, D. J. McLaughlan, 
James Adam and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

1845. John Duncan; Chairman; John Pollock, Thomas Reid, 
Peter Reid, John Wishart, Adam Jack, William Hutchinson, 

D. J. McLaughlan, Wm. Jack, Thomas Nesbit, James Kirk, 
James Adam and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

1846. John Duncan, Chairman; John Pollock, Thomas Reid, 
Peter Reid, John Wishart, William Jack, Adam Jack, Thomas 
Nesbit, D. J. McLaughlan, William Hutchinson, James Kirk, 
James Adam and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

1847. John Duncan, Chairman; John Pollock, Thomas Reid, 
Peter Reid, John Wishart, William Jack, Adam Jack, Thomas 
Nesbit, William Hutchinson, James Kirk, D. J. McLaughlan, 
James Adam and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

1848. John Pollock, Chairman; Thomas Nesbit, James 
Adam, John Wishart, Alex. Jardine, George Murray, John 
Duncan, Adam Jack, James Kirk, John Robertson, Cha9. 
Inches, James Robertson, and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

1849. John Pollock, Chairman; Thomas Nesbit, Alex. Jardine, 
Adam Jack, John Robertson, James Adam, John Wishart, 
George Murray, James Kirk, James Robertson, John Duncan, 

E. W. Greenwood and A. Robertson, Secretary. 

1850. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; Thomas Nesbit, 
John Duncan, Adam Jack, James Kirk, A. Jardine, John Pollock, 
John Wishart, James Adam, James Robertson, George Murray, 
E. W. Greenwood and W. Hutchinson, Jr., Secretary. 

1851. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; John Wishart, John 
Duncan, Adam Jack, E. W. Greenwood, John Pollock, George 
Murray, James Smellie, James Macfarlane, George Peebles, 
Alex. Jardine, R. D. McArthur; William Hutchinson, Jr., 

(George Peebles declining to act James Robertson was appointed 
in his stead.) 

1852. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; Alex. Jardine, John 

Apppendix D. 377 

Wishart, Adam Jack, James Robertson, James Macfarlane, E. 
W. Greenwood, George Murray, R. D. McArthur, John Duncan, 
James Smellie, Alex. Gilchrist and William Girvan, Secretary. 

1853. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; Alex. Jardine, Adam 
Jack, John Wishart, George Murray, Alex. Gilchrist, E. W. 
Greenwood, James Macfarlane, Julius L. Inches, John Duncan, 
R. D. McArthur, James Robertson, and William Girvan, 

1854. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; John Wishart, Adam 
Jack, James Macfarlane, J. L. Inches, Alex. Gilchrist, R. D. 
McArthur, Alexander Jardine, James Robertson, and W. 
Girvan, Secretary. 

(In this year the number of trustees was reduced to nine.) 

1855. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; John Wishart, Adam 
Jack, Alex. Jardine, Alex. Gilchrist, R. D. McArthur, James 
Macfarlane, J. L. Inches, Charles McLaughlan and W. Girvan, 

1856. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; Alex. Jardine, James 
Macfarlane, James Reid, Robert Thomson, John Wishart, 
Alex. Gilchrist, Charles McLaughlan, R. D. McArthur and W. 
Girvan, Secretary. 

1857. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; James Reid, James 
Macfarlane, Alex. Jardine, Alex. Gilchrist, John Wishart, 
Robert Thomson, Charles McLaughlan, R. D. McArthur 
and W. Girvan, Secretary. 

1858. 1 Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; Alex. Jardine* 
Charies McLaughlin, James Lawton, Alex. Gilchrist, James 
Reid, R. D. McArthur, James Macfarlane, Robert Thomson, 
and W. C. Watson Secretary. 

1859. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; James Lawton, A. 
Jardine, A. Gilchrist, James Reid, James Macfarlane, Robert 
Thomson, A. Rankine, J. Vassie and W. C. Watson, Secretary. 

1860. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; A. Jardine, A. 
Gilchrist, J. Reid, James Macfarlane, R. Thomson, A. 
Rankine, J. Lawton, J. Vassie and W. C. Watson, Secretary. 

1861 Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; James Lawton, 
James Macfarlane, A. Jardine, James Reid, R. Thomson, Wm. 
McKay, Alex. Rankine, Wm. Smith and W. C. Watson, Secretary. 

1862. Alexander Jardine, Chairman; Hon. John Robertson, 
James Lawton, J. Macfarlane, James Reid, William MacKay, 
William Smith, A. Rankine, D. Robertson and W. C. Watson, 


378 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

1863. Alexander Jardine, Chairman; Hon. John Robertson, 
James Lawton, J. Macfarlane, James Reid, R. Thomson, 
William MacKay, William Smith, A. Rankine, L. Donaldson; 
James G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1864. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; Alex. Jardine, 
William MacKay, William Smith, James Reid, James 
Macfarlane, A. Rankine, P. R. Inches having declined to act and 
L. Donaldson and James Lawton having the next greatest 
numbers are elected; James G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1865. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; James Reid, L. 
Donaldson, James Macfarlane, Alex. Jardine, Alex. Rankine, 
William Smith, William MacKay, Adam Young; James G. 
Forbes, Secretary. 

1866. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; James Reid, L. 
Donaldson, Alex. Jardine, James Macfarlane, William Smith, 
Alex. Rankine, Adam Young, William MacKay; James G. 
Forbes, Secretary. 

1867. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; James Reid, Alex- 
Jardine, James Macfarlane, William MacKay, A. McDonald, 
A. Rankine, L. Donaldson, Adam Young; James G. Forbes, 

1868. Hon. John Robertson, Chairman; James Reid, Alex. 
Jardine, Dr. L. McLaren, George Hutchinson, Jr., Robert 
Marshall, James Macfarlane, William MacKay, A. Young and 
E. I. Brass having a tie vote, Mr. MacKay was elected, but 
resigned, and Mr. Brass was appointed to fill the vacancy, 
James G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1869. Alex. Jardine, Chairman; James Macfarlane, L. 
Donaldson, Dr. L. McLaren, G Hutchinson, Jr., A. Young, R. 
Marshall, E. I. Brass; James G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1870. Alex. Jardine, Chairman; E. I. Brass, R. Marshall, 
Dr. L. McLaren, G. Hutchinson, Jr., T. A. Rankine, L. 
Donaldson, G. Murdoch; J. G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1871. Alex. Jardine, Chairman and Treasurer; L. Donaldson, 
E. I. Brass, T. A. Rankine, William Girvan, R. Marshall, L. 
Stewart, J. G. Forbes, R. D. McArthur, P. R. Inches, J. 
Macfarlane, W. G. Shanks and D. R. Munro, Secretary. 

1872. James Macfarlane, Chairman; Alex. Jardine, Laughlan 
Donaldson, Robert Marshall, E. I. Brass, J. G. Forbes, Luke 
Stewart, D. J. Schurman, James Knox, W. G. Shanks, J. M. 
Anderson and D. R. Munro, Secretary. 

1873. Luke Stewart, Chairman; Alex. Jardine, James G. 

Appendix D. 379 

Forbes, D. J. Schurman, Treasurer; James Macfarlane, Robert 
Marshall, J. M. Anderson, P. R. Inches, M.D., W. G. Shanks, 
James Knox, E. I. Brass and D. R. Munro, Secretary. 

1874. Luke Stewart, Chairman; James Knox, James G 
Forbes, P. R. Inches, M.D., D. J. Schurman, Treasurer; E. I. 
Brass, Alex. Jardine, James Macfarlane; John Willet, Secretary. 

1875. Luke Stewart, Chairman; E. I. Brass, J. G. Forbes, 
D. J. Schurman, Treasurer; P. R. Inches, M.D., James Knox, 
James MacFarlane; John Willet, Secretary. 

1876. Luke Stewart, Chairman; J. Knox, J. Macfarlane, 
P. R. Inches, M.D., E. I. Brass, T. A. Rankine, D. J. Schurman, 
Robert Marshall, R. D. McArthur and John Willet, Secretary. 

1877. Luke Stewart, Chairman; R. Marshall, James Knox, 
D. J. Schurman, Treasurer; T. A. Rankine, E. I. Brass, R. D, 
McArthur, James Macfarlane, P. R. Inches, M.D., James 
Straton, Secretary. 

1878. Luke Stewart, Chairman; R. Marshall, James Knox. 

D. J. Schurman, Treasurer, T. A. Rankine, E. I. Brass, R. D, 
McArthur, James Macfarlane, P. R. Inches, M.D., and James 
Straton, Secretary* 

1879. Thomas A. Rankine, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., 

E. I. Brass, Hon. Robert Marshall, R. D. McArthur, Luke 
Stewart, James Macfarlane, D. J. Schurman, William Rainnie, 
James Straton, Secretary. 

1880. Thomas A. Rankine, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., 
R. D. McArthur, E. I. Brass, Matthew Lindsay, A. C. Jardine, 
Joseph R. Stone, John H. McRobbie, Joseph K. Dunlop, Hon. 
Robert Marshall, W. K. Mollison, Howard D. Troop, (Re- 
signed) Luke Stewart, W. C. Whittaker. 

1881. Matthew Lindsay, Chairman; James Macfarlane. 

* It will be observed that at the annual meeting held on June 12, 1878, the 
following resolution moved by Mr. W. C. Whittaker and seconded by Mr. 
james Hannay was carried unanimously.* 

"Agreed that the thanks of this meeting be tendered the trustees for the 
satisfactory and efficient manner in which they have discharged the onerous 
duties of their office during the past year, and that under the peculiar circum- 
stances that there be no election of trustees at this meeting. " 

Luke Ste-vart. Chairman. 
James Straton, Secretary. 

It would thus appear that the reason for the unanimous re-election of the 
trustees for the year 1877-78, was on account of the highly satisfactory manner 
in which they discharged their arduous duties during what was doubtless the 
most critical period of the existence of St. Andrew's church through which It 
bad thus far passed. 

380 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

Hon. Robert Marshall, Ed. I. Brass, Joseph K. Dunlop, Alex. 
Rankine, John H. McRobbie, James Kennedy, W. K. Mollison, 
Joseph R. Stone, John L. Wilson, Thomas Finlay. 

1882. T. A. Rankine, Chairman; Alex. Rankine, P. R. 
Inches, M.D., E. I. Brass, Luke Stewart, A. C. Jardine, J. R. 
Stone, Thomas Finlay, R. D. McArthur, James Kennedy, 
Matthew Lindsay, Joseph K. Dunlop. 

1883. T. A. Rankine, Chairman; Joseph K. Dunlop, R. D. 
McArthur, E. I. Brass, Luke Stewart, P. R. Inches, M.D., 
W. C. Whittaker, Alex. L. Law, Alex. C. Jardine, Alex. Rankine, 
William Logan, J. R. Cameron. 

1884. Thomas A. Rankine, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., 
E. Irvine Brass, R. D. McArthur, Alex. C. Jardine, James R. 
Cameron, *Luke Stewart, James Straton, Joseph K. Dunlop, 
and J. G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1885. P. R. Inches, M.D., Chairman; Alex. Macaulay, A. C. 
Jardine, J. R. Cameron, James Kennedy, W. C. Whittaker, 
W. C. Magee and J. G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1886. P. R. Inches, M.D., Chairman; R. D. McArthur, James 
Kennedy, A. Macaulay, J. R. Cameron, T. A. Rankine, W. C. 
Magee, George Robertson, R. H. B. Tennant, J. G. Forbes, 

1887. T. A. Rankine, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., Alex. 
Macaulay, J. R. Cameron, William C. Magee, James Kennedy, 
R. H. B. Tennant, R. D. McArthur, J. G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1888. P. R. Inches, M.D., Chairman; T. A. Rankine, Alex. 
Macaulay, J. R. Cameron, W. M. McLean, James Kennedy, 
R. H. B. Tennant, W. W. McLaughlin; J. G. Forbes, 

1889. Alex. Macaulay, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., J. R. 
Cameron, W. M. McLean, H. C. Rankine, W. W. McLauchlin, 
James Knox; J. G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1890. Alex. Macaulay, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., Thos. 
A. Rankine, A. Wishart, W. J. Forbes, H. C. Rankine, J. K. 
Dunlop, J. R. Cameron, James Knox, W. C. Magee, W. M. 
McLean and J. G. Forbes, Secretary. 

1891. Alex. Macaulay, Chairman; W. J. Forbes, P. R. 
Inches, M.D., J. K. Dunlop, H. C. Rankine, A. Wishart, J. R. 
Cameron, James Knox, Andrew Blair; J. G. Forbes, Secretary. 

Mr. Luke Stewart died 1884. and Mr. James Kennedy was elected in bis 

Appendix D. 381 

1892. Alex. Macaulay, Chairman; J. K. Dunlop, W. J. 
Forbes, P. R. Inches M.D., James Knox, Andrew Blair, J. R. 
Cameron, A. Wishart; J. G. Forbes, Secrettry. 

1893. Alex. Macaulay, Chairman; J. G. Forbes, P. R. 
Inches, M.D., Frank Rankine, Andrew Blair, W. J. Forbes, 
James Knox, J. K. Dunlop, J. R. Cameron. 

1894. Alex. Macaulay, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., James 
Knox, Andrew Blair, J. R. Cameron, Frank Rankine, J. G. 
Forbes, R. M. Magee, W. J. Forbes, and R. K. Cameron, 


1895. Alex. Macaulay, Chairman; J. G. Forbes, P. R. 
Inches, M.D., Andrew Blair, James Knox, Frank Rankine, J. R. 
Cameron, R. M. Magee, P. S. McNutt and R. K. Cameron, 

1896. Alex. Macaulay, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., 
Andrew Blair, P. S. McNutt, R. M. Magee, James Knox, J. R. 
Cameron, H. C. Rankine, and R. K. Cameron, Secretary. 

1897. P. R. Inches, M.D., Chairman; Alex. Macaulay, James 
Knox, P. S. McNutt, T. Dunning, H. C. Rankine, Frank 
Rankine, A. Blair, R. M. Magee and R. K. Cameron, Secretary. 

1898. J. G. Forbes, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., Frank 
Rankine, Andrew Blair, Alex. Macaulay, P. S. McNutt, Thos. 
Dunning, E. A. Smith, H. C. Rankine, William Rankine, James 
Knox, R. M. Magee and W. Rae Wilson, Secretary. 

1899. J. G. Forbes, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., Hon. 
Robert Marshall, Frank Rankine, Alex. Macaulay, Andrew 
Blair, R. M. Magee, P. S. McNutt, E. A. Smith, H. C. Rankine, 
Thomas Dunning and John B. Magee, Secretary. 

1900. P. S. McNutt, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D. Alex. 
Macaulay, Frank Rankine, R. M. Magee, Andrew Blair, Hon. 
Robert Marshall, John B. Magee, Thomas Dunning, E. A. 
Smith, William Murdoch and R. K. Cameron, Secretary. 

1901. P. S. McNutt, Chairman,; P. R. Inches, M.D., J. 
Gordon Forbes, James Knox, Frank Rankine, C. S. Everett, 
John B. Magee, A. D. Smith, Wm. Murdoch, Robert M. 
Magee, William Rankine, Hon. Robert Marshall, and R. K. 
Cameron, Secretary. 

1902. P. S. McNutt, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., Robert 
M. Magee, Frank Rankine, C. S. Everett, A. D. Smith, Andrew 
Blair, John B. Magee and R. K. Cameron, Secretary. 

1903. P. S. McNutt, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., Robert 

382 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

M. Magee, Frank Rankine, C. S. Everett, A. D. Smith, John B. 
Magee, C. H. Ferguson, R. K. Cameron. 

1904. A. D. Smith, Chairman; P. S. McNutt, P. R. Inches, 
M.D., C. S. Everett, C. H. Ferguson, Robert M. Magee, Frank 
Rankine, Dr. J. R. Mcintosh and R. K. Cameron, Secretary. 

1905. A. D. Smith, Chairman; Robert M. Magee, C. H. 
Ferguson, Frank Rankine, C. S. Everett, Alex. Wilson, G. H. 
McRobbie, J. R. Mcintosh and R. K. Cameron, Secretary. 

1906. A. D. Smith, Chairman; Frank Rankine, Alex Wilson. 
Robert M. Magee, C. H. Ferguson, P. R. Inches, M.D., J. R. 
Mcintosh, G. H. McRobbie and W. M. Angus, Secretary. 

1907. Robert M. Magee, Chairman; A. D. Smith, J. R. 
Mcintosh, Frank Rankine, G. H. McRobbie, Alex. Wilson, P. R. 
Inches, M.D., C. H. Ferguson and W. M. Angus, Secretary. 

1908. Robert M. Magee, Chairman; P. R. Inches, M.D., 

C. B. Allan, Alex. Wilson, A. D. Smith, C. H. Ferguson, 
Frank Rankine and W. M. Angus, Secretary. 

1909. Robert M. Magee, Chairman; Frank Rankine, P. R. 
Inches, M.D., Alex. Wilson, A. D. Smith, C. H. Ferguson, C. B. 
Allan, Dr. J. R. Mcintosh and W. M. Angus, Secretary. 

1910. Robert M. Magee, Chairman; C. H. Ferguson, P. R- 
Inches, M.D., A. D. Smith, Alex. Wilson, J. R. Mcintosh, 

D. R. Jack, C. B. Allan, Frank Rankine, Stanley E. Elkin, 
L. G. Crosby and W. M. Angus, Secretary. 

1911. Robert M. Magee, Chairman; C. B. Allan, F. Neil 
Brodie, P. R. Inches, M.D., D. R. Jack, F. C. Macneill, 
J. R. Mcintosh, A. D. Smith, Frank Rankine, L. G. Crosby, 
Stanley E. Elkin, and W. M. Angus, Secretary. 

1912. Frank Rankine, Chairman; L. G. Crosby, F. Neil 
Brodie, D. R. Jack, Stanley E. Elkin, P. R. Inches, M.D., 
R. J. McAdoo, J. R. Mcintosh, F. C. Macneill, A. D. Smith. 
W. A. Connor, and W. M. Angus, Secretary. 

Appendix E. 383 

Appendix E. 


Dated June 29, 1784. Nova Scotia. 

George the Third, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, 
France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and so forth: 

Know ye, that we of our special Grace, certain knowledge 
and mere motion, have given and granted, and by these Presents 
for Us, our Heirs and Successors, do give and grant unto John 
Boggs, Andrew Cornwall, James Reid, John Menzies, Charles 
McPherson, William Henderson, John Gemmill and Robert 
Chillis, their heirs and assigns, a tract of land containing the 
space of nine town lots in the Town Plot of the Township of 
Parr, within the County of Sunbury in our Province of Nova 
Scotia, bounded, abutted and measuring as follows, to-wit: 
the plot marked B, measuring on Queen Street four hundred 
feet, on Carmarthen Street one hundred feet, on the rear of the 
lots from number nine hundred and ten to nine hundred and 
nineteen, both inclusive, four hundred feet, according to the 
original plan of the Town, and hath such shape, form and marks 
as appears by a plan thereof hereunto annexed, together 
with all profits, commodities, appurtenances and hereditaments 
whatsoever thereunto belonging, or in any wise appertaining, 
and Mines and Minerals, saving and reserving, nevertheless to 
Us, our Heirs and Successors, all Mines of Gold, Silver, Copper, 
Lead and Coals. To have and to hold the parcel or tract of 
land and all and singular other the premises hereby granted 
unto the said John Boggs, Andrew Cornwall, James Reid, John 
Menzies, Charles McPherson, William Henderson, John Gemmill 
and Robert Chillis, their Heirs and Assigns forever in fee and 
common soccage, but in special trust to and for the special 
public use, intents and purposes following, to-wit: for the erection 
building and accommodation of a Meeting-House, or Public 
place of Worship, for the use of such of the inhabitants of the 
said Town, as now are, or shall hereafter be of the Protestant 
profession of worship, approved of by the General Assembly of 

384 History of St. Andrew's Church. 

the Church of Scotland forever, and further for the erection 
and building and accommodation of a dwelling-house, out- 
house, easements and conveniences for the habitation, use and 
occupation of a Minister to officiate and perform Divine Service 
in the Meeting-House aforesaid, according to the form and 
profession aforesaid, and his successors forever; and further 
for the building and erection of a public School House, and 
Public Poor House, with proper accommodations and conven- 
iences for the use of the inhabitants of the said Township of 
Parr, forever, and upon this further trust and confidence to 
secure and defend the said piece and tract of land and all such 
buildings, edifices, improvements, commodities and appur- 
tenances, to and for the several and respective special public 
uses, intents and purposes aforesaid forever, but to and for no 
other or private use, intent and purpose whatsoever. 

And provided and upon this condition, that if the land hereby 
given and granted to the said Trustees in trust as aforesaid, and 
their Heirs and Assigns as aforesaid shall, at any time or times 
hereafter, come unto the possession and tenure of any person 
or persons whatever, inhabitants of our said Province of Nova 
Scotia, either by virtue of any Deed of Conveyance of the Trust 
aforesaid or descent, such person or persons being inhabitants 
as aforesaid shall within twelve months after his, her or their 
entry and possession of the same take the oaths prescribed by 
Law and make and subscribe the following declaration, that is 
to say: 

I do promise and declare that I will maintain and defend to the 
utmost of my power the authority of the King in his Parliament 
as the Supreme Legislature of this Province, and such declaration 
and certificate of the Magistrate that such oaths have been taken 
being recorded in the Secretary's Office of the said Province, 
the person or persons so taking the oaths of the said and making 
and subscribing the said declaration shall be deemed the lawful 
possessor or possessors of the lands and trust hereby granted 
as aforesaid, and in case of default on the part of such person 
or persons in taking the oaths and making and subscribing the 
declaration within twelve months as aforesaid, this present 
Grant, and every part thereof, shall and We do hereby declare 
the same to be null and void to all intents and purposes, and 
the trust hereby granted and every part thereof shall revest to 
and become vested to Us, our Heirs and Successors, anything 
herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Given under the Great Seal of our Province of Nova Scotia, 
witness our Trusty and Well Beloved John Parr, Esquire, Our 

Appendix E. 385 

Captain General and Governor-in-Chief in and over our said 
Province, this Twenty-ninth day of June in the year of our 
Lord, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four, and in the 
Twenty-fourth year of Our Reign. 

(Signed) J. Parr, 

By His Excellency's Command. 

(Signed) Richard Bulkeley. 
No. 38. 

Nova Scotia, Halifax, 
Regd. June 29th, 1784. 

(Signed) Ar. Goold, Regr. 

New Brunswick. 

Registered the 23rd day of December, 1784. 

I, Richard W. L. Tibbits, Deputy Provincial Secretary of the 
Province of New Brunswick, do hereby certify that I have 
carefully compared the aforegoing copy with the Record of the 
Grant to John Boggs and others, now in the office of the Pro- 
vincial Secretary, and find the same to be a true copy thereof 
and I further certify that there is not any plot or plan of Survey 
attached to said Record. 

Deputy Provincial Secretary. 

Provincial Secretary's Office, 
Fredericton, June 21st, 1888. 




Aberdeen. 120. 

Aceldama, 175. 

Act. Special, presented at Fredericton, 156. 

Act, 56, George III., Cap. 28, 36. 

Adam, James, 122, 376. 

Adam, Dr. Alexander, 321. 

Agricultural Society, 325. 

Aid Society, Young Ladies, 226. 

Alder, Robert, 77. 

Alexander. 181. 

Alice, Princess, 184. 

Allan, C. B., 292, 382. 

Allan, Thomas. 207. 

Allen. Chief Justice of N. B., 328. 

Allen, A. W., 276. 

Almon, Lewis J., 358. 

Amalgamation of Presbyterian Church 
in Canada foretold, 113. 

Ames, Horace T., 373. 

Anderson, Andrew, death of, 334. 

Anderson, Jessie, 355. 

Anderson. Rev. J. H. A, 279. 

Anderson, John M., 345, 378, 379. 

Anderson, Prof. Alex, of Prince of Wales 
College, Charlottetown, 211. 

Anderson, William, 90. 

Andrews, Rev. William, called to St. 
St. Stephen's Church. See Asylum 
Chapel; Presbytery dissolves pastoral 
tie. 97, 101. 

Andrews. Rev. William, 77. 

Angus, William M.. 285, 298. 301, 382. 

Anthony, Rev. S. W., 279. 

Annapolis, 9. 

Anthony. Rev. S. W.. at Meeting Evan- 
gelical Alliance, 278. 

Anti-Burghers, 81. 

Anti-Burghers Synod, 2. 

Appel. Rev. J. C. B., at Meeting Evan- 
gelical Alliance, 278. 

Archer, Isabella, 65. 

Archer. Robert, 65. 

Armstrong. Robert, 360. 

Arrochar, 346. 

Argyleshire. Scot.. 318. 

Arnold, Rev. Oliver, C. of E. Clergyman, 

Stationed at Sussex, 9. 
Assembly, General of the Church of 

Scotland, 5. 
Asylum Chapel, 79, 80, 90. 
Atheneum Platform, Newfoundland, 201. 
Augusta, Georgia, 104. 
Auld, Kirk The, 86 
Auld Meldrum, 324. 
Auld Scotia, 322. 

Australia, Work in, Rev. D. Lang, 294. 
Ayrshire, 339, 345. 

Basswood Ridge, 58, 63. 

Bayard, Edwin, M.D., 130. 

Bayard, William, M.D., 130, 139. 

Bay du Vin, Visited by Rev. John Mc- 
Curdy, 20. 

Bayne, Dr. James, Moderator of Synod of 
Lower Provinces. 

Bay of Fundy, 338; Light-house Board. 

Babylon, 191. 

Babylonian Empire, 172. 

Badeque, 31. 

Baird, John, 65. 

Baker. Parker, 367. 

Baker, Gladys, nee Walker, 367. 

Balerma, an old Tune, with Others much 
in Favor, 47. 

Balgedie, 342. 

Balloch. Alexander. 123. 

Baltic Sea, 283. 

Bank of New Brunswick. 329 338. 

Bannf shire, Scotland, 118. 

Bannockburn, 362. 

Baptists. 27, 29, Baptist Church near the 
Highland Settlement at Nashwaak, 29; 
Baptists Occupy Old Church on 
Germain Street, 38; Baptist Layman's 
Missionary Branch, Represented by 
W. T. Stackhouse, who delivered 
Address on Foreign Immigration, St. 
Andrew's Church, 276. 



Barclay, Rev. James. D.D., of St. Paul's 

Church, Montreal, Attends 124th 

Anniversary, St. Andrew's Church, 272. 
Barlow, Ezelciel, 44. 
Barnes, Anderson & Kerr. 342. 
Barr, Mary, 46, 344. 
Barr. William, 46, 344. 
Beaver Harbour, 354. 
Bedell. Paul footnote, 127. 
Begg, Rev. James, 110. 
Belfast. 121. 

Bell of Kirk, Used for Fire Alarm Pur- 
poses, 45. 
Bell. Joseph, Burned to Death, 20th Jnne, 

1877, 167. 
Bell, Joseph and Wife, Trees Planted in 

Memory of, 222. 
Bell, Mrs. C. W., President Ladies' Aid 

Society, 299; Convenor of Committee 

of Ladies re Church Restoration, 

289, 290. 
Bend of Petitcodiac, now Moncton, 21. 
Benificent Society, Work Accomplished 

by. Meeting held May, 1910. 191. 
Ben Lomond Hill, near St. John, 322. 
Benevolent Society, 233. 
Beneficent Society, 291. 
Bennett, Rev. James, D. D., 66; Called 

from Tessah, Ireland, to Pastorate St. 

John's Church. 114, 143, 150, 164, 

182, 189. 
Bennett, John, Dr., Member Building 

Committee, 1877, 153, 154, 185, 186. 

Bequest. Estate John Wishart, 231. 
(Besnard) Marshall, Sarah. 348. 
Bible Society, 265. 285. 325. 
Bible Society Meeting, St. Andrews' 

Church. 270. 
Bible Society Representative, 151. 
Bible Women. 271. 
Bill for Presentation N. B. Legislature, 

1877, 154. 
Bill, Rev. I. E.. 130. 
Biographical Review, 317. 
Biographical Sketches, Some Members 

St. Andrew's Church, 317. 
Bishop, Rev. Abraham (Meth.) held 

Service in First Church, Germain St., 

38; Offered Holy Orders by Rt. Rev. 

Charles Inglis. Bishop of Nova Scotia, 

Bishop, Rev. F. E., 279. 
Bishop Medley, Fredericton, his Arrival at 

St. John, Compared to that of Rer. 

John Irvine by Editor of New Dominion 

and True Humorist, 109. 
Bisset, Rev. George. 12, 13, 14; Burled 

Putnam Tomb, 14, 42. 
Blair. Andrew, 380. 381. 
Black Ball Line. Clipper Ships, 123. 
Black James, of Glasgow, 103. 
Black. John & Co.. 321. 
Black Watch, 261. 
Bloor St. Church. Toronto, 293, 294; Rev. 

David Lang Takes up Work there. 299. 
Board for Propogating the Gospel among 

the Indians, Rev. James Fraser makes 

Application to, 11. 
Boggs, John, 5,374, 
Boggs, John, et al, Copy of Grant, to 

383, 384, 385. 
Bonnell, Edward. 276. 
Bonnell. Kenneth, 276. 
Book, First by Dr. Burns, 66. 
Book, Second by Dr. Burns, 74; Author's 

reasons for Publication, 75. 
Boston Academy, 47. 
Boy's Brigade, St. Stephen's, 260. 
Boy's Brigade. St. Andrew's. 260. 261; 

Officers, 1905, 261. 
Brass, Edward Irvine Member Building. 

Committee, 153, 154, 157, 159, 160. 161. 

162; Endorses Note for Organ Built 

1879. 163. 378. 379. 380. 
Breeze's Corner, 364. 

Bricks Imported for Early Buildings, 128. 
Bristowe, Prof. F. C. D., 194; Resigns 

Organ to Assume that of Cathedral, 

Fredericton, 197. 
Brodie. F. Neil, 259. 289. 298. 382. 
Brodie, William, 259. 
Brooke, Rev. John M.. 104, 126; Officiates 

at Funeral of Mrs. (Rev.) Wm. Donald, 

Brown, C, 276. 
Brown, George 276. 
Brown, David, 78. 
Brown, James. Esq., Greatly Aids Work of 

Presbyterian Church, in Parish St. 

James, Charlotte Co., 64. 
Brown, John, Bequest, Burial Lot, 236. 

Brown, Rev. . 89. 

Bruce, Rev. George, Pastor St. David's 

Church, 189. 227. 234, 243. 
Building St. Andrew's Church Commenced, 

Bullock. J.. Sergt. Cadet Corps, 1905, 26. 



Bulkeley. Richard. 385. 

Bunting's, W. F., Freemasonrj In N. B., 
326. 329. 343. 344. 

Burgess, Rev. J. C, 150, i89. 

Burgess, Rev. James, Preaches S t. Andrew's 
Church. 237. 251. 252, 254. 

Burghers and Anti-Burghers, 81. 

Burial Ground, Purchase of Land for by 
St. Andrew's Church, Proposed, 115, 

Burial Ground, Old, 340. 

Burial Lot, Bequest of Land for, 236. 

Burns, James. 89, 92, 94, 374. 

Burns. Lewis, 375. 

Burns, Rev., D. D., of Halifax 

N. S., Preaches First Sermon in New 
Church. 1879, 171. 

Burns, Rev. Robert Ferrier, D.D., 185. 

Burns, Robert, Life and Works of Inspire 
Sermon by Rev. L. G. Macneill, St. 
Andrew's Society Anniversary, 1891, 

Burns, Rev. Bobert, D. D., brother to 
Rev. George, D. D., First Minister St. 
Andrew's Church, arrives in Halifax, 
on Return from Toronto to Halifax; 
Ovation at Halifax, 112, 113. 

Burns, Rev. George, D. D., 39; Receives 
Call through Hugh Johnston, Sr., in 
1817, 52; His Arrival in St. John and 
First Service. 52; 53, 65. 66, 67, 68, 69, 
70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75. 76. 77. 79, 87. 
88, 89; Letter to from Session, 82. 83. 
84, 85; Pastor's Appearance, Discipline 
in S. S., 86; Visited by Rev. John 
Sprott, D. D., 86; Retirement of from 
St. Andrew's Church, 88; Assumes a 
Professorship, 88, His Death, 88, 110 
125. 130; Dies in Edinburgh, Aged 86, 
146.185; Letters Referred to. 218; 
Work Described. 219; 272. 327, 343, 
353. 370. 372. 374. 

Burpee's House, Squire, 26,27, 28. 

Burrell, , Agrees to Sing Gratuit- 
ously in Choir, 213. 

Byles. Rev. Mather. D.D., 13. 38. 

Caie. Rev. George J.. 145. 323. 334. 
Calvin Church, St. John. 150. 

Cameron, , 251. 

Cameron, Bessie, Greatly Aids In Reducing 

Debt; Short Sketch of, 233. 
Cameron, Ewan, 346. 
Cameron. J. R.. Death of. 287. 233. 380. 



gives 10 towards 

Cameron. R. K.. 233. 381, 382. 

Cameron, Mary Ann, 346. 

Cameron, Rev. R. J., Assistant to Dr. 
Donald. Later Pastor St. Andrew's 
Church. 144. 145, 146; Farewell to the 
Kirk, Presentation, Address, Presen- 
tation by Bible Class, 147; His Work 
until Time of His Death, 147. 377. 

Cameron, Mrs. R. J.. Presentation to, 147. 

Camp, Rev. Wellington. 279. 

Campbell, Agnes, Presents Communion 
Plate 65, 319. 

Campbell, Colin, Endears Himself to 
Scotch Immigrants, 58; Lays OCt Oak 
Hill. Charlotte Co., 60; Editor Cowan:. 
St. Andrews, Helps St. James Parish by 
Extended Free Notices, in his Paper 
etc., 64. 

Campbell, Miss E., Member of Early 
Choir, 207. 

Campbell, Rev. G. M. 

Campbell, Sir Arch., 

Church at St. James, 64. 

Campbell, William, 7, 8, 9, Mayor of St. 
John, 35, 65, Tablet to, 150; His 
Wife Died, 318; Resolutions re, 319, 
373, 374. 

Candles Used, 47. 

Canadian Clubs. 285, 289. 

Canadian Drug Co., 339. 

Carey, Rev. G. M., (Baptist), Address 
by. 168. 

Carleton Church, Rev. J. C. Burgess. 150. 

Carleton, Governor, 42. 

Carleton Street, 128, 186. 

Carmarthen Street, 219. 

Carrington, , m. Alex. Balloch, 318. 

Cassilis, Rev. John, of Charlotte Co., 
126, 333. 

Cemetery, Fernhill. 236. 

Centennial Prize Essay, 1883. by D. R. 
Jack, 320 

Centenary Methodist Church, 192. 

Centennial Year Sociable, 1883, 194. 

Century Fund, 246, 247. 

Chalmers. Rev. D. D., Visited by Rer. 
John Sprott, 104. 108. 109. 

Chamber of Commerce, 322. 

Champlain Ter-Centenary Celebratioa, 
Literary Gathering Held St. Andrew's 
Church. 258. 

Chapman, Rev. D. D.. of Buffalo. 257. 

Chappell. Rev. Benj., 164. 

Chillis. Robert. 5; His Bible. S. 374. 383. 

Chinese or Japanese. 279. 



Chipman, Ward, C. J. of N. B.. Donates 
Land to which he had no Title, 127; 
Matter Compromised. 128. 364. 

Chlsholm, Capt., Hugh W.. 348. 

Chisholm, David O.. 325. 

Christie. , Agrees to Sing Gratuitously 

in Choir. 1888, 213. 

Christie, Dr. James. 325. 

Christmas Greetings to Pastor, 1889. 220. 

Choir Fund increased to $150., 137; under 
R. D. McArthur, his Retirement, 
Address Presented, 206; Practise In 
Olden Times, 207; Funds, Thanks to 
Volunteers, 259; Paid Choir re-adopted, 
262; Vested Choir Adopted, 296. 

Cholera Visitation, 1854, 139; Dr. Donald's 
Conduct During, 217. 

Chubb, Henry, 67. 

Church Building, 219. 

Church Building Proposed in Charlotte 
Co., Help from St. Andrews, Charlotte 
Co., from St. Stephen, from St. John, 
the Young Men go into the Work 
"like the 42nd going to Battle," 61. 

Church Lands at St. Martins, St. John 
Co., 236. 

Church of Scotland. Ill, 113, 192. 

Church, St. Andrew's, Financial Position 
much Improved, 205. 

Church Union, 286. 

Church Year Amended to Close with 
Calendar Year, 209. 

Clan Chattan, 321. 

Clarke, Alex., Rev, D. D., a Reformed 
Presbyterian, Arrives St. John, 1827, 

Clark, Jane, 354. 

Clawson, Joshua, 279. 

Clay, Henry, 275. 

Clock, the Old, Saved by Alex. A. Watson, 
150. 194. 

Clocky Mill, near Gask.. Miller of. 27. 

Cochrane, Admiral, Sir Alexander, 321. 

Cody's Coffee House, 74. 

Coffee House, Meeting held at. 1786, 9, 
34. 337. 

Cohoe. Rev. A. B. 279. 

College. Pine Hill. N. S.. 289. 

Collier. William E.. 325. 

Colonial Life Ins. Co., 325. 

Colonial Presbyterian. Wm. Elder, Editor, 

Collins. W. N. 296. 

Colville. John et al.. Memorial of on 
Behalf Rev. Jas. Fraser. 79. 

Comden, Rev. Charles. 279. 
Commercial Bank, 325. 
Commons, House of Appealed to, 108. 
Communion Cups Proposed, 296. 
Communion Service, Silver, Gift of Earl 

and Lady Dalhousie, 65, 219; Silver 

Plates, Gift Miss Agnes Campbell, 65. 
Communion Tables, "fenced," 48. 
Communion Tokens, 48, 93. 
Communion Table and Chair, Gift of 

R. D. McArthur, 162. 
Committee, Debt Liquidation, 226. 
Committee of Management, 1831, 89; 1832 

Committee of the Kirk, 326. 
Committees Formed, Membership, 153. 
Completion New Edifice, 163. 
Congregational Meeting, First Annual 

under New Charter, 1832. 94. 
Congregational Losses, in 1877, 164. 
Congregational Meeting after Fire. 1877, 152. 
Congregational Meetings, Jan., 1883, 196; 

Jan. 1887. 209; 6th June, 1888, 213; 

Jan., 1889, 245; Jan. 1890, 220; Jan. 

1891. 222; Jan., 1894. 232; Jan. 1. 

1895, 232; Jan., 1896, 235; Jan., 1898. 

244; Jan., 1900, 246; Jan. 1901, 246; 

Jan., 1902. 246; Jan.. 1903. 247; Jan., 

1904, 250; Jan. 1905, 259; Jan., 1906. 

262; Jan.. 1908, 271; Jan., 1909, 273; 

Jan., 1910, 284; Jan., 1911. 287; Jan., 

1912, 300. 
Congregational Meetings, Date of, changed, 

Congregational Meeting, Special, re Fin- 
ances, 1890, 220. 
Congregational Reunion, 242. 
Congregational Singing, 95, 96. 
Congregational Treasurer, 285. 
Congregational Church, Union St.. 127. 
Congregationalists, 28. 
"Connor, Ralph," 266. 
Connor, W. A., 382; Congregational 

Treasurer, 285. 
Construction New Church Completed, 

1879, 163. 
Confederation, B. N. A., 328. 
Cooke, Rev. Samuel, D. D.. 12, 
Cormack, Peter, First Curling Stones 

made by, 141. 
Cornwall, Andrew, 5, 383. 
Cornwall, Arthur, 374. 
Cost of New Kirk not to Exceed $40,000, 

Courier. The, St. John. 66. 109, 110. 



Covenanters, 81, 99; Organization, 100; 

Lot Secured, Membership in 1832; 

Church Built; Opened for Service, 

1833; Communicants in 1841, 100; 

Rev. A. McL. Stavely, Pastor, 150. 
Collection, Special, in Aid of Cotton 

Operatives, England, 136. 
Colonial Com. of General Assembly, 124. 
Colonist, The. of St. John's, Nfld., 201. 
Cowan, Robert S., 259, 373. 
Cradle Roll. S. S.. 289. 
Crimean Veteran, 283. 
Crisp, Rev. James, 279. 
Crockett. Mrs. A. P., 268. 
Cross. Rev. W. C, 345. 
Crookshanks, The, 349. 
Crosby, L. G., 298, 382. 
Cruikshank, Robert. 207, 335. 
Curling, Early. 141. 
Currie, (see also Curry) 34, 41, 374. 
Currie, Rev. John, of Halifax, 239. 
Currie. Rev., D. D., 3, 192. 
Curry (see also Currie) 94, 95. 
Customs, Old, 47. 
Curren. Mrs. L. M., 268, 281. 

Daily Telegraph 345. 
Dalhousie, Earl of, 74, 76. 
Dalhousie, Earl of and Lady, 65. 
Dalhousie, Earl of. His Great Aid to Dr. 

Burns, 219. 
Dalhousie College Founded, 81. 
Daniel & Boyd, 342. 
Daniel, Rev. Henry, 345. 
Dates on Church Front, 160. 
Day, George W., 109. 
Deanery, Anglican, St. John, 258. 
Debt Liquidation Fund, 233. 
Debts, Old, Paid by Y. P. A., 220. 
Dedication of Church, March, 1879, 171. 
Dedicatory Sermon, by Dr. Burns, of 

Halifax. 1879. 171. 
Dewdney, Rev. William, 258. 
Delegation to Hear Dr. MacVlcar. 300. 
deSoyres, Rev. John, Deputation from 

Anglican Church, 257. 
Dickie, Rev. Gordon, asked to Consider 

Call to St. Andrew's Church, 248. 282, 

301; Takes Part in Induction Dr. 

MacVicar, Introduces him to Kirk 

Session and Trustees, 311. 
Dickson, Samuel, Cornhill, London, donor 

of Trowel "to Trustees of the Church." 


Disruption, The, In the Established Church 
of Scotland in 1843; Ministers Leave, 
Causes and Effects, 106; Effect in 
N. B., 108; Explained to Large Audi- 
ences in St. John by Rev. John Mac- 
Naughton, 111. 

Disruption, A, in St. Andrew's Church, 
1847; St. David's Church Formed, 112. 

Division, A, in Church at St. James, 62. 

Divinity Hall. Halifax, 142. 

Dobie, David Nisbet, M. D.. 358. 

Dobie, Sophia, 358. 

Dole, William Peters, D. C. L.. 42, 337. 

Donald, Rev. Andrew, 108. 

Donald, John, Father Rev. Wm. D., 118. 

Donald, Isabella, 320. 

Donald, George, 321. 

Donald, William, Biographical Sketch of, 
319,320; Ordained Elder, 320; Wife. 
Isabella, 319; Freeman. 320; 373. 374. 

Donald. William and Son, 320 

Donald, William. Son of William. 319. 

Donald. Rev. Wm., D.D., 93; Assumes 
Pastorate, 1849, 115, 117; Enters the 
Ministry, 119; Ordination, Presenta- 
tion at Huntley; His Reply, 119; Ocean 
Travel in His Day, 120; His Life and 
Good Works Alluded to, 118; Bio- 
graphical Sketch, 118; Arrives at St. 
John, Reception There, First Sermon 
in Kirk, Enters Vigorously on Work, 
121; He, with Committee Waits upon 
Governor re Lands, Government Allow- 
ance, 121, 125; Inducted St. Andrew's 
Church. 125. 126; Neighbours. 130; 
Appearance, 131; Second Marriage, 
131; Death of First Wife, Courier's 
Reference to, . 132; Mrs. Donald. 
Difficulties of Travel, 132; One of the 
Board of Governors and Trustees of 
the Madras School, 134; Grammar 
School Board, 134; Receives Honorary 
Degree from Queen's, Kingston, 135; 
Appearance in Pulpit, 135; Visits 
Scotland. $400. Presented to Him at 
St. John. 1864. 137; Chaplain to the 
Forces, Detachment Attends Service. 
140; Chaplain St. Andrew's Society. 
140; Joins the F. and A. M., Become* 
Grand Chaplain, 141; Health Failing, 
Rev. R J. Cameron appointed Ass sl- 
ant. 144; Death, Funeral. Prayer at 
House by Rev. Peter Keay of Nasb- 
waak, 144; First Funeral Service of 
a Minister held at Kirk, 144; Funeral 



Ceremonies, 145; Pall-Bearers, 145; 
Tablet to, 150; Rev. G. A. Carey's 
(Baptist) First Sermon at Kirk. 168; 
Tribute to his Memory by Rev. L. G. 
Macncill. 211; 214. 216. Dr. Donald 
and the Cholera, 217. 365, 372. 

Donaldson, James. 320.321. 

Donaldson Lake and Point, 322. 

Donaldson, Lauchlan, 40; Mayor 7 Years, 
Left Large Donations to Charity, in- 
cluding St. Andrew's Society, 123; 
Biographical Sketch of, 320, 321, 322, 
323; President St. Andrew's Society, 
320; Death of his Wife, 322; Poetry 
by. 323, 357, 360. 374. 378. 

Donaldsons, The, Originally Settled in 
Morayshire, 320 

Donaldson, William. 34. 41, 374. 

Double Pews, the, 48. 

Douglas, Jane, See Mrs. Peter McLaren, 

Duff. Peter, 375. 

Duke of Richmond's Hall, Huntley, 119. 

Duke of Wellington. 327. 

Duncan. John. 101, 122; President of 
Water Co., 127; Biographical Sketch 
of, 323, 324, 325; Elder and Trustee, 
325, 373. 375, 376, 377. 

Duncan, Miss , 194. 

Dunlop, Joseph K., 379, 380, 381. 

Dunning, Thomas, 381. 

Earle, Dr. Charles, 330.. 

Earle, Mary. Daughter Dr. Charles, 330. 

Early Presbyterians, Many of Them 

Prominent, 117. 
E. & N A. Ry., 124. 348. 
Edinburgh High School, 321. 
Edmond, Alex., 34, 41. 369. 374. 
Edmond, Alex., Biographical Sketch of. 

325, 326. 
Edmond A., Estate of, 95, 
Ederachilis, 55. 

Edingight Grange. Banfshire, 118. 
Elders of St. Andrew's Church 373. 
Elders and Trustees Meet Sederunt, 251. 
Elders and Trustees Joint Meeting, 300. 
Elders Installed, 287. 
Elders, Loss of Two, 284. 
Elder. Rev. Wm., D. D.. Editorially, 184. 
Elder. Rev. Wm.. D.D., Sketch of, Leaves 

Ministry for Editorial Work, Enters 

Political Arena, 114. 
Electric Light Installed. 221. 
Electric Motor for Organ, 231. 

Ellis. E., 261. 

Elkin. Stanley E., 298, 382. 

Emery, Mauritz J. Hauptmann, 281, 285. 

Emslle, Charles, 327. 

Emslie, Hannah Ann. 327. 

Emslie, Jean. 327. 

Emslie, William W., 66; Biographical 

Sketch of, 327. 
Envelope, Duplex System Discussed, 208. 
Envelope, Duplex, Adopted, 271. 
Established Church, Title Claimed by 

Adherents C. of E., in N. B., 33. 
Established Church, 113. 
Established Church of Scotland Sends 

Distinguished Men to Colonies, 111. 
Evangelical Alliance, 268, 279; Holds 

United Service in St. Andrew's Church, 

Everett. C. S.. 249. 251, 381, 382. 
Everett, Isabel, 361. 
Everett, Thomas C. 361. 
Ewart Training Home, Toronto, 291. 

Fairweather, A. C, 258. 

Farmer. Annie, 341. 

Female Reform Society, 140. 

Fenian Raid, 141. 

Ferguson, Clarence H. 251, 287, 298, 373, 

Ferguson, Francis, 358. 
Ferguson, Sarah J., 246; Leaves to St. 

Andrew's Church Property on Duke 

St.. 245. 
Ferguson Trust Fund. 245. 
Ferguson, William L., M.D., 245. 
Fernhill Cemetery, 106, 236, 329. 345. 
Financial Statements. June, 1877, 155; 

1882, 188; 1891, 226: 1892, 230; 1893, 

232; 1894, ; 1895. 236; 1896, 237; 

1897. 244; 1898. ; 1899. 1900, 

1901, 246; 1902, 247; 1903. 250; 

1904, 259; 1905. 262; 1906, 265 

1907, ; 1908, 272; 1909, 284; 

1910. 287: 1911. 302. 
Financial Arrangements for Rebuilding, 

1877, 157. 
Finlay. Thomas, 380. 
First Funeral of a Presbyterian Minister 

in St. John, First Body over Threshold 

of Kirk, 145. 
Fires, Various, Destroyed St. Andrew's 

Kirk Records, 89; Fire of 1877, Its 

Effect on Church Work. 198. 
Fish. John A.. 186. 
Fisher, W. S., 258. 



Fiske. Cyrus Kingsbury. M.D.. 130. 331. 

Fiske. Mary Dorothea. Wife of P. R. 
Inches. M. D.. 331. 

Flanders. Rev. C. R., 279. 

Fleming. W. C. Member Early Church 
Choir. 207. 

Fletcher, Rev. D. D.. of Hamilton. Ont.. 
Preaches Opening Sermon. General 
Assembly. 254. 

Floating Debt. 1883, $16,780. 196. 

"Footprints," by J. W. Lawrence, 320. 

Forbes & Sinnott. 328. 

Forbes, Homer D.. Death of, 329. 

Forbes, Capt. John, 93rd Highlanders, 327. 

Forbes, John, 369 

Forbes, James Gordon, 66; References to 
His Activity in Church Work, 137; on 
Choir Committee, 212. 227; Reports 
illness of Rev. L. G. Macneill to 
Trustees. 245. 247, 249, 251. 254; 
Cadet Corps. 261; Chairman S. S. 
Workers' Meeting. 264; Supt. S. S., 
265; "Ralph Connor," 266. 267; 
Presides Bible Society Meeting, 1908, 
270, 276; 284, 286. Resignation Rev. D. 
Lang, 295, 296, 298, 301; Biographical 
Sketch of, 327, 328, 329; Connection 
with St Andrew's Society, 328; Presi- 
dent St. Andrew's Society,329, 373, 
378. 379, 380, 381. 

Forbes Tartan, 329. 

Forbes. W. J.. 380, 381. 

Forrest, John, Rev., Professor Pine Hill 
College, Lectures before Y. P. A.. 211. 

Foster, Rev. A. H.. 249, 264. 

Fotheringham, Rev. T. H., D.D., 189, 190, 
203. 243, 249. 252. 345. 

Frankenstein, 278. 

Fraser. Miss M., Member Early Choir. 207 

Fraser, Rev. Donald A.. Pictou. N. S.. 
83. 84. 85. 372. 

Fraser, Rev. D J., 243, 249. 

Fraser. Rev. James. 6.9. 12, 13, 21. 39. 

Free Church. 113. 

Free Church, in N. B.. 111. 

Free Church Sends out Deputies, 1845. 111. 

Free Church Union Synod. 142. 

Free Church of Scotland Sends Delegates 
to N. B.. They Disrupt Three of the 
Established Churches in N. B.. Presby- 
tery Formed with Title Free Church of 
Scotland. 108, 109. 142. 

Free Sittings. 209. 273. 

Free Protesting Church of Scotland, 111. 

Free Presbyterian. First, of St. Joha, 
now St. John's Presbyterian Church, 
Formation, 104. 

Fundy, Bay of. Lighthouse Board, 322. 

Gaelic Preacher. Received with Joy at 

St. James, Charlotte Co., N. B.. 62; 

Gaelic Sermon, 77. 
Gallows Hill, Hanging at, 39. 
Gas Lighting Installed, 115. 
Gates. Rev. G. O.. D.D., 251 
Ctuetle, St. John. Notice in. 1784, 8. 
Gemmill.John. 5, 374. 
General Assembly, 113. 
General Assembly of Canada Holds its 

First Sederunt in St. Andrew's Church, 

253. Comments of Press upon, 254. 
General Assembly Hall, Edinburgh, 107. 
Germain Street, 128, 193, 194. 195. 
Germain St. Baptist Church, 251. 
Germain St., Little Church on, First 

Occupied by Episcopalians, 37. 
Germain St. Lot, Purchase of Arranged for, 

Germain St. Methodist Church. First 

Opened, 39. 
Gilbert Francis, 322. 
Gilbert, George G., 362. 
Gilchrist, Alex.. 377. 
Gilchrist, Rev. John. 372; Stated Supply, 

Gillis or Gillies, John. Elder, 89. 93, 123. 

373. 374. 
Girvan, William, 66. 122; Secretary of 

Trustees, Pall-Bearer Dr. Donald, 

145, 147; Chairman Re-Opening, 1878; 

Supt. Sunday School, 166; Biographi- 
cal Sketch of. 329. 330: Death of. 

Married Sister Rev. James Hannay. 

330. 345. 373, 377. 
Girvan. Louise M President Mission 

Band. 299. 
Girvan, Samuel, Mr. and Mrs., 194. 
Given. , Agrees to Sing Gratuitously 

in Choir, 213. 
Glasgow Colonial Society. 81; Upwards 

of 40 Ministers Sent to B. N. A. by. 83. 
Glen. Rev., of Porto Bello, Scotland. 103. 
Globe Insurance Office. 325. 
Goold. At.. 385. 
Gordon. Rev. C. W.. D.D.. "Ralph 

Connor," Gives Series Lantern Ad- 
dresses and Sermons in St. John. 266; 

Evangelical Alliance. 288; Canadian 

Club. 268. 



Gourock Bay. 87. 

Government Refuse! to Further Aid 

Presbyterians, 219. 
Governor-in-Council Appealed to in re 

Church at St. Stephen. 57. 
Graham. Rev. A. .A. M.A.. B.D., of St. 

David's Presbyterian Church. 261. 264. 
Grant of Lots 1-10 Queen St., 4; Monetary 

Aid and Lands to Trinity and St. 

Andrew's Compared, 42; Grant from 

Legislature 250, 1814, 40; Grant 

Received, 219. 
Grant, Mr. , 132. 

Grant, Sir James, 321. 
Grammar School, 103. 
Grand Sunday for Presbyterianism in 

St. John, 256. 
Gray, Rev. B. G., D.D., Rector of Trinity. 

Church, 90. 
Gray, Rev. James, Moderator Synod N. B., 

Gray. Hon John Hamilton, Lieut.-Col. 130. 
Greenwood, E. W., 122, 376, 377. 
Grenfell, Dr. W. F.. 281. 
Griffiths, Mary, Beneficiary under Fergu- 
son Trust, dies, 246. 
Grigor, James, 34, 35; Selects Lot for 

Church, 39; 41; Heirs of, 95; Biog. 

Sketch of, 330. 331; 374. 
Grigor, James and Wife Convey Germain 

St. Lot., 34. 
Grigor, James, Jr., 330. 
Grigor, Mary, (Earle), 330. 
Guildhal IMuseum, 314. 
Guild, The. Christmas Celebration and 

Tree for Poor, 265; the Work of in 

1910-11, 290. 
Guthrie, Rev. Thomas, 110. 

Halifax Presbyterian College, Rev. John 
MacNaughton Accepts Professorship 
There, 110. 

Halkit, Rev. Andrew, of Porto Bello, 
Scotland, Called to Pulpit St. Andrew's 
Church, 103; Appointment, Arrival at 
St. John, Appearance before Presbytery, 
Ordination. Induction. 103; Marriage 
to Frances Ann Taylor, 104, 105; Visits 
Scotland, 114; Resigns, Owing to 111 
Health, Lameness, 115, 372. 

Hannay, Rev. James, Brought out as 
Schoolmaster, under Guarantee, 101; 
at Richibucto. 330. 

Hannay, James, D.C.L., Member Building 
Committee, 1877, 156, 158, 159, 162; 

Address at Opening First Section New 

St. Andrew's, 164; President Y. M. A.. 

170, 330. 379. 
Hanington, A. H. t 258. 
Hanington, Mr. Justice, Daniel L., 

Address by, 270. 
Harmonic Society, 355. 
Harrison, Mrs. W. A., 277. 
Hartt, Lottie, Organist, 197. 
Hartt, Prudie, Choir Leader. 197. 
Harvard University, 328. 
Harvey, Rev. Moses, D.D., 240. 
Hawkes, John, 373. 
Hay. G. U., Ph.D., 279. 
Hayward, The S. Co., 343. 
Hazen. J. Douglas, 362. 
Hazen, Robert L.. 140. 
Hegan, James, Est., 188. 
Hea, Alice G., Organist, 212, 213; Resigns, 

Hemming, Mrs. W. J., 277. 
Henderson, Anna Matilda, 348. 
Henderson, George A., Early St. John 

Methodism, 15. 
Henderson, George, 348. 
Henderson, Miss A., Bible Woman, 271. 
Henderson, William, 5, 374, 383. 
Herridge, Rev. W. T., D.D.. of St. Andrew's 

Presbyterian Church. Ottawa, 263. 264, 

Highlanders, "78th," Major Warren, 

Detachment Attends Funeral Dr. 

Donald, as Escort, 140, 145, 
Highland Society, 325. 
Highland Regiment, Remains of, on 

Nashwaak, 29. 
History St. Andrew's Church, Proposed, 

Committee Appointed, Rev. D. Lang, 

Convenor, 271. 
History of Freemasonry, Bunting's 317, 

Hobson & Sons, London. Eng., 261. 
Holden, Charles, M.D., 354. 
Holden, John, 354. 
Holden. Sarah (Paul), 354. 
Home Mission Work, Grand Night on, 255. 
Homer, Mary J., wife James Gordon 

Forbes, 328. 
Hood. Henry, 89, 92. 94, 374, 375. 
Hook & Hastings, Builders of Pipe Organ, 

1879. 162. 
Hooper, Rev. E. B., St. Paul's Episcopal 

Church, 270. 
Horsfield St.. 159, 194. 
Howard, Rev. I., 279. 



Howe. Hon. Joseph. In 1845, predicts 
Presbyterian Amalgamation, 113. 

Humbert. Stephen, 78, 79. 

Huntington, Lady, the Connection, known 
as " Irvingites." 39. 

Hutchinson, George, Jr., 378. 

Hutchinson. Wm.. Jr., 66. 132. 376. 

Hutchinson, Wm., Sr., Elder. 1831, 89. 
93. 123. 373. 374, 375. 376. 

Hymns, Early, Used in Kirk, 72. 

Inches, Charles. 125, 376. 

Inches, C. P., Lieut. Cadet Corps, 1905, 

Inches, Cyrus F.. Honorary Treasurer and 
Collector. 288. 

Inches, James, of Dunkeld, Scot., 331. 

Inches. Julius L., 123, 377. 

Inches, Peter Robertson, M.D., Biograph- 
ical Sketch of. 331, 148, 82; Long 
Service Trustee, 123; Member Building 
Committee, 1877-8; Regular Attend- 
ance at Committees, 153, 159, 163, 187, 
198, 209; Chairman Trustees. 215, 216; 
Authorized to Plant Trees, Memorial 
to Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Bell, 222, 250, 
Cadet Corps, 261, 296, 298, 378, 379, 
380, 381, 382. 

Inches. Mrs. P. R., nee Fiske, 130. 

Inches, P. R., and James Straton, Com., 

Incorporation, First Act of, 36. 

Indian Squaw's Song, 323. 

Innerkip. Scot., 332 

Interior Fittings and Lighting, 161. 

Irish Church, the First to Send Missionary 
to N. B.. His Work Centered Chiefly 
in Carleton, 110. 

Irish Members, Reflections upon Give 
Umbrage to some Prominent Members 
St. Andrew's Church. 103. 

Irving, Hugh, 101. 

Irvine, Rev. John, Arrives at St. John, 
1845, 109. 

Irvine, Rev. Robert, 104. 

Jack, Adam, 115; President St. Andrew's 
Society, 122; Biographical Sketch of, 
332; An Elder, 332; 373, 376, 377. 
Wife of, 132. 

Jack, Annie Carmichael. nee Johnston, 
Grand-daughter of Hugh Johnston, Sr., 

Jack, David Russell, 211; Trustee, 298; 
Secretary Guild, 299; On Committee 

Church Renovation. 290, 296. 297; 
as Trustee Appointed to Hear Dr. 
MacVicar Preach and Report, 300, 314, 

Jack, David W., of Cupar, Fife, Scotland, 

Jack, Henry, 331; Marriage, 333; Sang 
in Choir, 123; Death of Referred to 
by Rev. D. Macrae, D.D.. 334; Bio- 
graphical Sketch of, 333, 334, 335, 347, 

Jack. Isaac Allen, 325. 353. 

Jack, Rev. T. Chalmers. D.D., of Sydney, 
C. B.. 252. 

Jack, William, 333, 376. 

Jackson, H. B., Member Building Com- 
mittee, 153, 159. 

Jardines, The. 349. 

Jardine, Alexander, 122; Pall-Bearer Dr. 
Donald, 145; Chairman Re- Building 
Committee at time of Death, 153; 
Death Reported. 158. 159, 165; His 
Wife, 336. 132, 150; Biographical 
Sketch, 335; Elder St. Andrew's 
Church, 336, 373, 376, 377, 378. 379. 

Jardine, Alex, C. 153. 154. 158. 159. 198. 

Jardine, Robert, 124, 335; Biographical 
Sketch of, 336; President St. Andrew's 
Society, 336. 

Jardine, Sir William, 5th Bart, of Apple- 
girth, Dumfriesshire, 335. 

Jardine & Co., 122. 336, 339. 

Jarvis, C. E. L.. 344. 

Jarvis. William M., 258. 

Jeffrey. Lord, 321. 

Jewett. E. L., 227. 

Joggins Coal Mining Association, 339. 

Johnson & Mackie. 348. 

Johnston Family. 130. 

Johnston, Ann, (Gilzean), 338. 

Johnston. Charles. 130. 

Johnston. Barbara, wife Col. Sir Charles 
Levinge, 338. 

Johnston. Hugh, Sr.. 34, 41; Large Con- 
tributor towards Building Trinity 
Church, 43; Visits Scotland in 1818. 
Returning with Rev. George Burns. 
52; Prominent in St. Andrew's Con- 
gregation. 89. 95. 125. 130; Ordained 
Elder. 320; Native Morayshire. 336; 
Biographical Sketch of. 336. 337. 338. 
339; One of Founders of Kirk. 337; 
Marriages and Family, 338; One of 
Owners of "General Symthe" a Founder 



St. John's Lodge. F. & A. M.. 338; 

Port Warden, Director Bank of N. B., 

Member Friendly Fire Club. 338; 340; 

373. 374. 
Johnston. Hush & Co.. 338. 
Johnston. Hon. Hugh, Son of Hugh, Sr., 

130. 333. 338 340. 
Johnston, John, Stipendiary Magistrate, 

Johnston, Rev. Joseph. 372. 
Johnston, J. J.. Death of, 334. 
Johnston, Rev. Robert, D.D.. Assists at 

125th Anniversary Services, 275. 276, 

277, 278, 279, 280, 281. 
Joint Meeting Elders and Committee of 

Management, 89. 
Joint Meeting Elders and Trustees, 241. 
"Jumping the Fence," 340 

Keltic Robert, 89, 92; Purchases "Hill- 
side." Marsh Road, formerly Property 
Hon. Hugh Johnston, 340; Biographical 
Sketch of, 340, 341, 360, 374. 

Kennebecasis, 22, 23. 

Kennedy, David Alexander, 339. 

Kennedy, George and Mary (Gray), 339. 

Kennedy. George Kerr, 339. , 

Kennedy, Hannah Ann, 327. 

Kennedy, Isabella Margaret, 339. 

Kennedy, James, 187, 198; Alderman, 
234. 247, 251; Installed Elder, 287, 298; 
Biographical Sketch of. Family of, 339, 
340, 341, 342, 373, 380. 

Kennedy, James Kerr, 339. 

Kennedy, Robert J., 339. 

Kennedy, William Ramsay, 339. 

Kennedy, William, 327. 

Kerr, Charlotte. Daughter of Dr. Kerr of 
Economy. N. S., 341. 

Kerr, David Shanks, Q. C, 369. 

Kerr, John, Communion Tokens, 93. 

Kilties in the Auld Kirk, 140. 

King. John. 210. 

King, Rev. A., of Glasgow, 110. 

Kinloch, Rev. Samuel, 1. 

King's College, Fredericton, Established 
1828,Under Control of Episcopalians, 92. 

Kirk, The Auld, Construction Work 
Commenced, 1814, 40; Completed, 41; 
49; Described by Late James A. 
Tufts, 44; In Mourning at Death of 
Prince Consort, 136. 

Kirk, James, 89, 92, 94, 122; Biographical 
Sketch of. 341, 374. 375. 376. 

Kirk, James, the Younger, 341. 

Knowles. Rev. Robert E., Anniversary, 
1910, 285. 

Knox, James. 148, 151; Member Re- 
Building Committee, 1877, 153; Ex- 
ecutor Estate Mrs. Joseph Bell, 220, 
236, 378, 379. 380. 381. 

Knox, Jean, Representative Bible Society, 
151 ; Early Member of Church Choir 207. 

Knox, John. 232, 341. 

Korean Evening, 282. 

Kuhring. Rev. G. A.. 279. 

Ladies' Aid Society, Present $100 to St. 
Andrew's Church, 259; Present Rev. 
D. Lang with New Silk Gown and 
Church with New Hymn Books, 259, 
272, 290. 299, 301, 302; Hold Large 
Reception for Dr. and Mrs. MacVicar, 

Ladies' Benevolent Society, Founded, 132. 

Ladies' Foreign Missionary Society and 
Death of Mrs. Macneill, 227, 287. 

Ladies' Mite Society, 209. 

Ladies' Sewing Circle, Instituted. 150. 209. 

Ladies St. Andrew's Congregation Invited 
to Aid in Raising Funds for First 
Time, 115. 

Lamps Disposed of and Candles Returned 
to, 1836, 96. 

Land, Petition for, 218. 

Landing of the Loyalists, Celebration of, 
1883, and Controversy which Arose 
from it, 191. 

Lang, Rev. David, M.A., B.D., Licentiate 
of Presbyterian Church of Canada 
then at Bradford. N. Y.. Call to, 251; 
Ordination and Induction, 251, 252; 
Welcomes General Assembly, 255, 259; 
Preached before St. Andrew's Society, 
261- Chaplain St. Andrew's Society, 
264; Third Anniversary, 267; Presides 
United Services Evangelical Alliance, 
Morning and Evening, 270; Advocates 
Free Sittings, Salary Increased, 273; 
Hymn Written by. 277, 279, 282, 285; 
Suggests New Line for Guild, 290; 
Rumors of His Removal, Receives Call 
to Bloor St. Church, Toronto. 292; 
Congregational Meeting Called, Letter 
of Resignation Referred to Meeting, 
Nov. 13. 1911, 292; Resignation, 293, 
294, 295; Work in Scotland, Australia, 
U. S. A., and Canada. 294; Farewell 
Social, Address, Presentations, 297, 
299, 311. 372. 



Langley. Langley & Burke, Architects, 
New Building, 152. 154. 188. 

Lasudden. Scotland, 338. 

Law. Alex. L.. 227, 228. 235, 251; Mover 
of Resolution. 270; Elder, 298; Bio- 
graphical Sketch of. 342. 343. 373. 380. 

Law, Catherine Henderson, 342. 

Law. Henry. 342 

Law. Robert McArthur, 343. 

Lawrence. Alex.. First Precentor, 46, 193; 
Sketch of. 343. 

Lawrence, Alex. W., 344. 

Lawrence, George H.. 325. 

Lawrence, Joseph Wilson, 12: Newspaper 
Controversy, 37, 38, 78; Remarks upon 
Asylum Chapel and its History, 90, 
91; Date on Stone Work on Front 
St. Andrew's Church, 160; President 
N. B. Historical Society, 191. 192. 193, 
325. 344. 

Lawrence, Richard, First Precentor in 
Old Kirk, 193. (See errata.) 

Lawrence, (Barr) Mary, 344. 

Lawrence (Wilson) Mary, 343. 

Lawton, James. 123, 377, 378. 

Lawton, Mrs. James. 150. 

Leavitt. Daniel, 89, 93, 94, 95. 373, 374, 

Leavitt, David, 373. 

Leavitt, Thomas, 375. 

Lee. G. Herbert's "First Fifty Years of 
Church of England in New Brunswick," 
42, 43. 

Lee, James, Precentor, 96. 

Legislature Enactments, 1832, Previous 
Laws at Variance with Presbyterian 
Usage, 92. 

Leonard. Hon. George, Letter to Fraser, 
9, 10.1 

Letters, Old, by Rev. George Burns, D.D., 

Levinge. Sir Richard, Bart., of Nock Drim 
Castle, Co. of West Meath, Ire.. 338. 

Lindsay, Alex. H., Tenor Soloist, 212, 213- 
Son of Matthew L., Resigns from 
Choir, 221. 

Lindsay. Matthew, 66, 146; Member 
Building Committee. 1877, Attends 30 
Meetings, 153; Appointed Chairman 
Building and Sub-Committee, Resigns 
Chairmanship, but Committee Refuses 
to Accept Resignation, 159, 160; 
Endorses Note in Payment for Organ, 
163; Supt. of S. S., 166; Chairman of 
Committee to Effect Settlement with 

Rev. Wra. Mitchell. 187; His Death, 
and His Great Work towards Rebuild- 
ing in 1877. 1878. 1879, 197; Death 
Referred to by Rev. Donald Macrae. 
D.D., 334. 342,; Biographical Sketch of, 
344, 345, 373, 379, 380. 

Lindsay, the Misses, Gratuitous Services 
in Choir, 188, 213. 

Lindsay, Ninian, Member N. B House of 
Assembly from Charlotte, Helps the 
Scotch Immigrants and Lays their 
Case before the Governor. 57. 

Livingston, John. 114. 

Livingstone, William, M.D., 123. 130. 134. 
the Syme- Wilson Affair. 98, 99. 

Lomond, Loch and Ben. Names, 322, 327. 

Lockhart's, Brother. 74. 

Lodge, Union, No. 38, F. and A. M.. 74. 

Logan, & Lindsay, 344. 

Logan, James, 344, 345. 

Logan (Macfarlane) Mrs. J. E., 346. 

Logan, Mrs. W. J., 355. 

Logan, William, Member Building Com- 
mittee, 1877, 153.380. 

Loughead, Isabella, Wife of James Kennedy 

Lord's Supper, Quarterly Celebration of, 
First Observance, 144. 

Lower Provinces, Synod of, 142. 

Loyalists, 210. 318. 

Loyalists, Poor, 30. 

Loyalist Centennial Souvenir, 191. 

Loyalist Day, Observed, 289. 312. 

Loyalists, Landing of the, See Landing, 
this Index. 

Loyalist Graveyard, 115. 

Loyalists, Large Proportion Presbyterians. 

Loyalist, l'Ue. Newspaper, 104. 

Loyalists, Scottish, 313. 

Loyalists' Society, N. B. 289. 

Ludlow, Hon. Chief Justice, 11. 

Lyon, Rev. James, 1. 

Macadam. Rev. Thomas. Wife of, 233. 

Macaulay, Alex. 380. 381. 

Macaulay, Beverley R.. 235, 260, 287. 300, 
301. 373. 

Macaulay. D., 261. 

MacCallum. Rev. . Visits Charlotte 

Co. twice, administers Sacrament, 60. 

MacCaul. Rev. D.. at St. Stephen. Char- 
lotte Co.. 60. 

MacCurdy, Rev. John. 20. 



Macdougall. Rev. R. A., Moderator, St. 
John's Nfld.. Presbytery, 202. 

McDonald, Donald, Esq., a Highlander, 
a Lawyer, and Crown Land Surveyor, 
57; Dies, 60. 

MacDougall, 286. 

Macfarlane, James, Member Building 
Committee, 1877. 153. 154. 123, 159, 
162; Biographical Sketch of. 345, 346, 
347. 348, 377, 378, 379, 

Macgregor, Rev. J. G., 108. 

Macgregor, Rev. James, D. D., His Jour- 
ney through N. B., 17; His Memoir, 
edited by His Grandson. 13, 17, 33, 55. 

MacGregor, Rev. P. G.. 143. 

Machum, A., 261. 

Machum, R., 261. 

Mackay, William, 123. 

Mackinnon, Rev. Clarence, D.D., preached 
in St. Andrew's Church, Lecture, "St. 
Patrick, the Patron Saint of Ireland," 
289; Delivered Address at Joint 
Loyalist Celebration, 289, 241. 

MacLauchlan, William A., Master Union 
Lodge, F. and A. M., Presents Tablet 
Memory Dr. Donald, 215. 

MacLauchlan, W. W., 227. 

MacLeod, Rev. Norman, D.D., of Morven, 
Scot., a Famous Man, Leader of Estab- 
lished Church of Scotland, Preaches 
St. Andrew's Church, 111, 112, 113. 

MacLeod, Rev. Norman. 124. 

Maclise, Rev. D., D.D., 150, 164; Address, 
April, 1878, 168. 

MacNaughton, Rev. John, Paisley, 110, 

MacOldrum, Rev. D., 251. 

MacMaster, Rev. W. W., Germain Street 
Baptist Church, 270. 

Macneill, Rev. Leander G., Delivers Fare- 
well Sermon, St. John's, Newfoundland, 
1886, 201; Call to St. John, 200, 201; 
Arrival, 201, 203; Induction, 205, 211; 
First Anniversary of Pastorate, 209; 
Death of Edith Annie, Pastor's only 
Daughter, 212; Unveiling Tablet to 
Dr. Donald, Prayer by Pastor, 215; 
Christmas Presentation, 1888. 217; 
Third Anniversary, 218; Fourth Anni- 
versary 221 ; Presentation, Tin Wedding 
221; Preached, St. Andrew's Society, 
1891. 223; Fifth Anniversary, 224; 
Christmas Presentation, 1891. 225; 
Death of Mrs. Macneill, nee Putnam, 
formerly of Maitland, N. S., 226, 228. 
229; Holiday in Western Canada, 231; 

Marriage to Margaret Gray Kennedy, 
Wedding Trip. 234; Reviews Part 
Eight Years Work, 234; Celebrate* 
25th Anniversary His Ordination, 238; 
Gives Autobiographical Sketch of His 
Pastoral Work, 238; Presentation to, 
243; Failing Health, Resignation Con- 
sidered by Presbytery. 245, 249; Re- 
view, St. John Sun, 248; Name Retained 
on Presbytery Roll. 249. 250, 251; 
Retires upon Allowance for Five Year 
Term, Acknowledges Completion of 
Payments in Kind Letter to Trustees, 
273. 371, 372. 

Macneill, Fred. C. 259, 262, 290. 298. 382. 

Macneill, Mary Gray, wife Rev. L. G. M.. 

Macpherson, Charles, 374. 

Macrae, Rev. Donald, D.D., Pastor St. 
Stephen's Church, 150; Address by, 
167; Address to Pastor on Induction 
Rev. L. G. Macneill, 203; Address 216; 
189,204,227,333; Call to St. John, 334. 

MacRae, Rev. D. M., Corean Evening, 

MacRae, Mrs., 20. 

MacVicar, Rev. John H.. D.D., of New 
Glasgow, N. S., Suggested as Pastor, 
300; Congregational Meeting called, 
Dr. MacVicar Unanimously Recom- 
mended by Committee, 300; Unani- 
mous Call Forwarded, Acceptance, 301; 
Arrival St. John, 303; Induction, 303; 
Introduction to Session and Trustees, 
311; 127th Anniversary Service. 312, 
313; Lecture, "Sign Posts of Old 
London," 314, 315, 372. 

Magee, John B., 66; Elder, 287. 292; 
Guild, 299; Dc'egate to Hear Dr. 
MacVicar and Report, 300, 373, 381, 

Magee. Robert M., 248, 251, 298, 381, 382. 

Magee, William C, Major, His Work re 
Cadet Corps, 261, 380. 

Magnetic Telegraph Co., of N. B., 124. 

Maitland, N. S., 227, 239, 241. 

Malcolmson, Peter Y., 66, 373,. 

Marine Assurance Co., 352. 

Marischal College, Aberdeen, 118. 

Maritime Bank, Temporary Loan, 200. 

Market Square, 194. 

Marsden's James, Account of St. John 
and Vicintiy, 14, 15. 

Marshall, Alex. M., 348. 

Marshall, Deacon, 348. 

Marshall, Elizabeth, 348. 


Marshall, Robert. Building Committee. 
1877. 153. 164. 158. 159; Biographical 
Sketch of. 348. 349. 378. 379. 380, 381. 

Marshall, Sarah, President Home Depart- 
ment S. S., 299. 

Martin, Sarah, on Her Cottage Bed. 184. 

Marriage Act of N. B.. 32. 

Marriage, First in St. John by Dr. Burns, 65. 

Marriages and Baptisms Particularly Num- 
erous, 39. 

Masonic. Early Service, 74; Grand Lodge 
Attends Kirk, Sermon by Dr. Donald, 
142: Free Masons, 214; St. John's 
Lodge and Grand Lodge of N. B.. 318. 

Matrimony, Views on, Expressed by Dr. 
Burns. 66. 

Matthew, Barbara, Daughter George, 341. 

Mayflower, 218. 

Mechanics Institute, St. John. 111. 127, 
325. 344, 355, 364. 

Meeting of 1784, Steps Towards Church 
Building. 218. 

Membership Figures, 265. 

Memorial Stone, Committee, 160. 

Menzies. John, 5, 374, 383. 

Mercury, Evening, The.St. John's Nfld.. 202 

Methodists, Conference of Primitive, 79; 
Early Methodism in St. John, 78, 79. 

Militia Volunteers, Organized, 141. 

Mills. Alex., 78 

Miller. Rev. Patrick L., 111. 

Milleson, Rev. Alexander, 369. 

Milligan, Rev. G. M., D.D.. of Old St. 
Andrew's Church, Toronto. 253, 255, 

Mills, John, Member of Early Church 
Choir. 207. 

Milne, Rev. James, A.M., "Breaks a 
Lance" with Dr. Bums. 67, 68. 69. 
70. 71. 

Milton, Rev. Charles, Later of Newbury- 
port, Mass.. 39. 210. 

Minute Book of Building Committee. 
1877. 153. 

Miramichi, Maremischie, Mariemoschie, 
10, 11; Collection for Sufferers, Great 
Fire. 80; Presbytery of. 108. 

Mitchell, Rev. William, Called. Inducted 
Early in 1877, Sketch of, 149; ex officio 
Member Building Committee. 1877. 153 
Reports Subs, to Date. 158. 159, 160. 
161. 162; Address. May 1878, 169; 171. 
183. 186. 187. 372. 

Mitchell. Rev. . 21, 22. 

Mitchell. Rev. William, of Sussex. N. B.. 
Address to Ministers, 303. 

Mollison. W. K 379, 380. 

Monks of Melrose Abbey. 338. 

Montgomery, James, His Letters to 
Marsden, 14. 

Morning Neits, 345. 

Morrison, Neil, the Godly. 55; His Ocean 
Voyage, 56; the Scattering of the Ships' 
Company, 57; "Our Brightest Star" 
dies, Greatly Mourned, 61. 

Mortgage Transferred, 1886. from Estate 
Hon. J. Robertson to Dr. James Walker 
on very Favorable Terms. 200 

Morton. Rev. Arthur S., 243. 253. 

Mortuary Cloth, Destroyed by Fire, 97. 

Mourning, Church in, at Death of Dr. 
Donald, 145. 

Mowat, Rev. A. J., D. D., of Fredericton. 
Later of Montreal, Address to People 
at Induction Rev. L. G. Macneill, 
Lectures before Y. P. A., 211. 

Mowat, Capt. David. 332. 

Mowat, Dorothy. 332. 

Mowat, Mehitable (Calef) 332. 

Muir, Rev. , 89. 

Munro. D. R., 378. 379. 

Murdoch, Rev. James, 2. 

Murdoch. Gilbert. 325. 378. 

Murdoch, Joseph A., President Guild, 299. 

Murdoch, William ,C. E., Makes Surveys 
for Church. 1877. 156, 301, 347, 381. 

Murray. George, 122, 376, 377. 

Music, Dr. Burns on, 219; Music Com- 
mittee, 285; Sacred Music Society of 
St. John, 344; No Musical Instruments 
Allowed in Kirk in Early Days, 207. 

McArthur. Miss , Member of Choir, 107 

McAdoo, R. J., 382. 

McArthur, John, Family Baptism Ques- 
tioned, 32. 

McArthur, Robert Duncan, Leader of 
Choir Many Years 123, 139; Member 
re Building Committee, 1877. 153. 159, 
162; Endorses Note for Organ, 163; 
Resigns Leadership of Choir. 1884. 197, 
198; Kindly Referred to in Sermon by 
Rev. L. G. Macneill. 1888, 205; Presen- 
tation and Address, 206; Mrs. Mc- 
Arthur, 206; Recalls Many Pleasant 
Reminiscences re his Church Work. 207; 
208, 212; Agrees to again Serve Gra- 
tuitously on Choir, 213; Ruling Elder. 
351; Biographical Sketch of. 349. 350. 
351. 352. 376. 377. 378. 379. 380. 

McArthur. Ella. 343. 

McAulay's Tannery, 100. 



McAvity. Mrs. S. S.. 355. 

McCallum, , Gaelic. Preacher 78. 

McCaskill. Rev. J. J.. 279. 

McClelland. Thomas. 335. 

McClure, John, 78. 

McCulloch. Rev. Thomas. D.D., Founder 

of Dalhousie College, 81. 
McDonald. 286. 
McDonald of Glencoe, 320 
McDonald. A., 378. 
McDougall, Effie, Good Work by. 291. 

McFarlane. Rev. , D.D, 89. 

McGill. Rev. , 89. 

McGregor, Miss M., Member Early Church 

Choir. 207. 
McGregor, Rev. P. G., 101. 
McHattie. Janet, Wife John Donald, and 

Mother of Rev. Wm. Donald, D.D., 118. 
Mcintosh, John R., M.D., 251. 298. 314, 

McKay. William, 377, 378. 
McKean. Fred. T., 314. 
McKenzie, Angus, Elder, 1831, 89, 93. 96, 

374. 375. 
McLaren, Mrs. Peter, nee Jane Douglas, 

McLaren, Lawrence, M.D., 378. 
McLauchlan, Charles. 123; C. McLauchlan 

& Co., 123. 
McLaughlan, Charles, 377. 
McLaughlan, Daniel J., 375, 376. 
McLaughlin. Rev. Neil, 279. 
McLaughlin, W. W.. 380. 
McLean, Arch., 373. 
McLean, Rev. Alex., Ministei, Town St. 

Andrews. 1824, 80; Helps St. James, 

Good Gaelic Scholar, 64. 
McLean, Hugh H., 147, 152, 160, 187, 236; 

Interest in Formation Cadet Corps, 261 
McLean, Hugh, H., Jr.. 261. 
McLean, Mrs. Hugh H., President Ladies' 

Aid, 244; Reports Retirement by 

Ladies' Aid of Bond $500., 272. 
McLean, Rev. J. A., of Harvey, N. B., 

Induction Sermon, Rev. L. G. Macneill, 

McLean, Rev. L. A., 279. 
McLean. John S., 181. 
McLean, William M., 380. 
McMillan, Family Residence, 14. 
McMillan, David, 375. 
McMillan. James, 373. 
McMillan. Dr. Kate. Corean Evening, 282. 
McMillan, John, 332. 
McMillan. Rev. John, 111. 
McNair. , Rev., 364. 

McNutt. P. S., 250, 381. 

McPherson, Charles, 5; Sole Survivor of 
First Trustees in 1815, 34, 326, 383. 

McPherson 's Coffee House, 318. 

McRobbie, John H., 148; Member Build- 
ing Committee, 1877, 153, 154, 159. 
271; Biographical Sketch of, 352, 373, 
379, 380. 

McRobbie, G. H.. 382. 

Nashwaak, Highland Settlement at, 29. 

Nelson, E. G., Readings by, 194. 

New Brunswick Historical Society, 191, 337. 

New Dominion and True Humorist, 109. 

New Light, 24. 

New York, 318. 

Nice, David, 367. 

Nichol. Rev. Francis, of Halifax, 131. 

Niddric, , 362. 

Nisbets of Greenholme, 358. 

Nisbet, Robert, 123. 

Nisbet, Thomas, Elder, 1831, 89, 93; 
President Michigan Whale Fishing Co., 
122; Host of Dr. Donald on Arrival 
at St. John, 128, 373, 374, 375, 376. 

Observer, Newspaper, 121. 

Oil Portraits, George Burns, D.D., William 
Donald, D.D., 150. 

Old Loyalist Burial Ground. St. John, 340. 

Old Hymn Tunes, 47. 

Open Door, The, 279. 

Opening of Lecture and Sunday School 
Rooms, 164. 

Ordination, First in Fredericton of Pres- 
byterian Minister, 131. 

Organ, Pipe, Introduced, 127. 

Organ Controversy, 1867, Cost, Limita- 
tions, etc., 187. 

Organist, First, Henry Card, Followed by 
by His Daughter, 138. 

Organist, Herr Maximillian Sterne, Ap- 
pointed 1878, 138. 

Organ Committee, 1879, Purchase, 159; 
Organ bought. Delivered, 162; Fin- 
anced, 163. 

Ormond, Col. Henry, 130. 

Owens and Budd, 324. 

Owens & Duncan, 122, 324, 325, 327. 

Owens and Lay ton, 324. 

Owens. John. 325; His Wife, 327. 

Paddock, Adino, M.D.. 356. 

Pagan, Hon. William, 34, 40, 41; Large 
Contributor to Trinity Church, 43; 
Tablet to, 89, 150; Biographical Sketch 
of, 352; Public Funeral, 353, 373, 374 



Pagan. Hon. William. Estate of. 95. 

Pagan Place. 130. 

Pagan, Robert. 352. 

Pagan, Thomas. 352. 

Paradise Row, 325. 

Parent, Rev. . (Methodist). 80. 

Parker, Rev. I. N., 279. 

Parker, Robert, Hon., Judge Supreme 
Court. C. J. of N. B., 130. 

Parks, Wm., 89, 92, 94, 103, 374, 375, 376. 

Parks, W. J., 245. 

Parr. John. Governor of N.S., 5. 127, 384, 

Parr Town. 127. 

Pastors, List of, 372. 

Patriotic Fund, Crimean War, 124. 

Patterson, Rev. James, LL.D., Elder in 
Kirk, Many Years Principal Grammar 
School, Temporary Supply, 103, 325. 

Patterson, , 240. 

Paul, Jane (Clark), 354. 

Paul, John, 93; Biographical sketch of, 
353, 354, 373, 374. 

Paul, Sarah, 354. 

Paul William, Biographical Sketch of, 353. 

Peebles, George, 376. 

Peel, Sir Robert, 108. 

Peel, Street. 128. 

Peninsular War, 327. 

Perley. Moses H., 322. 

Perth, Inch of. 321. 

Peters. Benjamin Lester, 216, 328. 

Peters. Charles J., City Clerk, 35. 

Peters, Harry, 44. 

Petitcodiac, Bend of, or Moncton, 21. 

Petition for Help, Rev. Fraser, in Chris- 
tianizing Indians, 7. 

Pews, width of in new Church, Choice 
Disposed of by Auction, 162. 

Phippin, Thomas, 283; Thirty Years Sex- 
ton. 284. 

Pictou Presbytery. 301. 

Pidgeon. D. B.. 268. 

Pidgeon, Rev. George, Rector of Trinity, 
Dies, 53. 

Pine Hill College, Halifax, N. S., 289. 

Piper, Hugh. 320. 

Pitfield. Ward C. 236. 

Plans for New Kirk Called for, 154; to be 
Seen Residence E. I. Brass. 157; Plans 
Loaned, 247. 

Police, Commissioners of, 325. 

Pollock, John. 121. 375. 376. 

Pollock, Margaret. Fine Ship Capt. 
McArthur. 900 Tons. 87. 

Pomroy, Benjamin, 57. 

Population of N. B . Prior to 1784. 1. 

Porter, Joseph, Kind to Scotch Immigrant* 
in Charlotte Co . 57; Surrenders His 
Lands to Them. 58; Called "the 
Scotch Member. Greatly Beloved," 60. 

Psalms and Paraphrases, 47, 73, 77. 

Prayer Meeting on Wednesday Evening, 

Precentor, First, Alexander Lawrence, 46; 
77; J. Purves. 94; James Lee. 96; 
Precentor's Duties in 1836. 96; Pre- 
centor Replaced by Choir, 127. 

Preparatory Service in Early Days, 48. 

Property Boundaries, 236. 

Presbyterial Society, St. John, 282. 

Presbyterian Church, 192; Carleton, 237; 
Canada. 113-289; of Ireland. 141; in 
N. B., 312; Synod of. 142; Land for. 
218; of N. S., 81; at Rothesay, 133, 
134; of Ix)wer Provinces of B. N. A.. 
143; of U. S. A.. Sends Greetings. 257; 
College Wanted in N. B., 92; Hospital 
Nurse Proposed, 235; Churches in St. 
John, 1837 and 1876, 150; Churches 
Growth to 1889, 219; Loyalist, 193; 
Synod Proposed, 91; Union in Canada, 

Presbyterianism, Early in Charlotte Co., 
55; in St. John, 248; Great Possi- 
bilities for. 219. 

Presbyterian Loyalists, 218. 

Presbyterians, Early, Application Royal 
Grant Land, 4; Many among Loyal- 
ists, 1783, 5; "Why were the Pres- 
byterians Left Out?" 192. 

Presbyteries, Two in N. B., St. John and 
Miramichi, 91. 

Presbytery of St. John. Organized, 1833; 
First Meeting at Fredericton, 1836. 91; 
Oust Rev. Wm. Andrew from St. 
Stephen's Pulpit, Trustees Rebel, Amic- 
able Arrangement. Presbytery Resumes 
Possession, 101, 108. 131. 249, 296, 301; 
of Halifax, 239. 

Prince of Wales, 358; Duke of Rothesay. 

Pringle, Rev. D.D.. 257. 

Protestant Orphan Asylum. 355. 

Primary Department, S. S., 288. 

Presentation to Pastor.Christmas, 1888, 217. 

Protector, Ship, 343. 

Priestly. Rev. James. 78; "The Priestly 
Affair." 78; His Wife Dies. 78; tht 
Asylum Chapel, 79; Leaves for Canada. 



Prince William Street. 129. 
Pulpit Mahogany, 46. 
Puritanism in New England. 218. 
Putnam. Alfred. M. P. for Hants Co.. 227. 
Putnam Tomb. 14. 
Pythian Quartette, 276, 277. 

Quakers Hold Service in Old Church, 

Germain St.. 38. 
Queen Street, Grant of Land on, 219. 
Quebec, Evangelization Discussed, 258. 

Rae, , Sexton, Lost his Life, 85. (See 

Shaw, Robert, this Index. 

Rainnie, Andrew, 279. 

Rainnie, William, Member Building Com- 
mittee, 1877, 153, 154, 157, 160, 379. 

Rainnie, Rev. W. W., 243. 

"Ralph Connor," Besieged by St. John 
Reporters, 266. 

Rankine, Alex., Biographical Sketch, 354, 
355, 356, 377. 378, 380; His Wife, 100. 

Rankine, Arthur, 236. 

Rankine. Frank, 315, 354, 381, 382; Trus- 
tee, 298. 

Rankine, Henry C, 234. 354. 380, 381. 

Rankine, Jessie (Anderson), 355. 

Rankine, Martha (Richey), 355. 

Rankin, Robert, of Liverpool, Member 
Committee to Select Pastor, 103. 

Rankin, Robert, 92, 94, 123. 

Rankine, Robert, 373, 374. 375. 

Rankin, Robert, & Co. 122. 

Rankine, R. R.. 355. 

Rankine, Thos. A., 150; Member Building 
Committee, 1877, 153, 154, 159, En- 
dorsed Note for Organ, 163, 200, 227, 
251, 325, 345; Biographical Sketch, 
355, 378, 379. 380. 

Rankin, Thomas, 355. 

Rankin. Thomas, Jr., 354. 

Rankine, Thomas A. & Sons, 354, 355. 

Rankine. William, 381. 

Ray, Charles R.. Mayor St. John, 348. 

Raymond. Rev. W. O., LL.D., Conveys 
Greeting to Rev. David Lang, 257, 279. 

Rees, Capt. Thomas, 348. 

Rees. Charlotte, Neill. 348. 

Reed, Isaac, 373. 

Reed. James, 123, 374. 

Reed. J. W.. 373. 

Reed. Peter. 375. 376. 

Reed, Robert. 123, 373. 

Reid, James. 5. 377. 378, 383. 

Reid, Thomas. 376. 

Reid. Edgar R., Installed Elder, 287. 296, 
298, 301. 373. 

Reid. A. Mable. Wife E. R. R., 2nd Vice- 
President Guild, 299. 

Reid, Miss Mable, Member of Early Choir, 

Rebuilding, after Fire 1877; First Meeting 
Called, Committee Organized, 152. 

Reception for Rev. John H. MacVicar. 
D.D.. and Mrs. MacVicar, by Ladies 
Aid Society. 311. 

Reformed Episcopal Church, 333. 

Regiment, 15th, Band of, 340. 

Reformed Presbyterians, 81 : 99. 

Relief, of Truro, 87. 

Renovation Church Building, 289. 

Richardson, Right Rev. John, Bishop 
Fredericton, Sends Greetings to Rev. 
D. Lang, 257; Addresses Evangelical 
Alliance on Missions, 270. 

Richey, Martha, 355. 

Richey, Robert, 355. 

Ridges, The Charlotte Co., Pomeroy, 57; 
Basswood, Little Scotch. 58. 

Ritchie, Andrew, 374. 

Ritchie, Andrew Sterling, Biographical 
Sketch of. 356. 

Ritchie, John. 356. 

Ritchie, Robert, 100. 

Ritchie. Sir William J., 95. 325. 356. 

Ritchie, Thomas, 356. 

Ritualism Denounced, 176. 

Rivers, Lewis, Policy on Life of, 160. 

Robb. Thomas, Member of Early Church 
Choir. 207. 

Robertson. Alex.. 66. 123. 373. 375. 376; 
Member of Early Church Choir, 207. 

Robertson, Annie (Turner) 356, 357. 

Robertson, George, 227; Mayor St. John 
and Elder St. Andrew's Church, 243; 
Chairman, Congregational Meeting, 
243; With Robert M. Magee. Com- 
mittee to Wait upon Rev. L. G. Mac- 
neill. Member Committee to Visit 
Presbytery, 296, 298, 345; Biographical 
Sketch of, 356, 357. 358, 359. 380. 

Robertson, Duncan, 123. 

Robertson, James, 89, 92, 94, 122. 127. 374. 
376. 377. 

Robertson. John, 89, 92, 94, 101. 374. 
375. 376. 

Robertson, Hon. John, 14, 103; Member 
Legislative Council, N. B., Mayor St. 
John, 122, 130; Pall-Bearer, Dr. Donald 
145, 154; Loan of $30,000, 158, 188. 
196. 200. 349. 373. 376. 377. 378; 
Biographical Sketch of 357, 358. 



Robertson. Robert. Elder. 1831, 89. 93, 
122. 359. 373. 374. 375. 

Robertson, Robert (Indiantown), Pall- 
Bearer Dr. Donald, 145. 

Robertson. Rev. J. C, of Toronto, 264. 

Robinson. John, 375. 

Robinson. Rev. Richard (Methodist), 80. 

Robinson. T. Barclay. 258. 

Rome Papal or Rome Pagan, 178. 

Roseneath. near Gagetown, 333. 

Ross. Rev. John, Greenock Church, St. 
Andrew's, 126. 

Ross, Rev. George A., 279. 

Ross. Roderick, 334. 

Ross. Rev. . 189. 

Rothesay. Duke of, 358. 

Rothesay, Isle of Bute, 318. 

Rothesay Rifles, 141. 

Royal Society of Canada, 258. 

Rowe, Professor, Teacher of Choir, 208. 

Rural Cemetary, 115, 366. 

Russia, European, 283. 

Ry., E. & N. A, 348. 

Sabbath School, Opened by Dr. Burns, 66; 
Some Superintendents, 66; Properties 
Lost by Fire, 1877; Convention of 
S. S. of N. B., and P. E. I.. Held in 
St. Andrew's Church, 1906, 264; 
S. S. Workers' Mass Meeting Held in 
St. Andrew's Church, 264; Report of 
Judge Forbes, Supt., 1906, 265. 283, 
285; Cradle Roll, 289. 

Sabbath Observance in Charlotte Co., in 
Early Time3, Neil Morrison takes 
Active Part, 59. 

Sacred Music Society, 344. 

Schurman. D. J., Treasurer Building 
Committee. 1877, 153. 154, 159, 378, 

Scotch Church Rejects Appeal, 219. 

Scotch Company Militia, Foimed 1860. 
iHon. John. Robertson, Capt., 141. 

Scotch Kirk. 3fl. 

Scotchmen. Feeling against in Trinity 
Church. 42. 43. 

Scotland, Church of, 106, Ministers of in 
N. B. In 1855. Presbyteries. Ministers, 
Synods. 142.242. 

Scotland. Church of. Monthly Record, 323 

Scott. Thos.. of Leslie. Fife. 342. 

Scoullar. Elizabeth Rachael. 365. 

Scoullar. James. 365. 

Scotland. Church of. 106. 

Scovil. Mrs. S. Kent. 315. 

Scovil. Rev. G. F., 258. 

Scovil. William. 44. 

Scovil. Canon 140. 

Scribner. , Teacher of Choir for a 

Time. 208. 

Seabury. Right Rev. G. D., First Bishop 
of the United States Visits St. John. 
His Daughter Married to Colin Camp- 
bell. 38. 

Secessions, 81. 

Secession Church, Union, 142. 

Service, Morning and Afternoon, 47; 
Time Changed, 133. 

Session House and Records Burned, 1837, 
96. 219. 

Session, Kirk, and the Presbytery of 
Edinburgh. 73. 

Sexton Carries in Large Bible to Pulpit, 

Shand, George, 369. 

Shanks. W. G.. 378. 379. 

Shaw, Rev. Lauchlan, 321. 

Shaw, Robert, Sexton St. Andrew's Kirk, 
Killed by Fall in Belfry. (See Notes, 
Errata, etc., at end of this Volume.) 

Shaw, Sarah, 321. 

Sheldon, Robert, 353. 

St. Andrew's Church, Mother of all other 
Presbyterian Churches in St. John, 
99, 194, 210, 219. 228; Pulpit Declared 
Vacant, 249, 279, 282; Mother of Pres- 
byterianism in N. B., 316. 

St. Andrew's Church. Sydney, C. B.. 247. 

Smith, Rev. Thomas G., D.D., Induction 
of, 189, 190: Resigns Pastorate, 199, 

Smith. Rev W. H., B.D.. Ph.D., of St. 
Paul's Church, Fredericton, Address 
Delivered by, at Induction Rev. John 
H. MacVicar. D.D.. 303. 304. 

Smith, Lieut. Stanley B.. and Cadet Corps, 

Society for Propagation of Gospel, 88. 

Sprott, Rev. John, D.D., Visits Dr. Burns 
and Sleeps on his Sofa, Preaches in the 
Kirk, His Memoirs. Note, 53; His 
Impressions of Rev. R. Willis. Rector 
of Trinity Church. 54; Visits Charlotte 
Co., 60; Again Visits Dr. Burns. 
86, 87; Calls upon Dr. Burns in 1844 
at his Scotch Home. 104; Letter to 
Dr. Donald. 136. 

Squires. Rev. C. W.. 279. 

Somerville, Thomas, 100. 

Soraerville. Rev. William. 100. 

Silver Communion Service, Gift Earl 
Dalhoutie. 65. 



Sime, Thomas. 122. 

Sime. Thomas, M.D., 373. 

Slnnott. Wm. H.. 328. 

Skinner. C. N., M.P., Lectures before 
Y. P. A., of St. Andrews Church, 211; 
Recorder St. John, 266. 

Skinner, Matilda E., 368. 

Skinner, Samuel. 368. 

Small, Miss Janet, of Dirnantan, Perth, 
Scotland, 331. 

Smellie. James, 376, 377. 

Smith, John, Petitions with Colville and 
Campbell on behalf Rev. James Fraser, 

Smith. A. D., 235, 251, 273, 381, 382. 

Smith, E. A., 381, 382. 

Smith. Rev. Thos. G., D.D., of Kingston, 
Ont., Call to, 188; Negotiations. 198; 
Removes to Winona, Wis., 199, 345, 

Smith, Estate Benjamin, 188, 200. 

Smith, William, 377, 378. 

Smith. William, M., Later Deputy Minister 
of Marine, Ottawa, 122. 

Smith, , Member Early Church 

Choir. 207. 

Smith. William O., Mayor St. John, re- 
elected Four Times, 123, 130; His 
Wife, 332. 

Special Appeal, 1905, 260. 

Sprague, Rev. Howard, 183, 185, 186, 251. 

St. Andrew's Church, Trustees, 115, 374 
to 382. 113; Old Building of Wood, 
Burnt 1877, 128; Members Heavy 
Losers Individually, 156; List of Re- 
ferred to by Rev. D. Macrae, D.D., 
167. 169, 193. 

St. Andrew's Church, St. John's Nfld., 
239, 241. 

St. Andrew's Society, 122. 140. History of. 
317, 325, 326. 334; Picnic at Grounds 
Robert Keltic 340; Service at St. 
Andrew's Church. 1891, 222. 

St. Andrews's Society Attend Service St. 
Andrew's Church, 1892, 229; do., 1893, 
231; do., 1896, do. 1905, 260; do. 
1906, 264; Present Rev. David Lang 
with Certificate, 299, 327. 

St. Andrew's Curling Club, 345. 

St. Andrew's Street, Named for Kirk, 35. 

St. Andrew's Missionary Society, 77. 

St. David's Church, 78; Inaugurated in 
the Asylum Chapel, 90, 91; Congre- 
gation Formed, Site on Sydney Street 
Chosen, Wooden Church Built, Rev. 
John Thomson, a Brilliant Preacher, 

Called, 112; N. B. Union Consum- 
mated in. 2nd July. 1866, 142; Rev. 
David Watters, D.D., Pastor, 150, 165, 
166. 234. 334. 

St. George and the Dragon, 314. 

St. James, Charlotte Co., Establishment 
of Presbyterian Church at, 55; Its 
Difficulties, Parish Formed, 59; the 
Church Greatly Helped by James 
Brown, Esq., and Hon. Thomas Wyer, 
of St. Andrew's Charlotte Co., 64. 

St. John Grammar School, 318. 

St. John River, Travelling on, 25, to 
Miramichi by Canoes, 31. 

St. John's Episcopal Church. 127. 364. 

St. John's Lodge. F. & A. M., 344. 

St. John's Militia, Resolution, 4. 

St. John's Newfoundland. 240, 332, 333. 

St. John's Presbyterian Church, Purchased 
from Baptists, 103, 114; Rev. James 
Bennett. D.D., 150. 

St. Malachi's R. C. Chapel, 140. 

St. Matthew's Church, 264. 

St. Patrick, the Patron Saint of Ireland, 
Lecture by Rev. Clarence Mackinnon, 
D.D., at St. Andrew" Church, 289. 

St. Stephen's Church, 78, 91; Organiza- 
tion Approved of by St. Andrew's 
Church, 96; Hall (see Asylum Chapel). 
101, 106; Rev. D. Macrae, D.D.. 
Pastor. 150, 216; Ladies Tender Recep- 
tion to Delegates, 282; Call to Dr. 
Macrae, 334. 

Stackhouse, W. T. Rev., 277. 

Stavely, Alex. McLeod, Call to by Coven- 
anters. 100. 150. 

Sterling and Emery. 159, 188. 

Sterne, Herr Maximailian Marcus, Organ- 
ist, 170, 208, 212. 

Stephen, Mrs. Ann, 332. 

Stephenson, Capt. Joseph, Purchaser St. 
Stephen's Hall or Church in 1843, 106. 

Stevens, Andrew. Rev., 108. 

Stevens, Judge 249. 

Stewart, Alexander, 119. 

Stewart and McLean, 360. 

Stewart and White, 368. 

Stewart, Daniel, 360. 

Stewart, George, Sr., 359, 386. 

Stewart. George, Jr., LL.D., 360. 

Stewart, Luke, 147; Member Bui'dfng 
Committee, 1877. 153, 162; D-ath, 
197; Referred to by Dr. Macrae, 334, 
341; Biographical Sketch of. 360, 361, 
362. 378. 379. 380. 

Stewart. Luke, Mrs., Bond to, 246. 



Stewart, Rev. Thomas. Stated Supply. 
1886. 199. 

Stewart. Rev. William, Stated Supply, 115; 
Afterwards at Chatham. N. B., 125, 372. 

Stockley. W. F. P.. Prof. U. N. B.. Lectures 
Y. P. A., 1887-8,211. 

Stone, Joseph R., 187, 379. 380. 

Stone, Church. The, 127. 

Straton. Charles, 362 

Straton, James, Secretary Building Com- 
mittee, 1877. 153, 158, 162, 197, 362, 380. 

Sum, St. John, Historical sketch of St. 
Andrew's Church, Published 201, 221, 

Synod, Presbyterian Church of N. S., 
Formed 1817, First Meeting at Truro, 
52, 241. 

Synod, First of N. B., of Three Presby- 
teries, 81. 

Synod of Church of Scotland Formed, 242. 

Synod, Canadian Presbyterian, 242. 

Synod, United Roll of. Number of Sig- 
natures, 143. 

Syme, Rev. David, a Young Pastor called 
to Sussex. Mr. Millar and Rev. Robert 
Wilson, His Marriage, Brought before 
Presbytery and Suspended, 98. 

Tablets, Memorial, William Pagan, William 
Campbell, Rev. Wm. Donald, D.D., 
Destroyed by Fire, 1877. 150; Tablet 
to Dr. Donald, Inscription, 214. 

Taylor, Frances Ann, 104. 

Taylor, James, M.P.P., 104. 

Taylor. William, 104. 

Telegraph Co.. 325. 

Telegraph. Newspaper, 114, 117. 192, 193, 
194. 221; Publishes Sermon Delivered 
before St. Andrew's Society. 1891. 222; 
Editorial Address of Welcome to 
General Assembly, 254. 

Temperance Society, 90. 

Tenders Called for Kirk of, 1814, 40. 

Tenderers for New Church of 1877, 157. 

Tennant. R. H. B., 380. 

"T. F. H.." 193. 

Thanksgiving Following the Communion, 

Themis. Ship, Capt. Leighton, Liverpool 
to St. John. 120. 

Thistle Curling Club. 340. 

Thomson. Jesse. 363. 

Thomson. John. 34. 41. 363. 374. 

Thomson. John, Rev., First Pastor St. 
David's Church. 112. 

Thomson. Ellen. Widow late John H. 
Thomson. President Women's Mission- 
ary Society. 299; Mrs. J. H. Thomson 
and Mrs. W. C. Whittaker Committee 
Ladies' Aid Society at Reception to 
Rev. John H. MacVicar. D.D., and 
Mrs. MacVicar. 311. 

Thomson's Packet. Capt. Whitehead, 87. 

Thomson, Percy W., Grandson Dr. Donald, 
14; Occupies House on Same Site as 
that of his Grandfather, 129. 

Thomson, Robert, 123, 365, 368, 377, 378. 

Thomson, William, 123, Biographical 
Sketch of. 363, 364, 365. 368. 

Thomson, William & Co.. 368. 

Thompson, Samuel, 375. 

Thompson, Samuel R., Q. C. 362. 

Thurburn, Margaret, 2nd Wife Hugh 
Johnston, Sr , 338. 

Thurburn, John, 338. 

Thurgar, J. V., 365. 

Tibbits, R. W. L.. 385. 

Till. Alice, Treasurer of Guild. 299. 

Tilton, Barnabas. 335, 336. 

Travis. James, 369. 

Trentowsky, S., 261. 

Trinity Church, First Opened. 38: Many 
Presbyterians Worshipped There Prior 
to Completion of the Kirk, 88; Corpor- 
ation of Makes Kindly Reference to 
Dr. Burns. 88, 128, 140. 192; Fire. 
195. 337. 

Troop, Howard D., 379. 

Troops, Imperial. Attend the Kirk. 45, 46. 

Trowel, Silver, Presented by Samuel 
Dickson, Cornhill. to Trustees of 
Church. 160. 

Trustees. Board of. St. Andrew's Church. 
82, 200; Date of Meeting Changed, 
244; Number Increased from nine to 
twelve. 285; List of. from Foundation 
of Kirk to End of 1912. pp. 374 to 382. 

Tufts, James A.. Sketch of St. Andrew's 
Kirk. 37. 44. 86. 93. 274. 284; Bio- 
graphical Sketch of. 362. 363. 373. 

Tufts, Hugh Kearns. 37, 363. 

Tuning Forks Used, 207. 

Turnbull. John. Rev.. 108. 

Turner. Agnes, 356. 

Turner. William. 356. 

Turner. Henry. Musician. 194. 

University. St. Andrew's. Tweedmuir. 

Scotland. 88. 
Union of Churches Referred to. 142. 146. 

147. 255. 297. 



Union Lodge of Portland. F. & A. M.. 

Places Tablet to Memory of Dr. 

Donald in St. Andrew's Church, 214. 
Union Services during Summer Months 

First Held by St. Andrew's and St. 

Stephen's Churches. 282. 

Vane on Church Bent by Gale, Strength- 
ened. 161. 
Vassie. J.. 377. 
Venner, James L., 34. 
Venner, John L.. 330. 
Victoria Hotel, 154, 169. 
Victorian Order of Nurses, 329. 
Volunteer Choir Adopted, 250. 

Waddell, James, Rev., First Occupant 
Pulpit, St. Andrew's Church, His 
Great Work. 50, 51. 122. 

Waddell, John M.D., 122; Pall-Bearer Dr. 
Donald, 145. 146, 373. 

Walker, Catherine Amelia (Nice), 367. 

Walker, James, M.D., Makes a Generous 
Offer of Loan of $30,000 to St. Andrew's 
Church at a Critical Time, 196, 197, 
200, 358; Biographical Sketch of, 365, 
366, 367. 373. 

Walker. Jean (Macara). 366. 

Walker, John. M.D., 101, 341. 342. 360, 
361. 375. 376. 

Walker, John D.. 367. 

Walker, John Macara, Biographical Sketch 
of, 365. 

Walker, Thomas, 89, 92; Chairman First 
Annual Meeting under New Charter, 
6th June, 1832. 94; His Sons, 123; Bio- 
graphical Sketch of. 365, 366, 373. 374, 

Walker. William, 89. 92, 94, 376. 

Wallace, William G., Rev. M.A.. D.D.. 293. 

Wallace, John B., Assistant Superintendent 
Sunday School, 299. 

Ward, Clarence, Note. 101. 

Watchnight Service, Historical in Centen- 
ary (Methodist) Church, May, 1883, 

Water Co., 325. 

Water Supply of St. John, 126. 

Watson, Alex. A., Saves Clock from old 
Kirk. 1877. 133. 150, 194, 195, 196. 

Watson, Wm. C., 66; Secretary Trustees, 
1858, 133, 365, 367, 368, 373. 377. 

Watson. Clara, 194; Soprano in New 
Choir. 1888, 213. 

Watters, David. Rev. D.D., 150. 164, 166, 

Wedderburn.VVilliam (County Court Judge) 
325. 328. 

William Welsh. 66. 

Wesley, Emma, Bible Woman, 271. 

Wesleyan Chapel, Fredericton, 111. 

West, George Montgomery, Rev., Preaches 
in Asylum Chapel, 80. 

Western Railway Extension, 336. 

White, John, 360; Biographical Sketch of, 

White. Frank H., 251; Elder. 298, 373. 

White, Walter W.. Mayor St. John, 
Welcomes General Assembly, 255. 

Whittaker, William C, Member Building 
Committee, 1877. 153. 154, 187, 227, 
235. 250. 373, 379, 380; Superintendent 
Sunday School, 288; Elder. 298, 299. 

"Why Were the Presbyterians Left Out?" 
and the Reply of J. W. Lawrence, 3, 7. 

William the Conqueror. 167. 

William III, King. 320. 

Williams, Miss, , Member Early 

Choir, 207. 

Wilkes, John, 321. 

Willet, John. 102, 373, 379. 

Willis. Alexander, 342. 

Willis and Law. 342. 

Willis. Robert, Rev. of Halifax. Succeeds 
Rev. George Pidgeon at Trinity, 53. 

Wilmot, Margaret Elizabeth, Daughter 
John M. Wilmot, Mayor, married Rev. 
Robert Wilson, 94. 

Wilmot, Robert Duncan, Lieut.-Governor 
of N. B. f 94. 

Wilson. Alex, 298; Elder, etc., 285, 299, 
373, 382. 

Wilson, John L.. 284, 345, 373. 380. 

Wilson, Louisa Agnes, 2nd Wife Dr. 
Donald, 131. 

Wilson. Hugh, of Edinburgh, 131. 

Wilson, Mary, 343. 

Wilson, Robert, Rev., Appointed Pastor, 
St. Andrew's Church, 1832. 91; His 
Marriage, 93. 94. 95, 96; First Term, 
5 Years, Expired 1837; Re-elected, 
Dissatisfaction, He Resignes, Black- 
mail Asserted, 97; James A. Tufts, 
Account, 97; James Hannay's Account, 
98; Resigns Pastorate, 1842, 372. 

Wilson, W. Rae, 244, 381. 

Wilson, , Rev., from North of Ire- 
land, Ordained Five Elders in Addition 
to two Others in Charlotte Co., 60. 

Windows. Stained Glass, 161. 

Wishart. A.. 380, 381. 

Wishart Affair, The, 363, 364, 365. 



Wishart. John. 89. 92. 94, 95, 101. 122. 
Pall-Bearer Dr. Donald, 145; Joined 
Church in 1818. Was Still Father of 
Session. 18S9. Aged 91. 219; Bequest. 
231, 326; Biographical Sketch of, 368, 
369. 370. 371. 373, 374. 375. 376, 377, 

Wishart. John G.. 326. 

Wishart. Thomas, Rev.. 90. 

Wishart, William Thomas, Rev., Called. 
1842 to St. Stephen's Church. 102; 
Experiences Change of Heart, is De- 
posed, His Remains Lie in Fernhill 
Cemetery. 106. 364. 

Wishart. William. 374. 375. 

Women's Missionary Society, Lecture by 
"Ralph Connor," 268. 

Women, Home for Fallen, Dr. Donald, 
Vice-President, 140. 

Wood. Robert. 373. 374. 

Wooden Churches, 127. 

Woodrow, Blair and Pennant, 321. 

Woodrow, K. T.. 281. 

Wyer, Colonel Thomas. Loyalist. 333. 

Wyer, Hon. Thomas, of Greenock Church, 

St. Andrew's. N. B., Greatly Aids 

Work at St. James, 64. 

Year Book, First Issued, 262, 290, 291, 301. 

Young. Adam. 378. 

Young, George, 123. 

Young People's Association, Programme, 

1887, 1888, , 209; Contributes 

$320. to Church Fund in 1888, 213; 
Good Work of. 220. 

Young Peoples' Missionary Circle, 226. 



Burns, Rev. George, D.D 65 

Burns, Rev, George, D.D., later 

portrait 86 

Cameron, Rev. Robert James 146 

Communion Plate 66 

Communion Tokens 48 

Donald. Rev. William D.D 117 

Duncan, John 101 

Forbes, J. Gordon 327 

Germain Street, prior to 1877 144 

Halket. Rev. Andrew 103 

Halket, Rev. Andrew, letter from, 

reproduced 104 

Inches, P. Roberston, M.D 214 

Jack, Adam 115 

Jack, David Russell 1 

Jack. Henry 123 

Jardine. Alexander 158 

Jardine. Alex. C 198 

Jardine, Robert 124 

Johnston, Hugh, Sr 52 

Kirk, The Auld 44 

Kirk, the Old, from "Footprints" 127 

Knox. James 236 

Lang, Rev. David 251 

Lindsay, Matthew 159 

Marshall. Robert 348 


Mitchell, Rev. William 149 

Macfarlane, James 162 

Macneill, Rev. Leander G 238 

MacVicar, Rev. John H 

McArthur, RobertD 205 

Pagan, Hon. Wm. Tablet to iv 

McArthur, Mrs. R. D. and Miss 

Jean Knox 151 

Rainnie. William 160 

Rankine, Alexander 355 

Rankine, Thomas A 354 

Ritchie. Andrew S 356 

Robertson, Hon. John 130 

Robertson, George 243 

Smith, Rev. Thomas G., D.D 189 

St. Andrew's Church. 1878 171 

Stewart. George 359 

Stewart. Luke 360 

Straton, James 152 

Thomson, William 363 

Tufts. Hugh K 37 

Victoria Hotel, adjoining Kirk 154 

Walker. John M 364 

White, John 368 

Wilson. Rev. Robert 91 

Wishart. John 219 


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